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Swisher County Texas
The area was named for James Gibson Swisher, a veteran of the Texas Revolution. Swisher County occupies 896 square miles of level plains broken only by Tule Creek and its three branches, North, Middle, and South Tule draws. The area that is now Swisher County was long the homeland of Apachean cultures, who were displaced by the more warlike Comanches by around 1700. The Comanches ruled the High Plains until they were crushed by the United States Army in the Red River War of 1874.
In 1876 the Texas state legislature carved Swisher County from lands previously assigned to the Young and Bexar districts. In 1880 four people were reported living in the area. Ranching came to the county as the buffalo were eliminated. Swisher County remained largely unsettled until the JA Ranch of Charles Goodnight expanded into the county in 1883. This activity led to Goodnight's Tule Ranch, which occupied the entire eastern part of the county.
By the late 1880s the scattered residents of the county perceived a need for a local government, and a petition for organization was circulated in June 1890. An election held on July 17 formally organized the county with Tulia, a tiny settlement, chosen as county seat. Swisher County remained wholly a ranching county almost until the beginning of the twentieth century.
A Santa Fe Railroad branch line from Amarillo reached Swisher County in 1906 and later connected the county to Plainview in Hale County. When the line was completed to Lubbock in 1910, Tulia and Swisher County were on a major north-south rail line. Railroad construction also led to the establishment of two Swisher County towns, Happy and Kress, which became new population centers on the railroad.Photo by Larry D. Moore CC BY-SA 3.0SWISHER COUNTY COURTHOUSE
CITIES, TOWNS, AND POPULATED PLACES
* Kress * Tulia * Happy * Lakeview * Vigo Park * Love *
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Online Data ChurchRecords FamilyRecords MiscellaneousData Wills/Probate Records Website Updates:
Oct 2017: Website updated and pages are mobile friendlyJun 2017: County Records: 1900 Fugitives from JusticeAug 2016: Death News: DUNN, O'BRYAN, O'NEAL, REED; Sick List News: CRAWFORD, HALE, MCSPADDAN; Weather NewsMay 2016: County Records: 1916 County OfficersFeb 2016: World War I Honor Roll
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