Welcome to Cherokee County, Texas

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Cherokee County Texas

Cherokee County is named for the Cherokee Native American Tribe. Its county seat is Rusk. Early Indian habitation has been thoroughly investigated at the George C. Davis Site at Mound Prairie, six miles southwest of Alto. Evidence of all stages of southeastern Indian development has been found, beginning with the 12,000-year-old Clovis culture. A strong Spanish influence came into the area in 1690 with the establishment of San Francisco de los Tejas Mission in neighboring Houston County. 

The first documented entry of Europeans came on November 6, 1691, when the expedition of Domingo Teran de los Rios and Father Damian Massenet entered the county en route from San Francisco de los Tejas to the Red River.  The first land grant in the county went to Nacogdoches merchants William Barr and Peter Samuel Davenport in 1798, but they did not settle there. The Indians for whom the county was named the Cherokees joined by Delawares, Shawnees, and Kickapoos, began settling north of the Camino Real (the Old San Antonio Road) about 1820.  The county's settlers were mostly from the South and brought with them the economic and social traditions of that region.

The 1850 population of 6,673 was the third largest in the state.
Cotton was important to the local economy, and in 1860 local farmers produced 6,251 bales of the fiber. The area's principal crops, were corn and wheat. County farmers produced more than 496,000 bushels of corn in 1860, and about 21,000 bushels of wheat.

[Excerpted from "Handbook of Texas Online" Published by the Texas State Historical Association.]

Photo by Larry D. Moore CC BY-SA 4.0


* Alto * Cuney * Gallatin * Jacksonville * Maydelle *
New Summerfield * Reklaw  *  Rusk * Shadybook * Troup * Wells * Afton Grove * Atoy * Blackjack * Church Hill * * Concord * Corine * Cove Springs * Carft * Delmer * Dialville * Earle's Chapel * Forest * Fry's Gap * Gould * * Ironton * Lakeview * Larissa * Linwood * Maydelle * Mixon * Mount Selman * New Hope * Oakland * Pierces Chapel * Pine Hill * Ponta * Reese * Salem * Shady Grove * Tecula * Turney * Weeping Mary * Woodville  

Ghost Towns

 Etna * Knoxville * Lone Star * New Birmingham *

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Online Data
Probate Records
Website Updates:
May 2018: Deaths: 1850 Mortality Schedule
Apr 2018: Sick List News: LONG
Feb 2018: Sick List News: BENSON
Jan 2018: Biography: SINGLETARY
Nov 2017: Website updated and pages are mobile friendly
Jun 2017: Biographies: ANDERSON

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Surrounding Counties

Smith County (north)

Rusk County (northeast)

Nacogdoches County (east)

Angelina County (southeast)

Houston County (southwest)

Anderson County (west)

Henderson County (northwest)  

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