Military News Articles




Burning Of Railroad Bridges



Campaign of the Army of the Cumberland



Dispatch From Washington



The Battle Of Chickamauga



Shelling of Chattanooga



Chattanooga News


Great Battle in Tennessee


Missionary Ridge  


Chattanooga and East Tennessee  


Military Importance of East Tennessee  




Arrival of Tennessee Volunteers   


 Lost Sword   


Sergeant York Welcomed Again


A Soldier's Home for Chattanooga    


Tennessee Union Soldiers   


State National Guard   

Throngs of Old Soldiers Flock to the Historical Battle Ground   

Chattanooga Will Spend $75,000 On Confederate Reunion    











Burning Of Railroad Bridges



Nashville, 11th Via Mobile, 12th.—


Five Railroad Bridges were burned in East Tennessee on Friday night last by the Union men, two on the Georgia State Road over Chickamauga Creek in Hamilton County, heretofore reported, one on the East Tennessee and Georgia Road, over the Hiawassee River in Bradley County, (five minutes after the guard passed through the whole bridge was in flames showing that combustibles were used) and two on the East Tennessee and Virginia Rail Road, one at Lick Creek in Green County and one over the Holston River in Sullivan County. The latter was referred to in dispatches as Lynchburg. The guard at Lick Creek were unarmed, overwhelmed, tied, carried away and kept till during the day on Saturday. Three men, since arrested, have been identified by the guard. The bridge over Holston river was not guarded, Sullivan County being strongly Southern in feeling.


The bridge over Holston river, at Strawberry Plains in Jefferson County, was fired, but put out by the people. The guard had one hand cut off and his skull fractured. The indications are that one of the incendiaries was killed.


A gentleman just from East Tennessee reports great excitement in that section. It was evidently a preconcerted plan. The loss is very heavy and causes much inconvenience and delay. Matters in East Tennessee are regarded as being in a very critical condition. Much anxiety is felt here for Gen Zollicofler and his command.


Georgia Weekly Telegraph - February 26, 1869



Campaign of the Army of the Cumberland 


The campaign of the Army of the Cumberland will not be closed without a decisive and bloody struggle for the possession of Chattanooga and East Tennessee.


It is said that the Western and Atlantic Railroad is being worked to its full capacity in bringing reinforcements to General Bragg, and that the road from Chickamauga Station for eight miles south is lined with Rebel camps.


On Monday the enemy batteries on Lookout Mountain played vigorously on Hooker's camp, Moccasin Point and Chattanooga, but the fire was neither accurate nor effective, no damage being done. The strength of General Hooker's position, and the ease with him, have probably led the enemy to abandon their expected attack. Our batteries on Moccasin Point are said to have the Rebel camp in the Chattanooga Valley, on the east side of Lookout .Mountain in complete range.


 The Adams Sentinel and General Advertiser - November 24, 1863




Dispatch From Washington


 A dispatch from Washington informs us that one-half of Lee's army has gone to Hanover Junction, in the direction of Richmond, and the other half has gone towards Lynchburg, with the view of

reinforcing the troops sent against Burnside, or covering their retreat in case of a repulse.


Washington dispatches renew the report that a part of Bragg's forces are moving upon Burnside, in East Tennessee, but there is nothing definite regarding the operations there.


The Adams Sentinenel and Advetiser - November 24, 1863




The Battle Of Chickamauga 


The able editor of the Memphis Avalanche should not undertake to write history unless he knows more about.


He works himself up to a higher state of excitement than is at all necessary over the claim of certain northern newspapers that the great battle of Cbickamauga was a "drawn battle" and says:


    If there is any "draw" In a fight where any army drives another from position after position,

    and finally hurls It helter skelter across a river and coops it up there to starve, then the meaning of the English words is not properly defined in the dictionaries.


It is not true at all that Gen. Rosencrans army was hurled "helter-skelter” across a river and cooped up there "to starve." It did not cross the river at all, but kept its headquarters in Chattanooga and held that place until two months later when the battle of Missionary Ridge was fought, and Gen. Bragg was defeated and driven back to the neighborhood of Dalton.


