Fayette County was founded in 1824. It
was named in honor of Marquis de Layette. He was a French nobleman, patriot, and distinguished soldier who during
the Revolutionary War rendered invaluable service to the American Colonies.
The soil is generally a dark loam in the southern part, resting
on a red clay subsoil, but in the western portion of the county
the subsoil is of a lighter color. The northern half of the
county is level, but the southern half is rolling.
Somerville, the county town, has a population of 834.
Besides Somerville, there are six other towns in the county,
to-wit: LaGrange, Moscow, Rossville, Macon, Oakland aud
The county is watered, by the Loosa Hatchie and the north
fork of Wolf River, which are both good mill streams.
Timber is abundant, and of good quality, consisting of oak,
poplar, hickory, ash, cypress, gum, etc.
The principal agricultural products are corn, wheat, oats,
hay, cotton, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes and rye.
Its educational institutions are the Somerville Female Institute and the Willisten Academy.
The rate of tax for county purposes is 30 cents per 8100; road tax, 15 cents; school tax, 10 cents.
The religious denominations are Baptist, Methodist, Cumberland Presbyterian, Presbyterian, Episcopalian and Christian.
The Memphis and Charleston Railroad passes through the southern portion of the county, and a branch road runs to Somerville, and the Memphis branch of the L. &. N Railroad passes through the northwestern corner.
(Hand-book of Tennessee By A. W. Hawkins, Henry E. Colton 1882)