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Atascosa County Texas

Indians in Atascosa County after Anglo settlement began were primarily Lipan Apaches and Comanches, although by the late nineteenth century these were virtually extinct.  Families from northern Mexico established ranches in the area by the middle of the eighteenth century.
The name Atascosa, "boggy" in Spanish, was used to describe the area as early as 1788.

The area was sparsely settled by the mid-1850s, and in 1856 the county was marked off from Bexar County. The first county seat, Navatasco, was established in 1857 on land donated by Navarro. Among the county's early settlers were Peter Tumlinson, who organized one of the first Ranger companies in the state in 1836, Indian fighter Thomas Rodriguez, George F. Hindes, Marshall Burney, and Eli Johnson. In 1858 Pleasanton, a newly founded community, became county seat, and a new courthouse was constructed. Settlers continued to trickle in, but the threat of Indian attack, poor roads, and the area's general isolation kept the population low. 

On the eve of the Civil War subsistence farming and cattle ranching were the dominant occupations. The first census taken in Atascosa County in 1860 recorded a population of 1,578, including eighty-four black slaves. Tax rolls show that there thirty-three slaveholders, with most of them owning only one or two slaves. The number of improved acres was small, only 3,397, spread out among 102 farms.
Population increased rapidly during the postbellum years, to 2,915 by 1870 and to 4,217 in 1880 and 6,459 in 1890. Many of the new settlers were recent immigrants, including a sizable number of English and Germans. After 1880 the number of immigrants from Mexico also grew steadily, and by the turn of the century Mexicans made up the largest number of foreign-born residents.
 In 1910 the residents of the county voted to make Jourdanton the county seat, and in 1912 a new mission-style courthouse was constructed, which is still in use.  [Excerpted from Linda Peterson, "ATASCOSA COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online; Published by the Texas State Historical Association.]

Photo by Larry D. Moore CC BY-SA 3.0.
ATASCOSA COUNTY COURTHOUSE

CITIES, TOWNS,  AND POPULATED PLACES

* Charlotte * Christine * Jourdanton (county seat) * Lytle * Pleasanton * Poteet * Leming *

Unincorporated Communities

* Amphion  *  Anchorage  *  Campbellton  *  Kyote  * La Parita  *  McCoy  *  Peggy  *  Rossville  *

 

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Website Updates:
Oct 2017: Website updated and pages are mobile friendly
May 2017: County Records: 1900 List of Fugitives from Justice
Sept 2016: Crime News: HOLLAND, MAURICIO; Community News: STRUVE
Jun 2016: County Records: 1916 County Officers
Mar 2016: World War 1 Honor Roll
 
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Surrounding Counties

Bexar County (north)

Wilson County (northeast)

Karnes County (east)

Live Oak County (southeast)

McMullen County (south)

La Salle County (southwest)

Frio County (west)

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