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is named for James Hughes Callahan, a soldier during theTexas
The county seat is Baird.
Between 1858 and 1877, Callahan County was attached
successively to Bexar County, Travis County,and Eastland County for
administrative and judicial purposes. In 1877 the residents, more
than 150 strong, signed a petition requesting the organization of
Callahan County. At the election of July 3, 1877, Callahan City
became the first county seat, a position the town retained only
until the election of October 13, 1877, when Belle Plain was voted
in as the new county seat. An election on January 16, 1883, made
Baird the new county seat.
During the 1880s extensive farming
was introduced. Settlers from East Texas began farming in the area
around Cottonwood in the mid-1880s, raising cotton, oats, and
various varieties of fruit. Despite the impressive growth of
agriculture,however, ranching continued to form the mainstay of the
economy. The total number of cattle in the county duringthe period
from 1890 and 1930 ranged between 25,000 and 35,000. Most were beef
cattle, although dairying becamemore popular after the turn of the
century, and for a time the county was a major producer of
Cities and Towns
* Baird * Clyde * Cottonwood * Cross
Plains * Putnam *
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Callahan County Texas Online
Church Histories / Records
Bibles and Records
- Website Updates:
Aug 2014: History of Callahan County
- Mil: World War 2 Army
Casualties Honor Roll; Korean War
- Marriage News: HUGHSTON, LIVELY -
Transcribed by Barbara Ziegenmeyer
- Obit: KLINGENBERG,
SHEPHERD - Transcribed by Barbara
- Jan 2014: Bio for
SCARBOROUGH; court news for EDWARDS; marriage
announcement for JONES-HOWELL; Crime news for
Oct 2013: bios
for ANDERSON, BELL, HUTCHESON; obits for BARS,
BLAKELEY, CARTER, COPPINS, GONZALES, PRICE;
Crime news re: LEEPER, AGOS/BARGOS/
STEWART, WATHEN; community and gossip news
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