It is true that the union army lived for two months on short rations, but it was not starved, or at least it didn't fight like starved me, in the assault upon the confederate forces posted along Missionary Ridge.


No one will dispute that the confederate soldiers under Gen. Bragg did splendid fighting at the battle of Chickamauga, as they .did everywhere else. No one will dispute that whatever advantages may have been gained these two days, were in favor of the confederates, and but for the stubborn resistance made by the Fourteenth Army Corps, under Geo. Thomas, the union forces would have been hurled "helter-skelter" across the river, as the avalanche intimates it was; but this stubborn resistance saved the day and saved Chattanooga to the union troops.


For two days afterwards, the command in which the writer had the honor of serving, held its position along the base of lookout Mountain on the south side, and then on the morning of the third day marched leisurely into Chattanooga, in obedience to orders from headquarters, and without the slightest molestation from the confederates. The union troops did not hold the advanced position held at the beginning of the fight, and the confederates failed to drive the union forces across the Tennessee river and out of Chattanooga. Neither army accomplished what it meant to accomplish, and in this sense the battle of Chickamauga was certainly a "drawn battle."


But no man who fought on either side in that desperate and bloody battle will ever think for a single moment of depreciating the fighting qualities of the other side. The union troops will admit that the onslaught of the confederates upon their lines was characterized by courage never surpassed upon any of the world's great battle-fields, and the display of soldierly qualities that never have been and never will be surpassed. On the other hand the confederates will admit that none but soldiers of the very highest order of courage would have withstood at all the assaults made upon the union lines. No soldier who fought in that war on either side, and who did his duty as a soldier, will ever be found depreciating the soldierly qualities of those who fought on the other side.


And there are very few who care to make insidious comparisons of the fighting qualities of the two armies. Both armies were made up of fighting men, and those who did the fighting and know from experience whereof they speak, will not call in question this statement of fact.

Knoxville Journal September 16, 1869  


Shelling of Chattanooga

Chattanooga, Sept 5

The situation is cheerful. Every confidence prevails in our ability to hold our position and defeat the Yankees.

The enemy shelled us from a battery across the river, opposite Chattanooga, at 1 o'clock this afternoon. The firing was slow; our batteries responding. The firing ceased at half past 2 o'clock,
without injury.  The enemy are in Knoxville.  Our forces still hold Cumberland Gap. Burnside is reported crossing the mountains.


The Macon Daily Telegraph - September 8, 1863

Contributed by:  Pam Rathbone

Chattanooga, Sept. 6

With the exception of a few shells thrown at our pontoons yesterday, nothing has occurred to break the monotony of this place.

The enemy seems quite active below this place, but no further indications of and attack. We are informed that no attack will be made here, but efforts will be made to flank us.  

Two privates of the Fourth regulars and one of Rosecran's telegraph operators were captured at Running Water Bridge.


The Macon Daily Telegraph - September 8, 1863

Contributed by:  Pam Rathbone





Brig. Gen. William Carroll is in Chattanooga. We are pleased to observe him in excellent good health, as gallant and genial as of old.

Walter G. Overton, late of the Louisville Cobrier and after-wards, of the Express, and more recently of a Yankee prison has arrived in Chattanooga.

Tom Grutchfield delighted a party of friends with a bowl of Egg Nog (out of pure Jamaica Rum) on Christmas Day. We have been ruminating over the reminiscence ever since, and conclude on mature deliberation that "our host" on that occasion was the "noblest Rum" on of them all!

Brigadier General Lyle, of Philadelphia, commanding a brigade of Pennsylvania Reserves, was killed in the battle of Fredericksburg.

General Hugh Ely, a prominent citizen of Baltimore county, Md., died a few days ago.

Among recent deaths of prominent citizens at the North, we notice the following: Henry E. Jackson, of Baltimore; Benjamin Adams, Louisville; and George Anderson, of Wheeling.

