History of Williamsburg, From 1705 - 1923
By William Willis Boddie
Columbia, SC; The State Company, 1923
Transcribed by Dena W. for Williamsburg County, South Carolina Genealogy Trails

CHAPTER    XVI.
WILLIAMSBURG TAXPAYERS, 1811.

There is copied on the fly leaves of Book B, Williamsburg District Registry, in the office of the Clerk of Court of Common Pleas, a list of the taxpayers in the district in 1811, with the amount levied on each individual. The taxes assessed at that time on the property in this district probably indicates more nearly the relative wealth of the men of the district than the tax list of 1923 would show the wealth of the several men of Williamsburg at such time.

Theodore Gourdin paid that year $158.10 in taxes; Francis Cordes, $56.89; James Burgess, $35.52; Stephen Miller, Jr., $27.22; Moses Glover, $24.99; William McDonald, $24.49. The man who paid next in amount was Isaac Matthews, $19.77. There were only fifty-three in the district then whose taxes were more than $10.00 a year. These fifty-three were wealthy. A man who paid $5.00 to support the government in 1811 had little trouble in keeping the wolf from the door.

Here follows a list of all the taxpayers and amounts levied in Williamsburg District in 1811:
John Arnett, $2.94; Joseph Adams, $1.05; James Atkinson, $0.06; Stephen Atkinson, $0.24; Benjamin Ard, $0.03; James Ard, $0.03; Barnard Ard, $0.02; Thomas Ayers, $0.17; John Benton, $0.15 1/2; Solomon Budden, $0.35; John Blakely, Jr., $3.60; Moses Benton, $0.60; William Benton, $0.09; John Brockinton, $2.95; John Boyd, (Estate) $0.49; Henry H. Bostwick, $2.60; John Barr, $5.03 1/2; Daniel Brown, $2.10; Sarah Brown, $0.35; William Brown, $0.46; James Brown, $9.60; Robert Brown, $0.98; Maurice Braveboy, $2.93; James Bradley, $16.30; James Barr, $3.25; William Brockinton (minor), $1.55; John Brockinton (Estate), $0.45; Joseph Benton, $0.05; James Bailey,  $0.06;   George Burrows,  $11.70;  John  Burrows, $4.78; William Burrows, $4.69; Thomas Burrows, $5.51; Levi   Barrineau,   $0.19;   Asa   Bradshaw,   $0.06 1/4;   Manuel   Barrineau,   $0.35;   Benjamin   Britton,   $11.00;   Silas Bradshaw,     $0.22;     Samuel     Bradshaw,    $0.02;     James Burgess, $35.52;    Jonathan    Bostwick,  $4.64;   Benjamin Bradham,   $0.03;   John   Broome,   $3.59;   Robert   Benton, $1.35; Risdon Barrineau, $0.35; Mary Bradshaw, $0.03; Margaret    Barrineau,    $0.07 1/2;    Abner    Brown,    $0.91; Benjamin Blanchard   (Estate), $1.75; Thomas Browder, $0.03;    Arthur    Barrineau,    $2.99;   Hugh    Boyd,    $2.25; Isaac   Barrineau,   $4.61;   John    Blakely,    $7.20;   James Ballentine,   $2.78;   Jesse   Blount,   $0.09;   Martha   Brockinton,   $3.85;   Joshua   Baxley,   $0.12;   Timothy   Britton, $1.78; Francis  Britton,  $3.66 1/2; Aaron Bradley,  $1.35; John Barker, $0.06; Thomas Blackwell  (Estate), $11.33; Michael  Blackwell,    $9.72;   Thomas   M.    Brown,   $2.35; John Cooper, $7.69; John Coward, $0.19; 'William Camlin,    $0.56;    James    Campbell,    $10.49;   James   Calhoun (Estate),   $3.25;   Washington   Cockfield,   $0.70;   George Carter,   $0.15;    Sarah   Clark,   $0.35;   George   Chandler, $2.96; Mary Cunningham, $0.38; Bryant Cameron, $0.03; John   Cetty,   $2.90;   Joseph   Cockfield    (minor),   $1.14; John    Connor    (minor),    $3.77;   Ann    Cockfield,    $1.87; Margaret   Cockfield,   $0.78;   Ann   Cockfield,   Jr.,   $0.76; William   Cockfield,   $1.14;   Robert   Cade,   $3.74;  Patrick Cormick, $3.25; William Cooper  (Estate), $18.76; Samuel Coleman, $0.05; Jacob Coleman, $0.37; Thomas Connel,  $3.31; John  Collum,  $0.20; William  Carter, $0.02; George Cooper, $6.38; Rebecca Campbell, $4.20; Francis Cordes,    $56.89;   Joseph    Clark,  $0.09;   Abram    Connor, $0.08;  James  Cooper   (Estate), $6.72; Arthur Cunningham, $9.67^; James Cunningham  (Estate), $5.72; John Dick. $4.87; George Durant, $4.98; William Dick, $9.16; Thomas DuPre, $7.39; Margaret DuPre  (Estate), $9.70; John   Dickson,    $0.83;   William   Daniel,    $0.35;    James Daniel, $0.25; Martha Daniel, $0.35; Benjamin Durant (Estate), $1.47; William Douglass, $3.14; Martha Downing, $0.02; Samuel Douglass, $2.04; Ben Duke, (Estate), $2.10; James Dickey (Estate), $2.21; Thomas Drake, $2.80; Samuel E. Dickey, $0.79; William Dobein, $18.51; John Dickey (Estate), $1.40; William Dollard, $8.05; James Eaddy, $0.85; Robert Ervin (Estate), $12.10; Daniel Epps, $7.69; Barbara Early, $2.19; James Eaddy, Jr., $0.20; Samuel Eaddy, Jr., $0.35; Jenny Eaddy, .70; James Fleming, $5.53; James Fleming (Estate), .21; John Full wood (Estate), $0.81; William Flagler, $2.39; John Fleming, $5.53; James Fleming (Estate), $0.18; Robert Frierson, Jr., $10.46; Robert Frierson, $3.49; John Frierson, $5.60; William Frierson, $9.65; Joanna Jaudon, $3.65; William Felps, $0.03; John Fulton, $16.35 1/2; Samuel E. Fulton, $4.30 1/2; Mary Ferrel, $0.11 1/2; Harmon Flower, $0.12 1/2; John Fleming, $0.03; James Folly, $0.12; Mary Folly (Estate), $0.05; Samuel Fluitt, $7.84; Theodore Gourdin, $158.10; John Gotea, Jr., $2.15; Roger Gordon, $9.76; Elizabeth Gordon, $3.75; John Gordon, $0.58; Robert Greene, $1.26; John Goode, $0.30; James Gamble, $9.23; Gillespie Scott, $2.65; William Gamble, $5.04; Moses Glover, $24.99; James Gibson, $0.73; Ebenezer Gibson, $2.76; James Gowdy (Estate), $0.03; Daniel Gillespie, $0.09; William Graham, $0.33; Nelson Graham (Estate), $0.42; William Graham, Jr., $0.75; William Graham, $3.65; Ebenezer Gibson (Estate), $0.24; William Graham, $0.31; John Graham, $0.81; John Graham, $5.34 1/2; John Gotea, Jr., $1.87; John Gibson (Estate), $6.72; John Gamble, $4.40; Lewis Glenn, $0.04; Dr. John Graham, $16.70; John Glenn, $0.05; George Gamble, $3.50; Samuel Gordon, $4.20; James Graham, $17.46; David Gordon (Estate), $11.43; John Hickson, $0.76; Hugh Hanna, $6.13; William Hanna, Jr., $0.24; James Hanna, $0.13; Samuel Hazeldon, $1.33; Thomas Hazeldon, $0.02; Samuel Hawthorn, $0.14;  John  Haseldon,  $1.05;  George  Hawthorn, $1.51;    John    Hawkins,    $0.11;    John    Howard,    $1.84; Eliphalet H. Hewitt, $3.02; William R.  Howard, $1.05; Margaret Hamilton,  $5.06; John Hedelston, $0.51; "William Hiddleston,  Jr., $3.03;  Gilles  Hemmington,  $0.18; Micajah Hicks, $0.03) ; Elisha Hicks, $0.03; Jesse Hicks, .36; John Hamilton, $0.79; James Hepburn   (Estate), 3.36; Jonathan Helms, $0.03; John James, $10.92; Samuel W. James, $2.45; Mary J. Johnston  (Estate), $5.39; William  Johnston,  $5.68; Mary  Johnston,  $0.09;  Jacob Johnston,  $0.10;   Sarah  Jordan,   $0.03;  Archibald  Jolly (Estate),  $1.66; William Johnston,  Sr., $2.26; William James, $5.97; Gavin James, $2.75; Jane James  (Estate), $3.20; James Johnston, $0.56; Samuel Jones, $0.36; William Jones   (Estate), $14.50; John June, $4.20; Samuel Jenkins,   $1.16;   Edward   D.    