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Ellis County Court House

Ellis County is located in north central Texas. Waxahachie is the largest  town and serves as the county seat. Acting on a bill sponsored by Gen. Edward H. Tarrant, the state legislature officially established Ellis County on December 20, 1849. It was drawn from Navarro County, organized in February of the following year, and probably named for Richard Ellis, president of the Convention of 1836 responsible for creating the Texas Declaration of Independence from Mexico and aiding in the establishment of the Republic of Texas.

Ellis County found itself deeply embroiled in the secession crisis. Waxahachie citizens formed a chapter of the Knights of the Golden Circle, and in the fall of 1860 rumors of slave insurrections in Waxahachie and in nearby communities led to the lynching of a number of blacks and allegedly antislavery whites. When the Nineteenth Regiment of Texas Cavalry was formed, Ellis County men formed companies A and C. The Confederate government operated a powder mill in Waxahachie and a hat factory near the site of present Italy during the Civil War.

The area began the change from a cattle range to an agricultural region in 1872 with the coming of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. After the Panic of 1873 the heavy immigration from the Old South cotton areas prepared the country for its future leadership in cotton culture.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 952 square miles (2,465.7 km2), of which 940 square miles (2,434.6 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31.1 km2) (1.23%) is water.

Cities and Towns

Cities

Communities

Populated Places

Cedar Hill  

Alma

Creechville

Lone Cedar

Sand Lake

Avalon

Ennis

Alsdorf

Elva

Milford

Sardis

Crisp

Ferris  

Auburn

Ensign

Mountain Peak

Sonoma

Forreston

Glenn Heights 

Bardwell

Five Points

Nash

Sterrett

Lumkins

Mansfield  

Bell Branch

Garrett

Nena

Trumbull

Nelson

Maypearl

Boyce

Griffith

Oak Grove

Venus

Plum Grove

Midlothian

Boz

Howard

Oak Leaf

Walnut Springs

Rankin

Ovilla

Bristol

Ike

Onion Creek

Ward

Rockett

Pecan Hill

Britton

India

Palmer

 

Telico

Red Oak

Byrd

Italy

Reagor Springs

 

 

Waxahachie

 

 

 

 

 

On-line Data


Surrounding Counties:

Dallas County  (North)

Tarrant County  (Northwest)

Kaufman County  (Northeast)

Johnson County  (West)
 

Henderson County  (East)

Navarro County  (Southeast)

Hill County  (Southwest)

 

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