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Garza is named for a pioneer Bexar
County family, as it was once a part of that county. The county
seat is Post.
Garza County was
formed from Bexar County in 1876. It began to be settled by ranchmen
during the mid-1870s, when buffalo hunting had nearly devastated the
herds. Two of the earliest ranchers in the county were Andy and
Frank Long, who stocked the range south of the Double Mountain Fork
of the Brazos for their OS Ranch.
In 1879 W. C. Young and Ben Galbraith
established the Llano Cattle Co in the northwest part of Garza
County. The ubiquitous West Texas rancher John B. Slaughter used
Garza County rangeland during the 1870s. In 1880 the census counted
thirty-six residents in the county.
The development of the county quickly
accelerated after 1906, when Charles William Post bought 250,000
acres in Lynn and Garza counties to start an experimental colony. He
bought a number of ranches, fenced off the land in 160-acre tracts,
laid out a townsite, built houses, and in other ways worked to
attract settlers. In 1907 Garza County was formally organized, with
the new town of Post City designated as county seat. Land
speculators and liquor were banned in the settlement. That same
year, Stockton Henry began publication of the Post City
[John Leffler, "GARZA COUNTY," Handbook of Texas
Online; Published by the Texas State Historical
City * Post * Justiceburg * Southland