Welcome to Wood County, Texas

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Wood County Texas

     One of the first white men to settle permanently in Wood County was Martin Varner, who lived southeast of the site of present Hainesville by 1824. Webster, the first real communityin the area, was established by 1845. In 1850 Wood County was demarked from Van Zandt County and organized. Quitman was established to serve as the county seat. The county was named for George T. Wood, governor of Texas from 1847to 1849. In 1861 the county voted in favor of secession by a majority of 70 percent, yet the two men elected by the county to serve as its delegates to the Secession Convention, John D. Rains and A. P. Shuford,both voted against the secession ordinance. Emory Rains, state senator from Wood County, was one of the signers of the public address asking the citizens of Texas to vote against secession. Wood County remained during the years 1870 to 1920 as it was during the antebellum years, overwhelmingly agricultural and rural. During these fifty years both the population and the number of farms grew-from 6,894 and 756, respectively, to all-time highs of 27,707 and 4,333. During those years corn and cottonwere the main crops. In 1920 the county produced 1,033,231 bushels of corn, an all-time high. The valuation ofcounty farms stood at almost $19 million. [Excerpts from: David W. Gilbreath, "WOOD COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the Texas State Historical Association]

Courthouse and all county records were destroyed by fire in December 1878.


* Alba (partly in Rains County) * Hawkins * Mineola * Quitman (county seat) *
Winnsboro (partly in Franklin County)* Yantis * Crow *


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Website Updates:
Jun 2016: County Records: 1916 County Officers
Mar 2016: World War 1 Honor Roll
Dec 2015: Bios: MCDONALD, STAFFORD; 1888 County Officers
Sept 2015: 1903 - 1910 Births
Jun 2015: News: Newspapers of Wood County
Mar 2015: Marriage News: TERRY, JAMES, WRIGHT, DENMAN; Weather News: Sick List News: BLACK; Crime News: Mr. WHITE Strikes Mr. BLACK; Birthday Celebration: SANDERS; Births for May 10 - June 10 1927; Visiting News: Mt. Pisgah Items: WEBSTER, CHILDRESS, LUMAN, SHAMBURGAR, HARDMAN, WALTHALL, WEBB, REED, HALL, TUBERVILLE, USSERY, COOK, MEZZLES

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Surrounding Counties

Hopkins County(north)

Franklin County (northeast)

Camp County (northeast)

Upshur County (east)

Smith County (south)

Van Zandt County (southwest) 

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