Johnston,   $0.36;    Samuel James, $6.30; Samuel Knox, $1.19; Isaac Keels, $12.76; Samuel Keels, $4.76; John Keels, $7.42; John M. Kinder, $3.11;  John Kelty, $0.06; Archibald Knox, $0.03; John Kennedy,  $0.03; Timothy Lee, $0.05; Elijah Lee, $0.03; Needham Lee, $4.00; Sherrod   Lee, $0.03;   James Lever, $0.03;   Levi   Lamb,   $0.14;   John   Lane,   $3.50;   William Lifrage, Jr., $0.02; William Levy, $0.11; William Lester, $16.60;   Robert  Lowry,   $12.05;   David   McClary,   $5.29; Samuel     McClary      (Estate),     $1.40;     William     McGill (Estate),  $1.75;  Thomas Miles,  $0.10;  John  McAlister, $0.09 1/2; Moses Miller, $7.72; William McConnell, $1.45; Samuel Miller,  $0.70;  Stephen Miller,  Jr.,  $27.22; William   Manning,   $0.04;   James   Menely,   $0.22 1/2;. Robert Morris,  $0.43;   James  McDonald,  $1.17;  Daniel  McGee, $0.21;   Alexander   McCants    (Estate),   $3.25;   Jeremiah Matthews,  $0.06;  William  McFaddin,  $7.00;   Alexander McKnight, $11.68;  Samuel McGill, $1.84;  John McGill, $4.05; Thomas McCrea,  Jr., $12.42; George McCutchen, 9.48; John Montgomery, $3.78; George McConnell,  Sr., 3.75; John M. Matthews, $5.43; Mary McConnell, $4.26; Robert McConnell, $2.73; Isaac Montgomery, $2.26; John Matthews, Sr., $0.09; Henry Mouzon (Estate), $2.42; William H. Mouzon, $3.21; Elizabeth McGill, $2.19; Philip McRea, $1.30; James J. McCullough, $0.05; Wil-liam McDonald, $24.49; John Mclaughlin, $0.70; Thomas McCants, $2.56; Samuel Malcolmson, $0.25; John McClary, $9.58; James McGill, $8.86; James McCutchen, $4.07; Elam Mills, Jr., $3.28; Thomas McCrea, Sr., $13.87; Joseph McKee (Estate), $1.75; David McCave, $0.04; James McBride, Sr., $12.85; William McElroy (Estate), $1.79; Abraham Matthews (Estate), $9.72; John Matthews, Jr., $11.82; John Maxwell, Jr., $0.50; David Matthews, $0.04; Hugh McCutchen, $3.40; Thomas McCutchen, $0.35; Robert McCottry (Estate), $12.47; Mary McCottry, $0.07; David McCottry (Estate), $0.04; John McCullough, Jr., $0.49; William McCrea, $1.11; Thomas Miller, $0.05; Alexander Miller, $0.03; Solomon McClam, $0.96; William Matthews, $0.07; William McCutchen, $0.10; Richard Matthews, $0.12 ; Jemina Mon, $0.11; Jonah Matthews, $0.11; William Matthews, $0.06; Janet Montgomery, $14.13; Archibald Murphy, $5.03; Henry McNealey, $0.48; Bryant McClam, $0.25; Thomas McConnell, $0.75; William McCollough, $1.57; James McMurray, $0.05; Samuel R. Mouzon, $7.95; Alexander McCrea, $10.42; George McConnell, $1.30; James McConnell, Sr., $4.15; James McFaddin, $13.20; Elizabeth Matthews, $7.00; John McMurray, $0.82; Andrew McElroy, $0.03; William McCullough (Estate), $5.38; Nathaniel McCullough, $0.35; Peter Mouzon, $2.98; John McCullough, $3.90 1/2; Alexander McCullough, $1.54; Elizabeth Morris, $0.12; John Morris, $0.03; Samuel McCants, $3.58; William Moore, $2.81; Paul Michau (Estate), $10.67; Duplessus Michau, $3.08; Alexander Michau, $1.40; James Marshall, $0.06; Joseph Marler, (Estate), $0.94; Isaac Matthews, $19.77 1/2; Charles      McCallister,      $0.89 1/2;      William      McElveen (Estate), $1.96; James McElveen, $0.85; Jacob Norton, 49;     Elizabeth     Nesmith,     $0.70;     Robert     Nesmith, 16 2/3;  John Nesmith;  $0.09;   Samuel Nesmith,   Sr., .86;   William   Nelson,   $14.65;   Isaac   Nelson,   $10.05; Lemuel Nesmith, $2.50; Robert Nesmith, Jr., $4.98; Samuel   Odear   (Estate),   $3.65;   Aaron   Odom,   $0.14;   Zachariah     Owen,     $0.17;    Samuel    Perdrean,    $5.79;    John Perdreau,   $2.55;    John   Penny, $1.05;   Andrew   Patterson, $7.94; Jannet Patterson, $1.88; Mary Parsons, $0.35; Sarah Parsons, $0.35; Elizabeth Parsons, $0.35; Solomon Parsons,     $1.47;     Robert     Patterson     (Estate),     $0.70; Andrew   L.   Patterson,   $1.14;   Thomas   Potts    (Estate), $0.45; Rebecca Potts, $5.95; Thomas Potts, $1.70; Henry Price     (Estate),    $1.14;    Hugh    Paisley,    $9.94;    John Price, $0.45; Edward R.  Plowden, $1.92; Isaac Pitman, $1.05; Francis Perrett, $3.36; Ann Perrett, $1.43; Peter E. Perrett, $4.35; John Pressley, $3.52; Hannah Paisley, $7.07; Nicholas Punch, $1.40; William Parsons  (Estate), $1.64;   Amos Parsons   (Estate),  $0.05;  William  Parker, .12; Ann  Robinson   (Estate),  $1.74;  William  Rogers, .18; John Rodgers, Sr., $0.05; Thomas Rogers (Estate), $3.69;    Rebecca    Rowell,    $1.40;    James    Riche,    $3.21; Isaac Rogers, $0.09; Mary Reid  (Estate), $0.04; Micajah Rogers,   $0.09;   John  Rogers,   Jr.,   $0.24;  William   Reid, $0.04;     Noah     Smith,     $0.24;     Robert     Strong,    $1.75; Philip Stone, $0.17; John Session, $0.05; Austin Stone, $0.21;  Elizabeth  Swinton, $12.60;  Thomas  Steel,  $2.89; Alexander Scott, Jr., $9.43; Samuel Scott, $5.20; Jennet Scott,   $2.45;   John   Scott,   Jr.,   $11.21;   Samuel   Strong, $2.36; William   Staggers,  $4.40;  Robert  Sutton,  $13.17; William   Salters,   $3.06;   Thomas   D.    Singleton,   $5.28; Mary   Stretch,   $7.19;   John   Stephenson,   $0.64;   Martin Staggers,    $3.16;    Agnes    Singletary,    $0.35;    Ebenezer Singletary    (Estate),   $1.89;   Samuel   Singletary,   $0.53; Richard    Spring,    $0.16;    Abner    Smith,    $0.12;    Robert Spring,   $0.49;   Ann    Spring,   $0.04;   Samuel   Snowden, .21;    Joseph    Scott,    $5.03;    Alexander    Scott,    $5.98; Caleb   Stephens,   $0.09;   John   Scott,   Sr.,   $10.41;   John Staggers,   $0.75;   Henry   Smith,   $0.94;   Dottson   Stone, $0.14; Edward Sessions, $0.37; Richard Sessions, $1.47; John  D.   Singletary,  $0.35;  Ebenezer  Singletary,  $2.36; William Turner, $0.11; Benjamin Turner, $0.43; Hannah Thompson,   $3.50;   William   Thompson    (Estate),   $0.11; William    Thompson,    $0.34;    William   and   William   A. Thompson     (Estate),    $0.30;     James    Tisdale,     $15.35; Elizabeth   Thomas,   $0.03;   Levi   Timmons,   $0.15;   Alexander Thompson, $0.58; John Tharp, $1.14; John R. D. Witherspoon,     $0.50;     Thomas     Williams,     Sr.,     $5.67; Robert   Wilson,   Jr.,   $9.47;   Robert  Wilson,   Sr.,   $7.12; Jane   Wilson   (Estate),   $7.26;  John   Wilson    (Estate), $10.19;   David  Wilson,   Jr.,  $6.73;   Samuel   Wilson,   Sr., $15.35;    William    Wilson,    $7.71;  Jane   Wilson,    $6.17; George   Wisner    (Estate),    $0.04;    James    Witherspoon (Estate),    $6.17;    Robert    Witherspoon,    $16.07;    Hugh Wilson,    $12.81;    James    Witherspoon,    $10.36;    Gavin Witherspoon,    $11.99;    Thomas       Witherspoon,       $8.25; Elizabeth   W.    Witherspoon,   $3.15;   Robert   B. Witherspoon,   $1.50;    Robert   P.    Witherspoon,  $7.13;    Samuel Witherspoon,    $0.03;    John    Williams    (Estate),    $2.08; Willis   Woods,    $0.19;    Sarah   Watson,   $4.55;    Andrew Watson,   $4.38;   Joseph   Witherspoon,   $7.30;   Robert   L. Witherspoon,   $9.49;    John   Wilson,   Jr.,    $0.70;    David Wilson,  Sr., $9.88; James Ward,  $1.51; Jacob Walters, .12;  James Zuill   (Estate), $7.68; Michael  Blackwell, .28 1/2; James Burgess, $0.17; William Cooper (Estate), .42;  John  Dozier,  $1.43;  John  Dozier,  $0.15;  Samuel Douglass, $0.03; Leonard Dozier (Estate), $0.09; Samuel Fluitt, $1.50; William Plagler, $0.30; Ebenezer Gibson, $0.38;   Moses   Glover    (Estates),   $0.12;   Moses   Glover (Estates),  $0.08;  Hugh  Giles   (Estate), $7.26;  William Hiddleston,   Sr.,  $0.03;  Thomas  Lane,  $0.22;  John   McCallister, $0.08; William Nelson, $0.11; Isaac Nelson, $0.18; William Reid (Estate), $0.38; John Steel, $0.03; Samuel Wilson, Sr., $4.83; Andrew Watson, $0.15.


CHAPTER XVIII.
GOVERNMENT and  OFFICIALS,  1783-183O.
Until the Revolution, elections in Prince Frederick's Parish were held at Prince Frederick's Church on Black River, which, was located about three miles east of Prince Frederick's Parish line. In 1787, it was enacted that all elections in the future for Prince Frederick's Parish should be held at George White's at Indiantown. By Act of 1789, the elections for members of the Legislature for Prince Frederick's Parish were held on the same day at the King's Tree Bridge, at house of George White at Indiantown, the house of Captain John McCrea, and also at the Episcopal Church of the Parish. Two managers were appointed for the holding of these elections at each one of these places and on the day following the election, these managers were required to meet at the house of George White at Indiantown and then and there open the ballot boxes and declare the persons elected for the General Assembly.

