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Buckingham County
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County History
Buckingham County, lying south of the James River at the geographic center of the state, was established on May 1st, 1761 from the southeastern portion of Albemarle County. The origin of the county name probably comes from the Duke of Buckingham (Buckinghamshire, England). Some sources say that the county was named for Archibald Cary's estate "Buckingham" which was located on Willis Creek. This is the only Buckingham County in the entire United States. In 1778 a small triangular area bordering the James River was given to Cumberland County. In 1845, another part was taken from Buckingham to form the northern portion of Appomattox County. A final adjustment of the Appomattox-Buckingham county line was made in 1860 and Buckingham's borders then became fixed in their current form. A fire destroyed the courthouse (designed by Thomas Jefferson) in 1869 and most of the early records of this county were lost.

Arvonia - Buckingham - New Canton

Online Data


Church Histories / Records

Family Bibles

County History


Website Updates:
June 2014 -
Hill Bio
07 May 2014: - Obituaries: Walter Scott Jones; Mildred W. Perkins; Dr. Whitcomb Pratt
02 May 2014: - Obituaries: James L. Anderson; Mrs. H. C. Bryant; Nannie Pollard Dunaway; Patrick Henry Elcan; George W. Eldridge; J. B. Gilliam; A. W. Moore; W. E. Moss; A. W. Newton; Bessie Bransford Norvell; Raymond Parker; B. A. Ranson; W. R. Silvey (Second Obit); Virginia Talbott Weston
01 May 2014: Obituaries: Samuel R. Morris; Robert W. Smith; W. H. Smith; Willis I. Spencer; Captain Walter Staples; Thomas Steger; Martin Taggert
30 Apr 2014: Obituaries: William J. Baughn; Mrs. Ellis E. Jones; Ryal Ligan; Ella Merryman; John P. Morgan; Alfred Newton; Grace Pearl Patterson; Mrs. John J. Phaup; Ellis Putney
29 Apr 2014: Obituaries: P. B. Ambler; Mrs. Willie H. Ambler; Matthew Moyle Davis; William H. Dunnavant; Charles Duval; M. C. Elcan; Mrs. A. J. Epes; Mrs. S. J. Fisher; Hattie Forbes; P. A. Forbes; Branch Gilliam; Mrs. H. R. Gilliam; Martha H. Gilliam; Frank Gills; R. H. Hudgins; W. R. Silvey
28 Apr 2014: Obituaries: Mary M. Bolling; Alexander DuVal; William Perkins Ellis; George H. Nicholas
Jan 2014: Post Offices in 1850
Jan 2013: 1890 Veteran's Census - Marshall

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Surrounding Counties
* Fluvanna County - northeast
Cumberland County - east
Prince Edward County - south
Appomattox County - southwest
Nelson County - west
Albemarle County - northwest

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