Pomaria, Newberry County,
South Carolina Genealogy Trails



Sketch about Pomaria by John A. Chapman


Semi-Centenial Edition, 1915

Reminiscences of the Pomaria Post Office

Pomaria is a town in Newberry County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 177 at the 2000 census.

Pomaria, Newberry County, was named by Horticulturist William Summer (a descendant of one of the earliest settlers there). The name is derived from the Latin, pomus, meaning plants or trees; and though often mispronounced, has no
basis for the legend about a needy soul named "Po' Mary."


Pomaria is located at 34°15?60?N, 81°25?10?W (34.266535, -81.419580)GR1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.7 km˛ (1.0 mi˛). 2.7 km˛ (1.0 mi˛) of it is land and 0.95% is water.


As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 177 people, 70 households, and 46 families residing in the town. The population density was 65.7/km˛ (170.1/mi˛). There were 84 housing units at an average density of 31.2/km˛ (80.7/mi˛). The racial makeup of the town was 54.80% White, 41.24% African American, 1.69% from other races, and 2.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population.

There were 70 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 124.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $45,000, and the median income for a family was $49,000. Males had a median income of $24,688 versus $25,313 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,524. About 2.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.9% of those under the age of eighteen and 14.3% of those sixty five or over.

Sketch written by John A. Chapman, "Annals of Newberry, pg 548-552

The Pomaria Postoffice in the Southeastern part of the county was established about the year 1840. The name was given by Mr. William Summer, the founder and proprietor of the Pomaria Nurseries, which were so long and so favorably known through out the country. Mr. Summer, if I mistake not, was the first Postmaster. About the year 1850 the Postoffice was moved to where the present town of Pomaria now is on the completion of the Greenville and Columbia Railroad to that point. William Summer was Postmaster and Thomas W. Holloway (who is, in 1892, P. M.) Assistant.

J. A. Folk & Sons did a large business as merchants at Pomaria until the year 1855, when they were succeeded by Thomas W. Holloway and his brother-in-law, H. H. Folk, who continued until Secession and the war.

After the war Thomas W. Holloway and Hayne D. Reid formed a copartnership and carried on a large and lucrative business, until the murder of Reid and the burning of the house with the body of the murdered man in it by the assassin, Thompson, on the 24th of December, 1875. Thompson confessed the crime and was hanged. The burning of  the house and the goods in it entailed a heavy loss upon the firm.

The next mercantile house established at this place was that of D. A. Dickert and David Hipp. They were succeeded by D. Hipp & Co. E. R. Hipp, now (1892) of Columbia, represented the company. Upon the dissolution of this firm Mr. Wm. T. Hatton took the place of E. B. Hipp, and the firm name, D. Hipp & Co., still stands.

A store house was built by Thomas W. Holloway and his son, J. B. O’Neall Holloway, in 1872, and they carried on the mercantile business together until the fall of 1889, when the stock of goods on hand was sold to E. H. Hipp, son-in-law of the senior member of the firm. The junior member, having married in Orangeburg, moved to that county, near Fort Motte, and engaged in farming.

Mr. Hipp continued the business until the 14th of January, 1891, when the store was burned with a large stock of goods, entailing a heavy loss on Mr. Hipp.

J. William Stone in 1889 built a store house in the town and was carrying on business there, when his house and goods were burned at the same time.

Among the earliest settlers of Pomaria and the neighborhood was the family of Summer. John Adam Summer - I think is the name - came across the country from Pennsylvania . The country traveled by him was then almost an unbroken wilderness peopled by several different tribes of Indians. Wherever he went, whatever tribe or family of natives he met with, he always received the heartiest and warmest welcome. And when he reached his destination, the natives there were waiting for him, extended him a friendly greeting and made him feel at home. Rumors of kindness he had shown to some Indians in Pennsylvania preceded him, and runners were sent on ahead to tell the tale arid to give notice of his coming.

