G. S. SANDUSKY
Rev. G. S. Sandusky was born January 25, 1834, in Wayne County, Ky., being one of a family of ten children born to the union of Jacob Sandusky and Elizabeth Burnett, natives of Kentucky, where they now live. Our subject was reared on a farm. At the age of twenty-four he immigrated to Tennessee and followed farming till the war. He then raised Company H of the Third Tennessee Confederate Cavalry, and was in the service nearly throughout the war. After the battle of Stone River he was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel of his regiment. Upon returning from the war he had lost his property and his health. He then began the study of dentistry, and has practiced that profession ever since. In 1870 he located at Shelbyville, and has lived here ever since, and does a thriving business in his profession. He was married, September 7, 1856, to Miss Ellen T. Rogers, a native of Meigs County, Tenn. Eight children have blessed this union, all of whom are living: John A., a dentist in Southern, France; Mary E., wife of W. S. Tipton, editor of the Cleveland Herald, Cleveland, Tenn.; Annie, wife of Walter Craigmiles, a hardware merchant of Chattanooga; Dick, a clothing merchant of Shelbyville; Frederick R., clerk in a dry goods store; Fannie, Cecil and Nellie. Dr. Sandusky and wife are members of the Missionary Baptist Church, and he has pastoral charge of a congregation near Shelbyville. He is a Royal Arch Mason. He is a member of the Democratic party, having been a Whig before the war. As a citizen he is enterprising, and commands the respect of his fellow citizens. [The Goodspeed History of Bedford County TN; 1886]
Well versed in legal matters and possessing sound judgment and great intellectual powers, Evander Shapard has won distinction at the bar and a position of prominence among the successful attorneys of Shelbyville He was born November 2, 1843, in Fayetteville, Tennessee, a son of Robert Paine Shapard, coming from pioneer stock.
His grandfather, James Shapard, was a native, it is supposed, of North Carolina. About 1810 he migrated with his family to Tennessee, becoming one of the earlier settlers of Wilson county, where he purchased land, and for a few years was employed in improving it. Removing from there to Rutherford county, he purchased a tract of wild land lying four miles north of Murfreesboro, and there, with slave help, was engaged in agricultural pursuits until his death at a good old age. He married a Miss Paine, and they reared six sons, James, William B., Booker, Thomas, Lewis, and Robert Paine, and one daughter, Eleanor, who married a Mr. Harrison.
Robert Paine Shapard, a native of Person county, North Carolina, was but a child when taken by his parents to Wilson county, Tennessee, where he was reared amid pioneer scenes. In his early manhood, at a time when only wrought iron nails were in use, he served an apprenticeship at the nail maker's trade, which he never followed, however, to any extent. Preferring some other line of work, he embarked in mercantile pursuits, first in Murfreesboro and later in Fayetteville. There were at that early date no railways in Tennessee, and all of his merchandise, which was purchased in Philadelphia, was transported from that city across the country with wagons. Locating with his family in Shelbyville in 1855, he here carried on a substantial business as a merchant until his death in September, 1871. A man of energy and enterprise, he was an important factor in the development of the resources of his adopted state, which he saw grow from a wilderness to a well-settled and wealthy state, with railroads extending through it in every direction.
Robert Paine Shapard married Parthenia Mitchell, who was born in Tazewell county; North Carolina, a daughter of William Mitchell, a pioneer settler of Rutherford county, Tennessee. Mr. Mitchell, who was a soldier in the Revolutionary army and took part in the battle of King's Mountain, spent his last days on his farm near Murfreesboro. His daughter, Parthenia, learned to card, spin and weave when a girl, and after her marriage dressed her family in clothes woven and spun by her own hands. To Robert Paine and Parthenia (Mitchell) Shapard seven children were born, as follows: William, Avarilla, Edwin R., Robert A., Evander, David G., and Sarah. Three of the sons, William, Edwin R. and Evander, served during the Civil War in the Confederate army.
Obtaining his rudimentary education in the schools of Fayetteville and Shelbyville, Evander Shapard began when a youth to assist his father in the store. In 1861, soon after the breaking out of the War Between the States, he enlisted in Company F, Forty-First Volunteer Infantry of Tennessee, and did brave service until the close of the conflict. During his first engagement with the enemy, at the battle of Fort Donelson, he was captured and for seven months was held as a prisoner at Camp Morton, Indianapolis. Being then exchanged, he joined his command at Vicksburg and took part in the battles at Raymond and Jackson, in Mississippi, and at Chickamauga, Georgia, subsequently fighting Sherman's forces all the way from Dalton to Atlanta, and taking part in the defense of that city and in the engagement at Jonesboro. From there Mr. Shapard proceeded with his regiment, which was attached to General Hood's army, to Tennessee, where he participated in the battles at Franklin and Nashville. After the latter engagement, he went with his command to North Carolina, fought in the battle at Bentonville, and at the close of the war was in Greensboro, that state, where he was paroled and started, homeward on foot.
Upon returning to Shelbyville Mr. Shapard began the study of law under Judge Henry Cooper, and since his admission to the bar has been actively and successfully engaged in the practice of his chosen profession in Shelbyville, where he has built up an extensive and lucrative clientage. Actively interested in municipal affairs, Mr. Shapard has held various offices of trust and responsibility, having served as alderman and city treasurer and as special judge, a position to which he has several times been appointed. He is a member of William Frierson Bivouac, Confederate Veterans, and both he and his wife belong to the Methodist Episcopal church.
In October, 1912, at the annual convention of the United Confederate Veterans of Tennessee, Mr. Shapard was, without solicitation on his part and when he was absent from the hail, unanimously chosen Brigadier General for the Second Division and at the meeting of the Tennessee Division of Confederate Veterans he was elected vice-president of the state association. Recently, a vacancy occurring in the board of trustees of the Confederate Soldiers' Home, he was by the board unanimously chosen to fill the vacancy. These evidences of the confidence of his comrades is a source of great gratification to Mr. Shapard especially since whatever character he has as a Confederate soldier was obtained by his service in the ranks.