Andrew Wallace, a venerable citizen of Columbia, S. C. died in that city, last Sunday.

Miss Hetty Cary is under arrest in Baltimore for planting a Confederate flag in the presence of a New York regiment drilling in front of her father's residence.


The Chattanooga Daily Rebel - January 1, 1863

Contributed by:  Pam Rathbone


Chattanooga News


Rain! Rain! Rain!

It never rains but it pours. For the past twelve hours enough water has fallen apparently to float gun-boats without number. It does not interfere with the operations of my "grapevine concern" however. The wires which convey my important dispatches, do not course through an atmospheric charged with electricity. Through the head of this department, considers himself "lightning up a limb" so far as the procuring of starling intelligence is concerned.


 I learn that every Yankee tent is struck, around Nashville, and packed in the baggage wagons. Moreover, a whisper reaches me, that the forward move of Rosecran's is but a feint, to conceal his retreat to the north of Cumberland River.

A friend at both of my elbows tells me, that the "inevitable John Morgan, left Murfreesboro, "on his last expedition, with the determination to enter the city of Louisville before he returned."  So he set out with his "merrie men" for the Louisville Railroad, having for the past half year constituted himself the chief engineer of that highway of travel and "He stopped not for brake And he stopped not for food"
Until he came to Bacon Creek, and made a bonfire, to celebrate the new year, of that famous Bacon Creek Bridge. I hear that he is scouring the "blue grass region" like a "meteor flash", to the wonderment of the vandal invaders.  

I learn through my friend the Rebel Banner, that Mrs. Braxton Bragg, lady of the Commanding General, reached Murfreesboro, last Friday evening.  


The Yankees authorities of Nashville, have secured the services of a female virago, to search the ladies who endeavor to pass through their

The Rebel Banner of last Saturday, makes the following announcement:

"From January 1st, we shall publish a purely army newspaper. We have made arrangements for a new press, type, and all the paraphernalia incidental to a printing establishment, and with our enlarged facilities for obtaining Northern news and Southern exchanges, can promise our readers from that date and able dignified and interesting journal."

I have had an interesting conversation with the Hon. Mrs. Bruce, and Mrs. Judge Burnett of Ky., who lately went to Nashville en route for "the dark and bloody ground" and after several adventures were sent back "as examples" to Gen. Braxton Bragg, by Rosecrans.  The story of these ladies was truly interesting.  They remained in the Rock City nearly forty eight hours, and after undergoing sundry examinations, wherein divers impertinent questions were asked, succeeded in reaching the point they started from after much fatigue, but no special mishap.

Rosecrans says he is going to stop the "free transit" of rebel ladies through his lines, he has said it, and sworn it, and washed down the oath with a brimming glass of lager.

The Chattanooga Daily Rebel - Chattanooga, Tuesday Evening - January 1, 1863-01-01

Contributed by:  Pam Rathbone




Great Battle in Tennessee



The telegraph this morning adds but little to what was already known of, the great battle in Tennessee. There is some amplification of details, but we have no new light on what is  the great and critical uncertainty of the story, the fate of Chattanooga.


If our victory ends with Chattanooga it is comparatively unimportant.   We will have repulsed the enemy, but will leave him in possession of his strong­hold in Tennessee and in occupation of his former lines.


We trust, however, that our victory is, not thus negative, and that it will prove something  more than a. mere check to the enemy.   The context of our own telegrams and the Northern accounts of the battle, alike, induce us to believe that our army had either got between the enemy, and Chattanooga or was in a position to compel the surrender of that place, and thus follow up and consummate its victory.  Chattanooga is said to be one of the most defensible places on the continent; but if Rosecrans communications are cut and his rear threatened, as we have reason to suppose, he cannot hold this great Citadel of the West, and the splendid army that he marched from it is at the mercy of the victors who pursue it.  Chattanooga taken, we shall regain the control of East Tennessee, reestablish the defense of Virginia, and shield anew the heart of the Confederacy.


