Henderson Co TN

The Civil War

Tennessee Trails

The C i v i l   W a r
Those who served from Henderson County TN

Combinded information came from excerpts from the Gordon Turner book of Scotts Hill,
Brandon K. McPeake and Christine Walters.

ADAMS, Archibald G. (23 Mar 1835 - 02 Jan 1864) U.S.A. Co A 7th TN Cavalry.
Buried at Coffman Cemetery

ALEXANDER, John Wiley, Sgt. (1837 - 1916) -
C.S.A. Company D 27th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Oak Grove (Lexington) Cemetery.

ANDERSON, Benjamin B. -
C.S.A. Company I 27th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Anderson Cemetery.

C.S.A. Company I 27th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Anderson Cemetery.

ANDERSON, John D. (1848 - 1943) -
C.S.A. Company I 19th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Nebo Cemetery.

ANDERSON, John William (1826 - 1876) -
C.S.A. Company I 25th Tenn Infantry. Buried at George Anderson Cemetery

AUSTIN, Alfred C. -
U.S.A. Pvt. 7th Mo. Cav. Son of Charles; family had moved to Missouri just before the war.

AUSTIN, Allen -
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. D 27th Inf. Son of Jeremiah ("Jerry') and Matilda Hart Austin; nephew of Charles, first settler.

AUSTIN, Calvin F. - C.S.A. Pvt. Co. K 11th Inf.

AUSTIN, Calvin Preston ("Uncle Press");
Outfit unidentified. Son of Alfred C.

AUSTIN, Calvin W. - C.S.A. Pvt. Co. D 37th Inf.

AUSTIN, Ephraim Henry
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. H. 21 st Cav. Oldest son of Charles. His son, John J. had already joined Gen. Forrest1 s troops. When Yankees destroyed materials for his residence and watermill, he enlisted at Center Point on May 1,1864 "to fight with my son and help lick them d... Yankees!" Parolled at war's end at Jackson in June 1865. Biography

AUSTIN, Francis Marion - C.S.A. Pvt, Co. K 4th Cav. Son of Charles.

AUSTIN, George Washington - C.S.A. Pvt. Co. K 11th Inf. Son of Charles.

AUSTIN, George
C.S.A. Cpl. Co. H 49th Inf. Had moved here just before war. Became god-father of Beulah Austin (Mrs. Ernest) Jones who lives here now.


AUSTIN, John James
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. F 9th and 19th Cav. Son of Ephraim H. above. Enlisted Sept. 22, 1862 at Leatherwood in Gen. Forrest's cavalry. Forrest fought on for several days after Gen. Lee surrendered to Gen. Grant on Apr. 9,1865atAppomatox, Va. "JohnJ." was captured possibly along with his father on May 4, 1865 at Citronville, Ala. but was parolled less than a week later at the place where Gen. Forrest surrendered - Gainesville, Ala. Buried at Scotts Hill Methodist Cemetery (1845-1917)

BAGBY, James L., Sgt. (1839 - 1922) -
Company E 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Grandshire Holmes Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake
U.S.A. Sgt. Co. E 6th Cav. Enlisted Sept. 18, 1862. Discharged at Pulaski, Tenn. July 26, 1865. Reared a large family here. He married Martha Rushing and a daughter, Stella, became the wife of our Dr. W. B. Keeton after his first wife died.

BAKER, William -
C.S.A. Company E 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Palestine Cemetery, Benton County.

BARRET, David F. (1836 - 1901) -
Company G 5th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Mt. Moriah Cemetery.

BATEMAN, John J. -
Company K 2nd Tenn MTD Infantry. Buried at Mt. Comfort Cemetery.

BEACHAM, George Washington (1836-1901)
Enlisted in Company A, Eighth Tennessee Infantry; was engaged in the battles of Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Atlanta and Nashville, also in several other skirmishes. At the battle of Murfreesboro he was wounded in the thigh by a ball and disabled for six months. He served until the surrender.   Biography

BIRD, Thomas P.
(1815-1910) was from the Shady Hill area of Henderson County, Tennessee. He was a Corporal in Company F, Brown’s 55th Tennessee Infantry of the Confederate States of America. He was given a medical discharge in October 1862. He was captured on Island #10 in the Mississippi River and was a prisoner of war until his exchange in Meridian, Mississippi. His three brothers and two sons served in the CSA, and they died by 1864. He died of old age at 95 and is buried in the cemetery at New Hope Methodist Church in the Shady Hill Community of Henderson County on land that he donated to the church. (Contributed by Kathy Williams)

BLANKENSHIP, Caleb Franklin
Served with the Union Forces and was a Private, in Co. C, 7th Tenn. Calvary. He enlisted in Lexington, TN Aug. 18, 1862 for 3 years and mustered at Jackson, TN on Aug 28 1862, age 30. He was 5'6" tall, fair complexion, blue eyes, light hair, born in Henderson Co., and a farmer. He was captured after the Battle of Lexington (Trenton) and paroled by Forrest. Spent the time waiting for exchange at Camp Chase, Ohio. Was captured again in June of 1863 and taken to prison in Richmond, VA. Exchanged again. He was not captured with the regiment at Union City in March 1864. He developed an inflammation of the brain, however, was in the hospital in Paducah, KY. He was first buried in Jeffersonville Indiana, Section # 3, grave # 433. He later was moved to The National Cemetery at New Albany, Indiana, Section B, grave # 686. In the 1890 vets census, Eliz is his widow living in the 15th Civil District. (Source: Vicki - Rootsweb World Connect)

BOREN, Lawson B.

BREWER, Patrick B. -
Company D 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Blunt Cemetery.

BRIGANCE, John Dixon ("Jack");
C.S.A. Pvt. 55th Inf. Captured Feb. 18, 1865. In very poor health, he spent time in three Nashville hospitals, in one of which he died Aug. 20,1865. He was likely buried in the Confederate Circle of old Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Nashville.

BRIGANCE, Dr. William L;
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. 7 55th Inf. Organized at Columbus, Ky., Sept. 26, 1862. Surrendered at Island No. 10 (I n Miss, river below Cairo) Apr. 8,1862. This may or may not be our Dr. William L. Brigance who was also our first postmaster. Military records do not show him as a physician but the initials are the same and our physician/postmaster graduated with an M.D. degree from the University of Louisville in 1855. If this was one and the same man, no further record of him or his family has been found since his outfit's surrender.

C.S.A. Company C 20th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Mt. Comfort Cemetery.

U.S.A. Company A 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Evans Cemetery.

BUTLER, Henry H.
Company B 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Oak Grove Cemetery

CAGLE, Henry O.
Company E 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Laster Cemetery.

CARLISLE, Eli; C.S.A. Pvt. Co. B 15th III Cav.

CAUDEL, Absolom W.;
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. D 27th Inf. Son of Absolom and Mary Hainey (Haney) Caudel. Grandfather was also named Absolom who married Elizabeth Maness. The fathers of Absolom and Mary were both Revolutionary War soldiers. Absolom and Mary had 6 children in Anson Co., North Carolina when the 1830 census was taken. They left for Tennessee in 1832 but lived in Coffee Co. before coming here. They settled in what was then Henderson county, later Decatur county. Absolom and Mary reared 12 of their 13 children to maturity. Four sons served in the Confederate forces - Absolom W. and the three brothers next, below. The Caudels intermarried much with other people here but in later years many of them moved mostly to Dyer and Obion counties. The name Caudel was used in early days but has been changed largely to Cordle now

CARVER, Henry M. (1843 - 1861) -
C.S.A. Company I 13th Tenn. Buried at Middlefork Cemetery. Son of S. R. & F. P. Carver. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

CARY, Thomas (1825 - 1914) -
U.S.A. Company E 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Greener Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

CAUDEL, Jesse B;
C.S.A. Sgt. Co. D 27th Inf. See above.

CAUDEL, Malakiah K.;
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. A 47th Inf. Killed at the battle of Shiloh.

CAUDEL, William A ("Bill");
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. G 14th Inf See above

CAVENESS, W. H., Com. Sgt. -
Company C 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Independence Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

CHUMNEY, Beverly R. ("Bev"); U.S.A. Pvt. Co. C 7th Cav.

CLENNEY, Benjamin H.; C.S.A. Pvt. Co. F 19th Cav.

