Welcome to Galveston County, Texas
Genealogy and History
County Website is available for adoption.
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UPDATES FOR DECEMBER 2013
GALVESTON COUNTY is a county locatedwithin the Houston
Sugar Land Baytown metropolitan area, on the plains of the Texas Gulf Coast in
the southeasternpart of the state. Its county seat is Galveston.
American presence in Galveston County began in 1815 when Henry Perry and Warren D.C. Hall, former members of the Gutirrez-Magee expedition, landed at Bolivar Point in September with threeships and 200 men. Perry named the point for Simvar, the "Liberator," who commissioned him to attack Spanish commerce on the Gulf and direct expeditions against the Spanish in Mexico. The period from 1815 to 1821, however, was dominated by freebooters, filibusters,and pirates, notably the Frenchmen Louis Michel Aury and Jean Laffite. Aury arrived with thirteen ships on September16, 1816, and established a base on Galveston Island. Galveston County was formed in 1838 under the republicfrom Harrisburg, Liberty, and Brazoria counties and organized in 1839. When Texas joined the Union, Galvestonwas the largest city in Texas, with a population of 3,500. By the eve of the Civil War, however, the county had only nine manufacturing establishments, and Houston had begun to overshadow Galveston as the state's largest port.
Cities and Towns
County Seat: Galveston
Bayou Vista * Clear Lake Shores * Dickinson * Friendswood * Galveston * Hitchcock * Jamaica Beach * Kemah
* La Marque* League City * Santa Fe * Texas City
Village: Tiki Island
Bacliff * Bolivar Peninsula * San Leon
* Algoa * Bayview * Crystal Beach * Gilchrist * High Island * Port Bolivar
The Rosenberg Library is the oldest public library in Texas and serves as the headquartersfor the Galveston County Library System. Its librarian also functions as the Galveston County librarian