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Coffee County was named in honor of Maj. Gen. John Coffee. He was a soldier, surveyor, and close friend of Andrew Jackson.
Under his command, Tennessee troops took a decisive part in the New Orleans Campaign, Dec. 23, 1814, to Jan. 8, 1815.
Coffee county was organized on May 2, 1846, and was originally composed of Warren, Franklin, and Bedford Counties. It was named in honor of Gen John
Coffee. By act of the Legislature, passed on January 8, 1836,
the following named commissioners were appointed to run the
boundary lines of the new county and to locate the county seat:
Hugh Davidson, Alexander Blakely, David Hickerson, Thomas
Powers, William Bradshaw, and Lecil Bobo. They selected a
site on the lands of James Evans and Andrew Haynes, who,
on March 1, 1836, donated two hundred acres to the county
for this purpose. In March, 1836, also, the following-named
men were elected magistrates from the ten civil districts into
which the county had been divided: Adam Rayburn, John G.
Walker, Alfred Ashley, John Lusk, Larkin Burham, Robert S.
Rayburn, Alexander Downey, James Yell, Gabriel Jones, William Hodge, Johnson Garrett, Josiah Berry, John Charles,
William Montgomery, Wade Stroud, Lecil Bobo, John W.
Camden, Jesse Wooten, James M. Arnold, and William
Their first session was on May 2, 1836, at the Baptist meeting house on the site of Manchester. John W. Camden was
made chairman and the following officers qualified: Daniel
McLean, county court clerk; John Bell, sheriff; James A.
Brantley, register; Moses F. White, trustee; William P. Harris, coroner.
The sessions of the county court were held in the log house
used by the Baptists as a church until 1837, when a courthouse
The circuit court was organized in June, 1836, with Samuel
Anderson as a judge and James Whiteside as attorney-general.
Its sessions were held in the log house of a private citizen.
It is said that Manchester, the county seat, was named for
Manchester, England, because it was thought that the Coffee
County capitol would, in time, be famed like its imagined
prototype, for its iron manufactures.
Near Manchester, in the forks of Duck River, is what is
known as Stone Fort, evidently a fortification of some pre-
historic race. It encloses an area of thirty-seven acres, and
from its walls of loose stones covered with earth have grown
trees of great age.
Statistics of Coffee County: population, 1920, 17,344. Assessed valuation of taxable property, 1921, $9,405,734. Area,
about 350 square miles. Number of farms, 2,314. Railway
tic population of county, 10,264; high schools, 11; elementary
(Counties in Tennessee By Austin P. Foster 1923)
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