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African-American

Representation in Texas

Government in the 1870s


 

Name

Born

Died

Political Life

Personal Life

James (J.) McWashington Alabama, ca. 1840 date, place unknown

Delegate to 1868-69 Constitutional Convention from Montgomery County

Born into slavery

Also worked as a farmer

Wife Elizabeth and their nine children

Elias (Elius) Mayes (Mays)

Virginia or Conecuh County, Alabama, January of 1830 or February 15, 1831 Bryan, Texas, January 5, 1910

Representative in 16th (1879) and 21st (1889) Legislatures from Bryan (Brazos County)

 

Born into slavery

Also worked as a farmer and minister

Second wife Maggie and their child from his previous marriage

David Medlock

Georgia, ca. 1824

date, place unknown

Representative in 12th (1870-71) Legislature from Springfield (Limestone, Falls and McClennan Counties)

Involved in Radical Republican Association

Born into slavery

Illiterate

Also worked as a farmer and preacher

Wife Eloy and their eight children

John Mitchell Tennessee, April of 1837 date, place unknown

Representative in 12th Legislature from Burleson (Burleson, Brazos and Milam Counties)

Representative in 14th (1874-75) Legislature from Burleson (Burleson and Washington Counties)

Delegate to 1875 Constitutional Convention from Burleson, Brazos, Milam and Washington Counties

Nominee to the 1879 U. S. Congress

Involved with the Radical Republican Association

Born into slavery

Also worked as a farmer and blacksmith

Wife Viney or Vina and their five children

 

Henry Moore

Alabama, 1810 before 1880, place unknown Representative in 12th (1870-71) and 13th (1873) Legislatures from Marshall (Harrison County)

Born into slavery (bought freedom in 1842?)

Illiterate

Also worked as a farmer and manager

Wife Harriet and their three children

Robert (R.) J. Moore

Navasota, Texas, 1844 date, place unknown

Representative in 18th (1883-84) and 19th (1885) Legislatures from Brenham (Washington County)

Representative in 20th (1887-88) Legislature from Washington (Washington County)

Also worked as a teacher

Wife (unknown name) and their three children

Sheppard (Shepherd, Shepart, Shepard) Mullens (Mullins)

Lawrence County, Alabama, ca. 1828 or 1829 Waco, Texas, August 6 or 7, 1871

Delegate to 1868-69 Constitutional Convention from McClennan, Limestone and Falls Counties

Representative in 12th (1870-71) Legislature from Waco (McClennan, Limestone and Falls Counties)

Born into slavery

Also worked as a blacksmith

Wife Sallie

Edward (Ed A.) Patton Texas, ca. 1859 date, place unknown Representative in 22nd (1891-1892) Legislature from Evergreen (San Jacinto and Polk Counties)

Also worked as a teacher and farmer

Reportedly shot by a sheriff while running for a second term

Henry Phelps

Virginia, ca. 1829 date, place unknown Representative in 13th (1873) Legislature from Richmond (Wharton, Fort Bend and Austin Counties)

Born into slavery

Illiterate

Also worked as a farmer

Wife Maria and their two children

William Reynolds (Renalds)

Baltimore, Maryland, January of 1831 before 1910, place unknown

Delegate to 1872 National Republican Convention from Liberty, Texas

Delegate to 1875 Constitutional Convention from Waller County

Also worked as a teacher

Wife M. A. and their two children

Walter E. Ripton (Ripetoe/Riptoe) Alabama, 1838 date, place unknown

Senator in 15th (1876) and 16th (1879) Legislatures from Marshall (Harrison County)

Also worked as a teacher

Meshack (Shack) R. Roberts Arkansas, ca. 1821 date, place unknown

Delegate to 1873 State Republican Convention

Representative in 13th (1873) and 15th (1876) Legislatures from Marshall (Harrison County)

Representative in 14th (1874-75) Legislature from Marshall (Rusk and Harrison Counties)

Born into slavery

Illiterate

Whipped in 1867 by members of the Ku Klux Klan

Also worked as a blacksmith and minister

George Thompson (G.T.) Ruby

New York, 1841 New Orleans, Louisiana, October 31, 1882

Delegate to 1868-69 Constitutional Convention from Galveston, Brazoria and Matagorda Counties

