UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT PRESIDENTS
Transcribed by Janice Rice
18OO-14 DANIEL CLARKE SANDERS,
First President of the University of Vermont, was born in Sturbridge, Mass., 3 May 1768. He was graduated from Harvard in 1788, taught the grammar school in Cambridge while pursuing his theological studies and in 1790 was licensed to preach. He officiated in Vergennes, Vt., for several months from May 1792, as also for some time before his ordination, 12 June 1794, until August 1799, when he was invited to Burlington and elected secretary of the corporation of the University, which had been chartered in 1791. He at once opened a preparatory school in the College House, and in October 1800 was chosen President. For six years, with the exception of a single term in 1804, he personally directed the studies of all the classes, a work which at last absorbed eight and sometimes ten hours a day. He exercised a general supervision also over the management of lands and funds and the erection of a college building, and is said to have felled some of the tall pines on the college acres with his own hands. Besides, he preached regularly to the only religious society in the town from November 1799 until 1807. In the latter year he was reinforced by a tutor ; in 1809 by a professor of mathematics and natural philosophy and another of anatomy and surgery, and in 1811 by a third professor, of Latin and Greek, and a fourth, of jurisprudence. By 1809 astronomical and philosophical apparatus had been procured, which was said to have been the best in New England after those of Yale and Harvard, and the foundations of a library had been laid. A public building had been finished, four stories high and 160 feet long, with chapel, lecture rooms, and chambers for students. In 1807 there were forty-seven students enrolled; in 1808 Dr. Sanders reports sixty-one "paying" students, when tuition was but $12 a year. His salary of $600 was augmented by $400 more paid by the parish of Burlington. So far the growth of the institution had inspired high hopes on the part of his friends, but the non-intercourse act of 1807, the rivalry of Middlebury College (founded 1800), the interference of the legislature with the vested rights of the University, and finally the war of 1812, brought serious difficulties. The college building was seized, first for an arsenal, and soon after for barracks, and in March 1814 instruction was suspended by order of the corporation and the salaried officers dismissed. From 1815 to 1829 Dr. Sanders filled the pastorate of the Unitarian church in Medfield, Mass. He was a member of the Massachusetts constitutional convention in 1820, and in 1835 was one of the committee of the general court on the revision of the general statutes. His alma mater gave him the degree of D. D. in 1809. While not a profound thinker nor a severely logical reasoner, Dr. Sanders was vigorous, earnest, sympathetic and genial. He belonged to the more liberal school in theology, and upon the formation of a Unitarian church in Burlington withdrew from the First church to connect himself therewith. Before leaving Burlington however he was again received as a member of the First church. He left over thirty published discourses, and a History of the Indian Wars with the First Settlers of the United States, Particularly in New England (Montpelier, 1812), a volume now exceedingly scarce, as he destroyed most of the edition because of an unfriendly criticism in a Middlebury publication. Of this work Samuel G. Drake said: "It is infinitely superior, not only in a literary point of view but in the accuracy of its historical facts, to Henry Trumbull's work published the same year on the same subject." The only portrait ever taken of him. was destroyed by fire. He died at Medfield, Mass., 18 October 1850.
1815-21 SAMUEL AUSTIN,
Second President of the University of Vermont, was born in New Haven, Conn., 7 October 1760. At the age of sixteen he did military service in New York city as a substitute for his father, who had been drafted as a soldier. At twenty he began the study of law but soon, perceiving the value of a more thorough education, gave himself to classical studies and entered the sophomore class at Yale in 1781, and was graduated in 1783 with the highest honors of the institution. He read theology with Dr. Jonathan Edwards, teaching at the same time in New Haven and Norwich, and was licensed to preach in October 1784 ; was ordained and settled in Fairhaven 9 November 1786 ; was installed over the First church in Worcester, Mass., 29 September 1790, having made it a condition of his acceptance that the church should give up the practice of the "half-way covenant." Here he labored with great energy and much success. He had many theological students under his direction, and was influential in starting the General Association of Massachusetts, and the Massachusetts Missionary Society. In 1807 Williams College gave him the degree of D. D. In 1815 Dr. Austin assumed the presidency of the University of Vermont. During the latter part of the war no instruction had been given and all was to begin anew. The college edifice was placed in perfect repair by the U. S. government. Three professors were appointed : of languages, of mathematics and natural philosophy, and of chemistry and mineralogy. On the 16th of September there were "nine students and the number gradually increasing." During his incumbency the number of graduates slowly but steadily increased. He was "an able instructor, especially in moral and mental philosophy," and was loved and respected by his pupils. Some of his associates in the faculty ere long accepted calls to other institutions, and he longed to resume the work of the ministry, his hopes in regard to the college not having been fully realized, so after six years' service he resigned the presidency. In 1821 he took charge of a feeble congregation in Newport, R. I., once the parish of Dr. Samuel Hopkins, but resigned in 1825 and returned to Worcester to reside with a nephew. Always constitutionally disposed to look on the darker side, he became melancholic, lost his health both of body and mind, and suffered terribly from mental anguish. He lived for a time at Northampton, Mass., and afterward at Glastonbury, Conn. Besides several occasional sermons he left these writings : A View of the Church; Controversial Letters on Baptism, 2 series (1805-06); a Dissertation on Christian Theology (1826). He also collected and edited the Works of President Jonathan Edwards, in 8 vols. (Worcester, 1809). Dr. Austin died 4 December 1830.
1821-24 DANIEL HASKEL,
Third President of the University of Vermont, was born at Preston, Conn., in June 1784. He was graduated from Yale College in 1802, and taught school for a few years at Norwich and Colchester, Conn. His theological preceptor was Dr. Samuel Stanhope Smith, of Princeton, N. J. He preached for a time in Middletown and Litchfield, Conn., afterward in St. Albans, Vt., and was settled over the First Congregational church in Burlington 10 April 1810, from which position he was invited to the presidency of the college. His pastorate was a successful one, the church having more than quadrupled under his care. His learning, especially in philosophy, was both deep and wide ; his theology was that of the old school; his influence in the community kindly and conciliating, winning the respect even of those who opposed Ms views. As head of the University he was vigorous and practical. In two years the number of students had increased from twenty-two to .seventy, and the energy of his administration promised larger things in the future, when in 1824 the college edifice, with library and apparatus, was laid in ashes. The health and reason of the president broke under the trial and some of the officers withdrew. The remaining portion of his life, after several attempts to get relief from his malady, was occupied with literary pursuits in Brooklyn, N. Y. There he prosecuted his studies, lectured occasionally before public institutions or wrote for the press. He was joint author of a Gazetteer of the United States (1843); published a Chronological View of the World (1845), and edited for the Harpers the American part of McCulloch's Universal Gazetteer, 2 vols. (1843-44). He died in Brooklyn 9 August 1848.
