Red River County in 1857
[Furnished by A. S. Baker, Assessor and Collector.] Texas Almanac & State Industrial Guide, 1857 [sd]
Added 30 Jan 2014]
This county has 7,000 acres of land in cotton, 14,000 in corn and 20,000 in wheat. Average yield per acre, 1500 pounds seed cotton, 40 bushels corn, and 20 bushels wheat. There are 700 farms, 2,060 slaves; white population, 5,000; two deaf and dumb. Some of the lands have been in cultivation thirty-five years, and produce about as well as at first. There are three distinct soils—the deep sandy loam, the stiff clay prairie, and the pine barrens, with a light sandy soil, all having a clay sub-soil. The number of cattle, 14,758, value, $99,379; horses, 2,076, value, $128,557. Sheep and hogs are only raised for home consumption, though they do well. The fruits are peaches, apples, pears, &c. There are the usual kinds of wild animals and fish. The towns are Clarksville, the County Seat, Pine Bluff, Rowland, Eobbinsville, &c. Population of Clarksville, too.'' There are five Methodist and six other Protestant churches. McKenzie's Institute is three miles from Clarksville, J. W. P. McKenzie, the principal, with seven assistants, and 210 students. This Institute consists of four frame buildings, forty by sixty feet, and two and a half stories high. It has a library and a philosophical apparatus, and most of the higher branches are taught. Clarksville Female Institute is in charge of Mrs. E. Gibson as principal, and four or five assistant teachers. There are sixty pupils, and two large one-story buildings. Clarksville Commercial Law School is in charge of Rev. John Anderson, A. M., as principal, with three assistant teachers. There are three frame buildings for this school, which has eighty-two students. This county is bounded by Red River on the North, and South by Sulphur, and has three bayous running through it. The surface is undulating. John Stiles settled here in 1817. Wm. Humphries, James J. Ward and others, are among the early settlers. The market is New Orleans, by steam navigation; freight, $6 per bale for cotton; up freight, $3 per barrel. The Memphis and El Paso Railroad, passing through this county, is partly surveyed, and contractor grading are taken. The county is settling up fast. The lumber used is pine of a good quality, worth $1 50 per 100 feet. There are seven saw mills in the county, cutting from three to five thousand feet per day. Rail fences are general, though bois d'arc hedges are coming into use, and do well. One-fourth of the county is prairie. Bank notes from almost every State in the Union are in circulation. Springs scarce. Stock water plenty. Cistern water is used for culinary purposes. The county is healthy; the most fatal disease is the winter fever. Mean temperature in summer, ninety degrees; in winter, sixty degrees. Snow sometimes falls to the depth of six inches, and ice is often five or six inches thick.
This page last updated on -- 8 Apr 2017
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