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The county was organized after an election held on January 20,
1881, and in April the Nolan County Court declared that Sweetwater
was to be the new permanent county seat. The county is named
for Phillip Nolan, one of the first American traders to visit
The townsite was on the Texas and Pacific Railway, which had
built into the area that March. The first newspaper in Nolan County,
the Sweetwater Advocate, was published in 1881. Though a blizzard in
February 1885 destroyed much of the livestock in the area, settlers
continued to move into Nolan County. By 1890 there were 144 ranches
and farms, and the population had increased to 1,573.
Rev. Hampton McKinney was already living at the site and later
constructed the McKinney Inn at the location. On February 25, 1848,
Thomas Smith donated 100 acres of land at the McKinney site, and C.
C. Taylor was employed to construct a town plot. Jose Antonio
Navarro chose the name Corsicana in honor of the Isle of Corsica,
his father's birthplace.
McDaniel, "NOLAN COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the
Texas State Historical Association.]
Blackwell (partly in
Coke County) * Champion * Decker * Highland
Hylton * Maryneal *
Nolan * Roscoe * Sweetwater * Wastella