The enemy's accounts of the recent battle are given in another column. There is the usual
Yankee equivocation, but the general conclusion is that
Rosecrans has been badly beaten;
that the intelligence is “painful," and that the details are only likely to confirm and amplify
the sense of disaster... The combination of circumstances; the tone of the Yankee press, and
the imperfect suggestions of .the telegraph, all induce us to expect great consequences of the
battle in Tennessee.
  It may have changed the whole front of the war in the West, illuminated  The prospects of the Confederacy, and in the estimation of the world be a sudden and Propitious novelty, in our fortunes.


The enemy's accounts of the recent battle are given in another column. There is the usual Yankee equivocation, but the general conclusion is that Rosecrans has been badly beaten; that the intelligence is “painful," and that the details are only likely to confirm and amplify the sense of disaster... The combination of circumstances; the tone of the Yankee press, and the imperfect suggestions of the telegraph, all induce us to expect great consequences of the Battle in Tennessee.   It may have changed the whole front of the war in the West, illuminated  The prospects of the Confederacy, and in the estimation of the world be a sudden and Propitious novelty, in our fortunes.


We are safe in concluding that we have won the greatest victory in the war if only justly completed and not left imperfect through inefficiency or omissions of our own.                          


Richmond Examiner - September 24, 1863



Chattanooga and East Tennessee   

No more important movements have been made during the war, probably, than the marching into East Tennessee by Burnside and freeing the loyal thousands there, and the taking possession of Chattanooga by Rosecrans.


The direct benefit to our own side, as well as the direful loss to the rebels, can hardly be over estimated. The rebels themselves fully appreciated the importance of these movements, and frankly conferee it. They sensibly feel their loss already, and boldly assert, that unless they can regain the positions now occupied by Rosecrans and Burnside, all their fighting will have been in vain. Soon after the terrible battle of Chickamauga, or Chattanooga, the Richmond Whig said:


“We suppress exultation at the thought of what yet remains to be done, and the possibility of losing all that has been gained by failing to complete the work.


Situated as Rosecrans is, the victory that does not disperse or capture his whole army is a lost opportunity. If he is permitted to hold Chattanooga, then our victory will be without profit, and we have to mourn that so many brave men have died in vain, and chiefly that the gallant Hood has sealed his faith with his blood.


Rosecrans must not only be beaten in battle, but he must be destroyed or driven from East Tennessee, otherwise the battle has as well not been fought. If this stronghold is not wrenched from him now, it will hardly be hereafter. If he holds it, he holds a point d'appui from which he may at any moment strike at the very vitals of the Confederacy.


He holds a region pestilent with disaffection that needs only the presence of a Yankee army to ripen into full treason. He holds the country that must supply meat for our army, nitre for our powder mills, and coal and iron for many manufacturing establishments.


The possession of that country is of indispensable necessity to us; it is the prize for which Bragg is contending until he has won it; we can but rejoice with fear and trembling over what he has done. Should he win, it will e the super best achievement of the war.”

New Hampshire Sentinel - October 15, 1863



The Military Importance of East Tennessee  


More than a  month ago we urged upon our military authorities the importance of placing Chattanooga

in a complete state of defense, so that with comparatively small force it might be held against a large force of the enemy.


This was thought to be unnecessary, because it was anticipated that our armies would he in Kentucky or even beyond the Ohio. But events which are now occurring show that Chattanooga and the various mountain passes into East Tennessee ought to long since to have been so strongly fortified that with a much smaller force than that of the enemy we could hold East Tennessee.


The enemy are fully aware of the military importance of East Tennessee and of the state of our defenses here. There are men in this section who are ready to carry them all information in reference to the condition of the country and the military movements which are taking place here.


In our opinion the true policy for us to pursue is to fortify some Strong positions in our own country, so that if we are compelled by the superior numbers of the enemy to fall back, we may have some place to make a stand where we can counterbalance their superiority in numbers by our superior natural or artificial advantages of position.