1825-26 WILLARD PRESTON,
Fourth President of the University of Vermont, was born at Uxbridge, Mass., 29 May 1785. He was fitted for college by Dr. Crane of Northbridge and was graduated from Brown University in 1806 with high honors. For a year he read law, but in 1807 made profession of religion and turned to theology and in 1808 received a license to preach. In the fall of this year he declined a call from the church in Burlington, Vt., because of impaired health, and spent the next three years in the South. In January 1812 he became pastor of the Congregational church at St. Albans, Vt., but was compelled to seek a milder climate in September 1815. From June 1816 until 1821 he had a successful ministry in Providence, R. I. In 1821 he was installed over the First church in Burlington, where by his talents and character he gained such respect as to be selected to succeed President Haskel as head of the University. As a college officer he won the admiration and love of the students, and is spoken of as a man "of gentlemanly bearing, of simple, genial and artistic tastes," and of rare eloquence and power in the pulpit. His resignation was occasioned by difficulties growing out of cases of discipline. For some five years he preached at different places in the southern states as his health permitted, and then was settled over the Independent Presbyterian church in Savannah.Ga. There he labored with unfailing vigor' for nearly a quarter of a century. At one time for seven years together he never left the city save on some ministerial duty. During the yellow fever of 1845 he never left his post, but ministered to the sick and dying. His death was felt to be a public loss. Two volumes of his Sermons were issued by his son in 1857, prefaced by a sketch of the author. He died in Savannah, Ga., 23 April 1853.
1826-33 JAMES MARSH,
Fifth President of the University of Vermont, was born at Hartford, Vt., 19 July 1794. When eighteen years of age he was led to turn his attention from farm work to study and in 1813 entered Dartmouth College. In the spring of his second year he gave himself to the service of Christ and was graduated in 1817 with the highest honors. After one year's theological study at Andover he was occupied as tutor at Dartmouth for two years, finishing his course in divinity at Andover in September 1822. After studying at Cambridge a few months he filled the chair of languages and Biblical literature at Hampden-Sidney College, Va., for about three years, and then, in October 1826, was appointed president of the University of his native state. He at once set about reorganizing the whole system, both of its studies and its discipline. "To his profound thinking and his rare powers of analysis and combination the university is more indebted than to any single one for the scientific character of its system of education." He was ably seconded by such men as professors George W. Benedict, Benjamin Lincoln and Rev. Joseph Torrey. New buildings had been provided in place of the one burned in 1824, but students were few, and a general subscription of $25,000 was resolved upon in order to increase the range of instruction. In 1833 Dr. Marsh retired from the presidency and accepted the chair of intellectual and moral philosophy, the duties of which he discharged until his death. For a time he was bitterly denounced for his opposition to the "new measures" of 1836. He was twice honored with the degree of D. D.; by Columbia College in 1830, and by Amherst College in 1833. He introduced Coleridge to the American public by editing, with a remarkable Preliminary Essay upon his philosophy, his Aids to Reflection in 1829. His own philosophical opinions however were not derived from Coleridge, but were the product of deep study and reflection. Besides valuable contributions to periodicals, of which an article on Ancient and Modern Poetry published in the North American Review in 1822 while he was still a student at Andover deserves particular mention, he translated from the German, Bellermann's Geography of the Bible (with a collaborator); Herder's Spirit of Hebrew Poetry, 2 vols. (1833); Hegewisch's Historical Chronology (1837), and edited one volume of Select Practical Theology of the Seventeenth Century (1830). He also contributed to the Vermont Chronicle a notable series of papers on Popular Education. His Remains, with a Memoir by Prof. Joseph Torrey, was issued in 1843. He died at Colchester, Vt., 3 July 1842.
1833-49 JOHN WHEELER,
Sixth President of the University of Vermont, was born at Grafton, Vt., 11 March 1798, removed to Oxford, N. H., in 1804, and was graduated from Dartmouth College in 1816. He finished his theological studies at Andover in 1819 and was licensed the same year. After preaching in the southern states for a time he came North, and was installed over the Congregational church at Windsor, Vt., in 1821. After twelve years' successful service at this post he was called a second time to the presidency of the University, the position having been offered and declined in 1824. He organized its finances, had its lands looked up and rented, secured generous subscriptions to its funds, raised up friends for it, and by his tact and unremitting exertion carried it safely through seasons of trial and perplexity. His ideal of education was both lofty and clear, and his executive and diplomatic ability of a high order. In the first year of his administration a class of forty-nine was matriculated, although the graduating class of that year had been reduced to three. With additional funds the board of instruction was strengthened, pressing debts were paid, the buildings repaired, and a valuable library and apparatus purchased, mainly in Europe, by Prof. Torrey. The financial crisis of 1837-38 was weathered only by the severest economy and exertion. The college domain, which had been reduced from fifty to one and a half acres, was enlarged by the purchase of twenty-one acres, and plans were made for new buildings. Farrand N. Benedict took the chair of mathematics in 1833, and held it until 1854. Dr. James Marsh died in 1842, but the same year Calvin Pease, and in 1845 Rev. Wm. G. T. Shedd, were added to the faculty. In 1847 Prof. Geo. W. Benedict retired after twenty-two years of strenuous and varied service. In 1848 because of ill health in his family Dr. Wheeler resigned the presidency, although his active connection with the corporation continued until his death. Union College bestowed the degree of D. D. in 1834. In later years Dr. Wheeler was much occupied with questions of national politics and projects for the internal development of the state. He was a gentleman of the old school, dignified and courteous ; as a preacher, vigorous and often eloquent, and much in demand for special occasions ; a friend whose advice was valued and whose help efficient. Almost the last act of his life was a liberal donation of lands to the University. He left only occasional sermons and addresses, most valuable of which was a discourse on The Nature and Function of Conscience delivered at Andover in 1834, which well deserved perpetuation in a more permanent form. He died 13 April 1862.