COGDELL, Daniel, Pvt. (1847 - 1863) -
C.S.A. 9th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Cogdell Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

COGDELL, William H. (1840 - 1862) -
C.S.A. Company A 27th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Cogdell Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

DAVENPORT, Isaac Noah -
U.S.A. Pvt. Co. C7thCay. A son of Stephen Davenport, they were thought to be from the famous Davenport family of South Carolina and Georgia, He married first Eliza Ann Holmes, daughter of Ralph and Sally Ann Scott Holmes. Captured atJJnipn City in early 1864 by Gen. Forrest's men, he was imprisoned at Andersonville. His own handwritten description of his war record including the prison life and the sinking of the ill-fated :Sultana. steamboat on which he was a passenger, appears elsewhere in this book. He personally witnessed the bursting out of the spring of freestone water within Andersonville's walls just when hundreds of men were famishing for water. Back home after the war here, he reared a big and respected family and talked much of his most unusual experiences during the war. After Eliza Ann died he married Margaret Austin Maness, widow of J. Frank Maness.
A Yankee of Yankees. Captured by Gen. Forrest, he survived Andersonville and teh steamboat Sultana's catastrophic explosion, burning and sinking (1500-plus lost), to return here and rear a big family. Buried at Grandshire Holmes Cemetery.

DEVORE, John R.;
C.S.A. Pvt Co. BlOthCav. He was the first husband of Harriet Scott, daughter of Wiley Scott. He was never heard of again after leaving for service.

DAVIS, B. H. -
Company K 2nd Tenn MTD Infantry. Buried at Blunt Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

DEER, Juhue (?? - 1863) -
U.S.A. Company M 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at New Hope Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

DENISON, Levi H. (?? - 1864) -
U.S.A. Company A 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Florence SC, Union Church. Son of R. R. & N. D. Denison - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

DODD, John C. -
U.S.A. Company D 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Dodd Cemetery, Henderson County. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

DODD, Stanley H. -
U.S.A. Company G 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Dodd Cemetery, Decatur County. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

DOUGLAS, William A.   Civil War Questionaire 1900

DUCK, Charles R.;
C.S.A. No official identification found. Was a son of Jonathan and Basheby (Bathsheba) Woodward Duck, first settlers. He may have served with Gen. Forrest since family records state that he was discharged at war's end at or near Mobile and walked all the way home. He built a rather pretentious log house some two miles south-west of present Scotts Hill in the Fellowship community. The house, erected about 1840, stood and was used by descendents until dismantled in the early 1960's. Chas. R. first married a McClanahan and they had four children. When they separated he took a son and daughter and his wife took a son and daughter. Known as "Charlie" to neighbors, he later married Melinda Jane Maness, daughter of Jacob and Hulda Austin Maness. Hulda was the oldest of Charles Austin's 12 children. Charlie and. Melinda reared 8 sons and one daughter whose descendents live all around us now and as far away as Texas, Florida, etc. Charlie served as a Magistrate for many years and did so many weddings that he became known as "The Marrying Squire" (of Henderson Co.). Incidentally, he walked 11/2 ( miles on Aug. 18, 1877 to perform the ceremony for my parents, Jonathan Sampson and Mary Frances Austin Turner.

DUKE, G. B. -
U.S.A. Company C 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Duke's Chapel Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

DUCK, James Wright
No official record found of his service. Family notes indicate that when he left for service he told family members Goodbye. This was for sure, as he was never heard of again. He was the son of John S. Duck and the father of several children including Frank and Pleasant ("Dock").

DYER, William Winship ("Winch");
U.S.A. Pvt. Co. K 7th Cav. Family records say he became a Captain but official records show him only as a Private. He was captured and imprisoned at Andersonville. Back home here, he reared a family, one son being Joe Henry Dyer.

EASON, Robt. W.
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. E 51st Inf. Walked to Henderson to enlist where outfit was being formed. Returned to rear a family here. Did some rafting of logs down the Tennessee, Ohio and Mississippi rivers with our late Jim Kennedy. A grandson, Dr. J. L. Eason, is now a prominent Memphis dentist.

ESSARY, William P. -
U.S.A. Company A 110th Ill. Infantry. Buried at Union Church Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

EVANS, John -
Company K 2nd Tenn MTD Infantry. Buried at Mt. Comfort Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

EVANS, Solomon Peter (1846 - 1916) -
C.S.A. Company C 26th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Mt. Ararat Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

FANNING, Alfred;
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. G Newsom's Cav. Married Sarah Orr and after she died, her sister. Reared a large family all of whom later moved away from here except himself and his wife. John H. and Will C. were twins and became top travelling salesmen in anybody's book. From their Lexington homes (John later lived in Jackson), they "made" railroad towns in the hey-day of passenger trains, by catching an early train together and riding north to Beuna Vista. They quickly sold the few merchants there and had time to walk back south to Yuma (two or three miles and finish up there in time to catch the first train south and ride it back through Lexington and on to Beech Bluff. When done at Beech Bluff, they walked back to Huron to see merchants there in time to catch the next train north. They would ride it back through Lexington and on through to Wildersville. There they would " work" stores and walk back to Timberlake in time to finish the one store there and then catch the last train back home to Lexington. What a day! But this was done for years. These "Fanning Boys" made off-railroad towns and merchants usually in a two-horse buggy. Successful, they were always smiling and popular. John sold mostly coffees (Maxwell House) and teas; Will sold groceries and in later years was a top wholesale house official. John's wife was the former LeOra ("Ora") Austin here; Will's was the former Cora Davenport, daughter of "Unkle Ike" of Civil Ware fame. Innes Fanning of Lexington, a grandson of both Fanning and Davenport, is presently one of the nation's best gunsmiths in Lexington, after a professional career as "Rip" Fanning in automobile racing and as both player, official and scout in professional baseball. We used to say here tfiat with the blood of both Alf Fanning and Ike Davenport in him, Innes could do almost anything. He almost did! I slept with him in the Will Fanning home for four years while a student in high school there; I know! Great friend; great fellow....Another son of the Fannings was Woodward, a long-time railroader and Edgar, top bandsman here who went to Gleason as a young man to organize a band and remained to become a banker for more than a half century! Their brother, Walter G. was a playmate-neighbor of mine when we were boys. The only Fanning daughters who lived were Lillian who married Sanford Jones and Eliza­beth whose husband was Albert L. Goff.

FESMIRE, John Wesley (1843 - 1892) -
C.S.A. Company H 27th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Prospect (Black Bottom) Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

FISHER, A. W. (1836 - 1913) -
C.S.A. Company A 51st Tenn Infantry. Buried at Mt. Ararat Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

FERGUSON, James P. (1844 - 1936) -
U.S.A. 6th & 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at New Hope Cemetery.

FLANAGAN, Bryant 5 Sep 1834 Russell Co KY - 7 Apr 1862 Battle of Shiloh. Married to Phoebe Myers Ruth. Married 14 Oct. 1855 at Hartford, Putnam MO. Son of Rev. John and Ruth (Tripplett) Flanagan

GARDNER, Nathan Andrew, Sr. (1836 - 1917) -
"C.S.A. Lieutenant" Buried at Independence Cemetery.

GARNER, Henry (1855 - 1906) -
U.S.A. Company A 1st Tenn Volunteers. Buried at Oak Grove (Lexington) Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

GILBERT, Thomas Jefferson -
U.S.A. Company K & C 7th Tenn Cavalry & Company F 46th Ohio Infantry. Buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery. The reader will carefully note, was a prized target for "That Devil, Nathan B. Forrest" who captured so many of its men and sent them to the dreaded Andersonville prison. This was true for Gilbert too, who was disabled when he was released after the war's end, on June 1,1865. He reared his family here. John Gilbert was a country fiddler of state-wide note and seemed to have transmitted his musical blood to many descendents (read that story elsewhere in this book). Tom Albert ("Tom Abb") Gilbert, another son of the Yankee soldier, became a doctor and after practicing here a short time, moved to Arkansas. His daughter, Beulah Gilbert (Mrs. Curtis) McKenzie, lives here now.

GOFF, Elias
U.S.A. Pvt. Co. K 7th Cav. Captured also by Gen. Forrest's troops and sent to Andersonville prison. Was so starved when released at war's end that after being fed a big meal not far from the prison as he started home, he became violently ill and died. He was buried there - the family back here never knew exactly where. He might have been interred in the national cemetery at Andersonville. Some grandchildren are yet living including C.F, Goff, a well-known postal retiree in Lexington. Incidentally, C.F.'s other grandfather, Jesse R. Scott was also imprisoned at Andersonville. He lived to get back home here and rear a large family.

GOFF, Joseph ("Joe")
U.S.A. No further identification but family records report his service. Grandchildren, Hubert Goff and Mrs. Hazel Goff Galek here have positive records of his service. He returned from service to rear a family around Saltillo. Mrs. Galek recalls attending his funeral as a girl and being impressed with a U.S. flag on the casket.