Mr. Shapard married, June 17, 1869, Emma F. Lipscomb, who was born in Shelbyville, a daughter of Thomas and Rebecca (Stevenson) Lipscomb Mr. and Mrs. Shapard have reared nine children, namely: Robert P., Thomas L., Rebecca S., Emma, Evanda, Juliet, Mary D., Evander and Marjorie. Robert P., the first-born, married Catherine Morris and they have one son, Robert P. Shapard, Jr. Thomas married Lula Holtzelaw and they have five children, Mary, Evander, Rebecca, Lula and Thomas. Rebecca married Sydney Garrison and has one child, Sydney. Evanda married Hugh L. Dayton and has one son, Hugh T. Dayton, Jr. Juliet, wife of Carl Douthitt, has one child, Emma Douthitt. Mary D., wife of Dr. James T. Morton, has one child, James T. Morton, Jr. Emma, the fourth child and second daughter, married A.M. Trawick and is deceased, leaving one child, Emma Trawick. [Source: Tennessee and Tennesseans written by Will Hale - 1913]
WILLIAM S. SHAW
William S. Shaw is a native of Bedford County, Tenn., and a son of William M. and Mahala (Wilson) Shaw, natives of North Carolina. Our subject was born May 26, 1834, and was reared on a farm, and received limited educational advantages. At the age of twenty-two he began farming for himself, continuing until 1862, when he entered the Confederate Army, Company G, Forty-Fourth Tennessee Infantry, but served only a short time. He resumed farming, and December 16, 1858, was married to Nancy Clark, who was born September 1, 1839, and who died March 27, 1864, leaving one child - Martha H. September 12, 1867, our subject took for his second wife Julia Haskins. Mrs. Shaw died October 7, 1871, and for his third wife Mr. Shaw took Susan O'Steen, December 1, 1872. She was born March 26, 1852, and became the mother of three children: John Rufus, William Marvin and Edward Driskill. Mr. Shaw is a Democrat, and prides himself on never having been sued or in a lawsuit. [Goodspeed History of Tennessee]
WILLIAM M. SHAW
Rev. William M. Shaw, one of Bedford County's old and prominent citizens, was born July 5, 1806, in Orange County, N. C., and immigrated to Bedford County, Tenn., in the year 1816. He was the son of John and Elizabeth (Scott) Shaw, natives, respectively, of South Carolina and Maryland. The father was born November 8, 1771, and died November 4, 1845. The mother was born in the year 1778 and died February 26, 1842. Our subject was reared on a farm and engaged in the farming interest till the year 1853, at which time he joined the Methodist Conference South, but was licensed to preach as a local preacher previous to this in the year 1845. In 1827 he wedded Mahala Wilson, of this county. She was born January 9, 1809. This marriage resulted in the birth of nine children only six of whom are living: John W., William S., Alexander M., Ambrose D., Ann E. and Mary L. In 1849 Rev. Shaw was ordained deacon at Shelbyville by Bishop Capers and retained this position until October, 1853, at which time he was Ordained Elder at Franklin, Tenn., by the same Bishop. October, 1854, he joined the conference and has been a traveling minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church South up to the present date. Mrs. Shaw died July 31, 1885; she was a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Up to the time of the late war Rev. Shaw was an old-line Whig, but since that time he has been a Democrat. [The Goodspeed History of Maury, Williamson, Rutherford, Wilson, Bedford, Marshall TN; 1886]
AUSTIN CONNER SHOFNER
Brig. Gen. Austin Conner Shofner, the marine who got word to the outside world of the infamous Bataan Death March of 1942 after he engineered the first and only successful American team escape from a Japanese prisoner-of-war camp, died on Sunday at his home in Shelbyville, Tenn. He was 83.
The desperate plight of the prisoners, as reported by General Shofner's 10-man group, led to changes in Allied strategy and tactics in the Pacific that were credited with saving the lives of thousands of servicemen. For his exploits then and as a guerrilla leader afterward, he was decorated with the Distinguished Service Cross by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. A Marine Corps Captain and Company Commander, he was captured at Corregidor and spent 11 months in several camps. He surreptitiously managed to chronicle those experiences and the subsequent escape in a diary that is kept in the Tennessee State Library and Archives.
Austin Shofner was born in Chattanooga and raised at an ancestral home in Bedford County, Tenn. He graduated in 1937 from the University of Tennessee, where he lettered in wrestling and football. In prison camp he remembered the axioms of football that had been drilled into him at Tennessee. One seemed especially made for his situation: Play for the breaks, and when they come your way, score. He did so by recruiting an escape party of soldiers, sailors, airmen and marines who awaited an opportunity for their break. It came on a work detail outside the Philippine prison camp. The men took their chances and made it to safety by chopping their way through miles of Mindanao jungle. They brought the first news of the death march and the brutal conditions that by war's end had killed thousands of Filipino, American and other Allied prisoners, the victims of torture, starvation and disease. General Shofner stayed in the Philippines for six more months, leading Filipino guerrillas who rescued 500 prisoners slated for death in one camp. He later led Marine assault battalions ashore on Peleliu and Okinawa, where he earned the Silver Star and the Legion of Merit. He retired from military service in 1959. [The New York Times by Wolfgang Saxon - Published: November 17, 1999]
EUGENE B. SHOFNER
Farmer and stock raiser; born (near) Shelbyville, Tenn., Aug. 21, 1870; son John E. and Mary Shoffner; German-Irish descent; father's occupation farmer and banker; educated Winchester Normal and various other schools; took business course at Nashville, Tenn.; married Everett M. Ashley Oct. 19, 1893; member K. of P., I. O. O. F. and M. W. of A.; early business occupation lumber business until two years ago; owner of two stock farms near Beech Grove, Tenn.; spent ten years in mountains of Va., manufacturing poplar lumber; now residing at Bell Buckle, where he is active Vice-President of the Bank of Bell Buckle; ruling elder in Cumberland Presbyterian church.[Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler]
GEORGE FRANKLIN SHOFNER
Farmer; born Bedford Co., Tenn., Jan. 24, 1854; German descent; son of W.J. and Rhoda (Boon) Shofner; father farmer; received common school education; married A.C. Hix; president of a savings bank, engaged in farming and raising Short Horn Durham cattle, Berkshire hogs and South Down sheep, also mules and horses; Republican; active in public school work and donates to charity; member Primitive Baptist church; P.O. address Flat Creek, Tenn. [Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler]
JOSEPH T. SHOFNER
Farmer; born at Haley, (Bedford Co) Tenn., Feb. 3, 1863; German descent; son of Albert J. and Eran (Landis) Shofner; father's occupation farmer; paternal grandparents Frederick and Julia (Coble) Shofner; maternal grandparents John and Polly (Loe) Landis; educated at National Normal University, Lebanon, O., and graduated from same, completing the commercial course, Jan. 19, 1888; after graduation taught school for a number of years, giving up teaching on account of ill health and spent two winters in Galveston, Texas; returned to Tenn., and engaged in farming, in which business he is now interested; also interested in banking; member of the County Board of Education of Bedford Co., Tenn., since 1908; married Annie May Slater Oct. 24, 1894; member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church.[Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler]
Cumberland Presbyterian Church Cordova TN