1849-55 WORTHINGTON SMITH,
Seventh President of the University of Vermont, was born at Had- ley, Mass., 11 October 1795. He entered the sophomore class at Williams College in 1813, was graduated in 1818, and the same year began the study of theology at Andover ; was licensed to preach in June 1819, and the following year served as principal of Hopkins Academy in Hadley. Having declined a call to Windsor, Vt., in 1821 he preached for a time in St. Albans, and was ordained over the church in the latter place 4 June 1823. His ministry here was earnest and fruitful. He was a vigorous opponent of the measures of the evangelist Burchard, who at that time had great vogue in some of the neighboring churches. Dr. Smith was a sort of bishop of northwestern Vermont, his aid being of ten invoked in ecclesiastical affairs. In 1825 he was elected to the boards of control of both Middlebury College and Vermont University. In 1846 he served as superintendent of common schools for Franklin county, and for many years was president of the trustees of the county grammar school. Elected to preside over the University of Vermont in 1849, he gave all his energies to augment the means and the influence of the institution, but an earnest effort to strengthen the cause of higher education in the state by uniting Middlebury College and the University proved abortive. As a disciplinarian he was strict, but kind and paternal. His instruction was largely independent of the text-book. He added materially to the funds of the college and relieved it of a harassing debt, increased the number of its active friends, and did much to secure the confidence and good will of the churches, and advanced the general interest in education. By 1853 his arduous labors began to affect his health ; in 1854 he tendered his resignation, and was finally released from the duties of the office in November 1855. The degree of D.D. was conferred upon him by the University of Vermont in 1845. Dr. Smith published a Sermon on Popular Instruction (1846), and his Inaugural Address (1849). The six years of his administration were marked by prosperity and progress. A selection of his Sermons, with a Memoir by Prof. Joseph Torrey, was issued at Andover in 1861. He died 13 February 1856.
1855-61 CALVIN PEASE,
Eighth President of the University of Vermont, was born in Canaan, Conn., 12 August 1813, and removed with the family to Charlotte, Vt., in 1826. He obtained his preparatory education in the Hines- burgh Academy, entered the University of Vermont in 1833, and was graduated in 1838, having been absent teaching for more than a year. From this time until his appointment to the professorship of Latin and Greek in his alma mater in 1842 he filled the place of principal in the academy at Montpelier, Vt. In 1851 he was licensed to preach. In December 1855, he succeeded Dr. Smith in the presidency, and the next year was made D. D. by Middlebury College. His financial plans for the benefit of the college were thwarted by the monetary crisis of 1857- 58. He was a valued member of the state Board of Education and president of the Vermont Teachers' Association from 1856 until he left the college because of failing health in the end of 1861 to accept the pastorate of the First Presbyterian church of Rochester, N. Y. Here, in a ministry of less than two years, his best and ripest work was done. Dr. Pease was a sound and accurate scholar, a skillful and inspiring teacher, "the life and soul of the state board of education." As president of the University he was characterized by his close, brotherly interest in the welfare of each student; as a preacher, he was thoughtful and comprehensive, at once spiritual and practical. His published writings comprise many baccalaureate and other discourses and a few contributions to the Bibliotheca Sacra, but have never been collected. He died in Burlington 17 September 1863.
1862-66 JOSEPH TORREY,
Ninth President of the University of Vermont, was born at Rowley, Mass., 2 February 1797. He was graduated from Dartmouth College with honor in 1816 and from Andover in 1819 ; preached for a time as a missionary ; was pastor of a Congregational church at Royal- ton, Vt., 1824-27, and in the latter year was elected to the chair of Greek and Latin in the University of Vermont. He spent the year 1828-29 in Europe, partly in travel and the study of works of art, but heard lectures in Paris and Halle, and made the acquaintance of Tholuck and Schleiermacher. In 1842 he succeeded James Marsh as professor of intellectual and moral philosophy, an office which he filled until his death. From 1862 to 1866 he was also acting president of the institution. In 1850 he was honored with the degree of D. D. from Harvard. Prof. Torrey's learning was profound and varied. He was an accomplished linguist, but seemed equally at home in philosophy and metaphysics, when he had been transferred from the chair of languages. His metaphysical views followed the main lines laid down by President Marsh, but were independently held. He is believed to have been the first in the United States to give scholastic lectures on the "Philosophy of Art." His service of forty years contributed greatly to the reputation of the institution for sound, accurate and healthy scholarship. In 1834 he purchased its library and apparatus in Europe with a judiciousness of selection which has often won praise. In 1861 many of the undergraduates entered the army. In 1862 forty-four per cent, of the total enrollment were in actual service in the field, and the classes grew still smaller as the war went on. President Torrey's writings, outside the quarterlies, include : Memoirs of Presidents Marsh and Smith; A Theory of Art, posthumously published in 1874; and a translation of Neander's General History of the Christian Religion and Church (5 vols., 8vo, Boston, 1847-54 ; reprinted in London in 10 vols., 12 mo., and in Edinburgh in 9 vols., 8vo.) He died 26 November 1867.
1866-1871 JAMES BURRILL ANGELL
James Angell was born January 7, 1829, in Scituate, Rhode Island, the eldest of eight children. The Angells had been a prominent family in and around Providence, Rhode Island since its original founding in 1636 by Roger Williams and his companion Thomas Angell. Though scant, there is evidence suggesting Thomas Angell's ancestors were relations of Henry I of England. Thomas Angell's grandson, also named Thomas, had settled the farm where James was born in 1710, and also founded the Angell Tavern, where the leaders of Scituate held its town meetings after its incorporation in 1730 (both George Washington and the Marquis de Lafayette are also said to have stayed there).
