1. Jacob DURNERMUBHOR - great great grandfather of immigrants b. 1596/1600, Saifniz, Austria; d. 1640, Machtolsheim, Württemberg, Germany.
The region of Württemberg, where Jacob settled, turned Protestant in 1534. Germany wasn't yet federated, but was under the rule of regional duchies (Wilhelm Ludwig of Württemberg at the time) and was immersed in war, famine and religious strife. Jacob may have gone there for religious reasons.
Saifniz / Saifnitz, Jacob's birthplace, is now in Italy, near the borders of Austria and Slovenia. It has been renamed Camporosso in Valcanale, and is in the region called Friuli-Venezia-Gulia, as well as by the name of its main city, Trieste. Diplomatic documents of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy relating to WWI state that the region was ceded back to Italy circa 1920. It had been under Venetian rule prior to the Austrian. The question arises of whether Jacob's name was also changed from Dominic. – One family genealogist has them as coming from Salzburg, rather than Saifniz, Austria (see below). Salzburg and Saifniz were both Catholic, while Württemberg was Protestant. –
Dominicus (Lat. and Dutch) means "God" or "of God".
Child of Jacob Durnermubhor and Unknown (b. 1610):
2. Hans DAMINIG – great grandfather of immigrants changed his name to Daminig (the "g" is pronounced "k"), 1674
b. 1636/7, Saifniz, Austria; d. 6-6-1684, Machtolsheim, Württemberg, Germany –a village of about 400 in Hans' time, now a part of Laichingen, Baden-Württemburg, 66.4 km southeast of Stuttgart – first wife, Maria Metzin, and child, Catharina, died m. 1-2-1669/70 to Barbara SCHEIBLEN – great grandmother of immigrants b. 28-9-1649, Machtolsheim, Germany; d. 23-2-1721/22 (same) _daughter of Hans SCHEIBLER and Barbara HEUNTZ (the German suffix, "-en" or "-in" is feminine)
Children of Hans Daminig and Barbara Scheiblen include:
3. Michael DOMINIG – grandfather of immigrants (4th of 4, two of whom died in infancy) the original name was struck through and changed to Dominig on Michael and siblings birth records b. 7-10-1674, Machtolsheim, Germany;
d. 9-8-1705 (same) m. 21-8-1695 to Margaretha SCHOLLIN – grandmother of immigrants b. 1669; d. 25-12-1745, Machtolsheim, Germany.
After Hans died, Margaretha married Andreas Stohlor, a tailor, who taught his trade to Michael. Michael also farmed.
Children of Michael Dominig and Margaretha Schollin include:
4. Andreas DOMINICK – father of immigrants (1st of 4) b. 21-12-1695, Machtolsheim, Germany; d. after 1751
m. 5-10-1717 to Dorothea KOCH / GOCKLEN – mother of immigrants b. 1691, Merklingen (?), Germany; d. 24-2-1749/50, Machtolsheim.
_daughter of Andreas KERLER and Unknown. After Dorothea's death, Andreas married Maria Grässle (1750). He was a mercenary soldier.
Children of Andreas Dominick and Dorothea Koch or Gocklen include:
5. Andreas DOMINIG / Andrew DOMINY – immigrant (1st of 6), b. 10-8-1720 , Machtolsheim, Germany; d. after 1772, Crane Creek, Richland Co., SC m. 22-4-1752 to, and divorced from, Barbara REYERLIN / REULEN – immigrant
– she was orphaned b. 26-3-1720/21, Machtolsheim, Germany; d. after 1768, Crane Creek, Richland Co, SC
_daughter of Andreas REYLER and Walburga MAJERS (or Catharina ____).
(Walburga is a name with pre-Christian origins. Walpurgis Night, also Witches Night, which is April 30, May Day Eve, is a rite of spring and a time when the veil between living and dead is said to be thin. Its patron was Christianized as Saint Walpurgis.)
Andreas / Andrew and Barbara immigrated with brother Johann Dominig / John Dominy, John's wife and child, Maria or Michael; and possibly sister Margaretha; as well as newly married friends, Michael Hentz and Anna B. Oerterlin.
