The period from 1815 to 1821, however, was dominated by freebooters, filibusters,
and pirates, notably the Frenchmen Louis Michel Aury and Jean Laffite. Aury arrived with thirteen ships on September
16, 1816, and established a base on Galveston Island. Galveston County was formed in 1838 under the republic
from Harrisburg, Liberty, and Brazoria counties and organized in 1839. When Texas joined the Union, Galveston
was the largest city in Texas, with a population of 3,500. By the eve of the Civil War, however, the county had
only nine manufacturing establishments, and Houston had begun to overshadow Galveston as the state's largest port.
In 1900, a great hurricane devastated Galveston. Click here
to find information
about this great tragedy.
Galveston Horror Death List