He started his schooling in the local school, but Angell's parents placed him at the age of eight with a Quaker tutor who taught him arithmetic and surveying. At twelve, he left home to attend a seminary in Seekonk, Massachusetts in order to study Latin, but after one term went to study at the Smithville Seminary, where he stayed until the age of fourteen. Unsure what career path to take, he had worked on the family farm for two summers, and also unsuccessfully attempted to find clerk jobs with Providence businesses. When his father informed him that he had the financial means to send James to college, he decided to attend Brown University. A year too young to enroll, he went first to University Grammar School in Providence, where one of his instructors was Henry S. Frieze, who himself would later serve as acting president of the University of Michigan while Angell was abroad on diplomatic assignments.
In 1845, Angell began studying at Brown, which at the time had a total of only seven instructors on the faculty. He graduated in 1849, and eventually obtained part-time jobs as an Assistant Librarian at the university and tutoring a boy whose eyesight prevented him from reading. In 1850, he came down with a cold and sore throat, but he refused to give his throat any rest from the daily exertion of reading aloud to his pupil. The resultant damage to his throat would last the rest of his life and make extended speaking difficult.
While James was recuperating, the father of his friend Rowland Hazard (an ancestor of the same Rowland Hazard who was instrumental in the formation of Alcoholics Anonymous) suggested that James accompany his son on an upcoming winter tour of the South, designed to alleviate Rowland's own lung ailment. The trip, which began on October 5, 1850, took Angell and Hazard throughout much of the South, including the Carolinas, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Kentucky. Lasting about seven and a half months, Angell details in his autobiography how it acquainted him with the realities of slavery.
Upon his return, Angell had planned to attend Andover Theological Seminary and take up a career as a minister. A throat specialist, however, advised him to avoid any work that would require extended public speaking, and he instead found work in the office of the city engineer of Boston. His brief tenure there ended when his friend Rowland Hazard, still suffering from lung ailments, invited him on another trip, this time to Europe. The pair traveled first to France, arriving just three weeks after Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte had staged a coup d'état, then later to Italy and Austria. While in Vienna, he received a letter from Francis Wayland, the president of Brown University, offering him a choice of jobs as chairman of either the Civil Engineering or Modern Language Department, with a year and a half of continued study in Europe. He chose the latter, and went to Paris for several months to study French, then to Braunschweig, Germany to study German, finally returning home in the summer of 1853.
When Angell began his tenure as chairman of the Modern Languages Department at Brown University, President Wayland was in the midst of reorganizing the university away from its traditional roots. Additional study was prescribed in areas such as modern languages and engineering, Angell's own areas of interest, and students were given greater freedom to choose elective courses. Extension classes were being initiated, to bring instruction to the wider community, and Angell himself gave lectures on his experiences in Europe and on the topic of education itself. Among his own students, Angell singled out as especially memorable two future U.S. Secretaries of State, Richard Olney and John Hay. On November 26, 1855, Angell married Sarah Swoope Caswell. She was the daughter of Alexis Caswell, who was then a professor at Brown and would become president of the university in 1868. They had a son, Alexis Caswell Angell, on April 26, 1857.
After President Wayland grew frustrated with a lack of funding for his reforms and resigned as president in 1855, affairs reverted somewhat to their earlier state and the study of modern languages was de-emphasized, leaving Angell less satisfied with his teaching duties than before. He took on work writing articles for the Providence Journal, and when the editor and part-owner, Henry B. Anthony, was elected to the United States Senate in 1858, Anthony proposed that Angell replace him as the full-time editor. Angell took him up on the offer, resigning his professorship in 1860 to become the full-time editor of the paper. As the largest newspaper in Rhode Island, and the state's leading voice for the new Republican Party (then only six years old), the editorship of the Journal put Angell in a powerful public position for the first time. His first foray into electoral politics came early on, as 1860 was an election year. He lent the paper's backing to the gubernatorial candidacy of abolitionist Republican nominee Seth Padelford, which failed when a coalition of various interests instead led to the election of fellow Republican William Sprague. In the presidential contest, Angell felt that Rhode Island's interests would be best served by the nomination of staunch abolitionist William H. Seward as the Republican candidate. But when the somewhat more moderate (and virtual unknown in Rhode Island) Abraham Lincoln was unexpectedly nominated, he put the power of the Journal behind Lincoln's candidacy, requesting favorable letters from his old pupil John Hay, who was working in Lincoln's law offices at the time, in order to generate enthusiasm for Lincoln. In the end, Lincoln won Rhode Island by a margin of 61.4% to 38.6%.
Angell ran the Journal for the entire Civil War, and briefly considered buying it to run as a non-partisan newspaper (an idea which Senator Anthony rejected), but the workload took its toll on his health. He and Sarah had a daughter, Lois, in 1863. In August of 1866, when the University of Vermont requested that he come serve as its new president, he accepted the offer and moved to Burlington. On May 8, 1869, James and Sarah had another son, James Rowland Angell, who later served as president of Yale University. That same year, the University of Michigan offered Angell its presidency following the resignation of Erastus Haven. He visited Ann Arbor with his wife, but felt that he owed it to his supporters in Vermont to stay on with the University of Vermont. The offer was repeated in 1871, his former teacher Henry S. Frieze having served as acting president in the meantime. This time, Angell felt that the University of Vermont had made enough progress that he could leave it in good conscience, and he accepted the offer. He made a trip to Ann Arbor to deliver his inaugural address at Commencement on June 28, 1871, then returned to Vermont to finish out the academic term before moving his family to Ann Arbor for good in September of that year.
Angell's wife, Sarah Caswell Angell, died on December 17, 1903. In 1905, Angell submitted his resignation to the Board of Regents, feeling that at his age, he may be losing the qualifications for his position, but the board refused to accept it. By 1909, he had been in office for 38 years, all of his predecessors had died, and Angell was the only man alive who had been president of the University of Michigan. He again submitted his resignation to the Regents, who this time accepted it, while at the same time designating him President Emeritus. Angell died April 1, 1916, in Ann Arbor, and was buried in Forest Hill Cemetery.
1871 - 1910 MATTHEW HENRY BUCKHAM, D. D.