They sailed, just after their weddings, from Rotterdam, on the Caledonia (captain, Alex Harvey), 1752, to SC, USA, where they were granted land. Their names were anglicized. Infant, Walpurga, is recorded as having boarded the Caledonia, but not as having disembarked. She was less than a year old. – Andrew, like his father, was a mercenary soldier in Germany, then a Colonial soldier in SC for the English occupation, possibly a conscript. His friend, Michael Hentz, was murdered by the Weberites in SC., 1761. The two couples were neighbors in the Dutch Fork, a Germanic region of SC. – One or more of Andrew's siblings may have settled in NY, with the name Dominick.
Children of Andrew Dominy and Barbara Reyerlin include:
6. Henry DOMINICK (3rd of 3) b. 1757, Newberry, SC; d. 1-1-1836 (same) m. 1789 to Margaretha / Margaret FELLERS, b.1765; d. 4-3-1844, Newberry, SC _daughter of Johannes / John Michael(?) FELLERS (1729/35-1800) – immigrant, and Sarah ___ (-1793). Fellers were Dutch speaking Germans.
Henry was the first of our line born in America and the first Dominick; hence, he's referred to in records as Henry1. He was married to Agnes Fellers (2 children) before Margaret. He fought in the Revolutionary War, was captured by the Tories and escaped; he applied for and received a government pension. (His horse, Ball, survived the war with him.)
Henry and Margaret were buried in the Dominick Workman Cemetery, SC.
Children of Henry Dominick and Margaret Fellers include:
7. George DOMINIICK (6th of 12) b. 6-2-1796, Newberry, SC; d. 8-7-1840 (same) m. 1820 to Mary Polly MOCK
b. 15-1-1801; d. 27-1-1848 George and Mary were buried in the George Dominick Cemetery, SC
Children of George Dominick and Mary Polly Mock include:
8. Henry Middleton DOMINICK (6th of 6) b. 5-9-1828, Newberry, SC; d. 20-1-1904 (same) m. 17-7-1853 to
Rhoda ("Rhody") BANKS b. 24-4-1834; d. 28-8-1896
_daughter of James T. BANKS b. 11-8-1807, d. 29-7-1838, and Drucilla RIDDLE, b. 29-11-1808; d. 26-5-1894
_ _g daughter of James BANKS (1780-1811) and Levicia Lake(?) b. 6-1-1785; d. 15-10-1854]
_ _ _g g daughter of Rivers BANKS (1767-1800) and Mary ___
Children of Henry Middleton Dominick and Rhoda Banks include:
9. James Simpson DOMINICK (7th of 7) b. 24-11-1854/5, Newberry, SC; d. 1924 (same) m. Fannie Clementine MOORE b. 1861; d. 1918, Chappells, SC _daughter of David Langdon MOORE (b. 1834, Newberry, SC; d. Coweta Co., GA) and Amanda COUNTS
_ _g daughter of Robert Thompson MOORE b. 14-11-1812; d. 17-10-1849 and Catherine GRIFFITH, b. 5-12-1816; d. 1-5-1897 ; Newberry, SC
_ _ _g g daughter of Samuel MOORE (1791-1841) and Mary HODGE
James, Fanny and some of their children are buried at Crossroads Baptist Church, Chappell, SC
Children of James Simpson Dominick and Fannie C. Moore include:
10. Roy Rice DOMINICK (7th of 12) b.1888, SC; d. 15-12-1954, Newberry, SC m. 26-12-1910 to Fannie Florence REEDER (called Florence) (1st of 3) b. 14-4-1886/93; d. 6-8-1970, Newberry, SC
_daughter of Carrie WHEELER and William REEDER or (E.?) Frank SATTERWHITE. Frank's mother, Mary Virginia, might have been Cherokee or Lumbee, her father, Unknown, b. 1815.
Florence sang to her children to distract them from hunger. Roy was said to have walked with a stick and slept with a gun. He was a master stonemason who worked as an itinerant bricklayer.