GOWER, George Washington (1834 - 1912) -
U.S.A. Company K 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Caraway Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

GURLEY, Isham (1844 - 1910) -
Company H 2nd Miss Cavalry. Buried at Doe Creek Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

GURLEY, Samuel C.
C.S.A. Co. D, 37th Inf. After fighting at Shiloh and Corinth , the Rebels were retreating south to fight again atBrice's Cross Roads. Sam made it that far fine but was killed in a skirmish near Harrisburg, Miss. and was buried there. Before leaving for service, he had married Barbara Lipe. Their one son Samuel C. Jr. ( who lost an arm in a sawmill accident ) was a well-known and respected Decatur Countian and served as County Court Clerk. Among descendents is Jean Kennedy (Mrs.J.W. Cordle). (History of Scotts Hill - Gordan Turner).

HAM, Monroe -
Company G 5th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Sardis Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

HANNA, James, Capt. -
C.S.A. Company H 55th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Sardis Cemetery. He was listed as a deserter, Fought in the battle of Shiloh. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

HART, Absalom -
U.S.A. Company C 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery.

HAWKINS, Newton C., Sgt. (1837 - 1864) -
Company C 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Sardis Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

HAYS, Henry, Corp. -
U.S.A. Company A 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Hayes Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

HAYS, John Crockett - Died at Andersonville Prison
"His Uncle and commander of Company C, Captain Asa N. Hays designsted him Corporal of the Company. He served his Commanding Officer very well. Crockett's father-in-law Mark Renfroe was the Comapany's 2nd Lieutenant. After Colonel Hawkins surrendered a large portion of the 7th Regiment at Union City, the troops were marched to Andersonville Prison in southern Georgia. They had not been there but a few days when Crockett took pneumonia. They transferred him over to the so-called hospital on April 30, the day after his brother Jackson had died in the hospital. It had become a fearful thing to be put in the hospital. No one ever returned. But Crockett defied the general rule. By 10 May he had recovered sufficiently to return to the compound. But the lack of decemt food and the exposure to all the elements, destroyed the already weakened body. Crockett was admitted back into the hospital on 22 July, 1864 with diarrhea and anasarca (dropsy). he died later in the day. They buried him in the prison graveyard. His grave number is 3807." (Family History of the Hays Brothers)
From the website of Brenda Hodges - Rootsweb World Connect

HEATH, Chaple -
Company B 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Union Hill Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

HEMBY, Thomas A., Pvt. (1826 - 1910) -
Company G 1st Ala Vols. Buried at Old Bethel Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

HERNDON, William C., Pvt. (1838 - 1905) -
C.S.A. 38th Ark. Infantry. Buried at Union Church Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

HODGIN, David M. (1829 - 1877) -
Company H 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Mt. Moriah Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

C.S.A. Pvt. Co. C 30th Inf. Father of Mrs. Wiley Ephraim ("Coot") Scott and related to the Durbins of this place. Asa had a brother in the Confederate service but no details are available.

HOLMES, Miles F.
22 October 1843 - 30 September 1909 the son of Thomas Theophilus and Lucinda (Littles) Holmes.

INGRAM, Parker (1844 - 1911) -
U.S.A. Company A 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at McCall Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

JOHNSON, George -
Company C 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Spring Hill Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

JOHNSON, Henry M. -
Company G 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Spring Hill Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

JOHNSON, Lewis L. (1818 - 1880) -
C.S.A. Company E 55th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Doe Creek Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

JOHNSTON, Dr. William D. -
C.S.A. No official identification available. Reports indicate that he served as a doctor; other reports indicate that he may have served on his own without official enlistment. Mrs. A.H. Taylor whose family lived near his in the Dunbar area, thinks he was a regularly enlisted soldier-physician. Anyway, he died during the war near Clifton from either a wound or dysentery. He had married Sarah Frances White and his body was brought back to White Cemetery near Dunbar for burial. An impressive monument marks the grave. A son, Dr. C.H. Johnston (known as "Kit" to many) practiced in his home area for a short time; then in the Shady Hill Community during which he made some calls in and around Scotts Hill. He then moved to practice in Lexington until his death. Known as a very good doctor, Dr. "Kit" never married but among his brothers were: Gus J., Epp and W.D. ("Billy") Jr. Some of us remember Dr. Kit's love for his widowed mother and his passing through Scotts Hill on horseback nearly every weekend to visit her in the old home not far from Dunbar.

JONES, Henry T;
U.S.A. Pvt. Co. D 7th Cav. Son of Archibald ("Arch") and Rachel Austin Jones. Parents were of pioneer stock - among our very earliest settlers. Gen. Forrest had his eyes on Henry also, captured him and sent him to Andersonville prison and his death there.

KELLEY, James L.
U.S.A. Pvt. Co. 9th Cav. Not identified as to family. Captured, imprisoned at Andersonville and died there.

Company F 2nd Me Infantry. Buried at Bradford Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

U.S.A. Co. C 6th Cav. From this area but not further identified. As a union soldier he certainly was not one of the four Kennedy brothers below who were such staunch Confederates. <
(Excerpt from Gorder Turners History of Scotts Hill) - As a Union soldier he certainly was not one of the four Kennedy brothers below who were such staunch Confederates. KENNEDY, James David; C.S.A. Pvt. Not otherwise identified. Son of Robert and Cynthia Eason Kennedy. One of four brothers who fought for the Confederacy. When he returned after the war, feelings were still high. He and a brother-in-law, Bill Nails (alsoa Rebel soldier) got into a fight with some Guerillas some 6 miles south-west of Scotts Hill and were getting the best of it. But fortunes turned and both Kennedy and Nails were brutally beaten to death. Kennedy's father foundthemand his son's brains had been beaten out. He secured help, gathered his son's brains into a hat the best he could and both bodies were hauled in an ox-wagon to a corner of the Kennedy farm up on the hill which was donated for a community graveyard, later to be known as The Doe Creek Cemetery. The brothers-in-law were the first interments there - the start of the graveyard and the graves (near the center of the cemetery on the west side) were marked only by sandstones. Incidentally, as this volume is nearing completion, plans are underway to provide and erect better markers for these two victims. A brighter note: Robert Kennedy gave adjoining land later for the (log) church house and snaked the fine poplar logs from nearby woods with which he and neighbors "raised" the (Baptist) church. Our late Jim Kennedy, grandson of Robert, who died at age 97, recalled that the names of the fine oxen which "snaked" the logs for the church were Broad and Darb. The oxen were so strong that their owner humorously remarked that "Broad and Darb could pull the bend out of a creek!" Still standing but no longer in use, the old log house served also as a school house for many years. The late Elmer Duck was one of the last teachers, and finished up 30-odd years in the little house.
Tragic Deaths of James Kennedy and William Nails

KENNEDY, Joseph S. (1837 - 1922) -
C.S.A. Company K 19th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Old Bethel Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

KENNEDY, Samuel C.
C.S. A. Co D 37th Inf. After fighting at Shiloh and Corinth, the Rebels were retreating south to fight again at Brice's Cross Roads. d Sam made it that far fine, but was killed in a skirmish near Harrisburg Miss. and was buried there. Before leaving for service, he had married Barbara Lipe. Their one son, Samuel C. Jr. (who lost an arm in a sawmill accident) was a well- known and respected Decatur Countain and served as County Court Clerk. Among descendants is Jean Kennedy (Mrs. J.W. Cordle. (Excerpt from Gorder Turners History of Scotts Hill)

KENNEDY, Shadrach Hugh
("Shade"); C.S.A. Co. H, 21st Cav. (Wilson's); son of Robert & Cynthia (Eason) Kennedy. Fought through out the war except he missed Shiloh having gone home on a short leave. He received a slight wound in one heel. He married Martha Caudel and they reared a big family here. Shadrach was a Private, 2nd and 3rd Lieutenant during the war. (History of Scotts Hill by Gordan Turner)
Another Account: )...gunshot wound in leg and horse being shot from under him fell on him...1864 at Spring Hill near Franklin, Tenn...the day before the battle of Franklin. He was left wounded on the ground by (command) which was on Hood's raid to Nashville. Finally reached home in January in 1865 and was not able for Army service no more till the surrender and that the enemy was all the time between him and his command.
(Gorder Turner History) - Fought throughout the war except he missed Shiloh, having gone home on a short leave. He received a slight wound in one heel. He married Martha Caudel and they reared a big family here.