We have never believed in the policy of invading the enemy’s country and leaving our own unprotected and exposed.  If al the strong points in East Tennessee were once fortified, we might then advance with safety, and if compelled to retreat, we would so do with impunity.


East Tennessee, by its natural position and by its railroad connections, is of vast importance to the Southern Confederacy, and why so little attention has been paid to strengthening its defenses is to us a matter of astonishment.  The energetic efforts of the Government could soon place East Tennessee in such a condition that all the forces could not make a successful invasion. 


Here should be collected all our government stores and this should be made the great distributing point.  If we should then be able to regain full possession of Middle Tennessee and to occupy Kentucky, our fortifications would do not injury; but if we should be under the necessity of abandoning Middle Tennessee temporarily, we would then have the means of making a safe retreat. 


We have strong hopes that Middle Tennessee will never again be in the possession of the enemy, but it is well to prepare for adverse fortune before the danger becomes too imminent.


No one who is acquainted with the geographical position of East Tennessee but must see the great and pressing necessity of holding it against any and all odds.  If the proper steps are taken in time there will be but little difficulty in retaining possession of East Tennessee with only a small portion of our forces, whilst the others are engaged in operations elsewhere.


Common sense as well as military science teaches us that well planned fortifications are of great advantage in repelling superior forces of the enemy, and those who have been disposed to decry the advantages of fortifying and strengthening our positions, show alike ignorance and stupidity.


The enemy are superior to us in numbers and resources, and to counterbalance this we have to rely upon the justice of our cause, self-sacrificing spirit of our people, and the natural advantages of our position.  It always requires a much gr3ater force to invade than to defend a country.  Whilst, in our judgment, we have not now, and never did have, sufficient strength to carry on a war of invasion, we have always been able, if the proper steps had been taken in time, to have successfully resisted the invasion of the enemy.


We are satisfied that Tennessee was lost last 6 year by gross blunders, and that such was also the case as to New Orleans.  Had the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers been properly fortified early in the fall, we do not believe they would ever have been the position of the enemy, and had New Orleans been fortified and defended as Vicksburg was, it would not be in our hands.  Whose fault it was we cannot say, but that there were miserable blunders we presume no one will now deny.  Let us learn wisdom from the past, and whenever we take possession of any strong positions, so fortify them that we can hold them against any force of the enemy that may be brought against them.  By the use of proper means East Tennessee can be made the Gibraltar of the Southern Confederacy.  Will it be done?

Chattanooga Daily Rebel – October 28, 1862






The following named members of Tennessee Regiments and Companies who died in and around Richmond, Virginia, left effects, which the legal representatives can secure upon presentation of evidence to Captain Clarance Morse, Assistant Quarter Master, Richmond, Virginia.


M. B. Alton

S. Cornell

J. F. Downing

G. Gaskey

Robert Holmes

A. B. Jones

A. J. Loldy

J. T. Rogers

Lewis Recdon

J. H. Sanders

Rob’t V. Scarborough



Richmond, Virginia, December 20, 1861

Chattanooga Daily Rebel - February 12, 1863



Arrival of Tennessee Volunteers


A company of volunteers from Hamilton County, East Tennessee, under the command of Captain Staniford, and three companies from the West Tennessee, commanded by Captains, McCowen, Lowry and Kirkpatrick, the four mustering 380 men, arrived yesterday evening.


They came down on the steamer China.


Times-Picayune - July 16, 1846 




Lost Sword   


The Captain who took a sword from the Conductor, claiming it as his, on the arrival of the cars from Tallabama at this place on Saturday evening the 7th inst., will please return it to the Rebel Office, as it was mine.


The gentleman is an officer in the Army, and is known by sight to the Conductor.  If the sword is not returned, the proper steps will be taken to expose the officer.


WM. C. Gorman

Captain, 4th Florida Regiment


Chattanooga, Feb 11 - 2w



Chattanooga Daily Rebel - February 12, 1863







Sergeant York Welcomed Again   


Chattanooga Honors Tennessee War Hero


Will Go Home Today


Little Time Required to Secure Discharge at Fort Oglethorpe, Papers in Readiness



Chattanooga, May 20. -- Sergt Alvin C. York, Tennessee mountaineer and hero of the battle of the Argonne, who arrived her today en-route to Fort Oglethorpe received  his discharge from the Army tonight and will leave for his home at Pall Mall tomorrow morning.