Matthew Henry Buckham, D. D., president of the University of Vermont and State Agricultural College, located at Burlington, Vermont, was born July 4, 1832, in Hinckley, Leicestershire, England, coming from substantial Scotch ancestry on the paternal side of the house, and from equally distinguished English stock on the maternal side. His father, the Rev. James Buckham, was an independent clergyman of England for fourteen years, but after his emigration to America, in 1834, he preached as a Congregational minister in Vermont and Canada; he died at Burlington, Vermont, at the age of ninety-two years. His mother was, before her marriage, Margaret Barmby, of Yorkshire.
Matthew Henry Buckham, son of the parents named, made his preparatory studies under his father, who was an accomplished classical scholar. He obtained his bachelor's degree at the University of Vermont in 1851, at the age of nineteen, receiving the highest honors of his class, and the next two years served as principal of the Lenox Academy in Massachusetts. After a year's experience as tutor in languages at his alma mater, he went abroad for study and travel, and spent the years 1854-6 mainly in England and Germany. Upon his return he was made professor of Greek in the University of Vermont, a position which he retained until his promotion to the presidency in 1871, acting also as professor of rhetoric and English literature in 1856-7 and 1863-71. At the date last named he assumed the duties of the chair of political and social science.
Mr. Buckham's presidency of the University of Vermont is not only by far the longest in the history of the institution, but has embraced the period of greatest expansion as to numbers and facilities. During his administration the main college edifice has been reconstructed, a new building for the Medical College purchased and fitted up, a building and plant for the department of mechanical engineering added, the Billings library, Converse dormitory, and Williams Science Hall, three structures of unsurpassed beauty and fitness for their uses, erected; in 1901 a magnificent gymnasium was erected at a cost of twenty-five thousand dollars, and fitted up with all of the most modern appliances; a dormitory for young women students was added; an agricultural experiment farm purchased and necessary buildings put up, and three houses provided for professors' residences. Additional professorships have been endowed, the library funds increased, and the library greatly augmented; laboratory facilities multiplied, additional courses and the elective system of studies introduced, and the work of the experiment station much extended. The number of academical and scientific students has risen from sixty-seven in 1871 to two hundred and ninety-seven in 1897; and of medical students from forty-eight to two hundred and two. The teaching staff has been increased from a total of fourteen in 1871 to fifty-three in 1897, gains which indicate a well founded confidence in the wisdom and prudence of President Buckham's leadership.
His active interest in popular education is attested by his service as town superintendent and city school commissioner, as also by his membership in the Vermont state board of education from 1867 to '874. In 1876 he was a member of the board of examiners at the United States Military Academy at West Point. His publications have 'been chiefly baccalaureate and other sermons and
educational addresses, with an occasional magazine article. He has an enviable reputation in Vermont and adjoining states as a thinker and speaker on religious, educational and social topics. He is master of a singularly lucid style, sententious and forcible, but never attracting attention to itself. In the development of his thought he is logical and progressive. His rank as scholar had fitting recognition in 1877 in the bestowal of the degree of Doctor of Divinity by both Dartmouth and Hamilton colleges. In 1900 he received the degree of LL. D. from Middle- bury College.
Mr. Buckham was married December 3, 1857, to Miss Elizabeth Wright, of Shoreham, Vermont. Of their four sons, the eldest, James, is a journalist; John Wright is a clergyman; Robert Barmby is a lawyer; and Charles Wyman is an architect. A daughter, Mary, is married and resides in Chicago. Mr. Buckham married for his second wife, in September, 1897, Martha G. Tyler, a daughter of the Rev. Josiah Tyler, D. D., a missionary among the Zulus in 1849-89, and later of St. Johnsbury, Vermont.
1911- 1919 Guy Potter Wharton Benton
The Reverend Dr. Guy Potter Wharton Benton (May 26, 1865 June 29, 1927) was an American educator who served as president of Miami University from 1902-1911, the University of Vermont from 1911-1920, and the University of the Philippines from 1921-1925. He is credited with being instrumental in the founding of the sorority Delta Zeta at Miami University in 1902.
He was born to Daniel Webster and Harriet (Wharton) Benton in Kenton, Ohio. After serving as superintendent of schools at Fort Scott, Kansas (1890-95), he became assistant state superintendent of public instruction in Kansas (1895-96). He was professor of history and sociology at Baker University (1896-99) and assumed the presidency of Upper Iowa University in 1899, serving until 1902 when he became president of Miami University. He left Miami to become president of the University of Vermont 1911-1919. He was educational director of the Third Army occupying Germany following WWI. He served as the third president of the University of the Philippines from 1921-1925.
He was an ordained Methodist minister. Benton was a graduate of Ohio Wesleyan University where he was a member of Phi Delta Theta fraternity, of which he was national president 1912-14. For his help in the founding of Delta Zeta, he was named Grand Patron and is the only man ever permitted to wear the Delta Zeta member badge. He was a member of the forensics honorary Tau Kappa Alpha and served as its national president 1915-17.In 1889 he married Dolla Konantz of Arcadia, Kansas and they had two children, Helen Geneva and Pauline Corinth. He is buried next to his wife in the Miami University plot of the Oxford Cemetery and his headstone indicates that he was "President of Miami University" and "National President of Phi Delta Theta Fraternity." Two buildings on the Miami University campus have bee named for him. First was the administration building and auditorium now known as Hall Auditorium and the current Benton Hall is an engineering building.
1920 - 1940 GUY WINFRED BAILEY
Dr. Bailey was born in Hardwick, Vt., May 7, 1876, the son of John Winthrop Bailey and Laura Bailey. He received his A. B. degree from the University of Vermont in 1900 and studied law. He served in the Vermont House of Representatives, 1904 and 1906, was elected Secretary of State in 1908 and served until 1917, when he was chosen controller of the University of Vermont, of which he became acting president in 1919 and president in 1920. Dr. Bailey married Mabel Gertrude Brigham of Essex Junction, Vt., in 1904. Through a descent from James Bailey, who settled in Rowley, Mass., in 1640, Dr. Bailey qualified as a member of the Sons of the American Revolution and the Society of Colonial Wars. He was deputy governor general of the latter at his death. He was a thirty- second degree Mason and had held many important offices. His administration was marked by the greatest advance in physical equipment and enrollment in the history of the college. The Ira Allen Chapel, Fleming Museum, Slade Hall and Southwick Memorial were erected under his leadership, and there is now under construction the $1,250,000 Waterman Memorial General Administration Building, for which President Bailey supervised the preparation of plans. He had also been successful in increasing the endowment funds of the college and in providing scholarship and loan funds for needy students. He passed away on October 22, 1940.