Delegate to 1868 and 1872 National Republican Conventions

Senator in 12th (1870-71) and 13th (1873) Legislatures from Galveston (Galveston, Brazoria and Matagorda Counties)

Elected from predominantly white district

Involved with the Freedman's Bureau and Union League

Also worked as a reporter, editor, organized laborer and teacher

Beaten by a white mob while trying to establish a school

Wife Lucy

 

Alonzo (Andrew/A.L.) Sledge Chappell Hill, Texas, August 15, 1854 date, place unknown

Representative in 16th (1879) Legislature from Chappell Hill (Burleson and Washington Counties)

Born into slavery

Also worked as a minister

Robert Lloyd (R.L.) Smith

Charleston, South Carolina, 1861 Waco, Texas, July 10, 1942

Representative in 24th (1895) and 25th (1897) Legislatures from Oakland (Colorado County), the last African-American to serve until the modern Civil Rights movement

Delegate to 1896 National Republican Convention

Also worked as a principal

Wife Ruby and their two adopted children

 

Henry Sneed (Snead)

Marshall, Texas, ca. 1849 date, place unknown

Representative in 15th (1876) Legislature from Hempstead (Wharton, Waller and Fort Bend Counties)

Born into slavery

Also worked as a farmer

Wife Emma

James H. (J.H.) Stewart

Caddo Parish, Louisiana, September of 1857 1924, place unknown

Representative in 19th (1885) Legislature from Calvert (Robertson County)

Born into slavery

Also worked as a teacher and principal

James H. (J.H.) Washington

Fredericksburg, Virginia, May of 1850 Galveston, Texas, December 23, 1916

Delegate to 1872 National Republican Convention

Delegate to 1872, 1873, 1876, 1884, 1888 and 1890 State Republican Conventions

Delegate to 1873 State Colored Men's Convention

Representative in 13th (1873) Legislature from Navasota (Madison, Grimes and Walker Counties)

Also worked as a farmer, customs inspector and principal

Wife Mary and their child

 

Benjamin (Ben) O. Watrous

McMinn County, Tennessee, ca. 1831 date, place unknown

Delegate to 1868-69 Constitutional Convention from Washington County

 

Born into slavery

Also worked as a wheelwright and minister

Carter was original surname; Watrous was his owner's name

Allen W. Wilder

North Carolina, ca. 1845 date, place unknown

Representative in 13th (1873) Legislature from Chappell Hill (Washington County)

Representative in 15th (1876) Legislature from Chappell Hill (Washington County) for about a month until he was unseated by election on May 13, 1876

Born into slavery

Also worked as a teacher, lawyer and engineer

Wife Annis or Amis and their five children

Benjamin Franklin (B.F.) Williams

Brunswick County, Virginia, ca. 1819 or 1825 Kendleton, Texas, date unknown

Delegate to 1868-69 Constitutional Convention from Colorado and Lavaca Counties

Refused to sign the 1869 Texas Constitution and withdrew from the Convention before it adjourned

Representative in 12th (1870-71) Legislature from Columbus (Colorado and Lavaca Counties)

Representative in 16th (1879) Legislature from East Bernard (Fort Bend, Wharton and Waller Counties)

Representative in 19th (1885) Legislature from Hempstead (Waller and Fort Bend Counties)

Delegate to 1872 National Republican Convention

Involved with the Union League

Born into slavery

Also worked as a barber, minister, land speculator and mechanic

Wife Caroline and their child

 

Richard (R.) Williams

South Carolina, ca. 1822

date, place unknown

Representative in 12th (1870-71) and 13th (1873) Legislatures from Huntsville (Walker, Grimes and Madison Counties)

Involved in Radical Republican Association

Born into slavery

Illiterate

Also worked as a mechanic and minister

Wife (unknown name)

George W. Wyatt

Waller County, Texas, : ca. 1848 date, place unknown

Representative in 18th (1883-84) Legislature from Hempstead (Waller and Fort Bend Counties)

Also worked as a teacher




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