Sergeant York arrived at the fort at 5 o'clock this afternoon and 30 minutes later had received his physical examination and discharge fromthe service, all the papers having been prepared in advance.


Sergeant York tonight wired Senator Kenneth D. Michellar asking him to introduce a bill authorizing the return to him of the pistol, No. 24038, with which he killed the Germans at the time of his Argonne exploit.


Sergeant York, after much coaxing, exhibited a pistol which he took from the German Major who he captured at that time.  York's own pistol was turned over to the army quartermaster at Reiz, France.  Sergeant York was made a honorary member of the Chattanooga Rotary Club today and was elected a delegate to the Salt Lake Convention by the Rotarians.


Sergeant York was met at the station here this morning by Brig. Gen. W. S. Scott, Commander at Fort Oglethorpe and a great concourse of citizens who escorted him to a local hotel and served him with luncheon. He was introduced to the guests by Mayor Littleton and made probably the longest address which he has delivered since his return from France.


"I certainly appreciate what Tennessee has done for me in welcoming me back home", said Sergeant York, "and I will go a little further and say I deeply appreciate what America has done for me in welcoming me back, and not only me but every boy who has gone to France.


There is not a boy any prouder to return than I, and we had a pretty tough time of it in Europe.  There is always to be the bitter with the sweet and we had our bitter parts there and we hope now the result from the bitter will be sweet.


"There has been no army in the world which did its work with so great a will as did out army.  America now has a chance to put itself at the top notch in the hearts of the people of the world and during this time we should not forget whose hand it was that was with us during it all.  America today is the only nation of the world that has a generation of young men, and I firmly believe it is the most Christian nation in the world.  The hand of God I believe, was certainly with us during this war.  We did not want money or fame in this war.  There was something higher and better than that.  The boys who gave their lives for our country had gone a great deal and we ought to be proud of them"


Later Sergeant York was a guest of the Rotary Club and was made an honorary member.  It is expected that he will be discharged from the Army at once and will return to his home at Pall Mall, Tennessee.


Detailing the fighting in which he gained undying fame, Sergeant York said:


"I was sitting down when the battle was going on.  I was not excited.  You know it things get hot a fellow shouldn't mind that.  You ought never to lose heart.  Just at the time you think you are about to surrender yourself the other fellows are ready to surrender.  The German came down the hill.  There were seven or eight of them in the first wave.  I didn't have time to count them but I began rapid firing.  I guess I got them because they all went down.  My men were on my left guarding the prisoners.  In the batch on the hillside I kept on hearing some one shooting.  I went after him and found the German Major had empted tow clips.  I would have shot him but he threw down his gun.  I made them all take off their belts and throw away their guns and packs where they stood.  I couldn't help but get tickled at them when they went marching off with me holding my forty-five.  The German Major, he got mad when he found out there were so few of us and said,"Oh".  in good English when he found out I was American.  He thought we were going to kill him."


"How was it you got seven or eight Germans in that 20 yard rush they made on you?" Sergeant York was asked.


'I was doing rapid fire shooting.  I can empty three clips at 20 yards before any one could get to me", he replied :


"No doubt you thought you would never see Pall Mall again," said the Associated Press representative.


"I didn't think any such thing.  I knew I would.  I knew I would when I went over to France.  If you keep God with you and trust and obey Him you will come out victorious," said the valiant soldier.



State - May 30, 1919






A Soldier's Home for Chattanooga   


Washington, December 17. --  Representative Evans of Tennessee, today introduced a bill for the location of a brave soldier's home adjourning, or within the limits of Chattanooga and Chickamauga Military Park.


Six hundred acres are to be set apart for the purpose, and $200,000 is appropriated for the necessary building.


