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On June 30, 1841, the Fifth Congress of the
Republic of Texas created the Panola District for judicial purposes.
The First Legislature of State of Texas created the county of Panola
on March 30, 1846, and the county had its organization election July
Panola comes from an Indian word meaning
cotton. Judge John Allison was a Mississippi cotton-grower from a
county called Panola in Mississippi. In 1846 when he became a leader
in the creation of this new county in Texas, which also had soil
conducive to growing cotton, he asked that the county be called
Panola. Cotton immediately became Panola County's main cash
In an election held in August 1848 the voters
of the county chose Carthage. New county officers were also elected,
and Chief Justice Thomas G. Davenport met with his first court
session at Carthage on September 12. At that time, Carthage was
little more than a location in a virgin forest of short-leaf pine,
oak, hickory, and dogwood.
Logging intensified in the area after 1885,
when a narrow-gauge log railroad out of Longview built into the
county. In 1888 it was upgraded to standard gauge, and its tracks
were extended into Carthage. The line eventually became part of the
Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway. Tying the area to national
markets, the railroad also encouraged the development of the area's
[Excerpted from: Leila B. LaGrone, "PANOLA COUNTY,"
Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the Texas State Historical
and Populated Areas
Beckville * Gary City *
Carthage * Mineral Springs * Clayton
Murvaul * DeBerry * Tatum
(mostly in Rusk County)
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Panola County Online Data
Church Histories / Records
Family Bibles and Records
2014: Mil: Vietnam War Casualties; Korean
2014: Mil: WW2 Honor Roll; 1914 County
2014: Obit: TOOMBS - Transcribed by
2014: 1850 Mortality Schedule, 1870
Mortality Schedule, 1880 Mortality Schedule, 1883
Pensioners, 1890 Veteran Schedules, bios: BAKER,
COOPER, HILL, deaths: MIDDLETON
2013: obits : WALL, HUBBARD, JERNIGAN,
MATTHEWS, WALKER, WILLIAMSON, BLACK, CARSWELL, HULL,
SMITH; Gossip: WILLIAMS, JONES, STEVENSON,
WOODS; Birth: WILCOT, BOYKIN;
Sicklist: WOOLWORTH; Marriage: HATCHER;
bios: BOOTY, WALTON
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