Texas Genealogy Trails

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Wheeler County

Officially formed in 1876, the county is named for Royal Tyler Wheeler, a chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court.
 In 1879, Mobeetie (then known as Sweetwater) was named the county seat.

The town of Wheeler was designated as the county seat in 190


In the spring of 1874 an outpost, called Hidetown or Sweetwater, was established on Sweetwater Creek, in the northwestern part of what is now Wheeler County. To curb Indian escapes from Indian Territory, in June 1875 the United States Army established a post near Hidetown. It was named Fort Elliott in 1876 and remained operative until 1890, providing both protection and economic benefits for newly arrived residents. In 1878 the first post office in the Panhandle was established there. As the Indian threat diminished in 1875 and 1876, settlers began to congregate around Fort Elliott and Hidetown, and in 1876 the Texas state legislature established Wheeler County from lands formerly assigned to the Bexar and Young districts. As the buffalo were hunted out of existence, cattle ranching began to develop in the area, and former buffalo hunters, discharged soldiers, and newly arriving ranchers settled into the county. In 1879 the local residents petitioned for county organization. On April 12, 1879, Wheeler County became the first organized county in the Panhandle, with fourteen other unorganized counties attached to it. The small camp of Sweetwater was chosen to be the county seat; the settlement was renamed Mobeetie in 1880, when a post office was established there.

[Excerpted from Donald R. Abbe and John Leffler, "WHEELER COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the Texas State Historical Association.]

Populated Areas
Shamrock * Wheeler * Mobeetie
Allison * Briscoe * Kelton * Twitty
 

 


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Wheeler County Data


Biographies

Birth Records

Census

Church Histories / Records

Death Records

Family Bibles and Records

History

Marriage Records

Miscellaneous Data

School Records

Wills/Probate Records

Website Updates:
Jan 2014: County Officials 1896-1900, 1904; 1883 pensioners;


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Surrounding Counties
Hemphill County (north)
Roger Mills County, Oklahoma (northeast)
 
Beckham County, Oklahoma (east)
 
Collingsworth County (south)
 
Gray County(west)

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