KENNEDY, William G.
C.S.A. Co. H 31st Inf. Son of Robert & Cynthia (Eason) Kennedy. One report is that he was left for dead on the Franklin battlefield but was revived and back in service again soon. Another report was that he was captured when sent out from Franklin on a foraging mission. Anyway, he returned here after the war to his wife, Suzanna Austin Kennedy.

KIZER, Nicholos (1844 - 1927) -
C.S.A. Company D 27th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Old Beech River Cemetery.

U.S.A. Pvt. Co. C 13th Cav. Ben and the next three Lancasters were brothers, sons of Col. David and Parmela Davisdon Lancaster of the Dunbar community. They descended from Benjamin Lancaster who, with some brothers, came from England to settle in North Carolina and Virginia in Colonial days. Several Lancasters including Col. David, moved to Williamson and Hickman counties (Tenn.) and from there Col. David came on to settle in what is now Decatur county. Reports are that three sons including Ben. M., were strong Union sympathizers and that three were just as loyal to the Confederacy. At least four of them, listed here, were known to have been in the Civil War. No official record or family notes make certain of the other two brothers. These Lancasters were prominent and influential citizens. It is thought that Lancaster, Penn., was named for some of this line who lived there for a time. History indicates also that these Lancasters were of the House of Lancaster who fought the ' 'War of Roses" back in England with the House of York.

LANCASTER, H.L.A. ("Harvey") C.S.A. 2nd Lieut. Co. H. 21st Cav.

U.S.A. 1 st Lieut. Co. G 6th Cav. Returned here after the war to rear a family. Two sons were William ("Bill") and Achilles ("Ack") who, after teaching school, completed their law training and became well-known and successful attorneys in Lexington.

LANCASTER, James David;
C.S.A. Co. I 50th Inf. See above. Further note: Some Lancasters moved on west as far as California during the next half-centurv. Another son of Col. Jonathan Duck). This sen was too young of course for the war. But he literally "taught his way" through the University of Tenn., medical school located in Memphis at the time (later moved to Nashville and then back to Memphis.)

MANESS, Thomas F. ("Tommy")
C.S.A. No further identification. Returned here to rear a family. A grandson, John Maness, now of Jackson, is well known here. Another grandson, Jess, now a retired T.V.A. employee of Sheffield, Ala., constructed a small airplane in nearby Decaturville in the 1930's that was the talk of the town! Improvised from materials at hand and obtainable locally, the engine was that of a Model A Ford. The machine flew perfectly; though Jess hit a few stumps in landing on farmlands, he did all repairs and soon had it flying again. When his machine was heard coming, during school, some boy would start yelling, "Jess Maness; Jess ManessS" and despite efforts to hold them in class, almost the whole school would rush out to see Jess pass over (I know, I was Principal). Jess would do a little stunting for us but when we saw steam coming from the engine radiator, we knew he would soon come down. Some government official was called in to put a stop to Jess and his flying machine. But Jess out-talked him! The man asked permission to fly it and after quite a little flight, landed to pronounce the machine the smoothest-flying he had ever tried out. Jess Kept flying!

McBRIDE, Isaac R., Sergt. (1832 - 1914) -
Company G 10th Tenn Infantry. Buried at McBride Cemetery.

McBRIDE, Thomas G., Corp. (?? - 1914) -
Company G 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at McBride Cemetery.

C.S.A. Co. E 27th Inf. One of the earlist McClananans to come here, he was the son of James and Amelia McClanahan. He built a rather pretentious brick residence some 6 miles east of Scotts Hill, the first brick edifice anywhere around. After his war service he and his wife Melinda reared their family in the solid-wall brick house (remodelled but still occupied). Among descendents well known here were: Ben F. who married Addle Swift, and whose children were Verna Mae and Gertie; Mrs. Ella McClananan Mitchell; Mrs. Mintie McClanahan (George) Swift; Upton ("Up"); and James A. ("Jim") who married Ida Haney and whose children were Ray (married Johnnie Barton; Mrs. Madge McClanahan Austin; and Laura McClanahan (Mrs. James W.) Patterson.

McCOLLULM, Dan U., Capt. (1841 - 1873) -
C.S.A. Company F 55th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Ebenezer Cemetery.

McCOLLUM, Samuel
U.S.A. Possibly in 7th Cav. Married Mary Davenport, sister of Isaac N. Davenport (see above) and may have served with Davenport. Captured by Gen. Forrest at Union City while on duty there arid where his wife Mary and sons (Frazier, 6; Bud, 4; Fletcher, 2) had gone to be near him. Samuel was imprisoned at Andersonville where his brother-in-law Davenport (also a prisoner) helped him out all he could when he was almost starved and became critically ill. Records not clear whether he died in prison or finally got out. Family records say he died "during the war." After Samuel's capture, his wife obtained a light railraod hand-car, piled on what few things she and the three small boys had and pushed it all the way to Paducah where they were assisted to food and shelter. Mary died and is buried in Paducah. Records indicate that Samuel got back from prison to his family and also died soon and is buried with his wife in Paducah. The three boys were brought back here to be raised: Frazier by the family of Cook Middleton's parents; Bud, by Albert (App) McCollum; and Fletcher by a Mrs. Middleton. The boys grew up and were married. Frazier married Katherine (Katy) White. Their children were: Willie, Molly, Samuel, Troy, Mina and Edward. Our Beaulah McCollum (Mrs. Virgil) Magers is one of a family of seven daughters and one brother born to Samuel and Mary Ann Houston McCollum.

McKENZIE, William Louis (1824 - 1901) -
C.S.A. Company I 7th Ky Cavalry. Buried at Mt. Moriah Cemetery.

McNATT, Jas. -
C.S.A. Company E 6th Mo. Cavalry. Buried at Sardis Cemetery.

MEADOWS, Jonas (1841 - 1921) -
Company C 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Jack's Creek Cemetery.

MEDLIN, Ervin Coleman
U.S.A. No further military details. He married Abigail Austin, daughter of first settler Charles. All the children except one, moved on west in the late 1800's. The parents and one daughter are buried at Bethel.

Company E 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Bradford Cemetery.

MIDDLETON, Alfred Weakley
U.S.A. 7th Cav. Enlisted Apr. 15, 1863 at Henderson. Was in a small fight at Jack's Creek June 11,1863 and at Union City on March 24,1864 when Gen. Forrest captured many of the U.S. 7th Cavalry. He was a brother of Dr. John A. Middleton, next below. These were two of several children of Alfred and Mary Middleton, among the first if not the very first settlers on Cane Creek near what became later the Ebenezer school and M.E. Church. The family were patriots far back in history. An ancestor fought with Gen. George Washington when Braddock was defeated. One or more ancestors fought at Bunker Hill and in other Revolutionary battles. Some fought with Gen. Andrew Jackson in the "Indian Wars," including Horseshoe Bend (Ala.). Some assisted clearing old Nathcez Trace of norotious outlaws including Big and Little Harp. Family records also list some of their line helping to restore law and order in Texas, soon to become a Republic. These Middletons came from South Carolina where the family name is legend. Arthur Middleton, doubtless a kinsman of our Middletons, signed the Declaration of Independence. Another started famous Middleton's Gardens. Some of us who remember the late Cook Middleton of Shady Hill, recall that four of his sons upheld the family's military traditions: Clovls and Carnell are both retired Navy career men; Seaborn served in the U.S. Air Force and Guest G. in the U.S. Navy, during World War II.

He may have actually enlisted in the Confederate forces Co. D, Holman's Battalion. Neither official or family records are clear. One nephew, quite a historian in his own right, feels that Dr. John simply gave his services unofficially to wounded and sick combattants on both sides. He married Emily Jane White, daughter of the Albert Whites, practiced mostly in the Ebenezer - Shady Hill area. They and several family members are buried at Ebenezer.

MILAM, Monroe
C.S.A. One of Oron Calvin Milam's sons. Several kinsmen including a brother or two joined Union troops. He joined the South jokingly telling the others that he was going to get himself a Yankee Pet. Witnessed by neighbors who told about it later, Monroe, famishing for water at Shiloh's Bloody Pond, like many others, crawled flat on the ground to drink water already tinged with blood from the washing of wounds. As he raised up a bullet through his head killed him instantly. He was buried in one of the Confederate trenches on the battlefield. Witnesses who told the story many times were Will Grice, William and Montgomery Essary, all Yankees from our general area.

