Two Caspers, Two Families
Newberry County, South Carolina
Written by Teresa
Barley and used here with her permission....
researchers of the Byerley family have long confused the two Casper
Byerley's and at one time I was among them, believing that my
ancestor first migrated to Pennsylvania and then on to South
Carolina. I ignored some important information that shed doubt
on this and believed that the facts presented by others to me were
true. But now after years of research I have concluded that
the two Caspers are two distinct individuals, who never crossed
paths in America. Whether they are related and crossed paths in
their homeland has yet to be determined. Let's examine the
facts surrounding the two men.
It is believed that the
Caspar Philip Byerly who lived in Pennsylvania migrated to America
aboard the ship "Recovery", which landed in a Pennsylvania harbor
October 23, 1754. Based on information contained in E.W.S.
Parthemore's book Genealogy of the Parthemore Family
1744-1855, published in 1885, Caspar was born in 1727 and died on
November 7, 1794 in Lancaster County , Pennsylvania. His
wife's name was Catherine. She was born in 1735 and died in
1797. They are buried in an old graveyard at Shoop's Church,
Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. Casper Byerly resided in Dauphin
County, Pennsylvania, when the 1790 census was taken. Jacob
Byerly, his son, was born March 9, 1768, in Lancaster,
Pennsylvania. Jacob married Maria E. Parthmore on December 4,
1790. Other possible children of Caspar and Catherine include
Andrew, Elizabeth, Mary, Michael and Phillip.
of South Carolina migrated to America aboard the ship Caledonia
arriving in October of 1752. He petitioned for land in
November 1752, almost 2 years before the other Caspar Byerly arrived
aboard the ship "Recovery" in Pennsylvania. On the petition his name
was listed as John Caspar Beyrle. Later South Carolina land
records has his name as Gasper Philip Byerly and Casper Philip
Byerley. In his will, his first name was spelled with a
"C." In the 1790 census he is listed in the 96th District of
Newberry County, South Carolina. He sold land in January of
1802, which implies that he was still living.
Given the various ship, census, and land records, I believe
that these two men are distinct men who migrated to different areas
of America, two years apart. Given that they both had the same
name, it is very likely that they were related in their
homeland. How they were related remains to be determined.
........contributed by Carrie
Byerley, Sr., was born in Germany. He first lived in Charleston
S.C. He settled near Pomaria, in Newberry Co., S.C. His
Will was probated there 12 March 1804. The original is now at
the S.C. State Archives in Columbia.
Articles can be found on the Byerley family in the book
Annals of Newberry County, South Carolina, by Chapman and
ONeal, first edition 1859, and in the Newberry County
heritage book. Names show Berley or Berly spellings. The
heirs listed in the Will are:
1. Sibert (or Syke) Byerley.
Byerley, Jr. In the probate records, there is a paper
stating that Gasper Byerley of Tennessee sent one of his sons to
S.C. to collect his share of the estate.
Byerley. He is listed in the Chapman and ONeal book , but
not in his father Will.
4. Martin Byerley.
is generally believed that these were the children of Gasper, Sr.,
and his first wife. Gasper, Sr. married a second time to
Mary Easter (Oester). There is a book called The Dutch
Fork, by O.B. Mayer, which names the Berlys as one of the families
in that section of Newberry County. This fork is described
as the fork between the Broad and Saluda Rivers, an area of German
settlement going back to about 1735. One of the first
churches in the area is St. John Lutheran church, established
about 1754. The Lutherans were good record keepers and if
the church records could be found they might have some information
about the family.
Those believed to be the children of Gasper Byerley, Sr., and
his second wife are:
5. John Byerley m. Barbara Werts. Buried in the
Berley Cemetery 1 and 1/2 miles south of Pomaria, S.C., are John
Berley, d. 15 June 1855, age 67, and Barbara Berley, d. 11 June
1854, age 70.
6. Frederick Byerley
8. Mary Byerley. She is
probably the child listed as Magdalena in her father's Will.