1941- 1949 JOHN S MILLIS
John Schoff Millis (22 Nov. 1903-1 Jan. 1988), president of Western Reserve University (1949-67), strengthened its teaching of sciences and centralized university services and faculty.
Millis was born in Palo Alto, CA, the son of Alice Schoff and Harry Alvin Millis, an economics professor. Millis attended Hyde Park High School (1917-18) and graduated from University High School (1920), both in Chicago. He received three degrees from the University of Chicago: BS (1924), MS (1927), and a Ph.D.in physics (1931). Before coming to Cleveland, among other positions, Millis served as dean of Lawrence College in WI (1936-41) and as President of the University of Vermont and State Agricultural College (1941-49).
In Cleveland, Millis helped organize the University Circle Development Foundation, predecessor to University Circle Incorporated (UCI) Case Institute of Technology and Western Reserve University federated during his last year as WRU president (1967). Millis served as Chancellor of the new Case Western Reserve University. He retired on 30 June 1969, becoming Chancellor Emeritus. Millis served on the boards of the National League for Nursing (1958-63) and the Carnegie Endowment for the Advancement of Teaching (executive commitee, 1952-58; chair, 1962). Locally, Millis belonged to the Academy of Medicine of Cleveland and served on the board of University Hospitals of Cleveland and the Advisory Council of the CLeveland Museum of Art, among other activities.
On 13 June 1929, Millis married Katherine Roseberry Wisner of Baltimore, MD; they had three children, Jean Ann (Mrs. Robert G.) Gilpin, Alice G. Vest, and Harry Ward Millis. Millis won the prestigious Frank H. Lahey Memorial Award (1973) from the National Fund for Medical Education, in recognition for his work with the Citizen's Commission on Graduate Medical Education of the American Medical Association (chair, 1966) and the National Fund for Medical Education (president, 1971-77, vice-president, 1969-71). Millis held 14 honorary degrees. A Republican and a pianist, he was a also licensed lay reader and preacher at St. Paul's Episcopal Church. He died in his Cleveland Heights home.
1950 - 1952 William S Carlson
S.-Born November 18, 1905, in Ironwood, MI; died
of pneumonia, May 8, 1994, in St. Petersburg, FL; son of Samuel and Mary
(Lamsted) Carlson; married Maryjane Rowe, December 17, 1932; children: Kristin
Rowe. Education: University of Michigan, A.B., 1930, M.S., 1932, Ph.D., 1937;
advanced study at University of Copenhagen, Columbia University. Memberships:
American Association for the Advancement of Science, Phi Kappa Phi, Sigma
Xi, Tau Beta Pi, Beta Gamma Sigma, Sigma Gamma Epsilon, Phi Kappa Delta,
Authors Club, Newcomen Club, Century Club, Explorers Club, Toledo Club, Toledo
Country Club.During his career, educator and author William S. Carlson served
as the president of several colleges, including the University of Delaware,
the University of Vermont, State University of New York, and the University
of Toledo. In addition, he was known as a field leader of expeditions to
Greenland during the 1920s and 1930s: Carlson led an expedition to Greenland
in 1927, and returned in 1930 to spend a winter at the Upernivik Glacier.
During his career as an educator, Carlson also taught at the University of
Michigan and the University of Minnesota. His books include Greenland
Lies North, Lifelines Through the Arctic, and Manual for the
1952- 1958 CARL W BORGMANN
Carl W Borgmann was born 3 Jun 1905 in Mt. Washington, Missouri. Borgmann graduated from the University of Colorado (B.S., M.S., chemical engineering, 1931); and Cambridge University, England (Ph.D., 1934). He served as chair of the Department of Chemical Engineering. University of Colorado (1938-1946); dean of faculties, University of Nebraska (1947- 1951); and was appointed president ol the University of Vermont in 1952. When Borgmann became president, the University of Vermont consisted of three separate legal entities: the University of Vermont, a private corporation chartered in 1791; the Vermont Agricultural College. Borgmann left the University in 1958 to become the program director of science and engineering of the Ford Foundation. Carl Borgmann passed away on 29 Nov 1998 - Livermore, Larimer, Colorado.
1958 - 1964 John T Fey
John T. Fey was born in Hopewell, Virginia,
March 10, 1917. The son of Raymond and Ruth Fultz Fey. He was married first
Jane K. Gerber, Apr. 5, 1947 , second time
in August 1, 1976 to Mary Callimanopulos Mach. He completed his undergraduate
in pre-law studies at Washington and Lee University and continued in his
education receiving an LL.B. from the University of Maryland in 1940, and
M.B.A. from Harvard University in 1942, and a J.S.D. from Yale University
in 1952. He also holds honorary LL.D. degrees from Middlebury College (1961),
Alma College (1961), the University of Vermont (1967), and Washington and
Lee University (1978). Fey also served with the U.S. Marine Corps from 1942-1946
where he achieved the rank of Colonel. Fey served as Clerk of the Supreme
Court of the United States from 1956 to 1958. He resigned this position
to accept the post as President of the University of Vermont. He later served
as president of the University of Wyoming University of Wyoming from 1964
to 1966.He also was a member of the Maryland
Legislature 1946-1950.chairman. bd., Fidelity Union
Life Ins. Co., Dallas, 1982-85; chmn. bd., Nat. Westminster Bank U.S.A.,
NYC, 1982-85; chmn. bd., Equitable Life Assurance Soc. U.S., NYC, 1974-82;
also dir., Nat. Life Ins. Co., 1966-74; pres., Nat. Life Ins. Co., 1966-74;
.source: John Theodore Fey." Marquis Who's Who TM. Marquis Who's Who, 2009.
1965-1966 - Shannon McCune
Shannon McCune, an educator, geographer and
specialist in Asian studies, died Monday at his home in Gainesville, Fla.
He was 79. His family said he died of congestive heart failure. Dr. McCune,
a former president of the University of Vermont and provost of the University
of Massachusetts, was an expert on the geography of the Far East. Besides
his academic positions he was director of Unesco's education department in
Paris and held several United States Government positions as an Asian expert.