Few of the great and good men whose pictures and biographies we sought, lived so near the Cross or labored so earnestly for Him who died thereon, as did Rev. Isaac Shook. Born Oct. 30, 1803, in Bedford County, Tennessee, he was trained for his life-toil upon his father's farm, never a bad preparatory school for a boy. Enabled to attend the crude schools of his neighborhood but little, he obtained the greater part of his education after working hours and at night by the flickering light of burning bark in the great fireplace of his boyhood home. Read that again, young man, you who are accustomed to complain at your hard lot in securing an education in these days of opportunity; read that again, and hush your complaining with loud thanksgiving for improved conditions. A Christian and a Cumberland Presbyterian from early boyhood, Mr. Shook soon after reached his majority was licensed to preach by Elk Presbytery. He spent the first years of his ministerial life riding the circuit in Middle Tennessee, preaching in the rude cabins of the early settlers, and often sleeping with the snow drifting upon his bed. Such exposure brought on a cough which lasted him through life and finally caused his death April 11, 1866. In 1832 he went with Rev. S. W. Sparks to Gallatin, Miss., to organize a presbytery. On his way home he stopped at Columbus over Sunday, it being a fixed principle with him never to travel on the Lord's day. He was asked to preach in a Baptist church. The Lord blessed his sermon and a revival began which lasted two months, Mr. Shook preaching every day. He organized a Cumberland church which afterward called him as pastor. In 1835, Rev. Jacob Lindly sent for him to go to Cumberland, Ohio, where he organized a church. He afterward traveled and preached through a large part of that State. During this trip he stopped at the parental home of A. J. Baird, then a little boy. Taking the child upon his knee Mr. Shook talked to him of God and heaven. Dr. Baird often afterward said that an impression was made then which never left him until he was a converted man. While at Marietta, Ohio, Mr. Shook also met Miss Maria Shipman whom he afterward married. She was indeed a helpmeet, teaching school to support the family, while her husband preached.
Mrs. Julia M. Baker, of Belvidere, Tenn., a daughter of Mr. Shook, writes: "The most noticeable trait in my father's character was his strong faith in his Heavenly Father, whom he trusted for both temporal and spiritual blessings. I will give one incident: At the commencement of the late war his nightly prayer at the family altar was for the safety of the husband of his only daughter. After awhile the petition ceased. On being asked about it his answer was, 'I don't want to mock God. My prayer is answered.' That son is still living, and is an elder in the church." From 1851 until 1854 he was secretary of the Board of Missions. During that time he began the publication of a monthly missionary magazine. In the second year after its removal to Nashville Mr. Shook was made financial agent of the Publishing Work of the Church, serving some three years. It was his great desire, during the closing years of his life, to see the war ended and peace restored, and then to attend the first post-bellum meeting of the General Assembly. While his first wish was gratified, he was called from labor to reward before the historic Owensboro (Ky.) meeting of our highest church court. [Source: The Cumberland Presbyterian, March 11, 1897, page 1155]
BURT L. SIMS
Southern Express agent; born Shelbyville, (Bedford Co) Tenn., June 15, 1875; son of William Edward and Lucy (Burt) Sims; father's occupation farmer, merchant and guager; educated at Shelbyville (Tenn.) high school, and University of Tenn.; began his career in various printing offices in Shelbyville, Tenn.; married Frances Evelyn Jones; member master Masons; Democrat (regular); member M.E. church, South; entered the express service as messenger in 1895, later was clerk in office at Mobile, Ala., and has been agent for Southern Express Co. at Murfreesboro, Tenn. since 1904. [Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler]
JOHN GREEN SIMS
Farmer; born Wartrace, Tenn., Nov. 24, 1854; Scotch and English descent; son of Walter and Sallie (Cleveland) Sims; father physician; paternal grandparents John Green and Asenath (Hightower) Sims; maternal grandparents Jeremiah and Sallie (Stone) Cleveland; educated at Webb's School; entered farming in early life; married Mary Wright Dec. 19, 1878; Independent Democrat.[Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler]
BENJAMIN FORSYTH SMALLING
Benjamin Forsyth Smalling was born in what was Bedford County but now is part of Marshall County, Tenn., November 24, 1825. He is the son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Bostic) Smalling, and is of German lineage. His father was born in Sullivan County, Tenn., about 1800, and his mother was born in Wilkes County, N. C. about the same year. They were married in early life and from this union were born three children. Our subject was reared on the farm and received a practical education in the common schools. Farming has been his chief occupation, although he has spent some time in trading, saw-milling, etc. During the civil war he was commissioned enrolling officer of his district and afterward was as an officer of the commissary department in the Confederate Army, where he remained during the war. While he participated in no battles he was often exposed to the dangers incident to war. October 5, 1847, he was married to Miss Ann F. Morton, who was born in Hardeman County, Tenn., January 13, 1830. To this union were born nine children, six of whom are living; these are Forsyth, James M., Constantine W., Benjamin, Mary C. and Elizabeth B. Mr. Smalling has a farm of 100 acres of fine land which he manages in a profitable way. He is a Democrat and he and family are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. Our subject's grandfather Col. Benjamin Forsyth, was a commanding officer in the war of 1812, and was killed in a skirmish near Lake Champlain. He wore a sword at the time of his death which he had captured from a British officer. He made the remark when putting the sword on that he would "fight them with their own weapons." He was killed soon after this occurrence. The sword was labeled with its full history by Gen. Scott and sent to the widow of Col. Forsyth and may be seen at this time at the home of James M. Smalling, four miles east of Nashville, Tenn., on the Lebanon Pike.[The Goodspeed History of Maury, Williamson, Rutherford, Wilson, Bedford, Marshall TN 1886]
WILL A. SMARTT
In the hardware and implement business at Manchester, Mr. Smartt has also been an editor, is a farmer, and one of the influential men of Coffee county. He belongs to the fourth generation of a Tennessee family which has been noted for honest business thrift, large land proprietorship, and sterling citizenship. "Will M. Smartt was born near Viola, on a farm in Coffee county, November 20, 1875. The founder of the Tennessee family was General William C. Smartt, great-grandfather of the Manchester merchant, a native of North Carolina, who came to Tennessee and was one of the very first to locate in what is now Warren county. After prospecting and determining upon his location he returned to North Carolina for his wife. In many ways he was distinguished. He served in the Mexican War, and later was a Brigadier-General of State Militia. He was one of the founders of the Cumberland Female Academy at McMinnville, and established the first cotton factory at the same place. A planter and capitalist he was wealthy, and for many years gave much of his time to promoting various industrial and business enterprises. During the war he lost a great deal, both in slaves and Confederate money. He was too old for active service, but was a very loyal southerner. He was one of the leaders in the civil beginnings of Warren county, was first sheriff of that county, and was a member of the constitutional convention of Tennessee.
