Hardeman County was founded in 1823. It was named in honor
of Thomas Jones Hardeman. He was Captain during the War of 1812; colonel of Tennessee Militia in the fighting before
New Orleans, quartermaster of Jackson's Natchez Expedition in 1812. He served as one of the commissioners who established
Bolivar in 1825. Upon moving to Texas in 1830, he was prominent in the fight for independence and would later become
a member of the Congress of Texas.
The eastern and central portions of the county arc broken
and somewhat hilly. The western portion is generally level.
The soil in the western half is an argillacious loam, while the
prevailing character in the east is a sandy loam. Bolivar is the
county seat, and has a population of-. Other towns in the
county are Toons, Middleburg, Hickory Valley, Grand Junction, Saulebury, U Bet, Middleton, Pocahontas, Crainsville, New
Castle, Whiteville, Cedar Chapel and Cloverport. Hatchie
River runs through the county, and affords steamboat navigation to Bolivar. The county is well watered with numerous
creeks, among which Pincy, Porter's Creek, Pleasant Run and
Spring Creek afford good water power. Timber is abundant, consisting of oak, hickory, ash, pine gum, walnut, cypress, poplar, etc. The principal agricultural products arc corn, wheat, oats, hay, cotton, Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes, sorghum and rye. There is a woolen mill near Bolivar, with a capital of 87,500, employing tea hands.
The principal religious denominations are Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Baptists and Christians. County tax, 20 cents per $100; school tax, 10 cents; road
tax, 5 cents. Railroads: The Chicago, St. Louis and New Orleans Railroad passes through the county.