Maria Magdelena was a very common name among early German American
The first two generations of the family in South Carolina are
family well documented, thanks mainly to Gasper, Sr., Will. We
are not so fortunate, apparently in dealing with the early Byerleys
of Tennessee. Mrs. Wayne Watkins of Rockford, in Blount County,
Watkins cousin by marriage, has talked to some of the Blount County
Byerleys, and she was told that most of their early family records
were lost several years ago in a fire. She was also told that
Gasper, Jr., lost most of what he had in bad business deals, which
is probably why no will or estate papers are on file for him in
Blount or Knox County.
Someone in the family did ask Mr. Will
Parham, a genealogist of some note in this area, who worked in
Blount County in the 1920 and 1930 to research and do a report on
the early history of the family. Mr. Parham final report was
reportedly lost in the fire and he did not keep a copy, but
his research notes on the family are at the McClung Historical
Collection on Market Street in Knoxville. Mr.
Luther Crass, a Byerley descendent who lived near Lenoir City, also
did a lot of research on the family. He is now deceased and
his work was turned over to a descendent. I am told
that his Byerley material is also in the McClung
Entry Book for 1806-1807, Knox
Co., Tennessee, p. 112: Entry #309. Survey made for
Elizabeth Blackburn 23 April 1807, 183 acres, 2 rods, 37 poles,
occupancy, in Sevier Co., on waters of Boyd Creek. Deputation
Robert Wear, Esq. Assigned to Jasper Byerley Dec. 1807
for $500. Witnesses: Alex Preston and Wm.
McGaukey (sic, possibly a garbled form of the name McConkey).
Execution February Session 1808, Sevier County Court.
II. Gasper Byerley, Jr.,
according to the 1850 census of Knox County, he was b. in S.C. and
was 104 years old! A notation in the margin states that he
raised a certain number of bushels of wheat that year and died some
time after in the William Watkins household (household in which he
was enumerated). This page of the census is dated 13 Dec.
1850, but the year date may have been 1849. I am told that the
taking of the census began in the fall of the preceding year.
However, I have seen a lot of censuses that apparently ran past the
Gasper (or Jasper) Byerley and his wife Mary signed the family
Bible of William and Margaret (Byerley) Watkins. They signed
as witnesses to William and Margaret's wedding. They were
living in Blount County when William and Margaret married on March
The 1850 census gives Mary's age as 83 and her place of birth as
S.C. There are Moore families in Newberry County. In
1850 Gasper Byerley was living with William and Margaret
1. David Byerley b. ca.
1790 d. 29 Oct. 1873, buried in Cemetery at the Shady Grove Baptist
Church in Knox County, Tennessee. He married in Blount County,
Tennessee, on 22 Nov. 1817 to Mary Mariah Johnston. David is
in the 1860 census of Roane County and the 1870 census of Monroe
County, P.O. Eve Mills, which is now in Loudon County, near
the Loudon County line.
2. Nicholas Byerley - sold some
land in Blount County in 1821. No further
3. Michael Byerley b. ca. 1798 married Blount
Co., TN. 22 August 1828 to Sarah Smith.
Byerley b. ca. 1799 m. 3 Nov 1824 to Sarah Brown and settled in Rhea
5. Lucy Byerley b. ca. 1804 m. Knox Co., TN.,
15 March 1826 to Samuel Watkins, who was the brother of William
Watkins. They lived in the Harrisen Community in Hamilton Co.,
6. James Byerley b. 12 June 1807, d. 13 July 1881,
according to his biographical sketch in Goodspeed History of
Tennessee, published 1887. He married in Blount Co., TN. 9 Dec
1830 Hallelujah Yarnell; married (Mary) Elizabeth
7. Isaac Byerley b. 12 June 1807, d. 1875, m.
(1) Blount Co., TN. 25 Feb. 1834 to Mary (Polly) Hobbs; m. (2) 18
Oct. 1840 Blount Co., Malinda French.
Byerley b. Tennessee 27 April 1811, d. Loudon Co., TN. 21 Jan. 1898,
bur. Watkins Family Cemetery, South of Loudon. She m. Blount
Co., TN. 21 March 1827 to William Watkins.
Byerley b. ca. 1816 m. Blount Co., TN., 6 Dec. 1836 to Polly
There is another piece of information about:
Gasper and Mary
Byerley, I am told are buried in unmarked graves on a farm off
Rankin Ferry Road near Louisville. I haven been there, but one
of the Blount County Byerleys took Mrs. Wayne Watkins to the
Cemetery. She told me they have to walk across a pasture field
and climb through fences in order to get there. I believe she
told me that none of the graves had tombstones.