The head of the next generation was grandfather George Madison Smartt, a native of Warren county, where he grew to manhood and spent his life as a farmer. He was one of the most extensive cultivators of land in Warren county, owned a number of slaves, and represented the more aristocratic element of the planter's life. He was twice married, the maiden name of his first wife being Miss Waterhouse, by whom he had nine children, four sons and five daughters. He later married Patricia Smartt, a distant cousin, by whom he had two daughters and one son. Grandfather Smartt died at the age of ninety-five, in 1905. Euclid W. Smartt, father of Will M., was born in Warren county, Tennessee, at Smartt Station, in 1841, being the oldest child of George W. Smartt by his first marriage. He was reared and educated in his home county, and as a young man entered the mercantile business at McMinnville. He was a member of Company B in the Sixth Tennessee Regiment of Infantry during the war, went throughout the struggle as a Confederate and was wounded at the battle of Franklin. After the war he was married in Coffee county in 1866 to Nannie S. Davis, who was born in Coffee county in 1800, a daughter of Dr. A. B. Davis. They became the parents of twelve children, of whom Will M. was the fourth, and eleven are still living. The father lives on his farm in Coffee county, having been engaged in general farming and stock raising there since the war. He is a Democrat in politics, and he and his wife are members of the Christian church, he being an elder in the church. William M. Smartt was educated in the Coffee county schools, and attended the University of Nashville. After leaving school his first important place in life was as postmaster at Manchester under President McKinley. He was editor and owner of the Manchester Times from 1903 to 1906, finally selling the newspaper to its present owner, Mr. Ashley. Then in partnership with his brother, Frank Smartt, he went into the hardware and implement business, the line which he now follows, and the brothers have one of the largest and best managed stores of the kind in Coffee county. Mr. Smartt is also owner of a large amount of land in both Bedford and Coffee counties, and does farming on an extensive scale.
In 1905 he married Miss Walter May Summers, daughter of W. W. Summers of Manchester. Their two sons are W. M., Jr., and Landon Kincannon. In politics Mr. Smartt is a Democrat, the Christian Church has both his and Mrs. Smartt's membership, and he is affiliated with the Stone Fort Lodge No. 113, Knights of Pythias, at Manchester.[A history of Tennessee and Tennesseans: the leaders and representative men in commerce, industry and modern activities. By Will T. Hale Chicago: Lewis Pub. Co., 1913]
NEWTON J. SMILEY
Newton J. Smiley, trustee of Marshall County, is a son of H. B. and Sarah (Lowry) Smiley, natives of Kentucky and South Carolina. respectively. The father's chief occupation was farming, though in early life he worked at the carpenter's trade. He was a soldier under Jackson in the War of 1812, and having lived to see the return of seventy-five winters was called from the trials and tribulations of earth. The mother was in her ninety-third year when she died. Our subject was born August 9, 1833, in the Bedford fraction of Marshall County, and was of Irish-Scotch descent. He was educated in the country schools, and having farmed until 1861, he volunteered in Company G, Thirty-Second Tennessee Infantry as a Private, and was one of the brave boys who defended Fort Donelson. After his capture and imprisonment at Indianapolis, Ind., he was exchanged at Vicksburg and re-entering the service was promoted to First Lieutenant. After nearly four years of faithful service he returned home and soon after engaged in the mercantile business in which he was successful, though twice burned out. Previous to the war, in 1857, he wedded Catherine E. Hall, by whom he had seven children, all living. Both he and wife are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Like his father before him he is a warm Democrat. In 1884 he was elected to the responsible position that he is now occupying. In connection with his office he is engaged in tilling the soil.[The Goodspeed History of Maury, Williamson, Rutherford, Wilson, Bedford, Marshall TN 1886]
George Smith was born December 12, 1831, in Bedford County, Tenn., son of John E. and Nancy (Mayfield) Smith, natives of North Carolina and Tennessee, respectively. The father was born in 1801 or 1802 and died about 1840. He was a successful farmer. The mother was born about 1806. Our subject was the second of five children born to his parents. He was reared on the farm and remained there until he was eighteen years of age. He then attended school at Chapel Hill, Tenn., and continued there about fifteen months, after which he returned home and engaged in farming as well as in stock and Negro trading up to the time of the late war. He enlisted in the Confederate Army in 1861 in Col. Starnes Cavalry Company B. He remained with this company about two years and was then transferred to the Forty-Fourth Tennessee Infantry, Company G. He was wounded at the battle of Murfreesboro which disabled him from active service about fifteen months. He again returned to service and remained throughout the entire war. Previous to the war, in 1852, he was married to Martha Rainey, a native of this county, born August 29, 1832. This union has resulted in the birth of eight children: Nancy A., Emmet, Andrew J., John M., Sallie C., Mattie G., Robert E. and Emma. Our subject has been quite successful and has accumulated the greater part of his property since the late war. He and wife are members in good standing in the Missionary Baptist Church. [History of Tennessee from the Earliest Time to the Present..." Goodspeed Publishing Company, 1886 ]
JAMES EDWARD SMITH
One of the prominent and highly respected citizens of Linden, Perry county, Tennessee, is James Edward Smith, cashier of the First National Bank of Linden, who has formed a wide acquaintance during his twelve years or more of residence there and who by his force, probity of character and honorable business methods has become recognized as a business man of worth and a citizen of high principles.
