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Tom Green County

Following the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845 a number of forts were built to restrain the Indian attacks and protect the Americans moving to the region. A second series of forts was built, including Camp J. E. Johnston (1852) in northwest Tom Green County and Fort Chadbourne (1852) in the area of modern Coke County, thirty miles up Owl Creek from its confluence with the Colorado River. The Butterfield Overland Mail stage line followed in 1857, west through Carlsbad, across the headwaters of the Middle Concho River, on to Horsehead Crossing on the Pecos River, and El Paso. The stage line was abandoned, as was Fort Chadbourne, with the outbreak of the Civil War.
A major factor in the development of agriculture was the first rail connection completed in September of 1888 by the Santa Fe Railroad. This provided direct access to market for cattle, sheep, goats, and wool and other products. By the turn of the century an estimated 3,500 to 5,000 railroad cars of cattle were shipped annually — making San Angelo the largest range cattle-shipping station in the United States.   A second rail connection was completed in 1908 by the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway. The decade of the 1880s ended with the incorporation of San Angelo as a city and the closing of Fort Concho in 1889. The Indians had been subdued and confined to the reservation. The frontier was gone. The first electric light plant was built in 1890, and the first sewer system was completed in 1895.   The population increased gradually to 5,152 in 1890 and to 6,804 in 1900

[Excerpted from John C. Henderson, "TOM GREEN COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.]

On the 8th of January, 1864, five hundred rangers, under Captains Gillentine, Fossett, and Totten, met and defeated two thousand Comanche Indians on Dove Creek in what is now Tom Green County. This was one of the last pitched battles fought with Indians on Texas soil.
[Davis, M. E. M., "Under six flags : the story of Texas" Boston: Ginn & Co., 1897]

Populated Areas
San Angelo * Grape Creek * Christoval * Ben Ficklin * Carlsbad * Knickerbocker *
Mereta * Tankersley * Vancourt * Veribest * Wall * Water Valley *  

Harriett (ghost town)


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Website Updates:
Jan 2014: 1883 Pensioners; Marriage license info for THOMSON - COCHRAN; obit for DOSS;  gossip news for MAHLMANN



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