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County Court House
Tarrant County is the second most
populous county in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex and contains its
second largest principal city. The county seat is Fort Worth,
which is the largest city in Tarrant County. Arlington is the second
largest city in Tarrant County. On December 20, 1849, the county
was founded and named after Tarrant, who had been instrumental in
driving out the Indians.
Little is known of the Indians who
inhabited the area of present-day Tarrant County before the coming of
European explorers in the sixteenth century. Groups thought to have
been in the area were the Tonkawas and the Hasinai Caddos. By the late
1700s the Comanches, Kiowas, and Wichitas had also moved into the
region. When white settlers came they clashed with the native
population. The battle of Village Creek occurred in 1841. A
seventy-man force, led by Gen. Edward H. Tarrant, seized and destroyed
three Indian villages.
In the 1870s Tarrant County experienced periods of prosperity and
economic depression. During that decade two major factors played a
part: cattle and railroads. Cattle were being driven through the
county on the way north, and this provided opportunities for area
merchants. The trail drivers needed supplies and entertainment, and
Tarrant County was willing and able to provide both.
Fort Worth ††††
Grand Prairie *
North Richland Hills
* Mostly in Dallas County
** Mostly in Denton County
*** Mostly in Johnson County
**** Mostly in Wise County
***** Partly in Johnson and Ellis Counties
† Partly in Parker County
†† Partly in Wise County
††† Small portion in Dallas County
†††† Small portion in Denton County
††††† Party in Parker and Wise Counties
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