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Formed in 1858 from Fannin County and is named for Branch Tanner Archer, a commissioner for the Republic of Texas.
Before white settlement, Apaches, Wichitas, Tawakonis, Kichais, Caddoes, Comanches, and later Kiowas camped and hunted in the area now known as Archer County. Spaniards and Anglos crossed through the area at various times, and in the eighteenth century French traders operated a post close to the two small mesas in the west central area later called Little Arizona. Kichais defeated the Texas Rangers in the battle of Stone Houses in southeastern Archer County in 1837, and Kiowas led by Kicking Bird defeated United States cavalrymen led by Capt. Curwen B. McClellan in the battle of the Little Wichita River in the northwestern part of the county in 1870.
On January 22, 1858, the Texas legislature marked off Archer County from Clay County and named it in honor of Republic of Texas commissioner Branch Tanner Archer. By 1875, the United States Army had driven all the Indians from North Texas and the area was open to settlement.
The county seat is Archer City.
[Excerpted from Monte Lewis, "ARCHER COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the Texas State Historical Association]
Archer City * Holliday * Scotland * Lakeside City * Megargel * Windthorst * Anarene * Huff