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History of Texas

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State Historical Data

The Declaration of Independence
- Made by the Delegates of the People of Texas, in General Convention, at Washington, on March 2, 1836

Signers of the Declaration of Independence

The Six Flags of Texas

The Battle at The Alamo

Principal Players in the Texas Annexation

Belle Starr Takes Her Place in History

Texas history began around 10,000 BC when the first humans arrived in what is now Texas. Its history has been shaped by being part of six independent countries: Spain, France, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, the Confederacy, and the United States. Before the arrival of Europeans, the state was a meeting point of many Native American cultural groups, notably the Plains and Southeastern cultural groups. In recent history the state has been shaped by the interactions of Mexican, Southern, Southwestern, Tejano, and German culture.

The history of Texas (as part of the United States) began in 1845, but settlement of the region dates back to the end of the Upper Paleolithic Period, around 10,000 BC. Its history has been shaped by being part of six independent countries: Spain, France, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, the Confederacy, and the United States. Starting in the 1820s, American and European immigrants began arriving in the state; joined by Hispanic Tejanos they revolted against Mexico in 1836 and defeated an invasion army.

After a decade as an independent country, Texas joined the Union (the United States) in 1845. The western frontier state was characterized by large-scale cattle ranching and cotton farming. In the 20th century, it grew rapidly, becoming the second largest state in population 1994, and became economically highly diversified, with a growing base in high technology. The state has been shaped by the interactions of Southern, Tejano, Native American, African American, and German Texan cultures.

Texas is the only state in the U.S. to have three cities with populations exceeding 1 million: Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas

Origin of name - Texas, or Tejas, (te-haz) was the Spanish pronunciation of a Caddo Indian word meaning "friends" or "allies."  

Nickname - Texas is called the "Lone Star State" because of the design of the state flag: a broad vertical blue stripe at left centered by a single white star, and at right, horizontal bars of white (top) and red.
[source: wikipedia.org]

texas flag
Representation of the Texas State Flag

From the Texas Statutes, Title 11, Subtitle A, Chapter 3100:

(a) The state flag is a rectangle that:
(1) has a width to length ratio of two to three; and
(2) contains:
A) one blue vertical stripe that has a width equal to one-third the length of the flag;
B) two equal horizontal stripes, the upper stripe white, the lower stripe red, each having a length equal to two-thirds the length of the flag; and
C) one white, regular five-pointed star
(i) located in the center of the blue stripe;
(ii) oriented so that one point faces upward; and
(iii) sized so that the diameter of a circle passing through the five points of the star is equal to three-fourths the width of the blue stripe.

(b) The red and blue of the state flag are:

(1) the same colors used in the United States flag; and
(2) defined as numbers 193 (red) and 281 (dark blue) of the Pantone Matching System.
(c) The red, white, and blue of the state flag represent, respectively, bravery, purity, and loyalty.


Republican Compiler ( Gettysburg , Pennsylvania )  August 24 1825

Captain Leftwitch of Russellville , Kentucky in behalf of an association formed for that purpose has obtained from the government of Mexico a grant of land between 6 and 8 million of acres, in the province of Texas .  It consists of land ceded away by the United States in exchange for the Floridas and lies along the borders of Louisiana .  One of the conditions of the grant is that a certain number of settlers shall be obtained with an exemption from taxation for five years. – Balt. Amer.



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