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Rusk County Texas
After Texas independence the territory was originally a part of Nacogdoches County. Rusk County was formed on January 16, 1843, and was named for Thomas Jefferson Rusk, who had been secretary of war under President Sam Houston. The county seat was established as near the center of the county as possible by the five commissioners appointed to acquire land for the purpose. Gen. James Smith donated the original townsite of 65.5 acres, and he later sold 69.5 acres more to the town. Later, William B. Ochiltree donated five acres north of the town square and in the deed named the town for his friend James Pinckney Henderson.
Settlers continued to pour into the area during the late 1840s, and by 1850 Rusk County had a population of 8,148, the second largest county population in the state, surpassed only by Harrison County. The majority of the residents were farmers, with merchants, lawyers, and carpenters the most common other occupations. More than one-fourth of the inhabitants (2,136) were slaves, a reflection of the flourishing plantation economy that had already begun to develop. The 1850 census listed seventeen plantations of 10,000 acres or more; James Smith, owner of 53,000 acres, was the largest landowner. A number of noted plantations were located around Henderson, including those of John Graham, Richard B. Tutt, Milton M. Boggess, and William Wright Morris. Numerous new communities sprang up during the late 1840s and early 1850s, and by 1857 twenty-two localities had post offices, the largest of them being Henderson, Camden, Harmony Hill, Millville, Mount Enterprise, New Salem, and Pine Hill. The "Wire Road," so called because in the early 1850s it was flanked by one of the earliest Texas telegraph lines strung on brackets nailed to trees, was a busy thoroughfare with regular stagecoach lines carrying passengers and freight from Marshall and Jefferson to Crockett and points south and west.
The end of the Civil War brought disaster to the county's economy. For many of Rusk County's white residents, the abolition of slavery meant devastating economic loss. Before the Civil War slaves had constituted nearly half of all taxable property in the county, and their loss, coupled with a sharp decline in property values, caused a profound disruption for most planters. Residents of the northern part of the county petitioned to be separated to form their own county and in 1874, the legislature approved the request to form Gregg County. The 1870s brought a slow recovery to the area, with the first railroad brought in, opening access to new markets.
The discovery of the East Texas Oilfield in 1930 brought prosperity to the area and swelled the population of the county.
Oil remains the leading industry of the county.
[Extracted from: Virginia Knapp and Megan Biesele, "RUSK COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the Texas State Historical Association.]
CITIES, TOWNS, AND POPULATED PLACES
* Easton (mostly in Gregg County) * Henderson (County Seat) * Kilgore (mostly in Gregg County) * Mount Enterprise * New London * Overton (partly in Smith County) * Reklaw (mostly in Cherokee County) * Tatum (partly in Panola County)
Big Springs * Concord * Elderville * Joinerville * Laird Hill * Laneville * Leverett's Chapel *
Minden * Price * Selman City * Turnertown *
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- Website Updates:
June 2017: County Records: 1900 Fugitives from JusticeSept 2016: Death News: ANDERSON; Marriage News: LEE, INGRAM, HEARNE, GRAYSON; Visiting News: BRADFORD, SMITH, TRUITT, TURNER, WILLIAMS, PURYEAR, HUBBARD, BAGLEY, WATKINSJun 2016: County Records: 1916 County OfficersMar 2016: World War 1 Honor Roll
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