Children of Roy Dominick and Florence Reeder include:
11. Fannie Letitia (Susan) DOMINICK (6th of 7) b. 24-6-1920, Newberry, SC; d. 25-8-2007, Buffalo, NY –my mother
Susan was buried at Mt. Hope Cemetery, West Seneca, NY m. 4-1-1940 to Donald Daniel Morgan O'DONNELL
b. 1-10-1919, Buffalo, NY; d. 7-1-1993, Ventura, CA
_son of Peter O'DONNELL, b. PA; d. Buffalo, NY, and Esther MORGAN, Buffalo, NY
The Dominick line of the family, most recent first, 1920 to 1596:
Fannie (Susan) Dominick + Donald O'Donnell, Roy Dominick + Florence Reeder, James Simpson Dominick + Fannie C. Moore, Henry Middleton Dominick + Rhoda Banks, George Dominick + Mary Polly Mock, Henry Dominick(1) + Margaret Fellers, Andreas Dominig / Andrew Dominy + Barbara Reyerlin, Andreas Dominick + Dorothea Koch, Michael Dominig + Margaretha Scholl, Hans Daminig + Barbara Schaiblen, Jacob Durnermubhor + Unknown
Florence and Roy Dominick's house in Newberry, SC, where Fannie Dominick lived, with parents, six siblings and a cousin, during her childhood—
The following pages contain the names of our progenitors, with siblings and placement in the family, *(see note) and following this, some history and comments.
Child of Jacob Durnermubhor and Unknown:
i. Hans Daminig (1636/7 – 1684)
Children of Hans Daminig and Barbara Schaiblen:
i. Johannes (b. 1670 – died young)
ii. Johannes (b. 1671 – died young)
iii Hans Jacob, 1673
iv. Michael, (1674 – 1705) (our line)
Child of Michael Daminig and Margaretha Schollin:
1. Andreas, (1695 – 1751) (first or only child)
Children of Andreas Dominig and Dorothea Gocklen:
1. Andreas Dominig / Andrew Dominy (1720 – 1772) (our line)
2. Johann / John
Children of Andrew Dominy and Barbara Reyerlin:
1. Walpurga (1751 – died in infancy)
2. Andrew, (1755 – 1817)
3. Henry, (1757 – 1836) (our line)
Children of Henry Dominick and Agnes Fellers (1st wife):
1. Catherine, b. 1785; d. 1860
2. Henry, b. 1787; d. 1865
Children of Henry Dominick and Margaret Fellers (our line):
3. Noah, b. abt. 1789
4. Agnes, b. abt. 1790
5. Elizabeth, b. abt. 1795
6. George, (1796 – 1840) (our line)
7. Christina, b. abt 1798
8. David, b. 1800
9. Andrew, b. abt 1804
10. Mary, b. abt. 1805
11. Frances, b. 1815
12. Rachel, unknown
Children of George Dominick and Mary Polly Mock:
1. Aaaron Moses
5. B. Lindsay
6. Henry Middleton (our line), ( 1828 – 1904)
Children of Henry Middleton Dominick and Rhoda Banks:
1. Mary Marcella
2. S. Christiana
5. George Brady
6. Elliott Snowden
7. James Simpson (1854 – 1924) (our line)
Children of James Simpson and Fannie Clementine Moore:
1. S. Broaddus
2. A. Lamar
3. F. May
5. Hoyt C.
6. Carey S.
7. Roy R. (1888 – 1954) (our line)
9. Hayne W.
Children of Roy R. Dominick and Florence Reeder:
1. Reeder Simpson (1911 – 1991)
2. Willie Frances (daughter) (1913 – 1972)
3. Maggie Blanche (1915 – 2007)
4. Sarah Mae (1918 - died in her 20's) child Tomye raised by Florence
5. Ocie Holloway (1919 – 1979)
6. Fannie Leticia (1920 – 2007)
7. Henry M. (1922 – 2001)
Most South Carolina Dominick's were farmers and some of them obtained land grants. These grants were on the western boundaries of settled lands; there were many obligations to fulfill and taxes to pay, but the real price seems to have been that of placing their bodies between a planter elite and the frontier. Most of the men who settled there were also conscripted into the Confederate States Army (CSA), which drove out the Cherokee and other Indians. Slaves and cotton made SC one of the richest of the colonies. Some of the Dominick's prospered. Many still live in the Dutch Fork and neighboring Saxe Gotha, the region first settled by our forbears.
Notes on ethnicity— "Dutch" was a general term used to designate Germanic language speaking peoples in Colonial America. The fact that "Dominicus" is a Dutch (as well as an Italic) name, and also that many Germans, including our forbears, sailed from Rotterdam, probably added to the idea that we're of Dutch ancestry. Many of the women who married Dominick's were also German, although some of them have surnames that could be Dutch. Even now, in researching this project, I find references to the Dutch Fork as having been a German settlement, while Saxe Gotha is said to have been Dutch, and yet Saxe Gotha was named for a state in 17th century Germany.