He was born near Wartrace, Bedford county, Tennessee, January 26, 1876, and represents a family that was established there full a century ago. After completing his educational studies in the Brandon Training School at Wartrace, Tennessee, he entered the Bedford County Bank at Wartrace, as bookkeeper, and from there he came to Linden, Tennessee, in 1899, to take up the duties of cashier in the Perry County Bank, of which he became also a stockholder and director. In 1912 the bank was reorganized as the First National Bank of Linden, in which Mr. Smith still continues to hold the responsible position of cashier. As a financier he is conservative, yet progressive, and is deeply interested in furthering the prosperity of his community. The First National Bank of Linden has a capital of $25,000, a surplus of $8,000, with deposits averaging $75,000, and has won a large confidence and patronage in this community. Mr. Smith also holds farming interests in Perry county.
The first of the family in Tennessee was James Edward Smith, the grandfather of our subject, who located in Bedford county. He was well educated and taught school there for many years, but later in life turned his attention to farming. He married a Miss Stokes, who bore him four children, the eldest of whom was Jasper Newton Smith, the father of our subject. The grandfather and his brothers joined the emigration to California in 1849, but the former died on the way. His brothers continued on to California and located there. Jasper Newton Smith, born November 28, 1828, in Bedford county, Tennessee, remained in his native county, where he became a prominent and well-to-do farmer. He married Sarah Elizabeth Caruthers, also a native of Bedford county, and to their union were born twelve children, of which family James Edward Smith of this review is next to the youngest and is one of the eight children now living. Jasper Newton Smith passed away in Bedford county in March, 1912, at the advanced age of eighty-four years, and had been preceded in death many years by his wife, whose demise occurred in 1888. He was a Democrat in politics and served as a Confederate soldier during the Civil war. Both he and his wife were consistent members of the Baptist church.
James Edward Smith was married in 1900 to Miss Addie Starbuck, daughter of the late Daniel Starbuck. of Linden, Tennessee. They have five children, named: Leila, Elizabeth, Lena, James Edward, Jr., and Ben Daniel. Both Mr. and Mrs. Smith are members of the Christian church, and in political sentiment and allegiance Mr. Smith is a Democrat. He is prominently affiliated with the Masonic order as a member of Linden Lodge No. 210, Linden Chapter No. 156, Jackson Council, and of Tennessee Consistory No. 1, at Memphis, in which he has attained the Thirty-Second Degree of the Scottish Rite. [History of TN and Tennesseans: the leaders and representative men in commerce, industry and modern activities. By Will T. Hale Chicago: Lewis Pub. Co., 1913]
JAMES EDWARD SMITH
Banker; born Wartrace, (Bedford Co) Tenn., Jan. 26, 1876; son of Jasper N. and Elizabeth (Caruthers) Smith; father's occupation farming; educated Brandon Training School, Wartrace, Tenn.; reared on a farm; in early life was bookkeeper in bank; married Addie Starbuck July 18, 1900; member Masonic Order; has taken all degrees from E.A. to 32nd degree; Democrat; cashier of the Perry Co. bank, Linden, Tenn.; member Missionary Baptist church.[Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler]
W. B. SNELL
W. B. Snell was born February 2, 1850, in Bedford County, Tenn. He is a son of J. C. Snell, who was born in 1817, and is a native of the county. The mothers name was Sarah H. Snell. Our subject was reared on a farm, and worked on the same with his father until he was twenty-five years of age, at which time he began farming for himself, and has continued successfully up to the present date. He was married, October 29, 1874, to Virginia C. Carlyle, of Bedford County, and daughter of James and Elizabeth Carlyle. They have two children: Jasper B. and Thomas Kelly. In his political views Mr. Snell favors the Democratic party and gives it his support on all occasions. He takes an active interest in all enterprises pertaining to the public good, and is a man who commands the respect of all. [The Goodspeed History of Maury, Williamson, Rutherford, Wilson, Bedford, Marshall TN 1886]
J. A. SNOODY
R. R. agt. and miller; born Haley, (Bedford Co)Tenn., April 20, 1877; son of J.W.M. and Almeda Snoddy; Dutch descent; father's occupation farmer; educated Haley, Tenn.; early business occupation farmer and R. R. fireman; married Audrey E. Holt Sept. 3, 1899; member I. O. O. F. and M. W. of A.; member Methodist Church. [Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler]
W. T. SOLOMON
W. T. Solomon was born in Lincoln County, Tenn., May 18, 1855. His father, W. C. Solomon, was born in 1818, in North Carolina, and came to Tennessee when quite small. About 1853 he wedded Sallie C. Tarver, born in Columbus, Ga., in 1824. The father died in 1880. At the age of sixteen our subject became a clerk in the merchandise business for J. C. Fisher, of Fayetteville. Two years later he engaged in the grain and produce business at the same place, the style of the firm being Bryson & Solomon. Two years later Mr. Solomon began work for Anderson, Green & Co., of Nashville, as traveling salesmen, and has successfully continued up to the present date. Suc B. Thompson became his wife October 23, 1879. She is a daughter of Newcomb Thompson, and the mother of two children: Alice Cary and William Tarver. Our subject is a man of influence in the community in which he resides, and received a good education in his boyhood days. He and wife are church members, and he is a member of the K. of P. and the Democratic party. [Goodspeeds History of Tennessee]
