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Colorado County Court House
The territory that is
now Colorado County was settled by Anglo colonists, many of whom
belonged to Stephen F. Austin's Old Three Hundred, beginning in 1821. A
number of families settled near Beeson's Ford, several miles south of
the site of present Columbus.
Colorado County, one of the original
counties of the Republic of Texas, was formed in 1836 and organized in
1837, the first district court being held by Robert M. Williamson in
April 1837 at Columbus, the county seat. By 1840 there were 249 heads of
families and 319 slaves in the county.
A German settlement grew up around the community of Frelsburg around
1839, and the first German university in the state, Hermann University,
was chartered there in 1844. Men from Colorado County made up most of
Company E, First Texas Mounted Riflemen, during the Mexican War. Cotton
and corn were the main crops grown in the 1840s. Among the more notable
plantations in the county was that of Robert Robson, who arrived from
Dumfries, Scotland, about 1839 and built a concrete castle of homemade
lime and gravel on his estate on the south bank of the Colorado River.
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