PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCIL.
Extracts from the Minutes, October 23d, 1860.
Petition of numerous
merchants and others, praying Council to have a correct census of
the City taken at as early a day as possible
Alderman Riggs offered
the following resolution, which was adopted:
Resolved, That the
Memorial be referred to a committee of three, who shall recommend to
Council proper persons to take a complete Census of the City,
together with such statistical information as may be necessary to
exhibit the condition and prospects of the City, to superintend the
management and publication of the same, and to apportion to the
several Wards their representation in Council, in conformity to the
Act of the General Assembly, passed June 1st, 1838.
The Mayor appointed
the following committee, viz: Aldermen Riggs, Edgerton, and
Extract from the Minutes, March 26th, 1861.
Alderman Riggs, from
the Special Committee, to whom was referred the petition in relation
to the City Census, ask leave to report:
circumstances have prevented their earlier attention to this matter,
but in sufficient time to ensure its completion for all practical
contemplated adopting the plan of dividing the City in sections or
squares, and availing themselves of the services of such of our
citizens (many of whom kindly offered) who would be willing to take
the census of the square or block in which they reside; and in this
way it was thought an accurate result would be obtained, and at much
saving of expense to the City. But we find, on reflection, that
whilst this plan has its advantages, it is not certain that it may
not cause delay, and in the result disappoint our expectations, as
we would have necessarily to engage the services of some competent
person in the end, to compile and arrange the publication of the
several returns made under this plan. We have, therefore, deemed it
best that this system should not be adopted, but that the work be
placed under the supervision of a competent person, to prepare and
compile an accurate Census of the City, with such statistical
information as, we trust, will meet the wants of the community, and
to apportion to the several Wards their proper representation in
Council, in conformity to the Act of the General Assembly, passed
June 1st, 1838. And in order to ensure this result, your committee
recommend that authority be given them to engage the services of Mr.
FREDERICK A. FORD, at the sum stated in his communication to the
Committee, feeling assured he is fully competent to accomplish the
work satisfactorily, which your committee are sanguine will result
in exhibiting an increase in population, enterprise and growth, in
all the essentials that make up a flourishing community.
All of which is
(Signed) J. S. RIGGS.
E. W. EDGERTON.
MAY 15, 1861.
The Committee on the
City Census are of opinion that the numbering of the houses in the
City is rather for the convenience of reference to the residences
and places of business of the citizens, than for the purpose of
ascertaining the number of houses in the City, which is otherwise
more accurately attained; and, consequently, where one house, for
instance, has been divided on the ground-floor, in front, into two
or more business offices, and the upper part is occupied, perhaps,
as a boarding-house or private residence--the parties doing business
in the offices below, as well as the person residing or keeping a
boarding-house above, are entitled each to a separate reference to
these places of business or residence by their own numbers
respectively. And Mr. FORD, in preparing the City Census, is
requested to conform as far as practicable to this principle of
J. S. RIGGS.
E. W. EDGERTON.
Alderman Riggs, from
the Special Committee, made the following Report, which was
The Special Census
Committee, empowered by resolution of Council, to have the census
taken, and the proper representation in Council apportioned
according to the Act of the General Assembly, passed June 1st, 1838,
beg leave, respectfully, to report: That in obedience to the
resolution referred to, your Committee engaged Frederick A. Ford,
Esq., for the purpose, who immediately commenced the work, under the
plan agreed upon, and having now finished his labors, has delivered
the same in manuscript, ready for publication.
It would scarcely be
required in this report to refer in detail to the accuracy, as far
as we can judge, attained, as the work will be published as soon as
possible, and will, therefore, speak for itself. We have only aimed
in the discharge of our duty, to present to the community a correct
and reliable census, containing such statistical information as will
be of interest, and more especially, to comply with the Act of the
General Assembly, requiring a decennial census to be taken for the
purpose of giving to the several Wards their proper representation
in Council. It will be seen that our City has increased in
population, if not in a rapid, certainly in a permanent and
prosperous ratio--a result more gratifying than if it were increased
by mere numbers, without our orderly, quiet and law-loving people,
which we venture to say cannot be surpassed, if equalled, by any
city of its size. A fact so encouraging needs no further
Under the present
apportionment Council will hereafter be entitled to an increase of
two additional Aldermen in the Upper Wards, making in all eighteen;
whilst Ward No. 2 will lose one, and Ward No. 4 will gain one, the
same number will be preserved in the Lower Wards as heretofore. It
is to be hoped that this additional increase in representation will
enure to the interest and prosperity of all the Wards, as the City
will hereafter not be designated in making tax returns, as before,
in Upper and Lower Wards separately, but as a whole, and all
sectional differences, if any exists, will thus be obliterated, and
the general good, without particular regard to locality, become the
paramount motive, whilst a judicious oversight will be observed by
the representatives of their several Wards.
Your Committee, in
conclusion, find it an agreeable duty to refer to the able and
faithful manner in which Mr. Ford has discharged the arduous duties
incident to his engagement, and we feel confident that when the work
is published and submitted to critical examination, it will not fall
short of public expectation; for it will not be forgotten that
during the present disturbed state of affairs, difficulties, in many
instances, must have arisen, and a generous public will not fail to
make the proper allowances.
communication, addressed to the Committee, is annexed to this
report, and it but remains for us obtain authority to have the work
J. S. RIGGS, Chairman Com. Census.
E. W. EDGERTON.
ON THE COMPLETION OF THE CENSUS OF
Charleston, September 20, 1861.
To Messrs. JOHN S. RIGGS, E. W. EDGERTON and THOMAS RYAN,
Committee on the Census:
completed the taking and arrangement of the Decennial Census of the
City, I beg leave to report, briefly, that I find the population to
be 48,409--a considerable increase over any number heretofore
returned. With a view to accuracy, before I commenced my
arrangements your opinions as to the principle upon which an
enumeration of the houses of the city should be had were requested.
The principle prescribed by you for my guidance has been strictly
pursued, and the number of every house within the corporate limits
correctly ascertained and preserved. Taking every family under the
number of the house in which they resided, it was nearly impossible
to omit any one, as the omission would at once be apparent on the
face of my schedule, in the line devoted to the number of the house.
This plan differs from any heretofore adopted, and I have reason to
believe has been effectual in my attaining accurately the population
of Charleston. The Census having been ordered for the purpose of
ascertaining the representation of Aldermen in Council for the
ensuing ten years, I procured the written opinion of Judge Pringle
as to the law regulating the representation, and the principle upon
which the calculation was to be based. I find that by the increase
of population and taxation of Ward No. 4, since the Census taken in
1848, that Ward has become entitled to one additional Alderman, and
Ward No. 2 loses one--the other Lower Wards retain their present
representation; and Wards No. 5 and 6, by increase of population and
taxation, have each become entitled to one additional Alderman. The
number, therefore, of Aldermen for the ensuing ten years will be
eighteen instead of sixteen, the present number.
I have made out a set
of Tables, shewing the construction of the city, the population,
with ages and nativity of the whites, and number and ages of the
slaves and free persons of color--the population of each street in
the city separately, and the present owners and occupants of every
house. These tables, with my calculation of the representation in
Council, to which the different Wards are entitled, are herewith
FREDERICK A. FORD.
(Transcribers note: the census
count of all males (white/colored), females (white/colored), slaves,
and Free person, has been omitted from this database. Within
this database you will find the names and business of those residing
at that stated address and street.)