The South Carolina Constitutions of 1776 and 1778 were adopted under the storm and stress of war, and the Supreme Court held they were merely legislative actions. The Constitution adopted in 1790 is a remarkable body of fundamental law. At that time, South Carolina had the experience it gathered from other state constitutions as well as far-sighted, clear-thinking, and vigorous-acting statesmen. This Constitution placed almost absolute control of everything in the hands of the wealthy slave-holding aristocracy.

There was a property qualification required for membership in the General Assembly. A representative must own in the district five hundred acres of land or real estate of one hundred fifty pounds sterling. He need not reside in the district, if he owned property of the value of five hundred pounds sterling. A senator must own real estate in the district to the value of three hundred pounds; or, if a non-resident, have one thousand pounds sterling. A man might vote in any district in which he owned fifty acres of land or a town lot; or in the district in which he lived, if he paid three shillings tax. The Legislature was given almost unlimited power. In addition to its law making functions, it elected governor, presidential electors, United States senators, and almost every other official down to county coroners.
In   his  Sectionalism   in   South    Carolina,  Dr.  W.    A. Schaper of the University of Minnesota says:    "The slave holding planters-a mere handful  of the white population-became the absolute masters  of the situation and remained   so   to   the  end.     They  had   almost   unlimited power to oppress the up country people, and it must be recorded to their credit that they never used their power for that purpose, nor was a single charge of corruption brought   against  the   government   in   the   heated   controversy which led to the reform in  the representation in 1808.    Their administration seems to have been singularly fair and it speaks well for the wisdom and manhood of the South Carolina planters."

The working of this Constitution of 1790 divided South Carolina into two factions which have existed until the present day. The "low country" consisted of the old judicial districts of Georgetown, Charleston and Beaufort. It was the strip of land about sixty miles in width from the seashore westward. Williamsburg was included in this "low country," and has proven loyal to its idealism in all periods of South Carolina history. The "low country" was settled many years before the "up country," and by people who emigrated directly from Europe; while the "up country" immigrants came largely from the states to the North, following southward the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.
 
During colonial times, Charleston had been the seat of the Government After the Revolution, the "up country," where probably four-fifths of the population of the State resided, succeeded by one vote in making Columbia the capital of the State. However, a sort of duplicate government was created and the predominancy of the low country in a great measure was preserved. The low country, with one-fifth of the white population, kept control of the Legislature. The Governor was required to reside in Columbia during the sittings of the General Assembly and was permitted to live elsewhere as in his judgment conditions required. That meant that he lived in Charleston at least four-fifths of his time. Nineteen out of the first twenty governors' terms in South Carolina were filled by citizens of Charleston and the twentieth by Governor Alston who was from Georgetown and held "low country" ideals.

This Constitution of 1790 also provided for two treasurers, one to hold office in Columbia and the other in Charleston. The offices of the Secretary of State and Surveyor General were to be kept open at both these places, the principals to reside in one and the deputies in the other. The Supreme Court sat at Charleston as well as at Columbia.

The story of the working of this dual government and the dominance for three-fourths of a century in South Carolina of the relatively small aristocracy in the "low country" over the ever increasing democracy of the "up country" is exceedingly interesting to students of sociology and of government. During this period, South Carolina more nearly approached the conditions obtaining in Greece in the age of Pericles than has any other people up to this time. Dr. David Duncan Wallace called South Carolina during this period "an aristocratic republic."
 
From 1730 until 1769, all official matters of the citizens of the District of Williamsburg received attention in the city of Charleston and all official records were kept there. From 1769 until 1806, Williamsburg, then known as Prince Frederick's Parish, was a part of Georgetown District, and its official matters received attention in that city. However, many of the wills and deeds from Williamsburg during that period were filed and recorded in Charleston.

In 1804, an Act was passed establishing Williamsburg District according to the boundaries of Williamsburg County named in the Act of 1785 into a Circuit Court District. By Act of 1805, court was required to be held at Williamsburg Court House at the "King's Tree on the 21st days of March and of October of each year, and to sit for any time not exceeding five days. All suits and prosecutions then pending in the Court of Common Pleas and General Sessions at Georgetown wherein the defendants resided in the District of Williamsburg were transferred to the Courts of Williamsburg, there being finally determined.

Major James Campbell, Major John Nesmith, and Theodore Gourdin, Esq., were appointed commissioners for the purpose of taking bond and security from the Clerk and Sheriff appointed for Williamsburg, for secur-ing a court house for the use of the people of the Williamsburg District, and for attending to such other business as should be required in the organization of the new district.

When Messrs. Campbell, Nesmith, and Gourdin undertook to secure a court house at the King's Tree for Williamsburg District, they found that the land set apart as a public parade ground in 1736, and which belonged to the district, was in the possession of William Brady, who had built a house on it and claimed the lot. This committee was unable to secure this lot until Mr. Brady died in 1820. In 1805, they leased a store house of Patrick Cormick's which was located near where Mr. Hammett's home now is at the cornor of Main and Long Streets, Kingstree, for use as a court house.

The sessions of the District Court about this time were seasons of great dignity and solemnity. The High Sheriff of the district always escorted with a drawn sword at carry the presiding judge from his hotel to his seat on the bench, and the assembled multitude in strict harmony with these formalities paid respectful homage. Court "was opened with a sermon preached at length in the "holy tone" by some venerable minister. The Reverend William Knox, of the Black Mingo Church, was usually the "sermonizer." He was paid $12.85 for each of these sermons, $10.00 fee and $2.85 for mileage. After the sermon, the grand jury was drawn and the presiding judge delivered a formidable charge. Immediately after the charge, the session adjourned for the day and everybody hurried across the street to Bracy's bar and there refreshed themselves. The next morning everybody was ready to decree woe to the unfortunates coming on for a hearing.

The first trial in the court of Williamsburg District was entitled, "The State against Daniel S. Eaddy, Moses Brown, Samuel Eaddy, Jr., and James Eaddy-assault and battery." These gentlemen had held a good old Irish "discussion with sticks," plead guilty, paid their fines, and doubtless regarded their money well spent.

In 1820, the General Assembly of South Carolina appropriated $10,000.00 for the building of the Williamsburg District Court House. This money was made available at once and the front part of the present Court House was built from plans of Architect Robert Mills and occupied in 1823. This structure was erected with greatest care and for overcoming chance and time. Its walls are thirty inches of solid brick. These brick seem to resist decay. Tradition   says that   they were   brought   from Charleston.

Samuel R.  Monzon was the first sheriff of Williamsburg District; J. McMurray, the first clerk of the Court of  Common  Pleas;  David  McClary,  the  first  ordinary: all chosen and qualified in 1806.    For about twenty years, either  Samuel R.  Mouzon  or Peter Monzon was sheriff of the district.    One seems to have been elected for one term and the other for the next.    At that time, Williamsburg District and Winyaw formed one senatorial district. Major  James   Campbell,   of  Williamsburg,  was  its first senator.    R. L. Witherspoon and John Dozier composed the  first  delegation  from  Williamsburg  District  in  the House of Representatives.    David McClary was ordinary for Williamsburg District for more than thirty years.

John Dozier was elected senator in 1815; and William Burrows and Thomas Brown, members of the House of Representatives. In 1819, T. P. Davis and Thomas Witherspoon were elected representatives; Moses Matthews, sheriff; Hugh McCutchen, commissioner of location of lands, and James McCutchen, coroner. In 1823, T. P. Davis was senator; William Salters and John. Graham, representatives; T. D. Singleton, sheriff; J. Gotea, Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas; and W. Hiddleston, coroner.

In 1825, Peter Mouzon was sheriff; R. G. Ferrell, Clerk of the Court; John Graham, senator; James D. Singleton and David D. Wilson members of the House of Representatives. In 1830, William Cooper was elected a member of the House of Representatives and Samuel E. Graham became sheriff.

During this period, the militia was an important factor in the district. Once every two months all of the men of the district reported to their company headquarters for instruction in military matters and these gatherings were influential in politics and in society at large.    Among the officers of the companies and battalions in the Williamsburg District from the War of the Revolution to 1830 may be named the following: Colonel Robert L. Witherspoon, Colonel William Cooper, Major John Macauley, Major John Nesmith, Major James Campbell, Captains William Flagler, John McCrea, John Fulton, William Graham, Samuel Malcolmson, Isaac Nelson, John Scott, R. L. Gourdin, William Frierson, John Graham, John Coachman, John Dozier, Leonard Dozier, William G. Flagler, and Abraham Michau. These militia organizations were punctilious in the matter of observing military forms and ceremonies. They always attended Fourth of July celebrations and other official occasions. When one of their officers died, a military funeral was held. In 1798, Lieutenant Alexander Cunningham died and was buried in the Williamsburg cemetery at Kingstree with military honors.  It was a very imposing ceremony.

A great many of the younger men of the district volunteered and served in the War of 1812. There were three well known officers from Williamsburg in this War, Major James Campbell, Captain Isaac Nelson, and Captain R. L. Gourdin. Captain Gourdin was adjutant of the Forty-Third United States Infantry, stationed at Georgetown, and signed the discharges of many of the men of Williamsburg who served in that regiment.


CHAPTER XIX
OLD WILLS AND NOTES ON THEM.
From 1805 until 1835, nearly all of the men of Williamsburg, who had served in the Revolutionary War under General Francis Marion, died. Almost every old man who died in Williamsburg during that period had been a soldier in the War of the Revolution. The only migrations to this district during that period were some officers and men of General Greene's army who liked this country when they saw it and settled here immediately after they were discharged from the service.
Here follow some notes gathered from the wills of these ancient warriors and from other dependable sources. From these notes on wills and from others on preceding pages, probably three-fourths of the present inhabitants of Williamsburg may trace their ancestry to original settlers of 1735.

