In 1915: Tennessee Civil War Veterans were sent a questionaire asking various questions that would aid in writing a History of the Old South. William A. Douglass answered his questionaire and there by has given us a personal view of the Douglas family in the 1860s
1. State your full name and present PO Address: William A. Douglass - Wildersville TN
2. State your age now: 78
3. In what state and county were you born: Henderson County TN
4. In what state and county were you living when you enlisted in the service of the Confederacy or of the Federal Government: Henderson County of TN - Federal
5. What was your occupation before the war: Farming
6. What was the occupation of your father: Farming
7. If you owned land or other property at the opening of the war, state what kind of property you owned, and state the value of yourproperty as near as you can: Did not own any
8. Did you or your parents own slaves: If so, how many: Father owned 15 slaves
9. If your parents owned land how many acres: 400 Acres
10. State as near as you can the value of all the property owned by your parents, incuring land, when the war opened: $2,500
11. What kind of house did your parents occupy? State whether it was a log house of built of others materials: Two Log Rooms
12. As a boy and young man, state what kind of work you did. If you worked on a farm, state to what extent you plowed, worked with a hoe, and did other kinds of similar work: Plowed and hoed and any thing that came to hand.
13. State clearly what kind of work your father did, and what the duties of your mother were. State all the kinds of work done in the house as well as you can remember - that is, cooking, spinning, weaving, etc. : Father plowed made shoes pottom cains was a blacksmith, run a griss mill done this with horsepower. Mother cooking, spinning, weaving, milking, churning.
14. Did your parents keep any servants: No
15. How was honest toil - as plowing, hauling, and other sorts of honest work of this class - regarded in your community? Was such work considered respectable and honorable: Yes
16. Did the white men in your community generally engage in such work: Yes
17. To what extent were there white men in your community leading lives of idleness and having others do their work for them? They didn't do any idleness - white men worked every day
18. Did the men who owned slaves mingle freely with those who did not own slaves, or did the slavhoders in any way show by their actions that they felt better than respectable, honorable men who did not own slaves? Men who did not own slaves
19. At the CHurches, at the schools, at pulbic gathering in general, did slaveholders and non-slaveholders mingle on a footing of equality? At Churches and School they mingled and all went together, me and slaves. All went barefooted together to church.
20. Was there a friendly feeling between slaveholders and non-slaveholders in your community, or were they antagonistic of each other? They were all friendly and good feelings toward each otehr.
21. In a political contest in which one of candidate owned slaves and the other did not, did the fact that one candidate owned slaves help him in wining the contest? No they didn't do that.
22. Were the opportunities good in your community for a poor young man-honest and industrious-to save up enough to buy a small farm or go in business for himself? Yes
23. Were poor, honest, industrious young men, who were ambitious to make something of themselves, encouraged or discouraged by slave holders? They encouraged him tried to help him.
24. What kind of school or schools did you attend? Didn't have any free schools and a very few subscriptions.
25. About hwo long did you go to school altogether? About 10 months altogether.
26. How far was it to the nearest school? Two miles
27. What school or schools were in operation in your neighborhood? Subscriptions white people didn't have any negros schools
28. Was the school in your community private or public? Private
29. About how many months in the year did it run: 2 months
30. Did teh boys and girls in your community attend school pretty regularly? Yes
31. Was the teacher of the school you attended a man or a woman? Man
32. In what year and month and what place did you enlist in the Confederate or Federal government? August 1862 Jackson TN
33. State the n ame of your regiment, and state the names of as many members of your company as you remember: Co. A 7th TN Calvary: Kernal Hawkens Reg., Capt. Moore, Lt. Royal, Sgt. Dennison, Sam Coffman, Whig Adams, Frank Berket, Bill Berket, Jasper Teague, R. Teague, Dock Teague, Ben Camp, Bill Mullins, Milt Bartholomew, Daniel Meals, Harper Meals, Drew Massy, John Wipe, George Morgan, Frank Morgan, Hareson Thomas, John Christopher, Clark Pritcherd.
34. After enlistmen where was your company sent first? Henderson Station TN
35. How long after enlistment before your cmopany engage in battle? 1 Month
36. What was the first battle you engaged in: Korrent MS, about 2 days
37. State in your own way your experience in the war from this time on until the close. State where you went after the first battle, what youdid, what other battles you engaged in, how long they lasted, what the results were - state howlong youlived in the camp, how you were clothes, how you sleft, what you had to eat, how you were exposed to cold hunger and disease. If you were in the hospital or in prison, - your experience: Cross Roads, one day. Trenton, one day. Hallow Springs 1/2 day. Union City 1 day. Captured and cared to Anderson Prison and stayed 9 months. Eat 1 spoonful bow peas a day. Lost 1400 thousand, sleep on ground, nothing under us or over. Clothed pretty well until got in prison and we didn't have any cloth. Exposed to cold hunger and disease.
38. When and where were you discharged: Aug. 1865 Nashville TN
39. Tell of your trip home: Left Nashville and had a hundred miles home. Had a right nice trip home.
40. What kind of work did you take up when you came back home? Farming