Was born in Bedford county, Tennessee, March 7, 1812; a son of John and Eleanor Splawn, nee Leighton, both natives of South Carolina, but who came to Missouri in 1816, and became the first settlers in Carroll county, their nearest neighbor, except a brother, being forty miles distant. Here our subject was reared from the time he was four years of age till he was eighteen, then, in 1880, his parents came to Daviess county, and died there, his father March 1, 1837, and his mother September 4, 1843. He was married, August 31,1835, to Miss Isabel Atkinson, who was born July 18, 1812, in Ray county, Missouri, and was a daughter of Thomas and Sarah Atkinson, nee McCarroll. They were natives of Tennessee, but came to Missouri at a very early day. Her father died January 24, 1837, and her mother March 21, 1843. Five children have been the issue of Mr. and Mrs. Splawn's marriage, all living; viz., John W., born September 6, 1836, now living in Harrison county; Joseph Watson, born March 10, 1839, now at home; Beththena A., born November 15,1840, wife of Lewis F. Shores; Mary E., born January 17, 1843; and Martha W., born April 12,1845. Mrs. Splawn died August 28, 1850, after a protracted illness of five years. She was a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and passed to her reward mourned by a largo circle of friends and relatives. Mr. Splawn continued to live in Daviess county till the year 1856, then moved to Grundy county and located near where he now lives. This was then a sparsely settled neighborhood, and here he brought his family of small children and Betkthena, the eldest daughter, took charge of the family till she was married, October 20,1872. Mr. Splawn owns two hundred and eighty acres of land, well improved and stocked. During his younger days ho was known as the best marksman, with his flint-lock rifle, in Grundy county, and today owns the old gun with which he helped drive out the Mormons; few with our more improved guns can compete with him at target practice. He is well and favorably known by a large circle of friends in Grundy and adjoining counties and everyone has a kind word to say of "Uncle Isaac" and his pleasant family. There is, also, in the family a young man, Monroe Riggs by name, a nephew, whom he has reared since he was two years of age and who is now in his twenty-seventh year; also John M. White, whom he has reared since four years of age. Mr. Splawn is a staunch Republican and glories in the name. Mr. Shores, his son-in-law, served for three years as a member of company K, Third Missouri cavalry. ["History of Grundy County, MO" Birdsall and Dean; 1881]
RICHARD HENRY STEM
Richard Henry Stem was born February, 11, 1822 in North Carolina, Granville County. He immigrated to the State of Missouri in the fall of 1843, where he remained about fifteen months. He then came to Tennessee, and settled a mile and a half east of Unionville. He was the son of Jacob and Mary (Primrose) Stem. The father was born about 1763 and died about 1828. He was a native of Pennsylvania, and moved to North Carolina in his juvenile days, where he lived until the time of his death. The mother was born about 1788 and died about 1865; she was a native of North Carolina. In July, 1839, our subject wedded Sallie Garrett, of North Carolina, who was born February, 1822. On his arrival in Tennessee Mr. Stem engaged in agricultural pursuits and about ten years later engaged in the cattle trading business in connection with farming. He was elected magistrate of the Tenth District in this county a number of years ago and has served every term since. He was elected as Chairman of the County Court in 1874 and served in that capacity four years, and was also Associate Justice two years prior to this election. He is now officiating Justice of Peace. He is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, professing faith about 1856. Mrs. Stem is also a member of the same church. Our subject is a Master Mason and is also a Chapter member. He is a Democrat in politics and since his childhood days has traveled over these different States: Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, Illinois and Missouri. [History Of Bedford County, Goodspeed Publishing Company]
HENRY H. STEPHENS
Henry H. Stephens was born in the year 1818, in the State of North Carolina and in 1836 immigrated to Tennessee and settled in this county on the farm where he is now living. He was the youngest of nine children born to the union of Hardie and Mary Stephens. He is a mechanic by trade and built the bridge on the Chattanooga Railroad when the road was first laid off. After this he followed the business of a millwright for about five years. He has also carried on farming in connection with his other occupations. May 27, 1839, he was married to Nancy Mullens, of this county, who was born September 21, 1818. This union resulted in the birth of ten children, two of whom are dead. The eight remaining are living in this county. Our subject has been quite successful and has accumulated considerable means. In politics Mr. Stephens is a Democrat and he and wife are leading members of the Methodist Episcopal Church South. His health has been quite poor for a number of years, and he has not been able to see to any outdoor business for about six years. [Goodspeeds History of Tennessee]
J. M. L. STEPHENS
A son of John and Martha A. (Gulley) Stephens, born in North Carolina in 1776 and 1796, and died in 1831 and 1879, respectively. The father was an early pioneer farmer of Tennessee, and was a soldier in the War of 1812, and received land grants for his services. Our subject was born February 28, 1831, in Bedford County, and worked on a farm to support his mother until he attained his majority, when he began farming for himself, and in the winter season taught school for several years. He entered the Confederate service in 1862, in Company F, Forty-First Tennessee Infantry, and was in the battles of Chickamauga, Raymond, Jackson and others, but was not wounded or captured during service. After his return home he resumed farming, and in 1866 was elected constable and served two years. November 22, 1858, he wedded Margaret F. Robinson, of Bedford County, and their union has resulted in the birth of six children: Ransom, Kate, Joseph, John, Lizzie and Hiram. Mr. Stephens is a man well versed in the affairs of the times, and he and family are church members. His eldest son is preparing for the ministry. Mr. Stephens is a Mason, and a Democrat in his political views. [From Goodspeeds History of Tennessee]
SAMUEL EDMUND STEPHENS