John Summer was the father of John, Nicholas, Henry, Adam, William, Thomas and Miss Catharine P. These are all gone, except Miss Catharine. John and Nicholas I never knew. Nicholas was killed in the Seminole war in Florida; John went down there to bring the body home and he took sick and died in Florida without being able to accomplish his mission. Elsewhere in this book an interesting anecdote is related of Dr. King and Nicholas Summer. Henry was a lawyer at Newberry whom everybody knew and respected. Towards the close of the war of Secession, Kilpatrick raiders burnt his home in the lower part of the county, with his valuable library, and hung him up by the neck to the limb of a tree in the effort to make him tell where he had his money concealed, of which they imagined he had an immense amount, He had none concealed and they at length released him. Adam was a man of great and versatile genius. He left one child, who lives in Florida. William never married, but might be called the father of Pomaria and the Pomaria Nurseries, Henry Summer left three children, only two of whom were alive in 1892, his son John Adam, and daughter Catherine, who is happily married to Rev. J. F. Kiser, a Lutheran minister John Adam owns the homestead of his grandfather, John Summer. The other daughter of Henry Summer, Mary, married Dr. J. K. Chapman. At her death she left three children, one daughter and two sons. Thomas Summer, the youngest brother of Henry Summer, I knew for awhile in his youth. He died early. He was a student, I think, in some German university.

The late John A. Folk owned the land upon which the town of Pomaria was built. He died in 1855, leaving three sons and two daughters, J. D. A., Dr. H. M., H. H., Martha, the wife of Thomas W. Holloway, and Eustatia, half-sister of the above, who was married to John David Wedeman, who died leaving two sons.

Solomon Suber, who resided where Dr. J. A. Berly afterwards lived, left four children, John W., who moved to Florida after the war, where he has since died; Major Christian H. Suber, also now deceased, a lawyer at Newberry, who was so long and so favorably known socially, not only in his native county, but ,also throughout this State, and I may justly add, the United States, at least in many others besides his own. Christian Suber was a man of more than ordinary ability; of mild and amiable deportment and averse to strife. He gave by will three thousand dollars for benevolent purposes---two thousand dollars to Newberry College and one thousand for the purpose of assisting in rebuilding the Lutheran Church at Newberry. He had two sisters; Ann C., who was married to the late Walter F. Ruff—they both died before the war, leaving no children. The other sister, Lavinia C., was first married to George Ruff, who died before the war, leaving one son, John S.; since the war she has become the wife of George Burder Boozer and they make their home in the town of Newberry.

John Folk, the original of the family of that name, resided a short distance from the site of the town on Tanner’s Hill, known to wagoners prior to 1850 as Folk’s Hill. It has been said that when wagoners left home with wagons loaded with cotton or tobacco for market in Charleston if they succeeded in getting up Folk’s Hill they would have no more trouble. Mr. Folk left two children by his first marriage, John A. and a daughter who became the wife of David Cannon and the mother of John A. Cannon. By a second marriage there were five children who grew to maturity: John Wesley, David and Levi E.—daughters Elizabeth Graham and Eve Busby, mother of Prof D. B. and Rev. L. E. Busby, one a teacher of youth and the other a Lutheran minister.

Dr. John A. Berly, who owned and lived and died at the Solomon Suber place, as already mentioned, left two sons, John Eusebius and W. W. Berly. John Eusebius died unmarried. He was a young man honored and respected by all who knew him; of great ability, and preached the gospel with great power and effect Those who knew him from his infancy speak of him as having been blameless in all respects. After his graduation from Newberry College in June, 1879, he read medicine and practiced for awhile, a year or two, after taking his degree, when he became deeply impressed with the feeling that it was his duty to devote himself and his life to preaching the gospel. He accordingly prepared himself for that work, studied in the Theological Seminary in Philadelphia and graduated with distinction. He was called to the ninth pastorate of the Lutheran Synod in the Fork, in which charge he continued until his death on the 19th of July, 1890.

W. W. Berly is the owner of the old homestead and is giving his undivided attention to the fine farm which he inherited.

Dr. John A. Berly, the father of these young men, was a kind and obliging neighbor. He was assiduous in the practice of his profession for more than forty years. No man was more charitable, kind and attentive, going at all hours, and often to a great distance, to give relief to suffering humanity, when he knew that he would receive no pecuniary recompense for his labor, He was always ready and willing to assist with his means all benevolent and charitable objects. His place it will be difficult to fill. He never used tobacco, nor alcoholic drinks, because he knew from the study of physiology and from observation the evil effects resulting from their use.

Christian Suber was another of the old landmarks and resided within a half-mile of the site of the present town of Pomaria, long before the Railroad was built. He was engaged in the mercantile business and farming. Mr. Suber accumulated a fortune; he grew rich and earned and secured the reward due to his wonderful energy and perseverance. His wife was Caroline Counts, daughter of Jacob Counts. Three sons and one daughter survived him, viz.: John D., George Benedict, J. Benson and Isabella Eleazer, who was first married to Philander Cromer, who was killed in battle during the war of Secession. Rebecca, the eldest of the children, married James A. Welch, and by this union two sons and two daughters survive. One of these is Professor C. W. Welch, who has filled various professional chairs and has .recently been elected Professor of Physics in Clemson College.