MILAM, James Henry
U.S.A. Son of Oron Calvin Milam; brother of Monroe listed below. A good example of brother against brother. James came back after the war to marry a Miss Warden of Decatur County. One of their several children was James who married Lora Laster. The James Milam children, all well known here, were: William Cecil who married our Exie McCollum and who was an outstanding Scotts Hill teacher for 40-odd years. Cecil's brothers were: Ruel (Married Sue Bateman); Noah (Bonnie Pomeroy); Fount (Dorothy Mc-Clure). Their sister, Grady, married Ambrose Carter

MILLER, John A., Capt. (1834 - 1912) -
U.S.A. Company D 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Miller aka Mt. Pisgah Cemetery.

MILLS, Ben D., Pvt. (1839 - 1926) -
C.S.A. Company B 19th & 20th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Oak Grove (Middleburg) Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

MOONEY, John -
Company C 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery. He married Mary Eliza ("Sis") Scott, daughter of Eliasand Louisa Jones Scott. Farmers, the Mooneys reared several children.

MOONEY, Marcus (Mark); U.S.A. 6th Cav. Brother of John Mooney.

U.S.A. Co. C 7th Cav. Family not positively identified but he was doubtless from one of several Morgan families that came into this area in early days and settled not far from our Peace Chapel community, two miles east of town. Died in service March 15, 1863.

MURPHY, Buckner ("Buck")
U.S.A. He and several other local Murphys were Unionists though a more prominent cousin (John Tye below) was just as strong for the South. Buck's outfit is not definitely identified. Dan Murphy, perhaps Buck's grandfather, was a Revolutionary War soldier with record definitely known, and for whom a memorial (Monument) is presently planned here. Dan was the only Revolutionary War veteran known to have come here to live, die and be buried. Since his grave was not marked and could be in one of two old deserted places, Miss Zelma O'Neal, a descendent, says the monument may be placed in Bethel cemetery not far from his home community, which practice has been rather common over the country in recent years.

MURPHY, Calvin B. - U.S.A. The son of Buck Murphy

MURPHY, Clement J.
U.S.A. Related to the above Murphys. Married a Rushing after the war and was known to neighbors and friends as "Pink" Murphy.

MURPHY, James C. ("Pony") - U.S.A. Most certainly another son of Buck Murphy.

MURPHY, John Tye.
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. D 27th Inf. He was far on the other side of the political fence from the above Murphys-all his kinsmen. A little love story centers about him which is touching but interesting. He was engaged to marry the winsome Mary Ann Jones, daughter of Archibald and Rachel Austin Jones when the war began. Both fell that the wedding should be postponed until the war ended. He fought at Shiloh and disappeared from his outfit. It is not clear whether he was captured or went to another outfit. Anyway, the family never heard from him until he came back home after the war. Family members thought he had been killed and urged Mary Ann to find another husband. She persisted is waiting for lover Murphy feeling sure he would return some day and they would be married. Mary Ann was right. The young Murphy couple built a large log house two or three miles east of Scotts Hill (the house was dismantled in 1974) where they farmed, reared a large family and where he married so many couples as a Decatur County Justice of the Peace, that he became known as the county's "Marrying Squire!" See other sections of this : book for genealogy tables of many early settlers here. But thanks now to one of John Tye's granddaughters, Miss Zelma 0' NeaF here, retired teacher and a historian in her own right, for priceless assistance in providing genealogies for the book.

NAILS, William ("Bill"). Not further identified as to family or military outfit. His wife was the former Lydia Kennedy, daughter of the Robert Kennedys, first of the Kennedys to settle in our area. See Jim Kennedy above - brother-in-law of Nails. They likely served in the same outfit.

Company E 11th Ill Infantry. Buried at Center Hill Cemetery.

C.S.A. Capt. Co. G 57th Inf. A leader of the Rebel skirmish line at Shiloh. Wounded twice in the same leg and hopped through the battle. He kept the retrieved bullet in his pocket all his life and proudly showed it as long as he lived (I saw it several times). It was his wish, that he carry the second bullet to his grave which he did. Cap' n. Newman was captured in a later battle and carried to a prison at Sandusky, Ohio. He came back home to marry Lucy Ann Montgomery, daughter of the Billy Montgomerys and do farming for many years in the Red Walnut community and in which cemetery they are buried. Among living descendents here now are, Mrs. Birdie (Walt) Johnson (named for him - "Birdie'') and Birdie and Grady Averett.
Led the Rebel skirmish line at Shiloh. Wounded twice; captured, imprisoned; came home to rear family and become an influential citizen.

NORWOOD, Thomas J. -
Company G 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Butler Cemetery.

O'GUIN, William Henry
C.S.A. Co. H. 30th Inf. His wife was the former Frances Swift, daughter of Romulus Sanders and Salena Payne Swift. Several descendents yet live in Memphis and in California.

O'NEAL, William Leander
C.S.A. Co. D 27th Inf. Related to local O'Neals whose ancestors came to this area in its very early days. He fought at Shiloh and laughed in later years at one near-fatal incident there. He became violently ill during the battle (not scared, he declared) and lay down behind a log with his hat over his face. While lying there a minnie ball passed entirely through his hat. He got better, fought through the remainder of the battle and the war but declared that, at the time the bullet riddled his hat, he wouldn't have cared had it been his head! Great times - or were they?

OWENS, Henry Alf (From Linda Newville)

OWENS, Henry (From Linda Newville)

OWENS, Joseph (From Linda Newville)

OWENS, Reden Shadrack (From Linda Newville)

PARRISH, Samual -
Company D 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Mt. Comfort Cemetery.

Company E 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at New Hope Cemetery.

PATTERSON, Isaiah D. -
Company C 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at New Hope Cemetery. He was a twin brother of Robert Patterson below. He was in Co. C 7th Cav. He returned to farm and rear a family in Decatur county several miles to our south-east.

U.S. A. Pvt. Co. C 7th Cav. Certainly from the family of the above Pattersons, possibly the son of Zade.

PATTERSON, Robert H. ("Bob")
U.S.A. FM. Co. H 7th Cav. From one of the first Patterson families who settled in the Thurman (Corinth or Race Tracks) area 8 miles east. He was born in Nashville in 1844. He was from a Boston and later Virginia line of aristocrats. A direct ancestor married a Phillips girl, descendent of the first Mayor of Boston who came over on the Mayflower. This ancestor was a Captain under Gen. George Washington during the Revolution. These area Pattersons were highly respected people here and I wish every American could read the story of "Bob" Patterson's sons-especially Caleb Perry Patterson which appears in full in another part of this book. Bob's other sons also made high civic marks here: Wesley ("Wes") and James W. ("Jim"). The former operated a store and married Dora White Tucker, widow of Prof. B. A. Tucker. Their son lives in Wyoming. Jim Patterson was a leading merchant here; served as postmaster, and as cashier of the Farmers State Bank for years. He married Laura McClanahan, daughter of the Pickney McClanahans. Their children with homes at Paris (Tenn.) and here, are: Nina Sue (Mrs. Theodore F.) Austin and Jimmie, widow of the late Coyd Kelley. The Bob Pattersons were buried at Corinth cemetery.

PHILLIPS, Columbus Perkins
Private, Company A, 7th Tennessee Cavalry, enlisted in Lexington, TN on 3/6/1864, receiving a $300 bounty for enlistment. Previously in Co H, 2nd TN Mounted Infantry, he deserted by 3/31/1864. He was AWOL from the 7th Tennessee by March/April 1865 but returned in time to be discharged with the regiment when it disbanded at Nashville, TN on 8/9/1865. He married Phoebe Lavinia Rhodes who applied for a widow’s pension in 1890. Phillips was the son of Benjamin and Anna Phillips of Henderson Co, TN and brother to Benjamin F Phillips of Co A.
Buried at
McCall Cemetery
Contributed by lilabaker@zebra.net (Holley, Peggy Scott. Hawkins' Tories, A Regimental and Social History of the 7th Tennessee Cavalry USA in the Civil War, BrayBree Publishing, Dickson TN, 230 p, 2014)

PHILLIPS, William R.
Born in Henderson Co TN. He was 21 years when he enlisted as a Private. U.S. Calvary 6th Division, Company B. Moved to Texas and is buried in Jones County where he was given 640 acres. (Information from David C. Fountain)

POWERS, Henry M.; U.S.A. Co. H. 7th Cav. A brother of Willis Powers

U.S.A. Pvt. Co. A 7th Cav. An ancestor of the late Ira Powers, Henderson County educator, once principal of Scotts Hill High School and Superintendent of county schools.
Ira was a son of a pioneer Middleburg family, several near kinsmen fought also as Yankees. Ira and Sarah were grandparetns of Miss Gertrude, Herbert and the late Ira Powers (and others) as well known at Scotts Hill.

POWERS, Joel. U.S.A. Co. A 7th Cav.

POWERS, John. U.S.A. Co. A 7th Cav.

