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Following the establishment of the district of Brazos by the legislature of Coahuila and Texas in 1834, the citizens of Washington-on-the-Brazos petitioned the political chief at San Felipe de Austin, James B. Miller, to grant the community municipal status.
In December 1835 the Texan army commanded by Gen. Sam Houston established its headquarters there; the following March the town was the site of the Convention of 1836, which issued the Texas Declaration of Independence and established the ad interim government.  Fearing retribution from Mexican forces, the delegates and local population then evacuated the area, leaving the town temporarily abandoned.

Washington County was formally established by the legislature of the Republic of Texas in 1836 and was organized in 1837. Washington-on-the-Brazos became the county seat. Immigration into the area increased significantly in the years after the establishment of the republic, and the rise in population led to the division of the county, which was originally one of the largest in Texas.


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County GovernmentNews

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Surrounding Counties


Brazos County (north)

Grimes County (northeast)

Waller County (east)

Austin County (south)

Fayette County (southwest)

Lee County (west)

Burleson County (northwest)


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