Located within Middle Tennessee.
Formed from Davidson, Dickson, Montgomery, and Robertson counties, it was founded Feb 28, 1856 and named for Edward Saunders Cheatham (Speaker of the State Senate)
The county seat is Ashland City.
Ashland City, on the Cumberland River, is the county seat, and has a population of 170. Other towns are, Sycamore, Kingston Springs (a watering place), Pegram's Scation, Craggie (a summer resort) and Thomasville. The Cumberland River flows through the county. Other streams are, Harpeth River, Sycamore, Half Pone, Barton, Marrow Bone, Brush and Sam's creeks. These streams afford abundant water power. Timber is plentiful, consisting of oak, ash, elm, hickory, beech, poplar, etc. Iron ore of good quality is found in some localities but is not mined. The Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railroad passes through the county. Much of the county is hilly, but the river and creek valleys are very productive. Limestone and sandstone furnish plenty of good building material. The chief productions are corn, wheat, oats, rye, barley and tobacco. There are extensive powder mills and plow factories and lumbering establishments in the county. The capital invested is about $300,000, and the number of persons employed 300. Cheatham county has the usual religious denominations and the ordinary county taxes. [Source: Hand-book of Tennessee By A. W. Hawkins, Henry E. Colton, 1882]
Ashland City ~ Kingston Springs ~ Pegram
Bell Town ~ Chapmansboro ~ Craggie Hope ~ Joelton (part) ~ Shacklett