POWERS, John W. U.S.A. Co. K 6th Inf.

POWERS, Oliver. U.S.A. Co. K 10th Cav.

POWERS, Pleas D. U.S.A. Co. D 6th Cav.

POWERS, Riley. U.S.A. Co. H. 7th Inf.

POWERS, Stephen. U.S.A. Pvt. Co. A 7th Inf.

POWERS, Willis -
U.S.A. Pvt. Co. A 7th Inf. He and one or more of the Powers listed above, were captured by Gen. Forrest's troops and imprisoned at Andersonville. Willis and at least one other died in the prison and like many from around here who died there, they are buried in the beautiful National Cemetery there. We have seen and photo­graphed their headstones. Adam Powers, still remembered most favorably by older Scotts Hillians, was the son of Willis. Adam married Adeline ("Addie") Austin, daughter of Eph and Lucy Ann Beauchamp Austin. They lived here for a while and then moved to nearby Reagan where he operated a "poor sandy" farm and a big general store for many years. Though not wealthy in the modern sense, the family's is a "from rags to riches" story in any book. Leaders all in their professions, only one of the eight children did not choose to earn a college degree. See the Charles Austin dependents' genealogy in another section. This Powers listing is politically and historically interesting. Nearly all descended from two Powers brothers who came in early to settle in the Middleburg (Judson) community a few miles north-east of Scotts Hill. Self-reliant, able, energetic, they have intermarried much and perhaps few communities have been populated by a greater percentage of same-name families. Practically all were good farmers, non-slave holding and were of the new Republican political persuasion by the time the war came on. Notice that every Powers by name, reported to have served in the Civil War, was in the armies of the North. Some served side by side and, though records are confused and not all clear, several must have been special marks of that Wfeard of the Saddle, Rebel Gen. Nathan B. Forrest. Many Powers live in the community presently and practically everyone is a staunch Republican.

PRESLEY, Gilbert
U.S.A. Co. A 8th Cav. Several families of Presleys (or Preslars) were early settlers, nearer Sardis than Scotts Hill. A fine farming community between here and Sardis long ago became known as Presley's Ridge.

PRESLEY, James ("Jim")
Military unit not identified. Family records not complete. Official records show several James Presleys in service. Certainly with Civil War service, Jim Presley had married Winnie Holmes (daughter of Ralph and Sally Ann Scott Holmes) before the war and they had one daughter, Margaret. Margaret became the wife of Jess Scott here in later years and children of this union are still living. Our Vealie Scott (Mrs. Perry) Austin is one of them. Some family records indicate that Jim Presley was lost in the war either by wounds or disease. Other reports are that he became ill a few years after war service, and died.

The same uncertainty exists as for Jim above, so far as military service is concerned. John and James could be brothers and were likely related to Gilbert above. John had married Harriet Scott Devore, after her first husband, John Devore, had been lost in the conflict only to have the war take the second husband (John Presley) soon. Their one son, Lum (likely "Columbus"), grew up to be one of the area's highly respected citizens. A daughter of the Lum Presleys, Ellen, became the wife of Dr. Tom Ab Gilbert here whose daughter is our I Beulahi Gilbert (Mrs. Curtis) McKenzie. Incidentally, "Aunt Harriet," a relative of mine, married Ranse Jones and then after he died, she married Shadrach ("Shade") Eason. She was a dear old soul, blind on the last, but she didn't want to be interred at her death by either of her four husbands. She was buried alone at Cedar Grove cemetery.

REED, Frank M., Lt. (1843 - 1874) -
U.S.A. 11th Ill. Cavalry. Buried at Union Church Cemetery.

REEVES, James Lee
He was a private in the 7th Tennessee Confederate Calvary. James was captured near Fort Donelson and was being transferred, by boat, across the river when he stood up and turned the boat over. This allowed him to escape from the Union Army. He never went back to his unit because his unit did a lot bad acts against the local West Tennessee residents. James was an Interiun Baptist Minister. He was buried in Dyer County TN. (Information from Billy Reeves)

REEVES, Richard Leo
Richard was born 1838 in Henderson County, Tennessee, and died 1863 in Henderson County Tennessee, USA. He married Elizabeth A. Derryberry 1861 in Henderson County, Tennessee. She was born 1848 in Henderson County TN. Richard was killed in battle. He was a Union Pvt and enlisted at Jackson TN.

RILES, James Charles
(1836-1864) was from the Middleburg/Shady Hill area of Henderson County, Tennessee. He enlisted in the 7th Tennessee Cavalry of the United States of America (Union Army) at Lexington, Tennessee, on August 18, 1862. He visited his family while absent without leave; was captured by Confederates near Grand Junction, TN when he was returning to his unit; was imprisoned at Belle Isle, VA; died of smallpox on March 7, 1864 at age 27 while a prisoner of war; and was buried in Virginia. His commanding officer later “remembered” that he was on a scouting trip rather than absent without leave. His wife gave birth to twin sons that he never saw. (Contributed by Kathy Williams)

Company E 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Ritter Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

ROBINSON, Alfred B. -
Company D 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Oak Grove Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

ROBINSON, William M. -
C.S.A. Company G 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried in Palestine Cemetery, Benton County. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

ROBINSON, William V. -
Company D 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Oak Grove Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

U.S.A. From an early Rogers family around Middleburg. Unidentifiable in military records. Family reports are that he was a Union soldier. He returned to become a well-known citizen and office holder in Decaturville.

ROGERS, Tavner
U.S.A. Another strong Union man from Middleburg. Co. H 7th Cav., and like so many others in that outfit, was captured by Gen. Forrest and imprisoned at Andersonville. He returned to become a widely known Baptist preacher. His wife was the former Mary Jane Owens. Ason, Tavner Rogers who often signed his name "Tav" or just "T" Rogers made one of the area's best known and successful doctors, practicing first around home and Middleburg, then here and at Decaturville.
See the chapter on
Scotts Hill Doctors for his thrilling story.

ROGERS, Tobias.
U.S.A. Brother to the above Rogers.

ROSS, Dugal Washington
Private, Company K, 7th Tennessee Cavalry, enlisted in Henderson Co, TN on 5/19/1863. He was in the hospital with chronic rheumatism in March and April 1864, which saved him from being captured with the regiment at Union City, TN on 3/24/1864. He was sent to the military hospital at Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, MO suffering from rheumatism and chronic pneumonia and was discharged on 7/11/1864. He was at Todd Barracks in Columbus, OH by 6/01/1865 serving in Co F, 22nd Regiment V R C, according to a surviving letter to his first wife, Penelope Moore Ross. He became a Justice of the Peace in Henderson Co, TN after the war and applied for an invalid pension in 1889. His 2nd wife, Nancy Jane Johnson, applied for a widow's pension in February 1901.
Information provided by G.Man at Find-A-Grave
Be sure and see the
Ross Pioneer Family

ROWSEY, John W. -
Company C 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Sardis Cemetery

RUTH, Henry C. -
Company A 2nd Tenn MTD Infantry. Buried at Spring Hill Cemetery.

SCATES, Green (1842 - 1914)
U.S.A. Company C 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Bible Grove Cemetery.

SCOTT, Daniel H. -
Company A 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Old Bethel Cemetery.

SCOTT, Gabriel
U.S.A. Co. I 7th Cav. Son of i/Vylie Scott. Became ill while on a special mission in Saulsberry, North Carolina. His father got passes to visit him and found him dying. Gabriel had saved a little cash and wanted his father to bring it back home for safe-keeping. They sewed the bills in Wylie's coat lining. He was beaten badly and robbed on the way back here but he did get home with the money. Gabriel was never heard from again.

SCOTT, James J. -
U.S.A. Company K 2nd Tenn MTD Infantry. Buried at Farmville Cemetery.

SCOTT, Jesse R.
U.S.A. Co. A 7th Cav. Another prime target for Forrest's raids. Was captured and imprisoned at Andersonville. He returned to marry Sarah Thomas and rear several children here and in the Piney community. A grandson lives at Lexington - C.F. Goff, a retired postal official. See the record of Ellas Goff above. Buried at Mt. Zion Cemetery

U.S.A. Military record not identifiable. Father of Jesse Scott above. He may have been given a disability discharge after short sen/ice. His wife was the former Mehalia Austin and they reared a large family here. For better fortunes, the family moved to Dunklin Co., Mo. in the 1870's.

SELLERS, T. E. (1844 - 1918)
C.S.A. Company K 9th Tenn Calvary. Buried at Caffey Cemetery.