He served as the first civil administrator of Japan's Ryukyu Islands from
1962 to 1964, when the islands were under American military control. He returned
to Okinawa, the main island, in 1970 with a research grant from the National
Science Foundation. Began Teaching in 1939 He was born in Sonchon, Korea,
the son of Presbyterian missionaries. He received a bachelor's degree
from the College of Wooster, in Ohio, a master's degree from Syracuse University
and a Ph.D. in geography from Clark University, in Worcester, Mass., in 1939.
Dr. McCune began his teaching career in 1939 at Ohio State University. In
1947 he went to Colgate University as chairman of the geography department,
where he remained until 1955. He was provost of the University of Massachusetts
from 1955 to 1961. In 1961 '.he was named president of the University of
Vermont, but resigned in 1966 to do research for the university in the Far
East. Dr. McCune was director of the American Geographical Society
of New York from 1967 to 1969. He then went to the University of Florida
in Gainesville as a professor and chairman of the geography department, re-
tiring in 1979. Won Medal of Freedom He served with the Foreign Economic
Administration in India, Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and in China, for which he
won the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1946, and was educational consultant
to a United Nations development mission in the Indonesian province of West
Irian in 1967. In addition to scores of articles and monographs on Asian
geography, Dr. McCune was the author "of several books, including "Korea's
Heritage, a Regional and Social Geography," published In 1956 by the Charles
E. Tuttle Company in Rutland, Vt.; "Korea: | Land of Broken Calm," published
in 1 1966 by the Van Nostrand Company in Princeton, N.J., and "The Ryuku
Islands/' published in 1975 in England. He is survived by his wife, the former
Edith Blair; two daughters, Antoinette Bement of Jamaica, Vt., and Shannon
Wagner of Pittsburgh; a son, George Blair McCune of Anchorage, and seven
grandchildren.New York Times (1857-Current file)
New York, N.Y.: Sep 23, 1992 pg. 1
1966 - 1970 Lyman Smith Rowell
Lyman Smith Rowell was born on 8 May 1904 in Colebrook, New Hampshire and passed away on 26 Sep 1984 - Burlington, VT Married to Mae Tinkham. New Nursing, Allied Health Science Facilities was named to Honor Former President Lyman S. Rowell. Rowell was a 1925 graduate of UVM and joined the faculty upon graduation. He was head of the Zoology Department along with other administrative positions and served as President of UVM from 19661970 Rowell was the son of Warren L and Millie Rowell.
Mae Tinkham Rowell of Shelburne, Vermont Mae Tinkham Rowell died on Friday, March 2, 2007, at Wake Robin in Shelburne, Vermont, after 96 happy and productive years. Mae made many good friends in the Southern Tier during frequent visits to her Vestal family; she will be greatly missed. She graduated from the Vermont Academy, in Saxtons River, and from the University of Vermont in 1931, where she was a member of the Sigma Gamma Sorority. After teaching for a year in a one-room school in Bellows Falls, she married Lyman Rowell. In addition to her active role within the university during her husbands lengthy academic career at UVM, she lived a rich life of service as a Red Cross Gray Lady, Girl Sc= out leader and member of the College Street Church. Relatives who predeceased Mae include her husband, Lyman Smith Rowell; a sister, Grace Tinkham Reed; a brother, Charles Tinkham; and a granddaughter, Martha Mae Norcross. Mae is survived by her daughter, Marjorie (Rowell) Norcross and husband Bruce Norcross (Vestal, N.Y.); her granddaughter, Ann Elizabeth Norcross and partner, Nancy Kathryn "Kathy" Howie (Raleigh, N.C.); and a cousin, Lawrence Mattison and wife, Irene (Williamstown, Mass.). A memorial concert will be announced at a later date. Memorial gifts may be made to the University of Vermont for the Lyman Smith Rowell and Mae Tinkham Rowell Scholarship Fund; The University of Vermont, 4ll Main Street, Burlington, Vt.The scholarship was established in 1970 to honor the president, as he left office in 1970, and his wife, the fund is meant to give recognition and assistance to undergraduate students who have outstanding scholastic ability and limited financial resources.
1976-1989 Lattie F Coor
Chief among the Coor administration's achievements have been a great increase in the money available for biomedical research, the rebuilding of the business school and an improvement of the academic credentials of incoming students. The accomplishments helped enhance the university's national reputation as an affordable state college with high educational standards. But in doing so, said The Vanguard, a Vermont alternative weekly newspaper, Dr. Coor has left the university at a crossroads. 'Corporatization' of a College A Vanguard editorial said the college can ''can either continue on its path toward what one faculty member terms 'corporatization' - gearing the school to attract high-paying out-of-state students and developing high-profile programs with little relationship to Vermont's needs - or it can find a new president with close ties to Vermont.''
When Dr. Coor leaves, New England will have lost its longest-serving public university president. And when he assumes his new post on Jan. 1, 1990, Arizona will have reclaimed a native son. Dr. Coor, 52 years old, was born in Phoenix and has family ties to the state that go back to when it was a territory. In the Salt River Valley, which encompasses both the university and Phoenix, is the Lattie Coor Elementary School, named for Dr. Coor's father, a regional superintendent of schools from 1936 to 1972. Dr. Coor has a nearly lifelong friendship with Bruce Babbitt, a former Governor, and family ties to the current Governor, Rose Mofford, who urged him to take the position at Arizona State. A Thriving Metropolitan Area
''A.S.U. is the only university in the metropolitan Phoenix area,'' he said. ''This is a city of 2 million, going on 3 million. A.S.U. will play a pivotal role in the development of the Salt River Valley and the state of Arizona. The chance to play a significant role in shaping that future proved irresistible.'' Arizona State has 43,000 students; the University of Vermont, just over 11,000. Even so, some - especially Sun Devil football fans - have reservations over Dr. Coor's move. Phil Boas, in a column in The Tempe Daily News Tribune, wondered whether the president of a school that has not had a football team since 1974 might have trouble at a school where football is still the biggest game in town. The University of Vermont dropped the sport because it was creating an annual $250,000 drain on the university. Arizona State football generates enough income to finance the rest of the university's athletic programs. Vermont offers 80 athletic scholarships; Arizona State, more than 500.In a recent visit to Arizona State, Dr. Coor said his four priorities for improvement there would be teaching, research, ethnic diversity and ties to the community.
