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Founded March 2, 1836
In 1835-36 some of the most important events of the Texas Revolution occurred in the area that later became Goliad County. In 1835 Goliad was occupied by Santa Anna's forces under Martín Perfecto de Cos but was captured and garrisoned by Anglo-Texan forces under George M. Collinsworth and Philip Dimmitt that became crucial in the defeat of Cos's army in the siege of Bexar. The Goliad Declaration of Independence was also drafted and signed in 1835.
In 1836 the Mexican army under José de Urrea defeated James W. Fannin's Goliad command in the battle of Coleto, and subsequently the Texans were executed in one of the revolution's most atrocious events, the Goliad Massacre. Vicente Filisola, who assumed command of the retreating Mexican army after Santa Anna's defeat in the battle of San Jacinto, was overtaken just south of Goliad by Texas commissioners and made to ratify the surrender terms.
In the first few years after the revolution, the Goliad area, having been directly in the war zone, was virtually deserted; many of the Mexican citizens retreated south with Filisola or were forced to flee by incoming Anglo-American settlers who bore bitter prejudice against all Mexicans, including Tejanos. Those who stayed or returned found the original land-grant boundaries lost, stolen, or confused, a situation that led to much violence and required much litigation to verify Mexican settlers' claims.
Goliad County became one of the twenty-three original counties established by the First Congress of the Republic of Texas in 1836. Resettlement was slow, primarily centered around the La Bahía-Goliad town, which remained the business center, but also at nearby areas that became the towns of Charco and Fannin. [Source: Excerpted from Craig H. Roell, "GOLIAD COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online. Published by the Texas State Historical Association]
Cities, Towns and Populated Areas
Berclair * Fannin * Weesatche * Ander * Angel City * Charco * Kilgore * Melrose * Sarco * Schroeder * Weser