The will of Edward Howard was the first one recorded in Williamsburg District. It was dated December 29, 1805, and proved before David McClary, ordinary, February 24, 1806. In this will, he mentions his brother, William Howard, and his nephew, John Howard. John Scott, of Kingstree, and John Scott, of Cedar Swamp, were appointed executors. Witnesses, John Burgess and William McCullough. Inventory of the estate was made by James McFadden, Thomas McCrea, Jr., and John McCullough.

The second will recorded in Williamsburg records was that of Susannah V. Mouzon, spinster, who died September 15, 1817. This was a holograph will. She left all of her property to her sister, Anne Mouzon. The ear witnesses to this will were Elizabeth Mouzon, Mary B. Mouzon, and James G. McGill.
 
The will of Isaac Barrineau, Sr., of Black River, is dated February 24, 1806. He mentions Ferreby, his wife; his daughters, Margaret Lifrage, Nancy Hinson, Levina Bradshaw, Sarah Barrineau, and Margaret Barrineau; and his sons, Jesse, Isaac, and Mandewell- He appointed William Lifrage and Arthur Barrineau his executors. Witnesses, William Flagler, Jesse Barrineau, and James Bradshaw. Appraisement made by James Campbell, Robert Frierson, Jr., and James G. McGill.

The will of Solomon Rhodus is dated September 18, 1804. He mentions his wife, Nancy Rhodus; his brother, William Rhodus; the heirs of his brothers, Nathaniel, David, and John; and the heirs of his sister, Mary, and of his sister, Patience Hill. He also mentions his sister, Anne Perrett. This will is witnessed by Jonathan Bostwick and Martha Fluitt. Appraisement made by William McCullough, John Hickson, and William McConnell.

George Burrows made his will July 5, 1797. He mentions his sons, William and George Washington. His executors were William Burrows, Charles Williams, George McCutchen, and James Campbell. Witnesses, George Dickey, Sarah Dickey, Sr., Sarah Dickey, Jr. Appraisement by John James, John Winter, and Hugh McCutchen.

John D. Burgess dated his will June 30, 1806. His beneficiaries were his brother-in-law, George Cooper; his mother, Margaret Burgess; his sisters, Jane M. Magda-lene, Mary Ann Elizabeth, Louisa, Caroline Sophia, and Pomelia. His executors were Dr. William Dollard, Hugh McCutchen, and Thomas P. Davis. Witnesses, William Cooper, J. P. Montgomery, and Frank Walsh.

James Gowdy's will is dated December 15, 1806. He left his property to his children, Mary Frances, and James Malcolmson. In case of the death of these two children, his estate was to be divided between the children of his brother,  Ebenezer Gibson,  and the children of his sister, Frances McConnell. Executors, Gavin Witherspoon and James MeBride. Witnesses, Jonathan Bostwick, William Frierson, and Peter Morland. Appraisement made by Robert P. Witherspoon, William Frierson, and James Witherspoon.

Ebenezer Gibson's will is dated August 1, 1806. He mentions his son, Ebenezer; his daughter, Frances; his grandchildren, James Malcolmson Gowdy and Mary Gowdy; his son-in-law, William McConnell; his daughter, Frances McConnell; and his grandsons, Ebenezer Franklin McConnell and William Gibson McConnell. His executors were John Watson, James Tisdale, and William McCullough. Witnesses, Robert Cantley, Mary Cantley, and Thomas Gibson. Appraisement made by Gavin Witherspoon, William McCullough, and James McBride. William McElveen's will was not dated but was proven January 19, 1807. He mentions his wife, Margaret; his sons, William James, Henry, and Thomas; his daughters, Mary Ann, Margaret, and Jane; and his daughter-in-law, Eleanor Matthews and her son, John. Executors, William and James McElveen, William James Cooper, and Robert Gregg. Appraisement made by John James, Samuel  Scott,  and Benjamin Britton.

John Gotea, Sr., dated his will March 24, 1818. The beneficiaries were his wife, Elizabeth; his son, George Cooper Gotea; and his daughter, Eleanor, who married Douglass. Executors, Hugh McCutchen, Alexander McKnight, and William Gibson, Jr. Witnesses, T. M. Brown, William Gibson, and John McKnight.

Anne Spring's will is dated February 10, 1807. The beneficiaries were her son, Cornelius; her daughter, Anne Byrd; granddaughter, Orpha Byrd. Witnesses, John McCallister, John Rodgers, and Margaret Rodgers. Proven before John Nesmith, J. Q. Appraisement made by Robert Cade, Robert McCallister, and John McCallister.
 
William McElroy's will is dated December 30, 1806. The beneficiaries were: sons, John, Andrew, and William; daughter Elizabeth; his sis younger children, Mary, Jane Tisdale, James, Margaret McConnell, Sarah Dobein, and Samuel Adair. His wife, Jane, and Robert L. Witherspoon were made his executors. Witnesses, Gavin Witherspoon, Joseph Witherspoon, and Ebenezer Gibson. Appraisement made by Gavin Witherspoon, John Watson, and Ebenezer Gibson.

John Gibson's will is dated November 21, 1807. The beneficiaries were his wife, Elander; sons, William, John, George, Thomas, James; and his stepchildren, John and Jane Gotea, children of John Gotea, deceased. Executors: his wife, Jane Gotea, William Gibson, and Alexander McKnight, and Hugh McCutchen. Witnesses, James McConnell, Mary McConnell, and William Hitch. Appraisement made by William Burrows, James McConnell, and Alexander Scott.

William J. Cooper's will is dated February 3, 1808. The beneficiaries are his wife, Jane; daughter, Mary; son, George; daughter, Nancy McCottry Cooper and one other child not named. He gave the Presbyterian Church at Indiantown $800.00 and the estate of Robert McCottry, one sulky. Executors, wife, Jane; brother, George Cooper; Hugh McCutchen and Joseph McCottry. Witnesses, David Gordon, John Winter, and Thomas McCutchen. Appraisement made by John James, George McCutchen, and Thomas McCrea, Sr.

John McCallister's will is dated June 28, 1806. The beneficiaries were his four oldest children, John, Charles, William, and Anne. He mentions his younger sons, Ezekial and Sampson; his younger daughters, Sarah and Mary; his son-in-law, David Lee; and his sister, Ann Spring; and his wife, Catherine. Executors, James Graham, William Graham, and William McCallister. Witnesses, John McBride, William McCutchen, and Elam James Mills.    Appraisement made by Robert Cade, William Dickey, and Eison Atkinson.

Stephen Owens will is dated April 20, 1808. The beneficiaries were his brother, Peter Owens; sisters, Mary Hannah, Jane Price, Cemmy Johnson, Ann Haselden, and Elizabeth Haselden. The heirs of his deceased brother, Zacine Owens, and James Hanna, husband of his sister, Lucy, deceased, and Edward Johnson, husband of his sister, Ann. Executors, Peter Owens, Samuel and John Haselden, and John Price. Witnesses, James Dobbin, Henry Snow, and Thomas Jenkins. Appraisement made by William Johnson, Sr., William James, and William Johnson, Jr. James G. Calhoun's will is dated August 6, 1808.    The beneficiaries   were his    wife,  not  named;  son,    William Alexander McKnight Calhoun; children of his sister, Ruth Durant,  except  Jane C.   Bellune who has  already  been provided for; and the children of his sisters, Ann Brown and Mary Rodgers.    Executors, Alexander McKnight, Sr., William    Burrows,    and    Nathaniel    Snow.     Witnesses, James  McGinney,   A.   L.   McGregor,   and   Samuel   Grier. Appraisement made by  Samuel Nesmith, John Graham, and George Cooper,  Sr.

Eliphalet H. Burdiek's will is dated September 2, 1820. The beneficiaries were his brother, Elam C. Burdick; Elizabeth M. Hewitt, Sarah Hewitt, John J. Hewitt, Francis Marion Hewitt, Thomas N. Hewitt, and Anna Hewitt, his aunt Mary's children. Executors, uncle William J. Burrows, and aunt Mary Hewitt. Witnesses, John Tharp, Robert Wisner,  and James Gibson.
John Keels dated his will April 27, 1818. The beneficiaries were his wife, Mary Keels; sons, Peter R., James W., Richard T., and Robert F., daughter, Mary Maria. Witnesses, Benjamin Blanchard, William F. Blanchard, and William M. McDonald.
 
Robert Gamble's will is dated. December 5, 1809. His only son, James Gamble, is mentioned. Executors, his son, James Gamble, and his nephew, James Burgess. Witnesses, William H. Mouzon, Mary Mouzon, and James G.  McGill.

Patrick Cormick, of the village of Williamsburg, dated his will June 11, 1820. He mentions his wife and three children, Ann, Jane, and Elizabeth, and one other child not named. Mrs. Cormick is made sole executrix, and Thomas P. Davis, Esq., is designated in the will as her legal adviser. Witnesses, James Bradley, T. D. Singleton, and Joseph Adams.

Hugh Graham's will is dated October 11, 1809. The beneficiaries were his wife, Sevil Graham; his sons, John Graham, William Graham, and James Graham and his daughters, Sarah Graham, Elizabeth McCallister, Sevil Hathhorn, Ann, Jean, Hester, and Mary. Executors, his wife, Sevil; his son, William Graham, and William Graham, Esq. Witnesses, James Myers, Philip McRae, and William Dick. Appraisers, Philip McRae, Solomon McClam, and William Duke.

Benjamin Durant's will is dated January 3, 1810. He mentions his wife, Mary; his son, John; and his daughters, Hannah Fleming and Martha Mary. Executors, his wife, Mary, and George Chandler. Witnesses, Robert Frierson, Jr., Margaret Hamilton, and David Benton. Appraisers, Robert Frierson, Jr., Martin Staggers, and William   Douglass.

James Zuill of Will town dated his will March 20, 1810. He mentions his wife, Margaret. He gives to his son, John Zuill, his real and personal estate in the parish of Belpon, in North Britain (Scotland.) He refers to John and Jane Pressley as "my two little children." His excutors were his wife, Margaret, and Thomas McConnell.     Witnesses,   William   Hitch,   David    Martin,    and Cleland Belin.    Appraisers, John Dozier, John Pressley, and John  Graham.

