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Cherokee County is named
for the Cherokee Native American Tribe. Its county seat is Rusk.
Early Indian habitation has been thoroughly investigated at the
George C. Davis Site at Mound Prairie, six miles southwest of Alto.
Evidence of all stages of southeastern Indian development has been
found, beginning with the 12,000-year-old Clovis culture. A strong
Spanish influence came into the area in 1690 with the establishment
of San Francisco de los Tejas Mission in neighboring Houston
The first documented entry of Europeans came
on November 6, 1691, when the expedition of Domingo Teran de los
Rios and Father Damian Massenet entered the county en route from San
Francisco de los Tejas to the Red River. The first land grant
in the county went to Nacogdoches merchants William Barr and Peter
Samuel Davenport in 1798, but they did not settle there. The Indians
for whom the county was named the Cherokees joined by Delawares,
Shawnees, and Kickapoos, began settling north of the Camino Real
(the Old San Antonio Road) about 1820. The county's settlers
were mostly from the South and brought with them the economic and
social traditions of that region.
The 1850 population of
6,673 was the third largest in the state.
Cotton was important
to the local economy, and in 1860 local farmers produced 6,251 bales
of the fiber. The area's principal crops, were corn and wheat.
County farmers produced more than 496,000 bushels of corn in 1860,
and about 21,000 bushels of wheat.
"Handbook of Texas Online" Published by the Texas State Historical
and Populated Places
* Alto * Bullard
(partially in Smith County) * Cuney * Gallatin * Jacksonville
* Maydelle *
New Summerfield * Reklaw (partially in Rusk County)
* Rusk * Troup (partially in Smith County) * Wells
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Cherokee County Online Data
Family Bibles and
- Website Updates:
- Dec 2014:
Mil: Vietnam War Casualties; Korean War
- Sept 2014:
Mil: WW2 Honor Roll; 1914 County History
- Aug 2014:
Mil: October 1918 Army Casualties - Submitted by Rose
- Jul 2014:
Obits: BEALL, DIAL, JENKINS, LANE, DILLARD, CURL,
HOLCOMB - Transcribed by AFOFGtr
2014: CLAIBORNE, BOLTON, BRITTAIN,
CARNOCHAN, COLE, HENDON, PETREE, RIDDLE, WILLSON,
CLAIBORNE. FELPS, TEMPLETON,
Feb. 2014 Thomas
Henry Singletary. Community News-Hon.
2014: Bios: BARKER,
BARREN, CAMPBELL, DICKINSON, JOHNSON, HUDDLESTON, MCKEE, BONNER, HOGG, Birth Records
McFARLAND bio; Sick List news for COX; fire news
story for LLOYD ; obits for HINES, ALLEN,
EILENBERGER, WHATLEY, GIBSON, BOGGESS, HATCHETT;
Marriage announcement of CARROLL - LEE
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