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Lavaca County Court House
Indian raids, particularly by the
Comanches and Tonkawas, were common in the late 1830s, but several
defeats forced the Indians to withdraw to the west, and after 1841 the
attacks ceased. In 1842 the Republic of Texas Congress established a
judicial county from portions of Fayette, Colorado, Jackson, Victoria,
and Gonzales counties and named it La Baca County.
In 1846 the area was renamed Lavaca
County, and it became a regularly constituted county with 140
taxpayers. Petersburg and Hallettsville vied to be county seat, and
after two hotly contested elections Hallettsville won the contest in
1852; only by force of arms, however, were the men of Hallettsville
able to liberate the county records from Petersburg.
Lavaca County men volunteered for the Confederate Army in large
numbers, many of them serving in Whitfield's Legion, the Eighth Texas
Cavalry (Terry's Texas Rangers), and other volunteer units. Some of
the early volunteers saw considerable action during the conflict, and
a sizable number of them were killed or injured.
The country is much broken, and
diversified with hills and valleys: the hillside springs send forth
their brooks and rills, to make this charming region more lovely, and
permeate the virgin soil with their life-giving powers. Stock of all
kinds do well; and it is said that the soil and climate are well
adapted to the extensive culture of grapes and other fruit. This
county is fast filling up with substantial settlers, who are reaping
the benefits of cheap lands. It is one of the most healthful counties
in the State. There are many indications of valuable metals and
minerals here. Submitted by Candi H.
Cities and towns
Fayette County (north)
Victoria County (south)
Gonzales County (northwest)
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