Welcome to Ellis County, Texas

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Ellis County is located in north central Texas. Waxahachie is the largest  town and serves as the county seat. Acting on a bill sponsored by Gen. Edward H. Tarrant, the state legislature officially established Ellis County on December 20, 1849. It was drawn from Navarro County, organized in February of the following year, and probably named for Richard Ellis, president of the Convention of 1836 responsible for creating the Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico and aiding in the establishment of the Republic of Texas.

Ellis County found itself deeply embroiled in the secession crisis. Waxahachie citizens formed a chapter of the Knights of the Golden Circle, and in the fall of 1860 rumors of slave insurrections in Waxahachie and in nearby communities led to the lynching of a number of blacks and allegedly antislavery whites. When the Nineteenth Regiment of Texas Cavalry was formed, Ellis County men formed companies A and C. The Confederate government operated a powder mill in Waxahachie and a hat factory near the site of present Italy during the Civil War.

The area began the change from a cattle range to an agricultural region in 1872 with the coming of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. After the Panic of 1873 the heavy immigration from the Old South cotton areas prepared the country for its future leadership in cotton culture.

Photo by SarahCate Philipson via Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0


Cedar Hill (mostly in Dallas County) *  Ferris (small part in Dallas County)  *  Glenn Heights (partly in Dallas County) *   Ovilla (small part in Dallas County)  *  Bardwell  *  Ennis  *  Maypearl  *  Midlothian  *  Oak Leaf  *
*  Pecan Hill  *  Red Oak  *  Waxahachie (county seat)  * Alma  *  Garrett  *  Italy  *  Milford  *  Palmer  *
* Bristol  *  Auburn  *  Avalon  *  Crisp  *  Forreston  *  Ike  *  India  *  Rankin  *  Rockett  *  Telico  *
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Website Updates:
June 2017: County Records: 1900 Fugitives from Justice
Feb 2017: Military: WW2 Casualty Honor Roll

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Surrounding Counties

Dallas County  (North)

Tarrant County  (Northwest)

Kaufman County  (Northeast)

Johnson County  (West)

Henderson County  (East)

Navarro County  (Southeast)

Hill County  (Southwest)

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