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San Augustine County Texas
In 1833 William McFarland became alcalde, and citizens began to contemplate constructing a centrally located town. A committee of fifteen men chose the banks of the Ayish Bayou and then purchased the land from Edmund Quirk. The following year, under alcalde Charles Stanfield Taylor, the municipality of San Augustine was established by Mexican law. The name was chosen by Mexican officials, supposedly to honor St. Augustine of Hippo. Since the new district had 2,500 inhabitants in 1834, it could then officially elect an alcalde, two councilmen, a clerk, a chief justice and a primary judge.
Ayish Bayou settlers had been involved in the 1832 battle of Nacogdoches, in which they helped remove Jos de las Piedras, commandant of Nacogdoches. Subsequently, they sent prominent representatives, including Sam Houston in 1833, to the conventions of 1832 and 1833. Early in 1836 Houston was elected commander of the Texian forces at San Augustine - and then for all of Texas - which took an active part in the Texas Revolution.
In April 1836, the town was abandoned when citizens fled toward the Louisiana border in the Runaway Scrape. They returned to their homes with news of the victory at the battle of San Augustine. With the close of hostilities, Texans began establishing a government for the new Republic of Texas. San Augustine County was one of the first counties to be formed. In 1837 settlers chose county officials, including a chief justice, a county clerk, a sheriff, a district clerk, a surveyor, and a coroner. In most instances, war heroes were elected to those positions, replacing earlier settlers as community leaders. Neither the end of the war or the establishment of counties brought peace however... Horse theft, counterfeiting, and land fraud were not uncommon activities, especially in neighboring Sabine and Shelby counties. For years vigilantism had been the only form of justice, and in 1840 this lawlessness erupted into and a feud over land titles that became known as the Regulator-Moderator War. The bloodshed spilled over into several East Texas counties and continued until President Sam Houston negotiated a peace treaty between the two parties in 1844. Once peace was restored, homesteaders, mainly small farmers and herders from Alabama and Tennessee, came to settle the county. By 1850 the county population was 3,648, including 1,561 black slaves. The county seat had several stores and remained the center of community activity.
[Excerpted from: Vista K. McCroskey, "SAN AUGUSTINE COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online, Published by the Texas State Historical Association.]
The county was established in 1837 with the County Seat formed at San Augustine
CITIES, TOWNS, AND POPULATED PLACES
* Broaddus * San Augustine *
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- Website Updates:
June 2017: County Records: 1900 Fugitives from JusticeSept 2016: Visiting News: BENEFIELD, FULLEN, THOMAS, BLOHM, ARMSTRONG, RAWLS, CROUCH, MCDONALD, GOODWIN, CRAVENS, HINES, BANKS, PHILLIPS, GOMBERT, POLKJun 2016: County Records: 1916 County OfficersMar 2016: World War 1 Honor Roll
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