''His failure to mention sports in that breath was deafening to some,'' Mr. Boas wrote. On trips to Arizona, Dr. Coor has pointed out that this year the University of Vermont had the leading ski team in the nation. Arizona State has no ski team. Dr. Coor is something of an athlete himself. He recently returned from a solo bicycle trip of 204 miles, from South Hero, Vt., to Ottawa. He said that an extra attraction of Arizona is South Mountain Park in Phoenix, where he hopes to ride early enough to watch the sun rise over the desert. source New York Times Wednesday, August 30, 1989
1990- 1991 GEORGE DAVIS
George H. Davis, a geology professor and administrator at the University of Arizona, has been named president of the University of Vermont, the school's trustees announced yesterday. Dr. Davis, who is 47 years old, succeeds Lattie F. Coor, who left the school last December to become president of Arizona State University. John Hennessey, formerly the provost, has served as Vermont's interim president. Dr. Davis is a native of Pittsburgh who holds a doctorate from the University of Michigan.
1991 - 1997 TOM SALMON
Thomas Paul Salmon (born August 19, 1932), U.S. Democratic Party politician, served as Governor of the U.S. state of Vermont from 1973 to 1977.He is the son of Thomas Aloysius and Lucy Moylan (Conlon) .; married. Madeleine Salmon, Aug. 16, 1958 (div. 1983); children: Marguerite M., Anne Marie, Thomas M., Caroline M.; m. Susan J. Bisson, 1984. He was born in Cleveland, Ohio, raised in Stow, Massachusetts, and attended Hudson High School in Hudson, Massachusetts. He earned his undergraduate degree from Boston College in 1954, and earned a J.D. from Boston College Law School in 1957. He earned an L.L.M. (taxation) degree from New York University Law School in 1958.The following year, he was elected as Town Councilman for Rockingham, Vermont, serving until 1972. From 1963 to 1965, he served as a municipal court judge in Bellows Falls, Vermont. He was a member of the Vermont House of Representatives from Rockingham in 1965, and from District 13-1 for 1966, 1967-1968 and 1969-1970. He served one year as House Minority Leader.In 1976, he was an unsuccessful candidate for United States Senate, losing to the incumbent Robert T. Stafford. In 1991, he was appointed interim president of the University of Vermont and served as the university's permanent president from 1993 to 1998. Since retiring as University President, he has practiced law in Bellows Falls, Vermont. Since 1983, he has also served as Chairman of the Board of Directors at Green Mountain Power Company. His son, Thomas M. Salmon was elected as State Auditor of Vermont in 2006, defeating incumbent Randy Brock.
1997 - 2001 JUDITH A RAMALEY
Judith Aitken Ramaley (born 1941) is an American biologist and academic administrator who has served as president of several colleges and universities. She is the president of Winona State University. Ramaley earned a bachelor's degree from Swarthmore College in 1963, a Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles in 1966, and pursued postdoctoral studies at Indiana University. Ramaley began her career at the University of Nebraska where she rose to assistant vice president for academic affairs.
In 1982, Ramaley became the chief academic officer at the State University of New York at Albany, also serving as executive vice president for academic affairs. Ramaley was the executive vice chancellor at the University of Kansas from 1987 to 1990 before stepping in as acting president at Albany. After Albany found a permanent president, Ramaley left to become the president of Portland State University and later the University of Vermont. Ramaley resigned from the presidency of the University of Vermont after just three and a half years, following a hazing scandal involving the hockey team and a union drive by the faculty. Ramaley later became Assistant Director, Education and Human Resources Directorate (EHR), at the National Science Foundation. On July 18, 2005 Ramaley began her service as the 14th president of Winona State University in Winona, Minnesota. She holds several appointments including presidential professor in biomedical science at the University of Maine, Orono, and a fellowship at the Margaret Chase Smith Center for Public Policy.
2001-2002 Edwin I. Colodny
was born Burlington, Vermont, June 7, 1926. Biography: Interim President and Chief Executive Officer, Fletcher Allen Health Care, Burlington, Vermont, 2002-2003; Interim President, University of Vermont, 2001-2002; Counsel, Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker, LLP, Washington, D.C., 1991-2002; President and Chief Executive Officer, U.S. Airways, Inc., 1975-1991; President and Chief Executive Officer, U.S. Airways Group, 1978-1991; Chairman, Board of Directors, 1978-1992; Former Chairman, Fletcher Allen Health Care Foundation; Chairman, Council for Court Excellence; Commissioner of the Smithsonian Museum of American Art, Washington, D.C.; Chairman, Comsat Corporation, 1997-2000; Chairman, Life Trustee, University of Rochester; Former Director: Gulf Oil Corporation, PNC Bank, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Esterline Technologies, Inc.; Trustee, Vermont Law School, Vermont Symphony Orchestra.
2002 - Present DANIEL MARK FOGEL
Daniel Mark Fogel is President of the University of Vermont, located in Burlington, Vermont, a post he has held since July 2002.
A native of Columbus, Ohio, he was raised in Ithaca, New York, graduated from Ithaca High School in 1965 and received a Bachelors degree in English from Cornell University in 1969, as well as a MFA in creative writing and a Ph.D. in English. He is a poet, a scholar of English and American literature, and founded the Henry James Review and the Henry James Society. Fogel is married to Rachel Kahn, a painter, and they have two children.
In July 2006, Fogel suffered from acute pancreatitis and was rushed to Fletcher Allen Health Care, the main Burlington hospital. He was released on July 28, 2006. During his recovery, former Provost and Senior Vice President John Bramley functioned as acting president of the University of Vermont. In an editorial published in the January 1 edition of the newspaper, the Burlington Free Press named University of Vermont President Daniel Mark Fogel the 2007 Vermonter of the Year.
source: John Theodore Fey." Marquis Who's Who TM. Marquis Who's Who, 2009., The New York Times, Dallas Morning News, The History of Vermont, Vermont Obituaries
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