Samuel Edmund Stephens, attorney and City Recorder of Mount Pleasant, was born in Bedford county, on the 11th of September, 1880, a son of Robert H. and Melvina (Green) Stephens, also natives of that county. The father was engaged in farming the greater part of his life and he was one of the most prominent and successful agriculturists in the county. His demise occurred at the age of sixty-nine years. His wife also died in her sixty-ninth year. To their union thirteen children were born: Mrs. Robert E. Kimmons of Shelbyville, Tennessee; Charles H., who is living in Nashville; William M., who is deceased; Carrie Jamison, who is living in Shelbyville; Mrs. Elizabeth McMillan, who resides in Normandy, this state; Mrs. Alice Cariton, likewise a resident of Shelbyville; James D., who is deceased; Robert T., who is living in Nashville; Rebecca, who is deceased; Mrs. Annie Brisby, a resident of Allisona; Samuel Edmund, whose name introduces this review; Arthur L., who is deceased; and Mrs. May Evelyn Ross, who is living in Dixon Springs, Tennessee. In the acquirement of his early education Samuel Edmund Stephens attended the public schools of Bedford county, Miller-Minter Preparatory School, and later enrolled in Peabody College of Nashville, from which institution he was graduated in 1908. He then entered the law department of Cumberland University and the LL. B. degree was conferred upon him by that institution in 1912. In that same year he located in Mount Pleasant for the practice of his chosen profession and he has become one of the leading attorneys in the county and state. In addition to his private practice he is now active as city recorder for Mount Pleasant and he is carrying out the duties devolving upon him in that connection to the complete satisfaction of all. For six years he was city superintendent of the local schools and he is now an active member of the county board of education. During 1918 he was connected with Y. M. C. A. work and he gave generously of his time and money in the promotion of the government's interests. Mr. Stephens is one of the most popular citizens in Mount Pleasant and he well merits the success he has achieved. In October, 1912, occurred the marriage of Mr. Stephens to Miss Virgilia Pettit, a native of Palmyra, Virginia, and a daughter of Hon. Penbroke and Virginia W. Pettit. Her parents are both living and the father is one of the most prominent and widely known attorneys in Richmond and throughout the state of Virginia. Mr. Stephens follows an independent course in polities, voting for the man he thinks best fitted for the office without regard for party principles. Fraternally he is a Thirty-Second Degree Mason, a Knight Templar and a member of the Mystic Shrine and he is likewise affiliated with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Knights of Pythias and Junior Order of United American Mechanics. His religious faith is that of the Presbyterian Church, to the support of which he is a generous contributor, while his wife is a member of the Christian Science Church. Mr. Stephens is one of the most public-spirited and liberal citizens of Mount Pleasant and he is influential in every movement for the development and improvement of the general welfare. He is a man of well proven ability and inspires all with his manly qualities and true personal worth. [Source: Tennessee the Volunteer State Vol. 4]
WILLIAM H. STEPHENS
William H. Stephens is a Tennessean, born May 12, 1811, son of James Turrentine, who was born in Virginia in 1773. The father came to Tennessee in 1807. His wife, Eleanor Neily, was born in North Carolina. Our subject has always been a farmer. May 12, 1842 he married Martha Ann Orr, who was born January 26, 1822. To them were born seven children, all of whom are dead except David A. and Eleanor F. Mrs. Turrentine died February 1, 1882. Mr. Turrentine was an old-line Whig, but since the war has been a Democrat. His son, David A. Turrrentine, was born February 14, 1847. Up to June, 1880, he was a farmer. Since that time he has been engaged in the merchandise business at Hall's Mills. February 24, 1875, he married Mollie F. Shearin, who was born October 21, 1851. To them were born four children: Alice R:, Sallie A., Lucy J. and Felix. Mr. Turrentine has been prosperous in his business enterprises. He is a Democrat, and was elected to the office of constable in 1878, and served about ten months. He has also been a delegate to the Democratic Convention from his State several times. William H. Stephens, partner in the merchandise business with David A. Turrentine, was born in Bedford County, Tenn., February 24, 1840. He was reared on a farm, and when twenty-one years of age entered the Confederate Army, enlisting, in Company G, Forty-Fourth Tennessee Infantry, and participate in the battles of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, and others. He served throughout the war and was not wounded. After his return he engaged in farming and has followed that occupation to the present time. In connection with this he has been in the merchandise business since 1880. In February, 1886, he was married to Martha Ray, born February 8, 1838. They are the parents of Robert H., Etta, Thomas and Pearlie Lee. Mr. Stephens and Mr. Turrentine are doing a good business in the mercantile line. Mr. Stephens is a very firm Democrat in politics. [History of Tennessee; Goodspeed Publishing Company]
WILLIAM F. STEPHENSON
William F. Stephenson was reared upon the home farm in Bedford county, Tennessee, and attended the public schools of the locality, later becoming a student at the Winchester Normal School of this state. When twenty-one years of age he completed his studies and then returned home to assist his father in the operation of the farm. Desiring to enter business life, he went to Nashville, Tennessee, in 1888 and secured a clerical position in a retail hardware store, where he was employed for two years. He next became order clerk for a wholesale hardware house, now belonging to the Gray & Dudley Company of Nashville, and remained with them for fifteen years, being steadily advanced as he demonstrated his worth and ability. In 1903 he was sent by the firm to Birmingham, Alabama, as manager of their branch store and while in that city he was made third vice president of the company. In 1906 he tendered his resignation and joined the Belknap Hardware & Manufacturing Company of Louisville, Kentucky, as sales manager, but severed his connection with that concern at the end of a year, arriving in Memphis in 1907. He became vice president and one of the directors of the Barnes & Miller Hardware Company, which in 1913 was merged with the Benedict-Warren Hardware Company, of this city, and the business is now conducted under the style of the Stratton-Warren Hardware Company, of which he has served as vice president since the reorganization. The business has rapidly developed and this is now the largest wholesale hardware concern in Memphis and one of the largest in the south. Mr. Stephenson has devoted his entire life to the business and in the control of his interests he displays notable sagacity and strong executive power.
