Welcome to Wharton County, Texas

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Wharton County Texas

Wharton County was established after Texas statehood and the Mexican War in 1846 from parts of Matagorda, Jackson, and Colorado counties, taking their best and most fertile land. The act that formed the county provided for its immediate organization and a county seat to be named Wharton and located on the northeast bank of the Colorado River in the east central portion of the county within one of the leagues granted to William Kincheloe.

Because of sugar cane production, Wharton, Fort Bend, Brazoria, and Matagorda counties came to be known as the "Texas sugar bowl." Completion of the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railway extension across the northwest corner of the county by 1860 improved commodity prices, though roads to the railroad line remained poor. Some consumer goods were brought by riverboat up the Colorado River from Matagorda, but most came overland from Richmond or Matagorda.

Residents of Wharton County cast only two votes against secession, and many soon joined the Confederate war effort as part of Terry's Texas Rangers, the Home Guards, or the Wharton Rifles. Three Home Guard posts were established in 1861 at Egypt, Wharton, and Waterville, as part of the Twenty-second Brigade, which included Fayette, Colorado, Wharton, and Matagorda counties. The camp in Wharton was named Camp Buchel in honor of Col. Augustus Buchel, C.S.A., and was in the First Military District, Sub-district Three.

Photo by Larry D. Moore CC BY-SA 3.0.



* Boling-Iago * Louise * East Bernard * Wharton (County Seat) * El Campo * Newgulf * Hungerford *


*  Bonus  *  Burr  *  Danevang  *  Dinsmore  *  Egypt  *  Elm Grove  *  Glen Flora  *  Hahn  *  Hillje  *

*  Jones Creek  *  Lane City  *  Lissie  *  Mackay  *  Magnet  *  Newgulf  *  New Taiton  *  Pierce  *

*  Sand Ridge  *  Spanish Camp  *


*  Don-Tol  *  Dorman  *  Nedra  *  Nottawa  *  Peach Creek  *  Plainview  *  Preston  * 
*  Round Mott  *  Sandies  *  Taiton  *  Waterville  *


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Website Updates:
June 2017: County Records: 1900 Fugitives from Justice
May 2017: History: 1914 County History
Oct 2016: Military: Vietnam War Casualties
Sept 2016: County Records: 1891 Fugitives from Justice
Jun 2016: County Records: 1916 County Officers; Military: World War 2 Army Casualties Honor Roll
Jan 2016: Bios: WORD; County Records: 1888 County Officers


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Surrounding Counties

  Austin County (north)

Fort Bend County (northeast)

Brazoria County (east)

Matagorda County (southeast)

Jackson County (southwest)

Colorado County (northwest)  

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