Joseph McKee dated his will March 23, 1810. He mentions his wife; his daughter, Elizabeth; his grandson, John White; his granddaughter, Elizabeth McClary; his grandson, Samuel M. Knox; his grandchildren by his daughter, Elizabeth Fleming, wife of James Fleming. He mentions his father, Archibald McKee. Executors, his wife, his brother, John Shaw, and his nephews, Robert and Thomas Witherspoon. Witnesses, John R. McClary, Roger Wilson, and Roger G. Cantley. Appraisers, Gavin Witherspoon, John McClary, and Hugh Wilson.

Henry Price dated his will April 27, 1810. His wife, Margaret, and her sons, William and Hugh McFaddin, are mentioned. Witnesses, James McFaddin, John Montgomery, and William D. Scott.

Elizabeth McKee's will is dated July 2, 1810. The beneficiaries were Peter, David, and William Shaw, nephews; Elizabeth, Lillie, and Sarah, nieces. Witnesses, Jannet Austin and  Samuel M.  Knox.

William Buford's will is dated October 25, 1810. The beneficiaries were his son, William June; his daughters, Emma Corbett, wife of William Richardson, Esq.; Frances Fraser, wife of Reverened Hugh Fraser; and Elizabeth, wife of John S. Richardson, Esq. Executors, his son and three sons-in-law. Witnesses, T. D. Singleton, Daniel McDonald, and William Lesesne. In a codicil, he mentions Peter Fraser, his grandson. Appraisers, Daniel McDonald,  John  Blakely,  and  John Watson.

Thomas Rodgers dated his will April 12, 1811. The beneficiaries were Margaret Rodgers, his wife; daughter, Mary Ann Rodgers; and his sons, William and David Rodgers. Executors, Captain John Scott and John Matthews, Jr. Appraisers, William Wilson, George McConnell Fulton, and Samuel Fulton.
 
Jane James dated her will April 16, 1811. She mentions her sons, John, William,, and Samuel; grandsons, Robert Sidney, James Edwards, and John Benoni, sons of Robert Witherspoon; granddaughter, Jane Wilson, wife of William Wilson; granddaughter, Sarah Jane James, daughter of son, William. Executors, John, William, and Samuel James. Witnesses, William Ervin, Colwell Crawford, and William Johnson, Jr.

Paul Michau's will is dated December 30, 1811. The beneficiaries were his daughters, Ann, Dorothy, and Charlotte; his son, Alexander Michau; his daughter, Lyda Singletary, and his grandson, Isaac Samuel Singletary. The executors were his nephews, Samuel Perdreau and John Perdreau, and his son, Alexander Michau. Witnesses, Hugh Fraser, Alexander Glass, and Frances Fraser. Appraisers, Henry H. Bostwick, Solomon Budden, and John Arnett.

Isaac Matthews dated his will 1811. His sons, John and Isaac; his daughter, Ann, wife of Captain John Screven; his daughter, Sarah, wife of William Lester, and his daughters, Jane and Mary; are mentioned. Executors, his two sons and his two sons-in-law. Witnesses, Thomas Scott, Moses Matthews, and Robert Lowry.

Dr. John Graham dated his will February 13, 1813. Dr. Graham was one of the wealthiest men in the county. He left no descendants. Just before the Revolutionary War, his mother, with her three small boys, migrated from Chester, Pa., to Fayetteville, North Carolina, where they lived a number of years. Dr. Graham studied medicine and settled on Black River near Kingstree. His two brothers remained in North Carolina and one of them later became a general in the War of the Revolution and the other, Secretary of the Navy. From these two men have descended many distinguished Grahams of the State of North Carolina. Dr. Graham was buried in the Williamsburg  cemetery.
 
John McNicholl Connor dated his will April 10, 1813. The beneficiaries were his wife, Susannah; his daughters, Ann and Sarah, and an unborn child. Executors, Joseph Horton, John Keels, and his wife, Susannah. Witnesses, William Lesesne, Benjamin Blanchard, and David Brunson. Appraisers, Charles F. Lesesne, Francis Cordes, and John Keels.

John McMurray dated his will April 2, 1813. He requests that he be buried in James G. McGill's burying ground. In his will, he mentions his wife, Sarah Strong; his brother, James McMurray; and his daughter, Mary Ann. He refers to his mother but does not name her. Executors, William H. Bostwick, Elijah H. Bostwick, and Elizabeth McMurray. Appraisers, William Flagler, Martin Staggers, and Samuel Fluitt.

Captain Joseph Coachman's will is dated September 7, 1813. The beneficiaries were his wife, Margaret; his daughters, Mary Lynch Simons and Hannah Greene; and his sons, Benjamin and Isaac. Executors, his wife, Margaret, and his brother, John Coachman. Witnesses, T. M. Brown, Samuel Fluitt, and T. D. Singleton. Appraisers, T. D. Singleton, Gavin Witherspoon, and Robert Wilson.

Paul Jaudon's will is dated July 15, 1814. The beneficiaries were his wife, Elizabeth; his children, Paul, James, Samuel, Esther, and Sarah. Executors, Alexander Glass, Samuel Perdreau, and wife, Elizabeth. Witnesses, Caleb Charles Lenud, Joseph Logan, and Benjamin Guerry.

Jacob Coleman's will is not dated. He mentions his wife, Susannah; grandson, Jacob W. Williams; his daughters, Susannah Coleman, Elizabeth Murphy, Margaret Barrineau, and Hetty Williams. He mentions the heirs of his son, George, deceased, and his grandson, George, son of Samuel Coleman. Witnesses, John Staggers, Isaac Montgomery, and Christian Bae.
 
John Hickson's will is dated June 15, 1813. He mentions his son, Moses; his daughters, Ann Bostwick and Elizabeth Hawkins, and his three youngest children, James, Solomon Rhodus, and Richard Sessions. Witnesses, Nathaniel McCullough, Daniel J. Williams, and William Miller. Appraisers, Nathaniel McCullough, William Dobbin, and John Sessions.

James Barr's will is dated June 21, 1812. He mentions his son, John, and his heirs; daughter, Elizabeth, and her husband, Hugh Hanna; grandchildren, George Alexander Barr and Elizabeth Kirkpatrick Barr, children of son, Daniel, deceased; daughter, Jane, and her sons, George and James.  Witnesses,  Samuel McGill, Edward D. Johnson, and Roger Gordon.

Hannah Paisley's will is dated September 12, 1815. She mentions her daughter, Sarah, wife of William Gamble; daughter, Susannah, wife of John Matthews, Jr.; granddaughter, Sarah Hannah Adaline Matthews; grandson, Samuel McGill Gamble. Executors, Samuel R. Mouzon, John Matthews, Jr., and William Taylor, of Sumter District.    Witnesses, William Wilson, Samuel E. Fulton, and Robert J. Wilson.

Janet Scott's will is dated December 2, 1815. She mentions her daughters, Janet Burgess and Elizabeth Scott; granddaughter, Janet Martha Lemira Burgess; son, John Scott, Jr. Witnesses, Thomas Burgess, Mary M. Patterson, and John McCottry. Appraisers, John Montgomery, John McLaurin, and William McCullough.

Eliphalet H. Hewitt's will is dated January 16, 1816. He mentions his wife, Mary Hewitt, daughter of John Burrows; daughter, Jane M. Hewitt; and other children are mentioned in the will but not named. Executors, Mary Hewitt, William J. Burrows, James McElveen, and Hugh McCutchen. Witnesses, Sarah Burdick, George McConnell, Sr., and Daniel H. Gillespie. Appraisers, James Gibson and Thomas Burrows.
 
James Bradley's will is dated January 1, 1816. He mentions his wife, Mary; son, Samuel, to whom he gives a tract of land granted to his father, Samuel Bradley; daughters, Mary Stewart, Sarah, Janet Martha; his sons, William Wilson, Robert, and James, to whom he gives a tract of land granted to his grandfather, James Bradley. Witnesses, Moses Matthews, Robert J. Wilson, and Mary S. Wilson. Appraisers, John Fulton, Moses Matthews, and George McConnell.

John Fleming's will is dated January 20, 1816. He mentions his wife, Anne Fleming; his youngest son, Pinckney, and refers to other sons without naming them. He refers to his daughters, Elizabeth Hamilton McCullough and Jane Bennet Snowden. Executors, his sons, William, Thomas, and John McCullough, and Alexander McCrea. Witnesses, James Fleming and James Daniel. Appraisers, John Scott, Jr., William McCullough, and Abner Brown.

James Burgess dated  will May 27, 1806. He mentions his wife, Margaret, and "his sons and daughters," not named. Executors, Margaret, "my wife and my son, John Burgess." Witnesses, Raphael Bell, William Dollard, and J. B. Cummings. Estate appraised by William Dollard, Daniel Epps, and Samuel R. Mouzon, in June, 1816.

James McConnell dated his will January 25, 1816. He mentions his wife, Mary; children, George, Thomas, Janet Dick, Mary McCottry, Elizabeth Gotea, and Sarah McConnell. He mentions also in his will John Gotea, Mat-thew Ailing, Susan Gibson, James McConnell Dick, and Elender Gotea. Executors, George and Thomas McConnell, Robert McCottry, and John Gotea. Witnesses, William Hiddleston, Jr., John Lane, and Susannah Gibson. Appraisers, William Hiddleston, Jr., John Gamble, and John Pressley.
 
James McBride's will is dated February 10, 1816. He mentions his wife, Elizabeth; his son, John Dobbin McBride; his daughters, Rebecca Frances and Mary Ann Executors, cousin William Wilson, Samuel McBride, Samuel M. Witherspoon, William Dobbin, and John M. Witherspoon. Witnesses, Ebenezer Gibson, James M. Gowdy, and Francis Gibson.