Thomas W. Molloway is still living as I compile these Annals. In the building of the Greenville and Columbia Railroad he was appointed Agent at Hope Station, Pomaria, Prosperity and Newberry, successively, as the Road advanced. While Agent at Newberry he was elected Cashier of the Bank of Newberry, which position he held until 1855, when he resigned and removed to Pomaria and engaged in the mercantile business. He was the Secretary of the State Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry for many years. He was also connected with the State Agricultural and Mechanical Society from 1857 to the breaking out of the war. The Society was reorganized after the war and he occupied the first position of the Society under the late B. Wyatt Aiken. in 1875 Col. Aiken declined re-election to the position of Secretary and Mr. Holloway was elected. He has been re-elected each succeeding year to the present, 1892.

Dr. Z. T. Pinner, President Bank of Pomaria

Walter Richardson, Correspondent Herald & News

A. H. Shealy, Pres. Pomaria Oil Mill

John C. Aull, Cashier Bank of Pomaria

W. B. Counts, Merchant

Miss Anna Koon, Central

Pomaria Graded School

Prof. Ben. M. Setzler, Principal Pomaria School

Miss Louise Richardson, Assistant Pomaria School

Adam L. Aull, Magistrate

Roy J. Johnson

Joe Boland

J. P. Setzler, Merchant

Reminiscences of the Pomaria Post Office
Newberry Herald,  12/19/1877 

About the year 1790 the first Post Office for the Pomaria section of the County was established on “Tanner’s Hill’ near the present day Pomaria Depot. John Folk, son of Jacob Volk (as the name was then written) one of the original settlers, a tanner — from whose vocation the hill received its name — was appointed postmaster. The mails at that time were monthly; then semi monthly; then weekly and were conveyed by horseback from Ninety Six, Greenville and Spartanburg to Columbia. Peter Dickert, whose writings attested his excellence in penmanship, acted as deputy Post Master, mailing the letters from time to time as they accumulated in the office. The Post Office Department, having observed the chirographic skill displayed in the office, wrote to Mr. Folk, stating that it perceived he had a clerk and that it could not allow him salary. Squire Dickert replied in substance ‘that the department need give itself no unnecessary uneasiness, as his only expected salary was a peck of chinquapins, whenever picked and hulled by himself.’

The office was continued at that place until 1817 when it was located for a short time at the store of Solomon Suber, on the spot later occupied by Dr. Berley’s Medical Office. Thence it was removed to Col. Jacob Counts where it received the name COUNTSVILLE and where it remained until the death of Col. Counts in 1826. It was then removed to Col. William Counts’ place where it remained until 1831 when it was transferred to Captain John Summers. There it remained under the name of Countsville until about the year 1845 when our venerable citizen William Summer Esq. established the Pomaria Nurseries. With that fine classical taste for which he continued, admired at home and abroad, he baptized both the Post Office and Town with the name POMARIA, unparalleled perhaps in beauty.

During the time the office was at Col. William Counts’ the mails were supplied semi weekly with a two- horse back while at Captain Summers’ there was a semi weekly transit in four horse stages. Thus it continued until early 1851 when William Summer Esq. kindly consented at the request of Col. William Spencer Brown, to transfer both name and office to the Railroad Depot established there.

The Herald and News, Dec. 3, 1915
Semi-Centenial Edition

Pomaria Is One of Newberry County s Initial Settlements Which Has Shown Development and Progress and of which she is Proud-Pioneer Leader in Educational Advancement Which Awaited No Precedent, But Went Forward in a Manner Worthy of Emulation-Her Progress and Those Who Made It -Spirit of Local Patriotism and Business Progress.

Pomaria is one of the oldest settlements in the county. For a number of years back, as far as we can remember, there were a few stores located at that place, but not until recent years have the people become so interested   in   the   activities of life, and through their untiring efforts a wonderful growth can be seen, the town laving been named years ago from a prosperous   nursery that flourished here long before the railroads in this section had been built. In latter years, Pomaria has been widely known through the State as a prosperous and fast growing town. It is located on the old Columbia and Greenville road sixteen miles east of Newberry, four from the Broad river, and is surrounded by fertile farm land on every side with soil suited to almost any kind of truck, all of which is settled by good white in each and every enterprise that pertains to the welfare of the people.