Daily Journal and Journal and Tribune - December 16, 1890







Tennessee Union Soldiers   


The Memphis Commercial Appeal joins with Major Carnes in objecting to the expenditure of any part of the ten thousand dollars appropriated by the legislature at its last session for the erection of monuments to Tennessee Soldiers in Chickamauga in the erection of one to Tennessee Union Soldiers.  The objection is based upon the assertion that no Tennessee Union regiment participated in that battle, and further, that the monuments are to the "valor" of Tennessee soldiers, living as well as dead.


Passing over the question of motive prompting these objections.  The Journal will make a brief statement in the interest of, accurate history, and in justice to the Union Soldiers who were at Chickamauga.


The First Tennessee Cavalry was actually engaged, near Crawfish Springs and had a number of men wounded.  


The Second Tennessee Cavalry was also on duty in that vicinity and faithfully did the duty to which it was assigned.


Not having the reports before us we are not able to give in detail the actual service of these two regiments.


But what we state here in reference to the three infantry regiments, that were at Chickamauga is stated upon actual observation.  They were the third, fifth and sixth regiments, and the brigade which was a part of R. S. Grainger's division of Gordon Granger's Corps was commanded by General James G. Spears.  They stated on the morning of the 20th of September, the second day of the fight from a point between the mouth of Battle Creek and Chattanooga, at 2:30 o'clock in the morning and making a rapid, hard march over a rough road arrived at Chattanooga about three o'clock in the afternoon,while the battle was still raging.  They were started immediately to the front but night coming on the brigade, was halted and ordered back a short distance where it bivouacked until morning.


Monday was a day of readjustment of lines.  Tuesday morning the Tennessee brigade was at the front, with orders to dispute the approach of enemy and if necessary to fall back on Lookout Mountain.  The enemy came and a sharp skirmish began winch was kept up all ay and the next day, the Tennesseeans still holding their lines along the south slope of Lookout Mountain, running on the right to the summit.  


The regiment commanded by Colonel William Cross, the Third Infantry, was on the extreme right where he was called upon to surrender but refused.  The Tennesseeans remained there until ordered by General Rosecrans to vacate.  And while the engagement of these two days did not rise to the dignity of a battle, a goodly number of men were killed and wounded."


While the Confederate Troops were thus held in check time was given to the commander of the union forces to strengthen his lines with rifle-pits and fortifications, which enabled him to hold Bragg back, and to hold Chattanooga.  


The test of valor of the Union Soldiers from Tennessee did not rest upon that engagement; it was abundantly sustained upon a hundred field and is beyond impeachment.


No call of soldiers from anywhere made a more honorable record.



Daily Journal and Journal and Tribune - October 19, 1895






State National Guard   



Thousand Soldiers Wanted for the Chickamauga Dedication


Chattanooga wants one hundred members of the Tennessee National Guards in attendance at the opening of the Chickamauga Park, but General Sykes, who was in the city yesterday expressed grave doubts if he could get them there.


A joint senate resolution was passed by the legislature appropriating four thousand dollars which would have enabled General Sykes to carry out his request from Chattanooga an the governor signed the resolution but the legislature at the last moment declined to put the item of $4,000 in the appropriations bill.


The general says that he can scrape together about an even $1,000 for expenses and can procure  free transportation over roads except the Southern.


That part he leaves with the Chattanooga people to arrange.   He says he an take about 150 troops out of Knoxville and the balance of the state will fur 800.


They should be there for a day or two at least and participate in the ceremonies.




Daily Journal and Journal and Tribune - August 16, 1895 







Throngs of Old Soldiers Flock to the Historical Battle Ground

An Unparalled Event 

The Field Where Battle Raged for Five Consecutive Days 

They Are to Be Restored To As Nearly as Possible Their Condition at the Time of the Battle

Chattanooga, Tennessee, September 15. --  Under the guiding hand of the Secretary of War, acting under the authority of Congress.  Chattanooga and the notable battlefields surrounding it have been prepared for a national event without parallel.


