Welcome to Wheeler County, Texas

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Wheeler County Texas

Officially formed in 1876, the county is named for Royal Tyler Wheeler, a chief justice of the Texas Supreme Court.  In 1879, Mobeetie (then known as Sweetwater) was named the county seat.
The town of Wheeler was designated as the county seat in 190

In the spring of 1874 an outpost, called Hidetown or Sweetwater, was established on Sweetwater Creek, in the northwestern part of what is now Wheeler County. To curb Indian escapes from Indian Territory, in June 1875 the United States Army established a post near Hidetown. It was named Fort Elliott in 1876 and remained operative until 1890, providing both protection and economic benefits for newly arrived residents. In 1878 the first post office in the Panhandle was established there. As the Indian threat diminished in 1875 and 1876, settlers began to congregate around Fort Elliott and Hidetown, and in 1876 the Texas state legislature established Wheeler County from lands formerly assigned to the Bexar and Young districts. As the buffalo were hunted out of existence, cattle ranching began to develop in the area, and former buffalo hunters, discharged soldiers, and newly arriving ranchers settled into the county. In 1879 the local residents petitioned for county organization. On April 12, 1879, Wheeler County became the first organized county in the Panhandle, with fourteen other unorganized counties attached to it. The small camp of Sweetwater was chosen to be the county seat; the settlement was renamed Mobeetie in 1880, when a post office was established there.
[Excerpted from Donald R. Abbe and John Leffler, "WHEELER COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the Texas State Historical Association.]


Shamrock * Wheeler * Mobeetie * Allison * Briscoe * Kelton * Twitty *


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Online Data
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Website Updates:
Aug 2015: 1906 - 1910 Births
May 2015: News: Newspapers of Wheeler County
Feb 2015: Death News: WILLIAMS; Visiting News: BRADBURY, DAVIS; Birth News: SLOSS; Birthday Celebrations: LASATER; Sick List News; TROSTLE, HILL, ABBOTT, HILBURN, PENDLETON
Dec 2014: Obit: LISLE
Nov 2014: Mil: Vietnam War Casualties, Korean War Casualties
Sept 2014: WW2 Honor Roll; Obit: FLANAGAN - Submitted by Jessica Coleman; 1914 County Description
July 2014: History of county name - transcribed by Ann Cassel; Obit: O'GRADY - Transcribed by Debby Cavalcante; Obit: JACOBS, REEVES,  - Transcribed by Kristine Metoyer; Obit: ESTES, LEE, LEWIS,  - Transcribed by Bobby Dobbins Title; Obit: HEFLEY, JACOBS, ROOSER,  - Transcribed by Sue P. Carpenter; Obit: GONZALES, MALIN, WESTBROOK,  - Transcribed by Susan Geist; Obit: GONZALES, WESTBROOK, WOOLLARD - Transcribed by AFoFGmz; Obit: GARDNER, HARDIN, HENDERSON, PRICE,  - Transcribed by Vicki Bryan; Obit: HILBURN, KOHLS, MARTIN, O'GORMAN, ROACH,  - Transcribed by Camellia
June 2014: Bio: BROWNING - Transcribed by Joseph Rose; Obit: ROGERS, TRIMBLE - Transcribed by Sue Carpenter; Agricultural History - Transcribed by Kelli Stachurski; History and Biographical - Transcribed by Susan Geist; 1890 Veterans Schedule - Transcribed by Vicki Bryan;
Jan 2014: County Officials 1896-1900, 1904; 1883 pensioners;

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Adjacent Counties

Hemphill County (north)

Roger Mills County, Oklahoma (northeast)

 Beckham County, Oklahoma (east)

 Collingsworth County (south)

 Gray County(west) 

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