Despite the fact that I've heard family members disparage Italians, the evidence suggests that the Dominick's might have Italian ancestry, and then an admixture of German and others. When this European mix came to America, it may have picked up one or more of the ancient bloodlines of this continent, along, more than once, with those of the British Isles. Going farther back, Saifniz, Austria, now Camporosso in Valcanale, Italy, is in a region that was once a part of Byzantium, and as such was perhaps open to Turkish, as well as Moorish (also on the Irish side) and other bloodlines.
As my searches suggest a growing diversity of possibilities, the question of race and ethnicity seems to take on both more and less importance. What I mean by this is that I can't make it matter that I (or you) may be of mixed race and an apparently large number of ethnicities, yet it matters in a felt sense to know something of the soil my roots grow from. Then, even as I write the words, the idea seems tenuous. When I envision human history, I see it largely as swarming hordes over-running each other in waves that sweep over most of the world, and often, and certainly every region we're related to. How disconnected from the past for most of us to think ourselves white, or German (or Dutch). There may be no such thing as any of these, strictly speaking, but there is a sense of the past, and this, to my mind, seems to be a primary benefit of knowing who our ancestors were.
Note on the Lumbee— While Mary Virginia Satterwhite is recorded as Cherokee, the States failed to recognize a distinction between that and other regional tribes at the time of Mary Virginia's birth.
The Lumbee, a people that traces its history as a re-constituted tribe to the 1700's, adopted the name Lumbee in 1952, and first gained State and Federal status as a tribe in 1953; they include remnants of several regional tribes that had all but died out, as well as former and escaped slaves, and very possibly survivors of the Lost Colony. Indians from whom they descend, and from whom we may also descend, trace back 14,000 years. While having tribal status, the Lumbee receive none of the state or federal tribal benefits that usually accompany recognition, for the stated reason that they're of mixed race.
The following account is linked to our history.
Note on the Weberites— While England placed Germans and Dutch on the frontier and used them for protection, they, in doing so, displaced them from intensely religious backgrounds (Machtolsheim, with its tiny population, had an Evangelical Reformed Church, built in 1260) and failed to provide them with an adequate number of Germanic-language-speaking preachers. Whether you look at this episode through a religious or a secular lens, there were numbers of religious people thrown into an unfamiliar, hard, and extremely dangerous environment, without the religious guidance and support they were accustomed to. In this environment fanaticism flourished, and there were numerous sects that departed from the canon of their Protestant upbringing. Jacob Weber (various spellings) was the leader of one such sect. He began by holding meetings in his house, believed himself to be God incarnate, and designated others as Holy Ghost, Jesus, and the Virgin Mary (his wife, Hannah).
There are precedents in other sects for some of the practices they adopted, found most specifically in the Radical Pietism they brought with them from Europe and some of its colonial variants. Where the Weberites departed was in murdering those who disagreed on points of doctrine. Andrew Dominig's friend, Michael Hentz (various spellings), as well as John George Schmidtpeter and Frederick Dauber, who was a slave and possibly a preacher, were murdered in this connection in 1761. By some accounts Michael was the 'Holy Ghost', by others a hapless intruder. Weber was hanged for the murders; most of his followers left the region (some under banishment), as did Michael Hentz's wife and children. Andrew's son, Andrew, the brother of Henry1, later organized a German speaking church.
(James Dominey, a family researcher who says that our ancestors immigrated to Machtolsheim from Salzburg, rather than Saifniz, Austria, also claims that Michael Hentz was killed by slaves, whom he caught practicing "their voodoo", and who were retaliated against by whites in what came to be known as the Weber incident. The available evidence doesn't support this claim, which was first made in 1975 –more than 200 years after the murders—by Lee R. Gandee, Hexenmeister. Gandee wrote that new information on the murders had been channeled to him through the entity known as Seth. †)
The relevance of the Weber incident to our family is that it plunged the Dutch Fork into an atmosphere of shame and secrecy, and it seems likely that this influence survived and to some extent shaped not only my mother and family, but also the population of the region in general, many of whom we are related to. It seems, subjectively, that my mother, who was born into an atmosphere of religious and social guilt and economic privation (our family was, according to my mother, the poorest of the poor during the Depression), transmitted this atmosphere in a number of ways, one of them being in her choices of what information to communicate and what to withhold about the past. By separating us, her children, physically from the family, she gave herself a field within which to create the impression that they had the kind of lives she wanted us to emulate. In the ensuing atmosphere of untruths and unresolved conflicts, then, it was we who she came to regard as shameful, and we've wrestled with this precondition without knowledge or an understanding of the past.