On the 9th of May, 1893, Mr. Stephenson was united in marriage to Miss Irene Scales Williams, of Nashville, Tennessee, and they have become the parents of two daughters, both of whom have received liberal educational advantages. The older daughter, Jessie Elizabeth, married Sterling B. Seifert, formerly of Memphis but now a resident of Nashville, and Louise Catherine is at home. In 1921 Mr. Stephenson organized the Memphis Exchange Club and served as its first president, recently retiring from the office. He is a valued member of the Memphis Chamber of Commerce, and his religious faith is indicated by his affiliation with the Methodist church. In thoroughness and the mastery of every detail of the duties that have devolved upon him lies the secret of the success which has brought Mr. Stephenson to a position of leadership in business circles of Memphis, and his record is proof of the fact that merit and ability will always come to the front.[Tennessee - The Volunteer State, Vol. 2]
WALTER W. SUMMERS
Walter W. Summers was born January 5, 1819, in Fleming County, Ky. His father, Lewis Summers, was a native of Culpepper County, Va.; about 1796, he immigrated to Kentucky, where he married Miss Mary Armstrong, a native also of Virginia. He was of English descent, and she of Scotch-Irish. To this union were born fourteen children, our subject being the eleventh. The mother died in 1859, and the father died in 1865. Our subject was educated in the common schools of his native county, and remained with his parents on the farm until he reached his majority. He then followed merchandising for about a year and a half, and then devoted his attention to trading in stock, which he followed about thirty years. In 1847 he married Miss Mary Gore, a native of Nelson County, Ky., and to this union three children - Lewis (deceased), Henry and Thomas - were born. The mother of these children died in 1858, and in 1861 our subject married Miss Hettie Armstrong, a native of Bedford County, Tenn., and to this union two children have been born, both of whom are dead. In 1877 our subject took for his third wife Miss Kincannon, a native of Rutherford County, Tenn., and to them were born two children: Otie P. R. and Wattie R. M., both living. At the breaking out of the late war, Mr. Summers left Louisville and ran a large distillery at Chattanooga until it fell into the hands of the Federal authorities. After the war he returned to Louisville, and in 1867 purchased and moved upon the farm where he now lives, which consists of 320 acres. In 1876, Centennial year, he exhibited the largest steer and largest mule perhaps ever reared, and a three-legged cow. Mr. Summers is a member of the Masonic and Odd Fellows orders, and is independent in politics.[The Goodspeed History of Maury, Williamson, Rutherford, Wilson, Bedford, Marshall TN; 1886]
B. WHITE SUTTON
Physician; born in Bedford Co., Tenn., March 6, 1866; Scotch-Irish descent; son of C.F. and Anna (Whitworth) Sutton; father's occupation farmer; educated at Bellbuckle, Tenn.; received degree M.D. University of Tenn. 1898; in early life was a farmer; married Flora Porter Dec. 28, 1898; member Knights of Pythias, Odd Fellows, F. & A.M. (Senior Warden); Democrat; member Presbyterian church, U. S. A. [Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler]
JAMES PATRICK SUTTON
(1915- ) U. S. Representative from Tennessee; born on a farm near Wartrace, Bedford County, Tennessee, October 31, 1915; attended the public schools of Wartrace, Tennessee, and Cumberland University Law School, Lebanon, Tennessee; graduated from Middle Tennessee State College at Murfreesboro in 1939; enrolled in the United States Navy, 1942-1946; awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, Silver Star, Purple Heart with Oak Leaf Cluster; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-first, Eighty-second, and Eighty-third Congresses (January 3, 1949-January 3, 1955); unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for United States Senator in 1954; investment securities broker. [Tennessee Biographical Dictionary By Jan Onofrio]
JOHN WESLEY SUTTON
Physician; born Richmond, (Bedford Co) Tenn., March 15, 1862; Irish descent; son of William E. and Elizabeth Jane (O'Neal) Sutton; father's occupation physician; paternal grandparents Samuel and Dovie (Johnson) Sutton; maternal grandparents John H. and Cynthia (Howard) O'Neal; educated University of Tenn., Richmond and Winchester Normal, graduated from University of Tenn. medical dept. with degree of M.D. in 1892; in early life taught school; married Gwynn Rosson Jan. 30, 1886; member F. & A.M.; engaged in the practice of medicine and stock raising in Lincoln Co., Tenn. [Source: Who's Who in Tennessee, Memphis: Paul & Douglass Co., Publishers, 1911; transcribed by Kim Mohler
WILLIAM B. SUTTON
William B. Sutton, farmer, was born in Bedford County, Tenn., July 12, 1834, son of John and Elizabeth (Harris) Sutton, and of English-Scotch descent. (For further particulars of parents see sketch of Walter Finley Sutton.) Our subject received his preparatory education at Triune, Williamson Co., Tenn., under Prof. E. B. Crocker, and completed at the Union University, Murfreesboro, Tenn. For several years prior to the war he was engaged in the mercantile business as salesman. When the war broke out he enlisted in the Confederate Army and was assigned duty under Maj. James F. Cummings, commissary for the Confederate Army, with headquarters at Atlanta, Ga. Here he remained until the close of the war. Our subject has been married twice; the first marriage occurred July 10, 1860, to Miss Kate Suttle, daughter of Richard Suttle. To this union were born two sons: John L., born August 1, 1865, and Ernest, born January 29, 1875. The second marriage occurred November 17, 1885, to Miss Elizabeth Alexander. Mr. Sutton is a thorough Democrat, an Odd Fellow, and he and wife are members of the )Methodist Episcopal Church South. He has 665 acres of land, 400 of which are in a fine state of cultivation. He gives considerable attention to the raising of live-stock. [Goodspeed's History of Tennessee]
WALTER FINLEY SUTTON
Walter Finley Sutton, a resident of the Fourth District, Bedford Co., Tenn., born in the district in which he now resides, November 25, 1840, son of John and Elizabeth A. (Harris) Sutton, and is of English-Scotch descent. His father was born in Prince William County, Va., March 5, 1775, and died August 5, 1855. His mother was born in Bedford County, Tenn., in 1818, and died in the same county in 1879. His father was married twice, the second time to the mother of our subject, Miss Elizabeth Harris, a relative of Gov. Harris, of Tennessee. Our subject received a common school education, and has followed farming as his chief occupation. He enlisted in the Confederate service in the Twenty-third Tennessee Infantry and was afterward transferred to the Fourth Tennessee Cavalry, where he served three years. He was in the battle of Stone River, Chickamauga, besides various cavalry skirmishes during the Georgia campaign, and was finally discharged at Atlanta just prior to the general surrender. In the fall of 1865 Mr. Sutton was elected Magistrate of his district, which position he has held ever since. December 27, 1858, he was married to Miss Bettie Hicks, of Bedford County, Tenn., born March 13, 1842, and to this union was born one child, William, whose birth occurred October 8, 1868.[The Goodspeed History of Maury, Williamson, Rutherford, Wilson, Bedford, Marshall TN; 1886]
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