Welcome to Young County, Texas

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Young County Texas

Young County is in north central Texas. Graham, the county seat of government, is in the southeastern section of the county. The county was named for Col. William C. Young.  In 1851 the United States Army established Fort Belknap on the Red Fork of the Brazos, where eventually the town of Belknap grew up. Fort Belknap became one of the largest and most important military posts in North Texas prior to the Civil War.

Young County was established by the Texas legislature in 1856 from lands formerly assigned to Bosque and Fannin counties and was attached to Wise County for judicial purposes until it was organized later that same year. The town of Belknap was chosen as the county seat and was a stop on the Butterfield Overland Mail route from 1858 to 1861.

The county's early years were marred by conflicts between Indians and white settlers in the region. The Brazos Reservation, originally 18,576 acres, was doubled in size to make room for other western Indian tribes. Among the 2,000 Indians living there were Caddos, Anadarkos, Wacos, and Tonkawas, each with their own villages and all relieved to have protection from the Comanches.  Racial antagonisms, fueled by the Whiteman, a Jacksboro newspaper, brought tensions to a state of armed belligerency by 1858. Governor Hardin R. Runnels and Gen. Sam Houston asked the federal government to move the reservation Indians from Texas. After eight Indians who had been given permission to hunt in Palo Pinto were killed in their sleep by whites, federal troops fortified a reservation building to protect Indian women and children against attack; on January 9, 1859, Governor Runnels warned citizens against attacking Indians. Nevertheless, John R. Baylor led a force to one reservation on May 23, 1859, and killed an Indian woman and an old man. Indians struck back in a battle just off the reservation that cost casualties to both sides. The Indians were removed to Indian Territory in July. Some months later most were slaughtered by Comanches. [Extracted from John Leffler, "YOUNG COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the Texas State Historical Association.]

Photo by  Larry D. Moore CC BY-SA 3.0
YOUNG COUNTY COURTHOUSE

  CITIES, TOWNS,  AND POPULATED PLACES 
 
 *  Graham  (County Seat) *  Newcastle  *  Olney  * Eliasville * Fort Belknap *

* Jean * Loving * Markley * Murray * South Bend *
 
 
 
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Website Updates:
Sept 2017: Website updated and pages are mobile friendly
Jun 2017: County Records: 1900 Fugitives from Justice; Biographies: WHITE
Sept 2016: Calamity News: GRAHAM; Crime News: JONES, KEITH; Community News
Jun 2016: County Records: 1916 County Officers
Mar 2016: World War 1 Honor Roll
 
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Surrounding Counties

Archer County (north)

Jack County (east)

Palo Pinto County (southeast)

Stephens County (south)

Throckmorton County(west)     

 

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