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Hill County Court House
Hill County was named for Dr. George Washington Hill, who had
served as President Sam Houston's secretary of war and who had been
elected to the state legislature from Navarro County in 1851.
In an effort to stimulate land
speculation, army doctor Josephus Murray Steiner and Elijah Sterling
Clack Robertson, son of Sterling C. Robertson, devised a plan to
divide Navarro County. A petition was circulated on September 19,
1852, to carve a new county from Navarro County. Things moved quickly
as Governor Peter Hansbrough Bell called a special session of the
legislature to deal with frontier problems; a bill to divide Navarro
was signed on February 7, 1853.
A special session of the commissioners' court was called on
August 23, 1853, to select the county seat. Thomas Steiner, John
Caruthers, and Jonathan Newby offered to donate 260 acres as the
county seat; their offer was accepted. Another special session was
called on September 24 to survey the town of Hillsborough; town lots
went on sale November 1.
C. N. Brooks, the county clerk and justice of the peace, built the
first courthouse, which was twelve feet square and consisted of elm
poles around a dirt floor. A second courthouse was built in 1854, at a
cost of $200. In the same year, post office rules changed, and the
town's name became spelled as Hillsboro.
Bosque County (west)
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