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Vermont Genealogy Trails
History

 

 The 1806-1808 Embargo

Genealogical And Family History Of The State Of Vermont

University of Vermont Alumni
-Transcribed by Janice Rice

University of Vermont Presidents
- Transcribed by Janice Rice

The History of Vermont

(
Taken From the Wilmingtonian And Delaware Advertiser)

 

 The History of Vermont

Taken From the Wilmingtonian And Delaware Advertiser (Wilmington, Delaware)
April 6, 1826

Transcribed by FOFG NP for Genealogy Trails

The first discovery of Vermont was made in 1609 by Samuel Champlain, who after establishing a colony in Quebec, proceeded up the rivers St. Lawrence and Sorrel, explored and gave his own name to the lake which washes the western part of the state.

This early discovery of the interior of North America was attended with no European settlement until 1725, when the government of Massachusetts erected Fort Dummer, in the town of Brattleboro, on Connecticut river. The first settlement in the western part of the Sate was commenced by the French in the town of Addison, and at the same time they erected a fort at Crowapoint. The Government of New Hampshire began to make grants of townships within the present limits of Vermont in 1749, at which time the settlement of Bennington was commenced, and at the same time a violent controversy ensued between the New Hampshire grants and the province of New York, which continued until 1764, when the jurisdiction of the former was declared by the king and council to extend to the western boundaries of North Hampton.

Owing to the war between Great Britain and France and their Indian allies, the progress of the State to a settlement and population was extremely slow, but by the surrender of Canada to the power of Great Britain in 1760, the settlement of the State progressed rapidly. One hundred and thirty-eight towns, which had been granted by the Governor of New Hampshire, for thirteen years ending with 1764, were declared void by the government of New York, and the settlers were called upon to surrender their charters and purchase new titles. Upon this instigation, the controversy between the New Hampshire grants and New York, was renewed for twenty six years.

In 1778, several of the towns belonging to the state of New Hampshire were desirous of uniting with Vermont, which occasioned a severe controversy and threatened a severance of these grants between New Hampshire and New York. This difficulty continued until 1781. Massachusetts at this period had a claim also to the southern part of these grants, but without any success. The internal affairs of Vermont were still very fluctuating, without any regularly organized government, she was controlled by the arbitrary measures of the Council of Safety, and that from the commencement of the revolutionary war until she declared herself a free and independent State. This was done by a general convention of Delegates from both sides of the mountain, held at Westminster in 1777.

The first convention of the State met at Dorset in 1776m and the first constitution was adopted by a convention assembled at Windsor in July 1777, but the organization of the government didn't take place until March 1778.

The inhabitants of Vermont have always manifested an unshaken attachment for the cause of freedom and rights of man. Their first warlike enterprise took place under the command of Col. Ethan Allen who surprised and captured a Fort at Ticonderoga without the loss of a man. On the same day Crownpoint was captured by the troops under the command of Col. Seth Warner. An attack was made upon Montreal, in which Col. Allen was taken prisoner and sent to England. During the same year, 1775, Col. Warner, with three hundred Vermont soldiers attacked and defeated General Carlton with 800 regulars and Canadians. On the 13th of August 1777, the New-Hampshire and Vermont militia, under the command of Gen. Stark, defeated the British troops under the command of Col. Brown.

The difficulties between Vermont and New York were amicably settled in 1790, and the next year she was admitted into the confederacy of the States.

 



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