To be sure, there were other (and more familiar) factors that contributed to this environment, among them the matter of Indian ancestry in a racist family and social setting, as well as extreme poverty, which some tried to alleviate through prostitution; and these within the wider climate of a species of repression reserved especially for the poor and the religious (my mother said that it wasn't that she didn't believe in God, but that God didn't believe in her); but it seems to me that history and the post-Weber environment of the region lent their air to the atmosphere our Dominick forbears lived, struggled and died in, and that this atmosphere and its stigma were still present in my mother's lifetime, and may still be present in ours.
When I see my mother's life in this context, and as expressive of her environment, she seems blameless to me, not as a deceased object of grief might with time take on blamelessness, but as one whose very life was the expression of that matrix within which it had its being.
A story has it that Susan's mother, Fannie Florence Reeder, was maltreated by her family because of her origins; that after her father, Frank Satterwhite, left, her pregnant mother, Carrie Wheeler, married again, to William Reeder, with whom she had two more children, Frank and Myrtle, and that this family victimized Florence for being half Indian. (Also, that Frank fled the law by jumping out a courthouse window and on to a horse, later to send for Carrie, who turned him down.)
Florence married Roy Dominick, a man whose affluent parents, Fannie Moore and James Dominick, according to my mother, disinherited him, possibly on account of Florence. (Fannie and James, who owned a plantation –now referred to as a farm— whose lands occupied the larger part of a county, themselves, later died in ruin.) Florence, who may have been unstable, told her starving children that she'd let them eat her if she could. My mother said that Florence had a violent temper. There's also the suggestion that at least some of her children were molested.
I can hardly imagine the atmosphere of want, desperation, and misery in which my mother and grandmother lived much of their lives. My father, passing through in his handsome uniform at the end of WWII, must have seemed to my mother everything her life was not. She fled with him to Buffalo, where he introduced her (and us) to another but perhaps not unfamiliar hell. After he left, we lived in poverty and with her seemingly unending rage. Some have questioned why she permitted us to endure what we did. I can only surmise that it was because it was, or seemed to be, less than what she endured, that when your own damages are still half-buried, you can't see the suffering of others, much less, the suffering you cause. I can no longer presume to say that she should have been otherwise, but only that I might be.
While I don't pass lightly here over the point that we inherited a shame-based legacy, I want to point out that ours is one story of a common type, singular only in its details. The passing of blame from parent to child is the underpinning of a milieu that has been the inheritance of generations, not only within our family, but also in society (and wherever religion dominates) as a whole, and in its particular way, American society.
We seem at this time to be crossing the cusp of a kind of personal and social vision that might bring us the perspective to face and integrate our damages (or, it seems, annihilate ourselves), and would do well to recognize that there is little about the nature of the past that is unique to our line and yet, its legacy is ours, either to perpetuate or to heal.
Some may hold that manipulations of the truth (of which our family has seen many) both honor the dead and protect the living. I believe, rather, that it's in knowing history that we begin to be free of it, in the same way, for example, that knowing ones actions are influenced by a repetition compulsion might lead to the exercise of other, more conscious choices. This document is an attempt at finding and sharing what is true. It was inspired by my mother.
* It's possible to go sideways, following the lines of siblings as they spread, but for now, at least, rather than accounting for all of the cousins, etc., I'd like to turn my attention to learning more about the women who married the Dominick's, and also, to learning what I can about the O'Donnell's. (On cousins, et al., see the last sentence, below.)
† In the interests of locating what is true, it seems necessary to acknowledge that the Saifniz / Salzburg debate might be as yet unsettled, although of two researchers that visited Machtolsheim, one of them, J. E. (Edd) Dorminey, wrote that church records, which were translated for him from the Old German, show that Jacob Durnermubhor was from Saifniz, while James Dominey, for the same reasons, claims that he was from Salzburg. While I'm not certain that James Dominey's version is incorrect, there are reasons for questioning his interpretations (see p. 10, e.g.). Nevertheless, James has an extensive genealogy of the family online, which, at the time of this writing, can be found by searching " descendants of Jacob Durnermubhor ".