Citizens  who take great interest They have worked together, hand in hand, to the upbuilding of good roads and rural graded schools just such as to make country life desirable. One hundred and fifty of these homes are now reached by the rural telephones, all of which add to the business and pleasure of life. The telephone system was organized in Pomaria in 1907 with Mr. James P. Setzler as manager and Miss Anna Koon the efficient and faithful central. The success of the telephone system has been so complete and pleasant that it is steadily growing each day.

It is also with pleasure we mention the fact that there are three rural routes which go out from this town and deliver the mail at the door of the rural home each day. Pomaria is one of the beat market towns in the county, a good business center offering a market to a large number of thrifty and enterprising people who are developing the country between the two rivers in the lower part of the county.

The town of Pomaria is incorporated and has a town government composed of J. T. Kinard, intendant and Roy J. Johnson. Joe Boland, Dr. Z. T. Pinner and J. P. Setzler, wardens. Mr. Adam L. Aull has been magistrate there for three years.

They have a prosperous and thriving bank under the management of Dr. Z T. Pinner, president; John C. Aull, cashier, who are ready and willing to serve the people at all times.

They have a thriving oil mill, owned and managed by Mr. A. H. Shealy.

The people in and around Pomaria have placed their shoulders to me wheel and erected a warehouse under the state warehouse system in which a great deal of cotton is being stored. Dr. Z. T. Pinner, the present of the bank, is loaning them money on cotton whenever it is desired at six per cent interest. The merchants of the town keep a live and up to date line of merchandise that the surrounding community may purchase at the lowest prices.

The Pomaria school has for a number of years been recognized as one of the best rural schools in this part of the country. Her popularity as a school of special recognition dates back about forty years, when, under the management of Prof. D. B. Busby, students went forth from her walls who in their after lives reflected much credit upon themselves and upon their former school-master. Among those men of prominence during the early history of the school we find such names as Col. Jno. F. Hobbs, Prof. J. B. O'Neall Holloway. Rev. J. E. Berley. Prof. C. W. Welch and others.

A decade later we find another group of mention. Among them are W. W. Hentz. Esq., R. H. Welch, Esq, H. C. Holloway, Esq., R. H. Hipp, chairman of the present board of trustees, and others. These men all received their early training at Old Bethel, now Pomaria Graded school.

Since that time quite a number of young men have left the Pomaria school and entered the various colleges of this state and other stages, where by their merit and high standing they have reflected honor upon themselves and upon those who gave them training in the academic school department. Among those of the present generation might be mentioned G. Baker Setzler and the Berley boys.

The citizens of Pomaria have always been progressive. When a proposition Is submitted to them which has for its object the elevation of society and the propagation of worthy ideals they give it due consideration and accept it with a determination to push it forward to its full fruition. So, during the year 1912, when the propaganda for rural school improvement was being so earnestly agitated in the state by Prof. Swearingen and Prof. Tate, and in Newberry county by Superintendent of Education E. H. Aull, the patrons of the Pomaria school district, realizing the inadequacy of school equipment, voted bonds to secure funds for purchasing a new site and erecting a new building to meet the demands of the time. Accordingly a two story brick building with spacious auditorium and ample and well furnished recitation rooms and other necessary apartments was built, at a cost of over $4 000. About the same time a special tax for maintenance was voted. And we can now boast of one of the best schools in Newberry county.

It is but proper that we mention in this connection, that it was during Col. Aull's term as superintendent of education, and was due largely to the deep interest he took in the welfare of the community that the present favorable condition of school affairs was brought about.

The people of Pomaria are not entirely materialistic.   The little town has within her bounds two churches, Lutheran and Methodist. The Lutheran church was organized and built several years ago, when Rev. J. J. Long served the Bethlehem pastorate. He was active in effecting the organization and in raising funds for its erection. And if it is not the first, the Pomaria church is among the first churches built by Rev. Long. While the membership at present is small, prospects for an enlarged membership are very bright. Rev. S. C. Ballentine is pastor.

The Methodist church was built in Pomaria several years ago. While the Rev. S. C. Morris was serving the Prosperity circuit. It is also proper to say that it was through his untiring efforts that the church was built. Its membership is also few in number, but it too hopes to grow as time advances. Rev. D. P. Boyd has served the church for the last two years, but owing to advanced age and failing health he has been forced to give up active ministerial work, much to the regret of Christians of every faith.

