Welcome to Jeff Davis County Texas
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This county was part of Presidio
County until 1887, when it was created and organized, and the
county seat established at old Fort Davis.
The troops of old
Fort Davis did a valuable service many years in
patrolling the border and guarding life and property against
Indians and outlaws, but the post was abandoned by the
government in 1890. In the meantime a considerable settlement
had grown up around the old fort, it had been the county seat
of Presidio County from 1875, and though isolated from
railroads it still retains its honors, as the place of local
government and also as one of the noted resorts of West Texas.
In the vicinity of Fort Davis are the Davis Mountains,
and at different
points across the county are some of the highest mountain
peaks in the South, many of them ranging between four and six
thousand feet in elevation, and several being over eight
thousand feet. To the lover of wild and rugged scenery, and
the hunter of big game, Jeff Davis
County has long
presented unrivaled facilities, and while old Fort
Davis is off the beaten path of the ordinary
tourist it attracts an increasing number of sportsmen and
travelers to whom primitive nature makes a strong appeal. The
greater part of the lands of the county are held in large
tracts and owned by the state or railroad companies, and while
the live stock industry assumes large proportions, agriculture
has as yet been little developed, and only by irrigation
methods. Thus far irrigation has been applied largely to
orchards and small fields of alfalfa. These farms lie mostly
in the valleys, and the water is supplied from artesian
population of Jeff Davis County in 1890 was 1,394; in 1900,
1,150; and in 1910, 1,678 including 600 Mexicans. The total
area of the county is 1,448,320 acres, with about two-thirds
occupied in ranches, and the last census reported 5,800 acres
as "improved land," as compared with 1,170 acres in 1900. The
number of farms or ranches in 1910 was ninety-one. In that
year the cattle enumerated were 74,961; about 2,700 horses and
mules; 4,667 goats. The crops were chiefly hay and forage
crops, kaffir corn and milo maize and corn, and about 2,300
orchard fruit trees were mentioned in the statistics. The
valuation of property in the county in 1903 was $1,630,370;
and in 1913, $4,193,766. The only railroad in the county is
the Southern Pacific, which crosses the western end, and the
principal town along its route is Valentine. The Texas &
Pacific just touches the north corner of the
Fort Davis was a settlement known as Chihuahua,
which formed just southwest of the military post of Fort Davis
after it was established in 1854. Both the county and Fort
Davis are named for Jefferson Davis; he was Secretary of War
at the time Fort Davis was founded, and would later become the
only president of the Confederate States of America before
Jeff Davis County was founded in
* Fort Davis * Madera Springs *
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