Thomas McCrea, Jr., dated his will February 25, 1816. He mentions his wife, Mary; his three children, Mary Ann, Susannah, and Thomas Armstrong. Executors,  wife, Mary, Alexander McCrea, and James McFaddin. Witnesses, James McFaddin, Alexander McCrea, and John Scott, Jr. Appraisers, John Scott, Jr., James McElveen, and James Montgomery.

William Campbell's will is dated February 27, 1816. He mentions his wife, Mary; son, William McKnight Campbell. Executors, wife, Mary; brother, James, and William Salters. Witnesses, J. B. Cummings, Alexander McKnight, and James Graham. Appraisers, George McCutchen, Alexander McKnight, and Samuel Scott.

Moses Benton's will is dated October 15, 1816. He mentions his children, Mary, Simon, Ann, and Sarah. Executors, his friends and brothers-in-law, Simon and Isaac Timmons. Witnesses, James Myers, Moses Benton, Jr., and "William Timmons. Appraisers, Benjamin Turner, William  Turner, and John Coward.

Abner Smith's will is dated February 1, 1816. He mentions his sons, Abner, Simon, James, and Pat; daughters, Mollie, Mary Ann Elizabeth Garland, and Drusila Nancy Becky; and Mollie, his wife. Executors, John Steele, Abner Smith, Mollie Smith, and William Graham. Witnesses, William Graham, Mary Taylor Graham, and Aaron F. Graham. Appraisers, James Graham, Andrew Patterson, Robert Green, and Bryant Cambrahan.
 
George McConnell, Sr., dated his Trill August 6, 1816. He mentions his granddaughter, Jane M. Hewitt, (proviso-"that Jane M. Hewitt shall not marry either Elam Cheeseborongh Burdick, Eliphalet Herbert Burdick, or Frederick Allen Burdick, in which case, my granddaughter shall not inherit anything) ; sister, Rachael McConnell; nephew, George McConnell, son of James McConnell; and nephews, James, Robert, and Thomas McConnell ; niece, Eleanor Gotea. Executors, nephews, George McConnell and William Wilson and Rachael McConnell. Witnesses, Elam J. Mills, John Matthews, Sr., and John Lane. Appraisers, James Bradley, W. P. McConnell, and Thomas Burrows.

Alexander Glass dated his will April 15, 1816. He mentions his wife, Elizabeth; children, not named; the children of my sister, Avagale Wilson, deceased, wife of Robert Wilson, namely, Thomas, Avagale, and Margaret Wilson. Executors, Thomas Witherspoon, and Colonel William Salters. Witnesses, Robert Sutton, John Fort, and C. S. Osborne. Appraisers, Robert Sutton, Alexander Michau, and John Perdreau.

Mary Stretch's will is dated October 26, 1808. She mentions her grandson, William Newman Murrell; nieces, Elizabeth Todd, Agnes Brown, and Mary Campbell; and her nephew, William Campbell. Witnesses, T. D. Singleton, M. M. Singleton, and Isaac Nelson.

William Moore's will is dated February 16, 1810. He mentions his daughter, Sarah Lane, wife of Thomas Lane, Sr.; grandchildren, Elizabeth Lane, James Lane, and Sarah Ann Lane. Executors, Dr. John Graham, William Dobbin, Moses Miller, Jr., and Stephen Miller, Sr. Witnesses,  Stephen Miller and Hannah Miller.

John Leger's will is dated March 2, 1808. He mentions his daughter, Dorothy Blakely, and children of Dorothy Blakely,  and  cousin  William   Leger's  children.     Executors, Archibald Campbell and Dorothy Blakely. Witnesses, Francis Leger, John David, and Jannet David.

Robert Benton's will is dated June 13, 1817. He mentions his wife, Susannah; sons, Elijah, Moses, and John; daughters, Sarah, Elizabeth, Rachael, Vila, and Martha. Executors, Elijah Benton and Samuel Timmons. Witnesses,   Benjamin   Turner  and  Hugh   Turner.

Susannah Mouzon's will is dated March 19, 1817. She mentions her sons, Peter, William, and Samuel R.; daughters, Sarah Gamble, and Mary McGill; three single children, Ann Mouzon, Susannah V. Mouzon, and Henry Mouzon. Executors, Samuel R. Mouzon, and son-in-law, James McGill. Witnesses, Caroline M. Dollard, Louisa Scott, and Samuel P. Taylor. Appraisers, John D. Burgess, Daniel D. Epps, James Frierson, Samuel E. Dick, and   Daniel  Frierson.

Jacob Singletary's will is dated October 27, 1817. He mentions his wife, Elizabeth. He refers to his "bodily heirs." Executors, his wife, Elizabeth, and son, Joseph Sion Singletary. Witnesses, Philip Snow, Barnabas Ard, and William Ard.

Catherine Dickey's will is dated November, 1817. She mentions her daughter, Letitia S. Durant, wife of John H. Durant; Catherine C. Blanchard, Sarah McDonald Dickey, and Martha Elvira Dickey. Executors, brother-in-law, Samuel E. Dickey. Witnesses, Isaac Nelson, William M. Murrell, and William Nelson. Appraisers, James O.  McGill, Robert Frierson, and John  Staggers.

Samuel Wilson, Sr., dated his will April 10, 1816. He mentions his wife, Mary Stuart Wilson; sons, James Edmund, Samuel McClelland, John Witherspoon, William Calvin, and David Elisha, and daughter, Mary Orace. He mentions his mother-in-law, Elizabeth Witherspoon. Executors, James E. and Samuel M. Wilson, and wife's brothers, James Bradley and Robert Bradley, and Thomas    Witherspoon.      Witnesses,   Samuel    E.   Fulton, William Wilson, and Robert J. Wilson.

Gavin Witherspoon's will is dated January 10, 1816. He mentions the children of his daughter, Janet, and of his son, Robert Pinckney. His son, Samuel, Thomas Reece and John Miller; and his daughters, Elizabeth and Mary. Witnesses, William Frierson, Joseph Witherspoon, and James B. Witherspoon. Appraisers, Gavin Witherspoon, William Salters, and Robert Frierson, Jr.

Sarah Watson's will is dated October 19, 1817. She mentions her nephew, John Watson; niece, Sarah Ann Watson; brother, John Watson. Executors, John Watson, David P. Rodgers, William Salters, and James M. Gowdy.

Samuel  Nesmith's  will  is  dated   September  16,   1816. He mentions his son, Samuel; daughters, Mary, Martha, and   Sarah.     The name of his wife  is not  given.     Witnesses,  L. Nesmith,  Robert  Nesmith,  and  James  Baker. Appraisers, John Gamble, John Baker, and John Pressley.     His daughter Sarah married John Brockinton and was consequently  bequeathed  but  a peppercorn  for  her portion.     The  John  Nesmith  and  the William   Brockinton, who settled on Black Mingo in 1725, were very close business and personal associates.    Their descendants have intermarried so many times since then that it is difficult to determine   whether a present   Nesmith is more   of a Brockinton, or a Brockinton of a Nesmith.     Too, these families have always been closely associated in business. Yet, every time a marriage has further related them, disinheritances have resulted.     These  Sabines have usually been able to reconcile husband and father in all things except statements in wills.

William McDonald's will is dated September 8, 1808. He mentions his sons, William Nelson, Thomas Edwin, and Archibald Couterier; his daughters, Martha Harriette Grenerager Davis, Mary Esther Charlotte McDonald, Susannah Emily Ann McDonald, Catherine Laura Singleton McDonald, Eliza Maria Cantey McDonald, and Louisa Margaret Augusta McDonald. Executors, son, William Nelson McDonald; son-in-law, John G. Davis. Witnesses, Charles Lesesne, Thomas S. Cantey, and Margaret A. Lesesne. Appraisers, John Keels, Jane Cantey, and  Charles F.  Lesesne.

John Kelty's will is dated September 18, 1818. He mentions his wife, Jean; son, James; grandson, John, son of James; daughters, Susannah Michau; grandson, William Dickey. Executors, James EZelty, William Dobbin, and Alexander Michau. Witnesses, Jacob Norton, Allen Norton, and Miles Norton. Appraisers, Samuel Perdreau, William Dobbin, and John Perdreau.

Samuel Bradshaw's will is dated September 16, 1815. He mentions his wife, Amelia; and his sons, Asa, Moses, and Silas. Witnesses, Caleb Stephens and Abraham Davis. Appraisers, Abraham Martin, Levi Barrineau, Ebenezer Martin, and Abraham  Connor.

James Eaddy's will is witnessed September 24, 1819. He mentions his wife, Mary; his sons, John, Edward D., and Henry; his daughters, Mary Stone and Sarah Prosser. Witnesses, Philip Stone, Isaac Carter, and William Tilton. Appraisers, George Carter, John D. Singleton, and Ebenezer Singletary.

Mary Bradley's will is dated July 14, 1817. She mentions her sons, William Wilson, James and Robert Bradley; daughters, Mary Stuart Wilson, Sarah, and Janet Martha Bradley; granddaughters, Elizabeth Westberry Bradley and Margaret Elvira Fulton.

Solomon McClam, Sr., dated his will July 2, 1819. He mentions his sons, Daniel, Solomon, and Bryant; and daughters, Ann Jane Smith, and Eliza Singletary. Witnesses, Philip McRae, James J. Douglass, and James Lacey. Appraisers, Robert Cade, Andrew Patterson, Sr., and Noah Smith.
 
Samuel Strong's will is dated December 24, 1819. He mentions his brother, Robert Strong, and sister, Eleanor Boyd. Executors, Robert Strong, Hugh Boyd, and John Scott, Jr. Witnesses, John J. McClary, A. Douglass, and Samuel  D.  McClary.

John Scott, Sr., dated his will April 29, 1820. He mentions his sons by his first wife, Joseph, John Thomas, William Robert, Albert Alexander McCrea, and Samuel James Washington; his wife, Rebecca Gordon, and his unborn child who became John Ervin Scott. Executors, Rebecca, his wife; Joseph Scott, his brother; and John Thomas, his son. Witnesses, James McFaddin, Mary M. Flagler, and Samuel Scott. Appraisers, James McFaddin,  Samuel  Scott, and John Montgomery.

