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County Court House
In 1821 Andrew Millican took up
residence along Holland Creek west of what is now Anderson. By the end
of 1824 seven of Austin's original colonists (the so-called Old Three
Hundred) had claimed land within what is now Grimes County. Early
residents included the families of Francis Holland, Isaac Jackson,
James Whiteside, Jesse Grimes, Caleb Wallace, Jared E. Groce, and
In 1822 Jared E. Groce moved from Alabama with some ninety
slaves and settled on the Brazos River near what is now Hempstead.
There he planted what may have been one of the first cotton crops in
the Austin colony. Soon he began cultivating the staple on a
three-league tract in what is now southwestern Grimes County, where
perhaps as early as 1825 he constructed what may have been the first
cotton gin in Texas.
On April 6, 1846, the first state legislature accepted the petition of
local residents and established Grimes County, named in honor of Jesse
Grimes, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence who was then
representing the area in the state Senate. A vigorously contested
election later in the year resulted in the designation of
Anderson-recently platted in the center of the county-as the seat of
government. In 1853 Madison County was carved out of northern Grimes
County, which assumed its present boundaries in 1873, when Waller
County was formed from territory in its southern extremity.
Cities and towns
Brazos County (west)
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