Richland County, South Carolina
History and Genealogy

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Welcome to Richland County, South Carolina Trails. Our goal is helping you find your ancestors by placing data online for the Free use of all researchers.  We are proud to expand into South Carolina, providing our "experience" gained from years of researching our ancestors and website hosting.  We want to hear about you and the history of your ancestors. We need help with contributions of your data, history and stories to make this a great site for research.  Everything is helpful: Obituaries, Biographies, Photos and County History, to name a few.

As data becomes available, we put it online, including it's county's page.  Information will be posted as fast as we can find, type and/or receive it.  We welcome your feedback and comments, and of course, your data contributions.

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Richland County was created in 1785 when the decision to move the state capitol from Charleston to a more central location was made. The site chosen for the city of Columbia, the state capital and county seat, was one the the plantations of Col. Thomas Taylor, Richland. The new capitol city was located near the Congaree River, which is formed from the confluence of the Saluda and Broad Rivers. With the addition of the Columbia Canal between 1819 and 1824 made the city more accessible. The city flourished and with the founding of South Carolina College, now the University of South Carolina, in 1801, the city became the largest inland city by 1860, population 8,000. Richland County was now a central player in the economy of South Carolina and had become a regional hub of commerce. The railroad followed in 1842, prompting further growth and development.

The city of Columbia, named for Christopher Columbus, was laid out in a grid pattern of 400 square blocks. Houses had to be a minimum of 18 feet wide and 30 feet long. The two through streets and the perimeter streets were laid out at 150 feet wide as the belief of the time was that a mosquito couldn't fly more than 60 feet without dying of starvation. Most of those streets, although some of the names have changed, are still intact. Her streets are named after politicians, war heroes, and their Colonial contemporaries. The names Sumter, Marion, Gervais, Laurens, Gregg, Pickens, Greene, to name a few are all important names in South Carolina and United States history. 

South Carolina College - students and staff for years, 1841, 1843, 1845

SCU, 1839 - Students and Staff
Theological Seminary Graduates for 1833 & 1839
Some Historical Schools, State Normal School 1874
Female college students and teachers, 1860, 1863, 1889
Mid Winter Session at Bethel Metropolitan A.M.E., 1923
Confederate Home Applications
Confederate Soldier Burials [under More Info]
1811 & 1814 SC College Trustees & Students
Korean War Casualties
, Vietnam War Casulaties, World War I Enlistments and those who died

Bible Records






Cities and Towns





More Info



Of Notable Mention




Slave Narratives



Neighboring Counties

Newberry County

Lexington County

Fairfield County  

Sumter County


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