Welcome to Upshur County, Texas

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Upshur County Texas

Upshur County, which was created from territory originally in Harrisonand Nacogdoches counties and was organized in 1846, is situated in the heart of the piney woods of northeast Texas,and the manufacture  of the hard woods and the pine still constitutes one of the leading industries. As of2000, the population was 35,291. The county seat is Gilmer. Upshur County is part of the Longview MetropolitanStatistical Area as well as the Longview Marshall Combined Statistical Area. The county is named for Abel P. Upshurwho was U.S. Secretary of State during President John Tyler's administration. Upshur was killed in the explosionon the USS Princeton along with new United States Secretary of the Navy Thomas Walker Gilmer.

The first railroad in the county was the main line of the Texas & Pacific, which was extended west from Longview beginningabout 1871, and passes through the southwestern portion of the county,its first station being Big Sandy. About the same time the old TylerTap Railway, a narrow gauge line, was built north from Tyler across the Sabine River into Upshur County to a connection with the Texas& Pacific, and a few years later was extended north to Mount Pleasant, reaching the latter place in 1878. Thisis now a part ofthe St. Louis Southwestern System. During the decade of the '90s the old Texas Southern, now the Marshall &East Texas, a portion of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas System, was constructed centrally through the county, giving Gilmera station at the junction of two roads. The original railways did much to stimulate the lumber industry in thecounty, andlater have promoted development along other lines. Thirty years ago, when the lumber business was at its height,the manufacturing interests of the county comprised about eighteen sawmills and a number of shingle mills, and some grist mills forthe local trade. Some of the old centers of settlement in the county,before Gregg and Camp counties were detached, are indicated by the post offices in 1856, the names of which were Galloway, Coffeeville, Earpville, Gilmer, Omega, Pine Tree, PointPleasant and Red Rock. Besides the two railroads townsof Gilmer and Big Sandy, the two largest centers in 1882 were Coffeevilleand Simpsonville. Other towns at the present time are Ewell, Glenwood, Ashland, Bettie, Latch and Smith.     


* Bettie * Big Sandy * Center Point (Ghost Town) * Diana (unincorporated) * East Mountain *
Enoch (unincorporated) * Gilmer * Gladewater (mostly in Gregg County) * Harmony * Latch (unincorporated)
* Ore City *  Pritchett (unincorporated) * Simpsonville * Union Grove * Warren City (mostly in Gregg County)


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Website Updates:
June 2017: History: 1900 Fugitives from Justice
Feb 2017: Death News: PAYNE
Sept 2016: History Records: 1891 Fugitives from Justice
Jun 2016: History: 1916 County Officers

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Surrounding Counties

Camp County(north)

Morris County(northeast)

Marion County(east)

Harrison County(southeast)

Gregg County(south)

Smith County(southwest)

Wood County (west)  

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