Treat throngs of veterans who fought against each other are crowing into the city to take equal part, under national enactment, in the dedication of fields which their prowess made memorable, as a National Military Park, wherein the movements and the achievements of each side have received impartial attention.


Nearly every surviving general of the two armies has sent notice of his intention to attend.  The governor of every state which had troops in the action here responded favorable to the Secretary's invitation.  In a few cases the governors themselves will be prevented from attending, but their states will be officially represented.  A joint committee of 20 senators and 30 members of the house will represent Congress.


The Society of the Army of the Cumberland, the Army of Tennessee, the G.A.R., and the Association of Confederate Veterans will be present in unusual numbers.  This concourse of people is to be increased by a gathering of an army of visitors, already known to be so great that it will tax the capacity of the railroads entering here and the city to their utmost capacity.


The park with its approaches embraces or overlooks the field of five  days of general battle between great armies and three days of minor engagements, namely, Chickamauga, Orchard Knob, Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, Brown's Ferry and Wauhatchie.


The plan of the park to restore the trials as nearly as possible to their condition at the time of the battle, to ----new roads, and reopen and improve those used in the battles and over which the armies moved to and from the fields.  The design is to mark with historical accuracy the identical ground of engagements which occurred on these fields and thus present an exact lesson in actual war, such as not other nation has attempted.


Besides the historical tablets which are prepared by the government, the states are erecting monuments to track the position of their troops.  Minnesota has five monuments to her two organizations and two of those are the most costly of any yet erected.  

Duluth News Tribune - September 16, 1895



Chattanooga Will Spend $75,000 On Confederate Reunion   

Chattanooga, Tennessee, April 17--The people of the entire South quite naturally have more than a passing interest in a city that undertakes to entertain a reunion of the Confederate Veterans.

Chattanooga had the hone of entertaining the first reunion of the confederate veterans' association.  That was in 1890, 23

The population of Chattanooga in 1890 was less than 30,000.  The community was just recovering from the effects of a disastours boom which left financial ruin in its wake to hundreds of its best citizens.  They were the men who had been depended on to do most of the financing that such a meeting as a reunion entails.  By the hardest work, and most persistent canvassing the committee raised $7,600 to entertain the first reunion.  It will be of interest to Confederate veterans and the sons of veterans to know that the first reunion was held or a cash outlay of $7,600.

Captain J. F. Shipp, of this city, was chairman of the first Confederate reunion committee.  He is now an active member of the reunion executive committee that is making preparations to entertain the veterans May 27-29 in Chattanooga.  Judge McKenny Barton, now a member of the Memphis bar association, formerly a judge on the Tennessee Civil Court of Appeals Bench, was secretary and treasurer of the first reunion committee.  His final report shows that he had some $300 left, but part of the fund was in notes.

Chattanooga will spend in the neighborhood of $75,000 entertaining the reunion in May.  That is ten time as much as was spent on the first reunion, but CVhattanooga of the present is more able and ready to advance that sum for the cause than the Chattanooga of 1890 was abalt ot advance $7,600.  In other words the Chattanooga of today has ten times the finincial resources of the Chattanooga of 1890.

The capital invested in the manufacturing business in Chattanooga at present is more than $50,000,000.  Local factories of all kinds employ 15,000 people.  The value of manufactured products is $65,000,000 per annum.  More than 700 different articles are made in these plants.  They sell all over the world.

The population of Chattanooga and suburbs under the directory censes of last January was 200,296.  The multiple of 214 was used by the directory makers in reaching the total population.

Chattanooga, while a manufacturing city, is also a city of palatial homes, handsome residences and modern cottages.  There is an air of thrift along all of the streets.  Handsome churches are numerous, all denominations having costly houses of worship.  The educational advantages of this city are good.  The University of Chattanooga, a number of private schools and the best public school system in Tennessee form a combination that has been pronounced by competent educators as among the best in the southern states.

April 19, 1913
Jonesboro Daily Tribune (Jonesboro, AR) page: 4