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COUNTY is on the southern
edge of the High Plains in West Texas, bounded on the east by
Glasscock County, on the south by Upton County, on the West by Ector
County, and on the north by Martin and Andrews counties. The center
of the county lies at approximately 3152' north latitude and 10200'
west longitude, 120 miles south of Lubbock.
The county was named
for its location halfway between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas
and Pacific Railway.
Midland County extends
across 939 square miles of flat land broken by draws and covered by
scattered mesquite; sandy red and dark loam soils predominate, and
elevations range from 2,550 to 2,900 feet above sea level. There are
no rivers or any other permanent surface waters in the county.
Annual rainfall is only 13.51 inches. Temperatures range from an
average minimum of 31 F in January to an average maximum of 95 F in
July; the growing season lasts 218 days. In the 1980s the
agricultural sector of county's economy averaged $11 million in
annual income from beef cattle, hogs, sheep, cotton, sorghums, and
small grains. Over 13,600 acres are irrigated.
The city of Midland is
the county's seat of government and the bustling administrative
center of the huge Permian Basin petroleum fields. Over $1 billion was paid
in wages to the county's 54,207 workers in 1980. About $53,800,000
in goods were manufactured in Midland County in 1982, including
clothing, oilfield equipment, plastics, electronic calculators, and
watches. County wells produced 7,616,000 barrels of oil, valued at
over $225 million, that year. Interstate Highway 20 cuts the
northeast corner of the county, coursing southwesterly, and State
Highway 349 bisects it north to south. The Missouri Pacific Railroad
crosses the northwest corner of the county, connecting the city of
Midland with Odessa, Abilene, and other points to the northeast and
Cities, Towns and Populated Areas
* Midland (small portion in Martin
County) * Odessa (mostly in Ector County)
* Greenwood * Spraberry * Terminal * Valley View * Warfield
* Dameron City * Germania * Pleasant * Prairie Lee
* Slaughter *