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Starr County lies In extreme South Texas; the Rio Grande borders Its southern boundary. It was organized from a part of Nueces County In 1848 and named for James H. Starr,physician and banker.  Its estimated population is 13,000; Rio Grande City, the county seat, has about 2,500; Roma, 2,000- Falfurrias, 800. Total assessment, $4,350.715. A low chain of hills traverses the county, nearly parallel to the ancient course of the Rio Grande. From the line of Zapata County, down the river to Roma, they are very close to the river, leaving a small space for the fertile valleys. Below Roma the hills recede, leaving a wide valley, until Rio Grande City is reached, where they again touch the river. Just below Rio Grande City they recede again, leaving a still broader valley that reaches to the eastern edge of the county, where the hills again come down to the river. The valleys are extremely fertile. It is estimated that they contain about 50,000 acres of irrigable lands. The hills are about 16 miles wide and of little value except for grazing sheep and goats. There are. however, several small valleys that are cultivated, and generally yield excellent crops. These hills are covered with a dense growth of chaparral, cactus and thorny scrubs of many kinds, while mesqulte, ebony, huisache and other trees flourish in the valleys and along the Rio Grande. To the north of the hills is the "mesa" or table land, sloping gently northward and covered with scattering mesqulte timber, and excellent grass. It is used for stock ranges to a small extent. North of the "mesa" comes the great sandy plain that constitutes the northern half of Starr County, and Is its best cattle section. This land has for many years been enclosed and used for ranches. On the eastern edge of the sands are groves of live oak that give the name "encinal" to the northeastern corner of the county. Along the Rio Grande, in the valleys among the hills, and at the junction of the "mesa" and sands, are heavy growths of timber of many kinds, mesqulte being far the most common and the most generally useful. Other growths are ebony huisache, willow, hackberry, Brazil wood, catclaw, guayacan and others. The bark of the guayacan is commercially known as soap bark Both the huisache and mesqulte exude gum similar to gum arable and equally useful.

 The founder of  Starr County is Matias Longoria, who was awarded a land grant from the king of  Spain.

County seat: Rio Grande City

The 2000 census shows that the Percentage Hispanic population (97.5%) was highest of any county in the nation




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Website Update:

December 2011:  
Death notice - Hollingsworth
Military - Civil War Pension Applications

10 Apr 2007: Death notice from 1843 Chicago City Directory. Rio GrandeHistory. Cemetery Listing



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Updates
December 2011:
Death notice - Hollingsworth

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Surrounding Counties

Jim Hogg County (North)
Brooks County (Northeast)
Hidalgo County (East)
Zapata County (West)

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