was named for Raphael Gonzales; bounded north by Guadalupe, Caldwell
and Fayette, cast by Lavaca, south by Dewitt and west by Karnes and
Wilson. Gonzales, the county seat, is 65 miles from San Antonio. It
has four leagues of land lying on the Guadalupe River, given to the
corporation August 25th, 1832. In 1825, Green Dewitt, Francis Berry,
James Kerr, Henry S. Brown and others, commenced a settlement near
where the town now stands, but were driven off by the Indians. The
town was laid out and a permanent settlement effected in 1832.
At this point in 1835, occurred the first skirmish
of the Texas Revolution. The Mexican authorities had given the
citizens a cannon; Col. Ugartechea, in command at San Antonio, sent to
remove the piece to that city. The citizens resisted, and seizing the
gun, advanced upon Castanado, the Mexican officer, and he hastily
retreated to San Antonio. The county has a large quantity of good
land, is well watered, and has plenty of timber for fencing purposes.
Harwood, a station on the Sunset Route, is in the northern portion of
Population in 1870, 8,951; assessed value of
property in 1876, $2,792,929. This county has a large body of very
rich bottomlands in the Guadalupe, San Marcos and Peach creek bottoms.
These rivers afford an abundance of water and timber. There are some
sulphur springs, and salt springs from which salt has been made.
Cotton is the leading product, and a bale to the acre is a common
product in good seasons. All the products of other counties are common
to this, except that the cereals do not succeed as well as in the
counties further north. Tobacco is raised for home use, and succeeds
Pictorial History of Texas: From The Earliest Visits of European
Adventures to A.D. 1883
by Homer S. Thrall
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