Elizabeth Witherspoon's will is dated June 7, 1820. She mentions her sons, Robert, Thomas, John R. Witherspoon; grandsons, James H. Witherspoon, James E. Wilson, and Robert P. Frierson; granddaughters, Mary A. Witherspoon and Sarah A. Frierson; and grandsons, John R. and George Witherspoon; great grandchildren, James E. Wilson, Eliza A. Wilson, Thomas E. Wilson, and Robert M. Wilson, children of David Wilson; and great grandchildren, Esther D. Witherspoon and Langdon Witherspoon. She bequeathed $50.00 to the Bethel Congregation.

Samuel Snowden's will is dated August 25, 1819. He mentions his wife, Mary; sons, William, Samuel Mouzon, and Thomas James; daughters, Elizabeth Margaret, Sarah R. Gibson, Jane Burrows, and Mary Murphy. Witnesses, John Montgomery, James McFaddin, and Benjamin E.   Gordon.

Benjamin Turner's will is dated January 3, 1821. He mentions his wife, Phoebe; sons, Reuben and Hugh and four others, not named. Witnesses, Solomon Coward; Moses  Buddin,   and  William   Turner.     Appraisers,  William   McGallister,   William   Turner,   and   William   Cockfield.

John Pressley dated his will May 14, 1821. He mentions his wife, Mary B.; sons, William J., John B., and James F.; daughters, Martha and Eliza. Witnesses, Thomas McConnell, William S. Brockinton, and Thomas Hiddleston. Appraisers, Thomas McConnell, William S. Brockinton, and John Gotea.

Jannet Patterson dated her will September 18, 1818. She mentions her daughters, Jean Murphy and Jannet Wizner; son-in-law, Robert Greene; grandsons, Robert P. Greene, Robert P. Wizner, and Robert James Patterson; and granddaughters, Margaret Patterson, Jane Hamilton Patterson, and Mary M. Flagler. Executors, Andrew Patterson  and  Samuel  Gaskin.

Samuel Haselden's will is dated August 1, 1822. He mentions his wife, Ann; sons, James and Samuel Wyatt; daughter, Violetta L. Haselden. "Two acres of land I give for the use of the church, whereon the Methodist Church now stands." Witnesses, William W. Johnson, Samuel Marsh and Thomas Haselden. Appraisers, John Murphy, John Tharp, and Asa Brown.

David McClary dated his will October 5, 1827. He mentions his wife, Mary; sons, Samuel G. and William D.; daughters, Mary Elizabeth Hiddleston, Sarah F. Wilson, Margaret S. McGill, and Louisa J. Dollard. Witnesses, John B. McClary, Samuel Fluitt, and James B. McGill.

Archibald Murphy's will is dated September 18, 1827. He mentions his wife, Jane; son, John; daughter, Elizabeth, who married Fleming; daughter, Janet, who married Thorp; and Mary and  Catherine.

Sarah Singleton dated her will April 17, 1829. She mentions her brother, William Purse, Sr.; son, Thomas D.  Singleton; granddaughters,  Esther Gibson  Singleton,
 
Mary Magdalene Burgess Singleton.    Witnesses, William J. Gamble, R. G. Ferrell, and William Purse.

James Ward dated his will March 10, 1829. He mentions his daughter, Eliza, wife of Thomas Hetchinhan. Witnesses, James S. Donnelly, Robert James, Sarah Kennedy, and Archibald Kennedy.

John Singletary dated his will January 16, 1826. He mentions his granddaughter, Sophronia Pervis Singletary; daughter, Martha Dickey; mother, Sarah Singletary; wife not named. Executors, son-in-law, James Dickey, and cousin, Elam T. Mills.

Thomas McCutchen's will is dated December 13, 1822. He mentions his wife, Nancy; sons, Robert George, Joseph White, and Thomas; daughter, Mary Julina. Executors, wife, Nancy, Hugh McCutchen, George McCutchen, Jr., Thomas Williams, Jr., and George W. Cooper. Witnesses, Alexander McKnight, William Cooper, and George Gotea  Cooper.

Robert Frierson's will is dated July 31, 1827. He mentions his wife, Hesther; grandson, Samuel Flavale Wilson; nephew, Daniel Frierson; brothers, William and Samuel; sister, Jane Smith. He bequeaths to the Bethel Congregation  $100.00.
Hugh Paisley dated his will August 5, 1827. He mentions his wife, Janet; son, William; daughters, Sarah G., Elizabeth, and Susannah.

Daniel Epps dated his will May 28, 1826. He mentions his wife, Martha; sons, Edward, Daniel, James, Peter, John, David, and Robert. He did not name his daugh-ters, but made a bequest "to each of my daughters."

Nancy McCottry dated her will March 20, 1826. She mentions her daughter, Nancy McCutchen; son-in-law, George McCutchen; granddaughter, Elizabeth W. McCutchen; grandson, George W. Cooper. She gives the Indiantown Congregation $20.00. Witnesses, D, D. Wilson, William Cooper, and William E. James.
 
Elizabeth Graham dated her will October 18, 1826. She mentions her son, John; and daughter, Mary Ferrell. She named Mary Frierson's children, Mary S. Frierson, Robert G., Benjamin T., and William Ferrell; and Catherine L. Blakely.

Isaac Kleels, Sr., dated his will July 2, 1821. He mentions his wife, Susannah; sons, Samuel John, Isaac, and George W.; daughter, Catherine Gamble; grandchildren, John Isaac James and Peter R. Keels. Executors, wife, Susannah; son, Samuel John; Morgan Sabb, and William Salters. Witnesses, Morgan Sabb, Joseph Holding, and P.  M.  Oliver.

John Montgomery dated his will October 9, 1824. He mentions his wife, Jane; his brothers, Isaac, William, James, Samuel S, and Henry; his sisters, Rachael Macauley, and her two daughters, Amarynthia Macauley and Mary Jane Plowden. Witnessed by Isaac Bagnall, John B. Bagnall, Henry James, and Samuel Montgomery.

Robert Cade dated his will March 2, 1823. He mentions his wife, Violet; sons, John, Charles, Andrew, Erasmus, and Felix Brown; daughters, Jane, Agnes, Elizabeth, and Adeline. Witnesses, James Fulmore, Violet Cade, and Jannet C. Cade.

Robert Howry dated his will July 1, 1825. He mentions his nephew, Robert Howry, in Statesville, N. C, and his brother, Joseph, in Ireland; John Howry, studying medicine under Dr. Dollard; and Sarah Douglass, Elizabeth Douglass, and Isaac Matthew Douglass; children of his brother, David Howry; and of his brother, William Howry; and of his brother, Samuel, who lived in Sumter. He also mentions his sister, Elizabeth, wife of Joseph Caswell, and their two sons, John and Samuel Caswell, who lived in Ireland.

William McConnell dated his will January 23, 1829. He mentions his wife, Margaret; the following children by  his  first    wife:     sons,   William   Gibson    and    Robert Franklin; daughters, Mary Bradley, Ann Elizabeth, and Frances Jane. Witnesses, Charles Barrineau, Francis Gowdy, and James Gowdy.

Thomas McCrea dated his will January 23, 1832. He mentions his wife, Esther; daughters, Sarah, Mary Cooper, Catherine DuBose McDowell, Esther L. Witherspoon, and Mary E. White. Witnesses, William S. Broekinton, William Burrows, and James Gamble. Appraisers, James McFaddin, George McCutehen, and Alexander Cunningham.

William Hiddleston dated his will March 7, 1834. He mentions his son, John Hiddleston, and his grandsons, John and William Hiddleston; his daughter, Margaret Nesmith, wife of Samuel, who first married Gibson.

James Folly dated his will June 12, 1835. He mentions his son James Lafayette Folly; and daughter, Margaret Ann Folly. Witnesses, William Turner, Robert Spring, and James Carraway.

John McClary dated his will January 12, 1831. He mentions his sons, John J. McClary, and his children, Mary, James, John Calvin, Alexander, David Manton, and George Frierson; and his daughter, Mary F. Duke, wife of Thomas; the children of said Mary, David McClary, Sarah Thermutas, and Mary Eleanor; his son, Samuel Blackwood, and the children of the said Samuel, Margaret H., John Milton, Hannah R., Sarah Blackwood McClary; and his son, David Sidney McClary. Witnesses, John J. Tisdale, Samuel Tisdale, and William Tisdale. Appraisers, H. D. Shaw, P. G. Gourdin, and Robert Strong.

Jane Wilson dated her will May 30, 1828. She mentions her son, David D. Wilson; her grandsons, Robert Harvey, David Edward, and John Calvin; her granddaughters, Jane Isabella, Sarah Elmira, and Mary Louisa; her step-daughter, Mary Greene. Witnesses, John Gordon, William Hiddleston, and James H. McElveen.
 
Daniel McKenzie dated his will August 22, 1815. He mentions his sons, William, Samuel, Peter, and John; his daughters, Nancy and Mary. Executors, Thomas Rose and William Kennedy. Witnesses, Thomas Kennedy, Ann Kennedy, and David Muldrow.

William J. Pressley dated his will September 17, 1830. He mentions his wife, Elizabeth; daughter, Sarah, and one other child, not named. Executors, his uncle, William S. Broekinton, his brothers, John B. Pressley and James F. Pressley.
William Frierson, Jr., dated his will September 9, 1830. He mentions his grandson, William Frierson Rodgers; brother, Samuel Frierson, in Alabama; his nieces and nephews, Susannah Chandler, John H. Smith, Martha Kennedy, Rebecca McElveen, James Frierson, and Daniel Frierson; and his brothers, Joshua and George, in the State of Tennessee. Executors, Henry D. Shaw, William Lifrage, Jr., and Joseph Chandler. Witnesses, Henry J. Smith, Hampton Draughn, and W. C. Reardon.