SMALL, John Wesley
Served in Confederate Army. Enlisted in infantry at Henderson, TN under Capt John Howard, Commander. Reached rank of Corporal; captured at battle Of Island No. Ten, taken to Camp Douglas in Chicago, as a POW. After taking "The Oath", he was sent to Vicksburg Mississippi as part of a prisoner Exchange. Returned home, bought land near by and raised a large family. After all his children were born he traded farms Elijah DERRYBERRY for one Just over the county line in Carroll County TN. This farm was about 20 Miles west of the Tennessee river, five miles east of the town of Clarksburg, and near what was later the railroad town of Yuma, TN. The name Of Grovewood was given to the community and later changed to Yuma On February 18, 1895. He was married three times. Buried in the Hare Cemetery next to his father . Marble Headstone. (Source: Jerry McDaniels The Watchers S

SMITH, Brittain
U.S.A. Co. C7thCav. Related to early Smiths here, he escaped capture by Gen. Forrest in the ill-fated 7th U.S. Cav., possibly because he was with a detachment sent to southern Illinois. He died of pneumonia at Cairo Oct. 16, 1863 and was buried in the pretty national cemetery at Mound City IL.

SMITH, Henry -
C.S.A. Company F 27th Tenn Infantry. Buried at Hayes Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

SMITH, John McDaniel (1821 - 1864) -
C.S.A. Company H 21th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Doe Creek Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

SMITH, Newton Jasper (1842 - 1862) -
C.S.A. Co. H 15th Cav. Oldest child of Alfred T. and Mary Dunavant Smith, early settlers on Flat (Mud) Creek here. The soldier was never heard from again after his enlistment. The parents came from N. Carolina, first to live a few years in Giles county before moving here. They were prolific, energetic and successful farmers. Descendents now live in many states. The early couple acquired hundreds of acres of rich (bottom) Flat Creek lands extending from the old Lexington road, down the creek to near old Smith's Chapel school and church which may have been named for them. It is said that he gave each child a farm as they "married off," but it is likely that this was confined to the sons. It was long customary for this to be done when possible (daughters were supposed to marry boys who would acquire their own land!)

STEWART, James R. - (1827 - 1909)
U.S.A. Company K 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Palestine Presbyterian Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

STEWART, John R.   Memorial Service

C.S.A. Co. F 19th Inf. Lived nearer Reagan. Grandfather of Ethelyn Stewart (Mrs. Elco) Kennedy. Note: Ethelyn had a great uncle named Stewart - no other identification available - who was a Union soldier in the war, was captured and imprisoned at Andersonville.

STRICKLIN, Peter 0. U.S.A. Pvt. Co. F6th Cav.

U.S.A. Co. H 6th Cav. Enlisted Fab. 1, 1863 at Bolivar for 3 years. Returned to marry Faraby Elizabeth Medlin on July 5,1866. Like others from here, he was mustered out at Pulaski, Tenn. The date was July 26, 1865.

SWIFT, John W., Corp. -
C.S.A. Cpl. Co. F 27th Inf. One of three brothers, listed next below the father, Romulus Sanders Swift. Returned here to marry Betty Harrell and become the progenitor of many descendents. A grandson, Barney Swift, is a popular grocer here now.

SWIFT, Rev. Romulus Sanders.
C.S.A. Not only furnished three sons for the Confederacy but served throughout the war as a Chaplain for the Southern Cause. Rev. Swift and his wife, the former Sarah Salena Payne, had been Mission­aries in the Cherokee country of western N. Car., when they started west in a covered wagon for new mission fields. The wagon broke down here (1840's) and while waiting for it to be repaired, fell in love with this place and its people. (While we never heard it, he might have thought the Scotts Hill area was as much in need of missionary efforts as they would ever find!) Anyway, they decided to make their home here.

SWIFT, Thomas Fletcher
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. D 21 st Cav. He was a fine horseman for his day. Records show that he was paid for the use of his horse in the war and that he sold a black horse and a gray mare to members of his unit for $325 and $600 respectively. Confederate money, however, was not always too valuable and besides "...any soldier who could furnish his own horse could get into the cavalry..." Thomas Fletcher married Cynthia E. Austin, daughter of Ephraim H. and Lucy Ann Beauchamp Austin. Most descendents moved west later.

SWIFT, William P.
C.S.A. Pvt. Co. C 21st Cav. This son of Rev. Swift was born in 1841 and had married Emmaline Rogers before he entered the service. Their one son was Jim Tate Swift. "Bill" was at home on leave when he was caught a few miles up the Lexington road by bushwhackers and brutally slain. His battered body was found in a roadside ditch by Wyley Scott who notified the mother and Bill's sisters also at home. The women hauled Bill's body home, prepared it for burial the best they could and made a crude coffin from rough planks in the ceiling of the house. Note: These Swifts were influential citizens here and intermarried much in the well-known Ephraim H. Austin family. Descendents yet live around here and many more reside elsewhere.

He was killed at Shiloh. Before leaving for service he had married Frances Caudel who had four brothers to serve in the Confederate forces.

THOMAS, John H. (1827 - 1868) -
C.S.A. Company F 20th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Nebo Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

TODD, Benjamin F. (1841 - 1912) -
U.S.A. Company G 2nd Tenn MTD Infantry. Buried at Farmville Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

TRICE, William L. (?? - 1864) -
Company C 16th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Old Beech River Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

C.S.A. Co. E 27th Inf. Another Rebel from the Dunbar area. He organized a Company (D) called the Decatur County Tigers which formally joined the 27th Inf. at Trenton in Sept., 1861. Alex was fatally wounded in the first day's fighting at Shiloh (Apr. 6,1862), with a leg shot off. He lay on the field all night while comrades helped the best they could. Next day he was jolted in a wagon ambulance south as the Southern army retreated toward Corinth. After the retreat another Rebel from around Dunbar came home on leave and told Alex's family that he had been critically wounded at Shiloh. At once, Reuben Houston Tucker, 17-year old son of Alex, was started on a mule to try to find and help his father. Nearly 50 miles from home, the boy found the father among the wounded near Corinth and lovingly cared for him the best he could until the father died a few days later. Reuben helped bury his father and then returned home to Dunbar. Soon in the army himself, neither Reuben back then, nor his popular and able historian daughter, Mrs. A.H. Taylor (now living in Lexington) later, could ever definitely locate Alex's grave.
Grew up in the Dunbar community. Fatally wounded at Shiloh; leg shot off, he lay on the field all night. Hauled south with retreating Rebels. Died after gangrene set up; buried near Corinth by 17 year old son Reuben. Family never located his grave after the war.

TUCKER ALEX - Lived in Decatur Co (From Linda Newville)

TUCKER, Reuben Houston.
C.S.A. Co. D 19th Cav. Entering the Confederate army after his father Alex's fatal wound at Shiloh, Reuben served throughout the remainder of the war. His experiences during the war and after, would fill a book according to his daughter, Mrs. Taylor. Even after the war he was almost captured by bushwhackers more than once. He hid several times in the deep woods around Dunbar and told of sleeping on rainy nights inside a big hollow chestnut log. Reuben's mother (Alex's wife) was the former Nancy Orlena Graham. Reuben married Sarah Bathsheba Lancaster, daughter of Col. David Lancaster, on Feb. 1, 1872. Their children and years of birth were: William David, 1872; John M. 1874; MaryAzalee, 1876; Rosie Anna, 1878; James Warren, 1880; DorseyB., 1882; Gabriel Newton, 1886; George W., 1889; Vera, 1895; Alpha, 1897; and Beatrice, 1898, the last now being Mrs. A.H. Taylor, living in Lexington.
Son of Alex Tucker. He had many narrow escapes. Returned to rear large family. Youngest daughter, Beatrice Tucker is Mrs. A.H. Taylor living in Lexington.

TURNER, Benjamin Franklin.
U.S.A. Military identification not certain. He married Melissa Brawtey and they reared a big family here.

TURNER, Frank (1847 - 1897) -
Company C 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Cedar Grove Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

TURNER, Martin Woodward.
U.S.A. Pvt. Co. E 5th Inf. Served in federal units mostly guarding west Tennessee railroad centers. His health was so bad that on two occasions he came home only to re-enter his unit again when he was improved.

Company F 2nd Tenn MTD Infantry. Buried at Spring Hill Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

C.S.A. Company K 2nd Tenn Infantry. Buried at Scotts Hill Methodist Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

WATSON, Simon - (1830 - 1910)
U.S.A. Company C 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Bible Grove Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

WHITE, Richard ("Uncle Rich")
C.S.A. Military identification unknown. He married Lisa McCollum, daughter of Alfred and Jane Wheeler McCollum. He served in the Army of Tennessee in a Division commanded by Gen. Frank Cheatham. Back here until he died he praised Gen. Cheatham and his "old gray horse, Belle" and he named one of his sons Cheatham after his beloved general. Uncle Rich long operated a small steam-powered grist mill and saw mill here.