Jim Watkins - a Byerley researcher
will of Casper Byerly, Sr., is
found to be in a very damaged state; however, the transcriber has
put down here what seems legible and understandable. The
actions in the Estate accountabilities add more clarity to Casper's
Will of Casper Byerly, Sr.
Box 3: Estate
Casper Byerly 1804
Jno Moritz Hartmann, ex
In the Name of God Amen, I Casper Byerly Senr of the State of S.
Carolina and Newberry District, Being very sick and week of Body but
of perfect mind and memory, Than........., Calling to mind the
mortality of my Body and Know............for all men On......do make
and ordain m.....tament, that is to say.........Principally and
first of all, ..........commend my Soul into the.......of Almighty
God that gave..... I Recomend to the Earth.....Buried in
Decent manner,.........tion of my Executors, nothing.......Doubting
but at the Gineral.....tion I shall Receive the Same .......by the
Mighty power of God.......Touching Such worldy estate whereas it
hath pleased God to bless me in this life I give, Demise, and
Dispose of the Same in the following manner & form
First I give and bequeath to my well Beloved
Daughter Elizabeth Byerly one Nigroe wench Named Sall, Two
cows & Calfs to be hers & her heirs.
Secondly I give to my beloved son John Byerly a Nigroe
Boy named Peter, one Sorril Horse called Paushia? to be his
& his heirs.
3ly I give to my son Frederick Byerly one
Nigroe child named of the Increase of the above Named
Sall if any their should be--Also one Horse as Note of Hand from
John Hipp also one hundred acres Land to be Divided Between him
& his Brother John Byerly Each 50 acres.
4thly I give to my beloved Daughter
Margreta one Nigroe girl named Milly, one cow & calf.
5thly I give & bequeath to my beloved
wife Mary Byerly one Nigroe wench named Doll and if said
wench should have any more increase she to give one child to my
6thly I give to my beloved Daughter
Magdelana one Cow & Calf and one Nigroe child if so be the
above named Doll Increases hereafter
7thly I give to my Son Martin five
shillings sterling an also a Nigroe girl Named Begg
on proviser he gives to my Sons Namely Sibert &
Casper Byerly one Child to each of the increase of Said Nigroe
Begg. Also I give unto my Son Casper Byerly five
Sterling to be his portion out of my Estate.
Also, I give unto my Son
Sibert.........Shillings Sterling to his portion of my Estate.
I give to my beloved................ik
Byerly to have...............Share in the waggon.......ly to
Live in my........Dwelling House as
long as he See Cause.
Newberry County S.C. - Estates
Box 3, Pkg.
1804 Gasper Byerly (Bierly,
Burley) John Hipp, Executors
John Moretz (Maurice)
LWT 12 Jan
1804 Bk. E, p. 59
Proven, 12 Mar 1804
negro and horse
negro increase of Sal, horse, note on John Hipp; half of 100
acres left to him and other half to John, his
cow & increase of negro.
negro girl, issue to brothers Sibert &
son; negro, & equal share in wagon
with John & Fred Byerly.
-------------Byerly; to live in my dwelling house as long as sees
-Executors: John Moretz
Hartman, John Hipp.
Peter Dickert, Henry Farr, ________ ________(German Sig.)
State of Tennessee, Blount County 26 Sept
Gasper Byerly gives power of
attorney to his son, Michael Byerly. Wishes to obtain
negro as given to me in my father's
Guardian Bond 2 Apr
-Gasper, Martin &
Harman Byerly; bondsmen
guardian of John Byerly, minor.
Order of sale 2 Apr 1804.
at premises of dec.
W.A. 12 Mar
Michael Kinard, John Counts, Jacob
Counts, John Folk.
farm tools, furniture, books,
Sale -2 Apr
Adam LaGrone, Jr., John Counts,
John Loner, Peter Johnston, John Folk, Martin Sheely, Vendel Sheely
, Sr., Martin Byerly, Mathias Sheely, Michael Kinard, Jr., Christian
Cromer, Lorantz Feagle, Casper Byerly, Jacob Epting, Sr., John Hipp,
John Minick, Jacob Jumpert, Jacob Hewet, Thomas Dawkins, Geo.