Pomaria Oil Mill
The Pomaria Oil Mill was established a number of years ago when the movement towards cotton seed milling was strong in all sections of the state and each market town felt obliged to equip Itself with a cotton seed oil mil Latterly the property was purchased by Mr. A. H. Shealy a very enterprising and capable young man who has made a success of it. He is a practical map in such work, and he has run the mill himself. He has in connection with it a modern ginnery system and he has been kept busy ginning cotton for a wide stretch of country. His gin and oil mill give an air of busy, bustling life to Pomaria. He has been in charge of the mill and ginnery several years and has steadily built up its business and its usefulness to the community. He is a wide-awake, progressive business man and is doing a full man's share for the building up of Pomaria.

The Bank of Pomaria
The Bank of Pomaria has greatly contributed to the growth of the town in a business way. It has a capital stock of $15,000 and has furnished accommodation to the farmers and the business men of the community and to the people generally. Dr. Z. T. Pinner is president and John C. Aull is cashier. Dr. Pinner is a native of North Carolina, but has lived in this section for a long time and has successfully practiced medicine for the people and is thoroughly identified with the community and takes a lively and intelligent interest in everything for the advancement of the people. Mr. Aull is a native of that section of the county and very popular with all the people who know and respect him for his integrity and honesty, and he has hosts of friends and is making a success in his management of the bank as cashier. A recent statement of the bank shows loans and discount $27,341.99; deposits. $32,448.03; undivided profits. $1,339.92.

Pinner's Pharmacy.
Pinner's Pharmacy is one of the very important stores in Pomaria. A good stock of drugs and medicines and I druggists' supplies are kept on hand and the prescription counter is well equipped to handle the prescriptions of the physicians in the neighborhood. A full line of the well known and most reliable remedies are sold here also, as well as the drugs that are needed most for home and general use. Dr. Z. T. Pinner, the proprietor, is a practicing physician and a public spirited, enterprising business man. He is the president of the bank and takes an active interest in all matters relating to the welfare of the town and people.

R. H. Hipp
Dr. Roy J. Johnson, the prescription clerk, is a licensed pharmacist, a graduate of the State College at Charleston and a very competent and obliging young man who is active in all things for the good of the community.

Mr. R. H. Hipp is the veteran merchant of the town. He has been in business at Pomaria for a number of years and his business was a successor to the still older business of Aull, Hentz & Co. and Aull & Hipp, and those firms were the successors of D. Hipp, so that the store has been known by two generation of the people of this section and has been popular because the public were always well treated there. Mr. Hipp carries a large and well selected line of general merchandise and supplies for the home and the farm. He handles country produce for the farmers around him. He does a good business and has an attractive store.

The Setzler Company.
The Setzler Company is a wide awake, progressive business concern building up a fine trade all through the section tributary to Pomaria. The company is composed of several of the Setzler Brothers, very energetic and popular young men. In the company now the Thomas A., James P. and Benjamin M. Setzler. They carry a good line of general merchandise, catering to the needs of the people that they serve, and handling all grades of dry goods and notions, furnishings and supplies The keep up a large stock and keep in advance of the demands of their patrons. They are all good citizens, ready to lend a hand to anything that means the building up of the town of Pomaria.

W. B. Counts.
Mr. W. B. Counts has a popular store In Pomaria, enjoying a large share of the patronage of the people who live there and those who trade in Pomaria. He is a popular man, public spirited and earnest in his work for the town and the community.

G. J. Wilson is well known as a grocery supply house. Mr. J. L. Graham is the postmaster at Pomaria.

Mr. Thomas E. Hentz has an attractive dry goods store. He is an enterprising business man and has been successful in business and has built up a good trade.

Mr. E. A. Hentz also runs a grocery store and keeps a line of fancy groceries

Mr. T. E. Stone operates a blacksmith shop and an automobile repair shop, and so does Mr. N. D. Koon and they repair anything from a broken wagon to an auto.

During the present fall the merchants and business men of the town, realizing the importance of being able to take care of the cotton that the farmer desired to hold for higher prices, organized a warehouse company and they now have a bonded warehouse under the state system with a capacity for 1.000 bales of cotton and the Bank of Pomaria has arranged to loan the farmer on his warehouse receipt at 6 per cent. Mr. J. J. Hentz is president of the company and Mr. John C. Aull secretary and treasurer and Mr. J. T. Kinard manager.

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