WHITE, Tillman.
C.S.A. Not further identified except that he was a brother of Uncle Rich above and likely served with him. He married Mary McCollum, a sister of his brother's wife. Uncle Till and Aunt Mary operated an old-time boarding house for years. They had no children but reared orphans of a relative. They were William B. White and Jewel White, first wife of Dr. Robert T. Keeton,

WHITE, William Harvey (1839 - 1926) -
C.S.A. Company D 53rd Tenn Infantry. Buried at Marl Bluff Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

WISE, George W., Q.M Sgt. (1837 - 1908) -
Company K 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Sardis Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

WOODS, Lassen -
Company A 7th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Oak Grove (Lexington) Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

WRIGHT, William B. -
U.S.A. Company E 6th Tenn Cavalry. Buried at Rock Hill Cemetery. - contributed by, Brandon K. McPeake

* * * * * *

Notes by Gordon Turner
The Civil War (War Between the States; War of the Rebellion) has been called the most foolish war ever fought. That may or may not be true but its cost to both North and South in blood, sweat and tears is beyond description.

There were but few basic, yet many minor causes. Authorities agree, however, that States Rights is probably the best way to describe the overall cause. It was the question as to whether each state had the right to govern itself in all matters not specifically prevented by the Constitution. Important considerations were, of course, the big differences between the North and South, ethnic, economic, financial, educational and even religious.

Our state of Tennessee was caught in the middle almost geographically as well as in the feelings of its citizens. At first, sentiment favored the North and an election favored no secession. When Lincoln issued his call for troops however, Tennessee turned more to the South. It is interesting that Tennessee was the last state to secede and the first back into the Union (North). The Confederate flag flew over our new Capitol in Nashville only until union troops took over the city after the fall of Ft. Donelson. Moreover, slaves were not freed directly by Lincoln's proclamation - at that time (1863) Tennessee was not "in rebellion" against the Union as the state government in charge was already federally controlled.

Be this all as it may, Tennessee was hard hit in the great Blood Bath and, if people were the big factor, Scotts Hill was very deep in the mess. (A century later, most of us would have said around here that we were "...for the South but glad the North won...") Our town and its surrounding communities developed, during the war, into a very confused and aroused area, like most others to which the war came. No battles were fought right at us but surely, if an accurate survey could be made, no place saw families and neighbors more divided or more horrible "little" tragedies.

Decatur county seemed more like its middle Tennessee neighbors and with few slaves and less cotton proportionately, sided more with the South. Henderson county with its hills and higher altitudes, but also with limited cotton and slaves, was mostly Northern in sentiment. This may have contributed to its becoming "the most Republican county" in the state. Authorities have felt that we furnished far more soldiers for the Union than for the Confederacy. We have completed a careful check of our area and were surprised to learn from reliable sources, that about as many or more "Rebels" served the South as "Yankees" did the North.

Union soldiers from around here were mustered in at several "enrollment stations" over West Tennessee, including Lexington, Jackson, Trenton and Bolivar, depending on where federals were in charge. Many Confederate servicemen enrolled to fight with that Wizard of the Saddle, Gen. Nathan B. Forrest, than whom, most historians agree, no greater civilian soldier was produced by the conflict. Forrest was such a favorite in these parts that he set up an enlistment station at old Center Point, a few miles south-west of Scotts Hill, now existing only in the memory of older people. Our Yankees served in units mostly guarding railroads and towns as federal troops took over. Rebels fought in harrassing raids, retreat actions, and to surprise and capture Yankees wherever they could. Troop movements took place in relatively small numbers, along our newly built stagecoach road connecting Clifton and Lexington, and on to Jackson. The "mounted soldiers" of Forrest passed through here once - possibly two or three times. They rode hard, often at night, but "rested" where the wiry General thought best for his men.

One such rest was made along the Lexington road at Cane Creek on Buck lands. The late Dr. R. L. Wylie later owned some of the land, close by the creek where water could be had for horses. Another rest spot was up and down the old Clifton road near the historic log store house at Dunbar, still standing (it should be officially named a state historic spot). Water at this stop came from the big spring down under a hill which long supplied (buckets and dippers!) the Baptist church. It was here too, that ladies of the community (any Yankees among them?) served the soldiers with refreshments. Several hot skirmishes took place during the war not too far from us. Horrible fights and murders occurred in area community centers and some homes. The motives were mostly plunder, revenge, robbing, destruction and often captures and/or murder. A little fight took place at Clifton and a bigger one in Lexington, barely noticed by historians.

Parkers Cross Roads, 12 miles north of Lexington, was the scene of a rather major battle between federal troops under Generals Dunnivan and Sullivan and those under General Forrest. At nearby Shiloh occurred on April 6-7, 1862, a battle which General Grant later said in his Memoirs "...was the hardest in the West and there was no harder battle in the war." This horrible massacre "on Shiloh's dark and bloody ground" was named for the little log Methodist church house which saw some of the hardest fighting. General Grant had led his army, victorious at Forts Henry and Donelson, up the Tennessee river in the strategic plan of cutting the Confederacy apart. His trained and well-equipped men under such leaders as William T. Sherman, James A. Garfield, the Wallaces, and even the father of Douglas McArthur, made camp at Pittsburg Landing to see what was what.

The Confederates, after their first defense line was shattered (Columbus, Ky., through Bowling Green and on toward Cumberland Gap), had retreated and were re-grouping at Corinth, Miss., for another stand or direct attack. General Albert Sidney Johnson had been the highest ranking officer in the U.S. army at the war's start. But he had resigned to head Confederate armies in the "West" and was in charge at Corinth after drawing back from Kentucky through Nashville. Helping head up his motley crowd mostly of young raw recruits - some had never fired a rifle - were such as Braxton Bragg, P.T.G. Beauregard and Nathan B. Forrest and John Breckinridge. General Johnson led his men in a surprise attack on the federal forces, boasting that his men would water their horses that night in the Tennessee (where union gunboats were standing guard.) They almost did, pushing back the Yankees - many of whom were breakfasting when surprised by their foes - to the river's edge, by nightfall. Having lost their courageous General Johnson and tired as dogs, on both sides, the carnage was halted as was for another day's try.

Union General Don Carlos Buell, for whose troops Grant had been waiting, arrived during the night and many of his fresh soldiers were on hand as the fighting resumed on April 7. It was a gradual but irresistable advance for Grant and Buell and before night the Yankees had gained back all the ground lost the previous day - and what's more the Rebels were in a bloody, hasty retreat toward Corinth. It will never be known for sure, but upwards of 100,000 or even more men were engaged on both sides at Shiloh. About one-fourth of them were killed, wounded or missing. Those men put their all into it - including quite a number from the Scotts Hill area some of whom were never heard of again. Inexperienced boys loaded rifles, lead first, then powder, down the muzzles. Some, without arms of any kind, actually fought with sticks and knives.

The Northern boys were fighting partly to end slavery and, likely more so to preserve our proud nation threatened with two antagonistic divisions. The Southern men were fighting to save their homes, wives and sweethearts and for what they devoutly believed to be their sacred honor. Without special study, I would guess that Shiloh's fields on those bloody days, saw as many great and to-be-great Americans as any battle in our history. My father, as a five-year old lad, with neighbor children at old Lick Skillet, heard the roar of Shiloh. Most men were in the armies. Women and girls at home thought from the recent passing of troops along the stage road, that some major battle was in progress, and were they right!

Following is likely a far from accurate or complete listing of men and boys from our area who at some time were in the troops of the North or South. This may be the first such list and will likely be the last. Official records have been checked in Washington and in Nashville, often incomplete or erroneous. For example, we found no official record in our excellent state library of our beloved Isaac Noah Davenport's service - surely one of the most eventful and colorful of the entire war. We appreciate, however, the notes given by descendents of soldiers and the profuse materials left by my father who was all eyes and ears by the war's end and from then until his death in 1947.

It is true that brother fought brother and father fought son - awful. But some descendents do not agree on war service by forebears either in names, relationships, places of action, or even the "sides" fought with! The reader should add any additional facts and make needed corrections in the list. Most of all, it's an honest try; parden mistakes.

Battles of
Beech Creek, Lexington & Parkers Cross Roads

Henderson County in the Civil War
Excerpt from History of Henderson County TN
Auburn Powers 1930

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