Jane Murphy dated her will January 3, 1831. She mentions her son, John Murphy; daughters, Jannet, Mary, and Elizabeth. Her grandsons, Andrew James, John, James Calvin Murphy. Her granddaughters, Sarah Jane and Mary Catherine Murphy; and her grandchildren, Hesther Jane and Henry Singletary.

George McConnell dated his will April 13, 1832. He mentions his sons, William Scott, and Thomas James; his daughters, Catherine Ann, Mary Rachael, Sarah Elizabeth, and Margaret Eleanor.

Sarah Graham dated her will June 13, 1834. She mentions her husband, John Graham; son, John Graham; her nieces, Sarah McConnell, Mary McCutchen, Elizabeth Gotea, and Jannet P.  Duke.

William S. Brockinton dated his will September 7, 1832. He mentions his wife, Louisa; his children, John Fowler,    William    Robinson,   James    Screven,    Burrows Pressley, Caroline Matilda, and Martha Ann; brother, John.

Thomas D. Singleton, Sr., dated his will May 11, 1826. He mentions his wife, Mary Magdalene; sons, Thomas Day and Henry B.; daughters, Esther, Mary, and Susannah Elizabeth Gourdin, wife of Peter G. Gourdin. He requested to be buried in the family burying ground on Santee, along side the remains of his father-in-law, Henry Blanchard.

John Watson dated his will June 10, 1821. He mentions his wife, Mary F.; son, John; and daughter, Sarah Ann.

John Belin's will is dated June 18, 1821. He mentions his brothers, James F. and Cleland Belin; his sister, Mary Gamble; his niece, Esther J. McDonald. Witnesses to this will, William S. Brockinton, Mary B. Pressley, and Martha  Brockinton.

James McConnell dated his will January 25, 1816. In the beginning of this will, he speaks of his wife, Mary. Later in the will, it is written "my wife, Sarah." He mentions his sons, George and Thomas; and his daughters, Jannet Dick, Mary McCottry, and Elizabeth Gotea. Robert Strong dated his will May 13, 1821. He mentions his wife (second) Sarah; his sons, Robert, William, and James; and his daughter, Amea Byrd, children by his  second  wife.

Martin Staggers dated his will October 10, 1822. He mentions his three brothers, William, John, and George-Witnesses, William Salters, Thomas D. Singleton, Jr., and William  Dollard.

Martha Brockinton's will is dated April 3, 1822. She mentions her sons, John and William S.; daughter, Mary B. Pressley; grandson, William Burrows.

William Graham's will is dated June 14, 1821. He mentions his wife, Susannah; daughter, Mary Turner, wife of William   Frierson;  Jannet    M.,   Susannah,    and Sarah.; his sons, Aaron Frierson, Samuel E., William J., John F., Daniel B., Charles N., and Alexander J. W.

John Montgomery dated his will July 7, 1821. He does not name his wife nor his three daughters but his two sons,  John Milton and William Rue.

James McDaniel dated his will September 19, 1810. He mentions his wife, Catherine; his daughters, Honour Bow, Catherine, Mary, Elizabeth, and Isabella, wife of Thomas B. Abrams; sons, James, Enos, Randol; son-in-law, Thomas B. Abrams; grandson, William James Cooper. Executors, wife, Catherine; and son, Enos. Witnesses, Hugh McCutchen, Samuel James, and Robert W. James.

Rachael McConnell dated her will April 1, 1824. She mentions her nieces, Eleanor Douglass, Sarah McConnell, Jane M. Miller, Catherine Gordon, Rachael Connor; and John H. McConnell, her nephew. Executors, nephews, George McConnell, son of James, and John Miller. Witnesses, Henry Miller and John G. Hewitt. Appraisers, Stephen Miller, William Morris, and Thomas Steele.

Elizabeth Wilson's will is dated January 19, 1822. She mentions her sons, John Wilson, David Wilson, Samuel J. Wilson, and Robert Wilson, in Louisiana; daughter, Elizabeth James, and her husband, John James; grand-children, Elizabeth M. Wilson, Martha Wilson, Robert D. Wilson, children of John, by his former wife, Jane. Executors, David and Samuel J. Wilson. Witnesses, Samuel McGill and  Samuel James.

John James dated his will June 16, 1824. He mentions his wife, Elizabeth, (books formerly of her father, Robert Wilson.); sons, William E., Robert W., John T.; daughters, Mary E., who married Greene; E. Lavinia, and Sarah Ann James; grandson, John L. Wilson, son of William; and granddaughter, Mary L. Wilson. He gives to his sister, among other things, a tract of nine hundred acres granted to Henry Perineau, dated April 28, 1732, at Indiantown. Executors, wife and three sons, Robert W., John T., and William E. James, and brothers-in-law, David and S. J. Wilson. Witnesses, Samuel James, Mary Ann McGill, and Elizabeth A. McGill. Appraisers, Ben-jamin Britton, George Barr, Samuel McGill, Thomas McDaniel, and William Cooper.

Robert Sutton's will is dated October 6, 1824. He mentions his daughters, Elizabeth, Ann, Margaret, Dorothy, Magdalene; and son Robert Edward Glenn; his wife, Mary; and Sarah Tamplet. Executors, wife, Mary, and Dr. William J. Buford. Witnesses, John Perdreau, Peter Michau, Jr., and John Lequeux. Appraisers, Isaac Barrineau, Samuel Guilds, John Perdreau, and Francis W. Perrett.

James Gibson's will is dated June 16, 1825. He mentions his daughters, Jannet Greene, Margaret Cameron, Martha Gibson, and Mary Fluitt; sons-in-law, George Greene, Henry Cameron, and Samuel Fluitt; and grandson, Robert James Patterson. Executors, Samuel Fluitt and James Gamble. Witnesses, A. J. McGinnis, Benjamin Blanchard, and Charles Lesesne.

William Johnson's will is dated October 3, 1823. He mentions his wife, Celia; children and grandchildren, not named. Executor, Francis Johnson, son. Witnesses, Dotson Stone, John Frost, and David D. Dawsey. Appraisers, John Barr, Austin Stone, and Samuel W. Haselden.

Ann Perrett's will is not dated. She mentions her granddaughters, Ann Budden and Martha McColl; grandsons, John Lequeux, James Budden, and Solomon Budden. Executor, Peter E. Perrett, friend. Witnesses, Benjamin Whitfield, Elizabeth Frances and Sarah Bar-rineau. Appraisers, William Lifrage, Jr., Samuel Guild, and James Ward.

James Campbell's will is dated March 4, 1825. He mentions the following beneficiaries, Susannah Covert, Laura Covert, and Isaac Nelson; nephew, William Campbell; sister, Agnes Brown, Elizabeth Todd, and Mary. Campbell. Executors, William Salters, Isaac Nelson, and S. Covert. Witnesses, T. D. Singleton, Morgan Sabb, and P. M. Oliver. Appraisers, Morgan Sabb, Robert Frierson, Sr., and James G. McGill.

Lemuel Nesmith dated his will August 29, 1820. He mentions his brother, Robert Nesmith, and his children. Executor, Robert Nesmith. Witnesses, John Baker, William North,  and John Pressley.

George McCutchen, Sr., dated his will July 1, 1826. He mentions his sons, Hugh, George, and William; daughter, Jannet Barr; and grandchildren, Robert George, Joseph White, Mary Julina, and Thomas McCutchen. Executors, Hugh and George McCutchen and George Barr. Witnesses, John S. Dick, Jannet B. Dick, and Thomas S. Thomson. Appraisers, Alexander McCrea, James McFaddin, and Samuel Scott.

Elizabeth James dated her will July 10, 1820. She mentions her daughters, Sarah Ann James, Mary E. Greene, and Elizabeth L. James; sons, Robert W., William E., and John T. Executors, John T. and William E. James, and son-in-law, Samuel Greene. Witnesses, J. M. Witherspoon, W. Lifrage, Jr., and Samuel James.

Joanna Ferdon's will is dated February 14, 1820. She mentions her daughter, Mary Ann Blackwell; sons, Tho-mas B. Hamlin, John P. Ferdon, and William Ferdon; grandsons, John William Ferdon Gamble and John Ferdon Nesmith; and daughter, Maria A. Nesmith. Executors, Samuel Nesmith, John P. Ferdon, and William Ferdon. Witnesses, J. Dozier, R. R. Gamble, and Leonard Dozier.

Mary Parsons dated her will November 3, 1825. She mentions as her beneficiaries: nephew, David Parsons, Jr.; and Joseph Parsons, nephew; brothers, David Par. sons, Sr., and Solomon Parsons; niece, Mary McDonald; children of her sister, Isabella McDonald, deceased, viz.: James McDonald, Enos McDonald, Randal McDonald, Isabella Abrams, and Elizabeth Eaddy; children of bro-ther, William Parsons, viz.: Elizabeth Powell, Josiah Parsons, and Ann Parsons. Executors, David Parsons, Sr., and Jr., and witnesses, John Gotea, George Gibson, and  Thomas McCants.

James Blake dated his will October 11, 1826. He mentions his wife, Mary; and his daughters, Margaret Ann Norton, Sarah Bates, and Jane Blake; and his son, John Blake. Executors, Miles Norton and William U. Dickerson. Witnesses, Joseph Dickerson, Tobias Bates, and Margaret Norton. Appraisers, John Mims, William Craps, and Jobe Driggers.

Samuel Eaddy's will is dated January 28, 1827. He mentions his daughter, Jenny Eaddy; son, James A. Eaddy's children: Margaret D., Elizabeth M., Samuel J., and Frances Eaddy; son, James A. Eaddy. Executor, son, J. A. Eaddy. Witnesses, Philip Stone, James H. Stone, and Jacob  Singletary.

Gavin James dated his will October 2, 1816. He mentions his nephew, William; nieces, Mary Wilson, Jannet Scott, and Mary Ann McGill, wife of Samuel; grandnieces and nephews, not named. Executors, John McGill and Alexander McCrea. Witnesses, Samuel Scott, D. D. Wilson, and William Cooper.


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