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Caroline County History
Caroline County was established in 1728 from Essex, King and Queen, and King William counties.
It was named for Caroline of Ansbach, the wife of King George II of Great Britain. During the Colonial Period, Caroline County was the birthplace of Thoroughbred Racing in North America. Arabian horses were imported from England to provide the basis for American breeding stock. Patriot Edmund Pendleton played a large role in the Virginia Resolution for Independence (1775) and Caroline native, John Penn, was a signer of the Declaration of Independence as a delegate from North Carolina. Explorers, William Clark and his slave, York, were members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1803); both were born near what is now Ladysmith, Virginia in Caroline.
During the Civil War, Confederate troops under General George E. Pickett fought Union troops near Milford in 1864.
John Wilkes Booth, the assassin of President Lincoln, was shot by federal troops in Caroline County.
The town of Bowling Green was earlier known as New Hope Village
Bowling Green (county seat) - Port Royal