Stockman, Peter Dickert, Geo. Sligh Koon, Sibert Byerly, Mary
Byerly, Gasper Byerly, Michael Carl.
Accounts Paid by Estate
Crenshaw, Public & poor tax 1803 -1807 paid by estate of Gasper
Byerly, dec., 1808 Public & Poor tax $0.75 by Fred. Byerly &
$0.41 by Margaret Byerly.
collector; Direct tax, 12 Distr. S.C. 1806
-Samuel Lindsey, OND, 1804 &
1805 & 1808 & 1810
Wallern, funeral fees. Rec. per me Dutch fork 28 Jul
-Sibert Byerly, 5 shillings, 8 Feb
-Geo. Lever, 12 shillings 7 pence
on account of Harmon Byerly, 16 Sep 1805
-Martin Byerly, 2 wagon wheels in 1805
-H. Ruff, $23.50 on account. Paid 1805
-Michael Kinard, for liquor & estate
-Dr. Henry Smitz, medicine, turned
in 9 Jul 1804
-Henry Ruff, 1802-1804 for
wine, nails, sugar, thread, pipes.
-Jacob Counts, smithwork, paid 1805
-Herman Byerly, for money paid to John Wesinger on my father's
account which he owed him in Charleston, cash paid
Thomas Means & Mr. Lever. 1803
-Magdalina X Byerly, 5 shillinag as willed to me.
-Eliz. Byerly, all debts due.
-Mary X Byerly, all debts
-Martin Byerly, 5
shillings willed to me. 1805
-Herman Byerly, 3:12:7 and negro, 1805
-Margaret X Byerly, negro & cows,
-Fred. X Byerly &
John Byerly, all papers belonging to estate,
-Gasper Byerly, 6 Apr 1806 Ã¢€Å“I
give up all claim to my father's estate in regard to the
5 shillings that he willed me. I am
satisfied but the money is not received by
-John X Byerly & Gasper Byerly,
$15.37 in full amount willed by deceased,
-Gasper Byerly, 1804,
negroÃ¢€Å“Peter" & horse.
Summer & Mayer vs. John Hipp
& Moritz Hartman
-Paid John A.
Houseal for Summer & Mayer $50.00 in part of said judgement, 7
-Paid Y.J. Harrington, for my
-Paid Stark Pe,
-Paid Benj. Long, my fees in
said suit, $5.67 in 1808
Seigler, attending 7 days in court by
-J. McKibben, my fees in case,
Paid by Mary Byerly.
State of Tennessee District south of French Broad & Holston
in pursuance of the law in such case made and provided and by virtue
of a deputation from Robert Wear Esq. Surveyor General for the
District Aforesaid surveyed for Elizabeth Blackburn April 23rd, 1807
one hundred and fifty three acres two roods 37 poles of land claimed
and held by right by occupancy situate in Sevier County on the
waters of Boyd Creek bounded as above described and represented by
the prepared plat given under my hand this 12th day June
Evens Jas Hamilton LCC(? what are these
A drawing of the property site is included in original copy with
scale 40 chs to an inch. 309
Mag V 5 E True
I Elizabeth Blackburn for and in consideration of the sum of five
hundred dollars to me in hand paid the receipt whereof is hereby
acknowledged do hereby
assign the within
survey of land to Gasper Byerly in witness whereof I have here unto
set my hand and seal this 7 day of December 1807
State of Tennessee....................Sevier County Court
February Session 1808
This was the execution of the above survey
or transfer of land being duly proven in open court by the oath of
William McGaughey and Alexander Preston the subscribing(?) Witness
thereto and the same is admitted to
Sam'l? Wear CSC?
I am a descendent of David through Michael - his
daughter Nancy Elizabeth, was my great grandmother. She
married Hiram Levi Roe in Tennessee. Levi's father was Robert
the son of Levi who bought property on the Tennessee River (and in
it - an island) in the southwestern part of Knox County in very
early 1800s. The Roes came from around Rowan County in North
Carolina--on the coast where William Roe had an Inn in very early
1700s. I believe there is still a little town called
"Roe". If anyone has anything to add to this family,
please contact me - Carrie